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affected by mold, decay, insect infesta- and fairly translucent and are of any tion (no live insects are permitted), normal color not 'darker than dark imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: amber. And further provided, That, not more (b) Damage or other defects. (1) "Althan one-fifteenth of the total tolerance fected by russet or similar discoloration" or 1 percent by weight, may be affected means reddish brown discoloration by decay.
caused by sunlight when the area so af
fected is conspicuous. Russet or other 8 52.5846 U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.
similar skin discoloration is not consid(a) U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard ered “damaged by discoloration." dried pears possess similar varietal char
(2) "Damage by discoloration" acteristics; possess a fairly uniform
mea color; characteristic of fairly well-ma
(1) Skin discoloration caused by suntured pears; and are fairly well shaped. burn, limb-rubs, hailmarks, or other
(b) Not more than a total tolerance means which when light brown in color, of 20 percent by weight may be slabs, exceed in the aggregate one-eighth of the immature, or scraps; may be affected by surface and which, when dark brown or russet or similar discoloration, may be darker, or hard, tough and leathery, exdamaged by discoloration, sunburn, hall ceed in the aggregate an area equivalent marks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end, to one-sixteenth of the outer surface side external stems and calyx cups, scab, disease, insect infestation (no live in (ii) Flesh discoloration caused by sects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or
bruising, drought spot, or other means other foreign material: Provided, That, which are materially darker or lighter not more than one-fourth of the total than the normal color of the half and tolerance, or 5 percent by weight may be which exceed in the aggregate an area affected by mold, decay, insect infesta equivalent to one-sixteenth of the outer tion (no live insects are permitted), im surface side of the unit. bedded dirt, or other foreign material: (iii) Darkening of otherwise sound And further provided, That, not more fruit characteristic of fruit held in storthan one-tenth of the total tolerance, or age, in keeping with good commercial 2 percent by weight, may be affected by practice, shall not be considered as damdecay.
aged by discoloration unless excessively 8 52.5847 U.S. Grade D or Substandard.
(3) "Damaged by hard end or black U.S. Grade D or Substandard dried
end" means the light colored areas at pears are wholesome and edible fruit
the calyx end of the fruit or similar damthat fails to meet the requirements of
age which exceed in the aggregate an U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard: Pro
area equivalent to one-eighth of the vided, That, not more than 5 percent by
outer surface. weight of the total fruit may be affected
(4) “Damaged by other similar deby mold, decay, insect infestation (no fects" means any injury or defect or live insects are permitted), imbedded
group of defects not mentioned herein dirt, or other foreign material: And fur
which materially affect the appearance, ther provided, That, not more than 2 edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit. percent by weight of the total fruit may (5) "Damaged by Insect injury" means be affected by decay.
healed or unhealed surface blemishes,
and healed or unhealed blemishes in the EXPLANATION OF TERMS
flesh which materially affect the appear8 52.5848 Explanation of terms.
ance, edibility, or keeping quality of the (a) Color. (1) "Practically uniform,
fruit but which do not possess evidence bright typical color" means that the
of insect infestation. halves are bright and translucent, and
(6) "Affected by insect infestation” not darker than pear yellow in color,
means that the dried pears show the
presence of insects, insect fragments, or (2) “Reasonably uniform, bright typi
excreta. No live insects are permitted. cal color" means that the halves are rea
(7) "Affected by imbedded dirt" sonably bright and reasonably translu
means the units have sufficient quanticent, and not darker than pear yellow ties of adhering dirt to give the fruit a in color.
dirty, smudgy appearance and dirt which (3) "Fairly uniform typical color" may not be removed readily in washing means that the halves are fairly bright the fruit.
713 58–037—76— 46
(c) Maturity. (1) “Well-matured" shape but are not so irregular as to be neans that the pears are fully ripe. misshapen.
(2) "Reasonably well-matured" means (3) "Fairly well shaped” means that hat the pears are firm and may not the pears have been cut longitudinally have reached the fully ripe stage.
into approximately equal halves, and (3) "Fairly well-matured” means that than two-thirds of the apparent original the pears may be hard but not immature. that any portion of a half is not less
(4) “Immature" means that the pears half. possess a grayish white or dead white (e) Slabs. "Slabs" are pears that have color indicative of immature fruit.
been mashed or mutilated to the extent (d) Shape. (1) “Well-shaped" means
that they have lost their normal conthat the pears have been cut longitudi
tour and have become definitely flatnally into approximately equal halves,
tened at the edge or rim. A half that has and that the halves are practically whole and symmetrical.
a slightly torn edge is not considered a (2) "Reasonably well shaped" means
slab. that the pears have been cut longitudi- (1) Scraps. "Scraps" means any pornally into approximate equal halves, and tion of a half that is less than two-thirds that the halves may tend to be oval in of the apparent original hali.
