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affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-fifteenth of the total tolerance or 1 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. 8 52.5846 U.S. Grade Cor U.S. Standard.

(a) U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard dried pears possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a fairly uniform color; characteristic of fairly well-matured pears; and are fairly well shaped.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 20 percent by weight may be slabs, immature, or scraps; may be affected by russet or similar discoloration, may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hallmarks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end, external stems and calyx cups, scab, disease, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: Provided, That, not more than one-fourth of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-tenth of the total tolerance, or 2 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. 8 52.5847 U.S. Grade D or Substandard.

US. Grade D or Substandard dried pears are wholesome and edible fruit that fails to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade Cor U.S. Standard: Prodided, That, not more than 5 percent by weight of the total fruit may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than 2 percent by weight of the total fruit may be affected by decay.

EXPLANATION OF TERMS 8 52.5848 Explanation of terms.

(a) Color. (1) "Practically uniform, bright typical color" means that the halves are bright and translucent, and not darker than pear yellow in color,

(2) "Reasonably uniform, bright typical color" means that the halves are reasonably bright and reasonably translucent, and not darker than pear yellow in color.

(3) "Fairly uniform typical color" means that the halves are fairly bright

and fairly translucent and are of any normal color not 'darker than dark amber.

(b) Damage or other defects. (1) “Affected by russet or similar discoloration" means reddish brown discoloration caused by sunlight when the area so affected is conspicuous. Russet or other similar skin discoloration is not considered “damaged by discoloration."

(2) "Damage by discoloration" means

(1) Skin discoloration caused by sunburn, limb-rubs, hailmarks, or other means which when light brown in color, exceed in the aggregate one-eighth of the surface and which, when dark brown or darker, or hard, tough and leathery, exceed in the aggregate an area equivalent to one-sixteenth of the outer surface side of the unit.

(11) Flesh discoloration caused by bruising, drought spot, or other means which are materially darker or lighter than the normal color of the half and which exceed in the aggregate an area equivalent to one-sixteenth of the outer surface side of the unit.

(111) Darkening of otherwise sound fruit characteristic of fruit held in storage, in keeping with good commercial practice, shall not be considered as damaged by discoloration unless excessively darkened.

(3) "Damaged by hard end or black end" means the light colored areas at the calyx end of the fruit or similar damage which exceed in the aggregate an area equivalent to one-eighth of the outer surface.

(4) "Damaged by other similar defects" means any injury or defect or group of defects not mentioned herein which materially affect the appearance, edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit.

(5) "Damaged by insect injury" means healed or unhealed surface blemishes, and healed or unhealed blemishes in the flesh which materially affect the appearance, edibllity, or keeping quality of the fruit but which do not possess evidence of insect Infestation.

(6) "Affected by insect infestation" means that the dried pears show the presence of insects, insect fragments, or excreta. No live insects are permitted.

(7) "Affected by imbedded dirt” means the units have suficient quantities of adhering dirt to give the fruit a dirty, smudgy appearance and dirt which may not be removed readily in washing the fruit.

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(c) Maturity. (1) “Well-matured" shape but are not so irregular as to be neans that the pears are fully ripe. misshapen.

(2) “Reasonably well-matured” means (3) "Fairly well shaped" means that hat the pears are firm and may not the pears have been cut longitudinally have reached the fully ripe stage.

into approximately equal halves, and (3) "Fairly well-matured" means that than two-thirds of the apparent original the pears may be hard but not immature. that any portion of a half is not less

(4) "Immature” means that the pears half. possess a grayish white or dead white

(e) Slabs. “Slabs" are pears that have color indicative of immature fruit.

been mashed or mutilated to the extent (d) Shape. (1) “Well-shaped" means

that they have lost their normal conthat the pears have been cut longitudi

tour and have become definitely flatnally into approximately equal halves,

tened at the edge or rim. A half that has and that the halves are practically whole and symmetrical.

a slightly torn edge is not considered a (2) "Reasonably well shaped" means

slab. that the pears have been cut longitudi

(f) Scraps. “Scraps" means any pornally into approximate equal halves, and tion of a half that is less than two-thirds that the alves may tend to be oval in of the apparent original half.

WORK SHEET $ 52.5849 Work sheet and summary of requirements for dried pears.

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Subpart-United States Standards for $ 52.5882 Types of frozen berries.
Grades of Frozen Berries

(a) Blackberries. BOURCE: $$ 52.5881 to 52.5892 appear at

(b) Boysenberries. 82 F.R. 7576, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise

(c) Dewberries. noted.

(d) Loganberries.

(e) Youngberries. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES

(f) Other similar types, such as $ 52.5881 Product description.

"Nectaberries.” Frozen berries are prepared from the

GRADES OF FROZEN BERRIES properly ripened fresh fruit of the plant $ 52.5883 Grades of frozen berries. (Genus Rubus); are stemmed and

(a) U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy frozen cleaned; may be packed with or without

berries are berries of similar varietal packing media; and are frozen and characteristics which possess a practistored at temperatures necessary for the cally uniform typical color; are pracpreservation of the product.

tically free from defects; possess a good

character; possess & normal flavor and (C) U.S. Grade D for Manufacturing odor; and score not less than 85 points or Substandard for Manufacturing when scored in accordance with the scor- frozen berries are berries that fail to ing system outlined herein.

meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B (b) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice frozen for Manufacturing or U.S. Choice Grade berries are berries of similar varletal for Manufacturing. characteristics which possess a reason

TYPES OF PACK ably uniform typical color; are reasona ably free from defects; possess a reason

$ 52.5885 Types of pack. ably good character; possess a normal (a) Frozen berries are often packed flavor and odor; and score not less than with added sugar or added sugar and 70 points when scored in accordance with water. Sugar packs are usually desigthe scoring system outlined herein. nated by the amount of fruit to sugar;

(c) U.S. Grade D or Substandard for example, "6+1" means that at the frozen berries are berries that fail to time of packing, 1 pound of sugar was meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B added to 6 pounds of berries. or U.S. Choice.

(b) It is recommended that the quanGRADES OF FROZEN BERRIES FOR

tity of liquid packing medium, if used, MANUFACTURING

is not in excess of the amount normally

required by good commercial practice. $ 52.5884 Grades of frozen berries for manufacturing.

FACTORS OF QUALITY (a) U.S. Grade A for Manufacturing $ 52.5886 Ascertaining the grade. or U.S. Fancy Grade for Manufacturing (a) The grade of frozen berries is defrozen berries are berries of similar varl

termined immediately after thawing to etal characteristics which possess a prac- the extent that the units may be sepatically uniform typical color; possess a rated easily. reasonably good character; possess a (b) "Normal flavor and odor" means normal flavor and odor; and there may

that the berries are free from objectionbe present,

able or off flavors or objectionable odors (1) Not more than 4 sepal-Uke bracts

of any kind. per 16 ounces of net weight;

(c) The grade of frozen berries may (2) Not more than one stem or one

be ascertained by considering in addileaf or a piece of leaf or the approximate

tion to the foregoing requirements, the equivalent of one full cap per 48 ounces

following factors: Color, absence of deof net weight; and

fects, and character. (3) Not more than 5 percent by weight

(d) The relative importance of each of berries that may be undeveloped or

factor has been expressed numerically damaged.

on a scale of 100. The maximum number (b) U.S. Grade B for Manufacturing

of points that may be given for each or U.S. Choice Grade for Manufacturing

factor is: frozen berries are