WORK SHEET $ 52.5849 Work sheet and summary of requirements for dried pears.
Subpart-United States Standards for $ 52.5882 Types of frozen berries.
(a) Blackberries. SOURCE: $8 52.5881 to 52.5892 appear at
(b) Boysenberries. 82 F.R. 7576, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise
(c) Dewberries. noted.
(e) Youngberries. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES
(f) Other similar types, such as $ 52.5881 Product description.
"Nectaberries." Frozen berries are prepared from the
GRADES OF FROZEN BERRIES properly ripened fresh fruit of the plant $ 52.5883 Grades of frozen berries. (Ctenus Rubus); are stemmed and (a) U.S. Grade A or 0.8. Fancy frozen cleaned; may be packed with or without
berries are berries of similar varletal packing media; and are frozen and characteristics which possess a practistored at temperatures necessary for the cally uniform typical color; are pracpreservation of the product.
tically free from defects; possess a good
character; possess & normal flavor and (c) U.S. Grade D for Manufacturing odor; and score not less than 85 points or Substandard for Manufacturing when scored in accordance with the scor frozen berries are berries that fail to ing system outlined herein,
meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B (b) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice frozen for Manufacturing or U.S. Choice Grado berries are berries of similar varletal for Manufacturing. characteristics which possess & reason
TYPES OF PACK ably uniform typical color; are reasonably free from defects; possess a reason
$ 52.5885 Types of pack. ably good character; possess a normal (a) Frozen berries are often packed flavor and odor; and score not less than with added sugar or added sugar and 70 points when scored in accordance with water. Sugar packs are usually desigthe scoring system outlined herein. nated by the amount of fruit to sugar;
(c) U.S. Grade D or Substandard for example, "6+1" means that at the frozen berries are berries that fall to time of packing, 1 pound of sugar was meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B added to 6 pounds of berries. or U.S. Choice.
(b) It is recommended that the quanGRADES OF FROZEN BERRIES FOR
tity of liquid packing medium, if used, MANUFACTURING
is not in excess of the amount normally
required by good commercial practice. $ 52.5884 Grades of frozen berries for manufacturing.
FACTORS OF QUALITY (a) U.S. Grade A for Manufacturing & 52.5886 Ascertaining the grade. or U.S. Fancy Grade for Manufacturing (a) The grade of frozen berries is defrozen berries are berries of similar vari termined immediately after thawing to etal characteristics which possess a prac the extent that the units may be sepatically uniform typical color; possess a rated easily. reasonably good character; possess a
(b) "Normal flavor and odor" means normal flavor and odor; and there may that the berries are free from objectionbe present
able or off flavors or objectionable odors (1) Not more than 4 sepal-like bracts
of any kind. per 16 ounces of net weight;
(c) The grade of frozen berries may (2) Not more than one stem or one
be ascertained by considering in addileaf or a piece of leaf or the approximate
tion to the foregoing requirements, the equivalent of one full cap per 48 ounces following factors: Color, absence of deof net weight; and
fects, and character. (3) Not more than 5 percent by weight
(d) The relative importance of each of berries that may be undeveloped or
factor has been expressed numerically damaged.
on a scale of 100. The maximum number (b) U.S. Grade B for Manufacturing
of points that may be given for each or U.S. Choice Grade for Manufacturing
factor is: frozen berries are berries of similar varl
Points etal characteristics which possess a rea
Color -----sonably uniform typical color; may Absence of defects.--. possess a fairly good character typical Character -----of fairly well-ripened to very ripe berries with not more than 30 percent by weight Total Score-------
------- 100 for blackberries and not more than 40 $ 52.5887 Ascertaining the rating of percent by weight for boysenberries,
each factor. dewberries, loganberries, youngberries,
The essential variations within each and other similar types that may be
factor are so described that the value crushed; possess a normal flavor and
may be ascertained for each factor and odor; and there may be present
expressed numerically. The numerical (1) Not more than 10 sepal-like
ranges within each factor are inclusive. bracts per 16 ounces of net weight;
For example, the range 25 to 30 means (2) Not more than one stem or one
25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30. leaf or a piece of leaf or the approximate equivalent of one full cap per 16 ounces
$ 52.5888 Color. of net weight; and
(a) (A) classification: To receive & (3) Not more than 10 percent by score of 25 to 30 points the frozen herweight of berries that may be un ries must possess a practically uniform developed or damaged.
typical color. “Practically uniform typi
berries, boysenberries, loganberries, youngberries, or other similar types may be crushed.
(d) (D) classification: Frozen berries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of zero to 20 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product.
(e) The evaluation of the score for character may be determined from the preceding table which denotes the maximum allowances for berries that are crushed.
LOT COMPLIANCE 8 52.5891 Ascertaining the grade of a
lot. The grade of a lot of frozen berries covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products ($ $ 52.1 through 52.87).
SCORE SHEET 8 52.5892 Score sheet for frozen berries.
No. size and kind of container..
** Label: Style of pack: Fruit-sugar ratio (If shown)..
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 852 592) Product description.
(a) “Maple sirup” means sirup made by the evaporation of maple sap or by the solution of maple concrete (maple sugar) and contains not more than 35 percent of water, and weighs not less than 11 pounds to the gallon (231 cubic inches).
(b) The standards in this subpart are applicable to sirup which is packed in drums or other large containers for further processing. It is not intended that they shall apply to sirup packed in containers for table use. Another set of standards entitled “U.S. Standards for Table Maple Sirup" has been issued for this purpose (8$ 52.5961-52.5968).
GRADES $ 52.5922 U.S. Grade AA (Fancy).
U.S. Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup for Reprocessing shall consist of maple sirup which meets the following requirements:
(a) The color shall not be darker than light amber as represented by the color standards of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
(b) The weight shall be not less than 11 pounds per gallon of 231 cubic inches at 68 degrees F. corresponding to 65.46 degrees Brix or 35.27 degrees Baumé (Bureau of Standards Baumé scale for sugar solutions, modulus 145).
(c) The sirup shall possess a characteristic maple flavor, shall be free from fermentation and free from damage. caused by scorching, buddiness, any objectionable foreign fiavor or odor or other means. “Damage" means any defect that materially affects the appearance or the edibility or shipping quality of the sirup. 8 52.5923 U.S. Grade A.
(a) U.S. Grade A Maple Sirup for Reprocessing shall consist of maple sirup which meets the requirements of U.S. Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup for Reprocessing except for color.
(b) The color shall be darker than light amber but shall not be darker than medium amber as represented by the color standards of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. $ 52.5924 U.S. Grade B.
(a) U.S. Grade B Maple Sirup for Reprocessing shall consist of maple strup which meets the requirements of U.S. Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup for Reprocessing except for color.
each type of defect for the score integration of the berries. A berry is conindicated:
sidered “crushed" if more than 50 per
cent of the drupelets are crushed, broken, Harmless extraneous
or detached, or I the normal shape of material
Undevel the berry is otherwise materially af-
fected or destroyed.
(b) (A) classification: To receive & bracts stems, full
score of 26 to 30 points the frozen berries Classif. Score
caps cation points
must possess a good character. “Good
character" means that the berries are Maximum
mature and ripe but not overripe, are
fleshy and tender, and are practically Per 16 Per 48 ounces net ounces net (by count)
intact; that the berries and accompanyweight weight
ing liquor are practically free from detached seed cells; and that not more than
5 percent by weight of blackberries may None
be crushed and not more than 10 percent by weight of dewberries, boysenberries, loganberries, youngberries, or other simular types may be crushed.
(c) (B) classification: If the frozen
berries possess a reasonably good charPer 16 ounces net
acter, a score of 21 to 25 points may be weight
given. Frozen berries that fall into this None
classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product. "Reasonably good character" means that the berries are reasonably mature and
may be not more than slightly immature 27 More than allowances permitted in B nor slightly overmature; that the berries
may be not more than slightly lacking in fleshy texture; that the berries and
any accompanying liquor are reasonably 8 52.5890 Character.
free from detached seed cells; and that (8) General: The factor of character not more than 15 percent by weight of refers to the maturity, texture, and ap blackberries may be crushed and not pearance, as well as to the degree of dis more than 20 percent by weight of dew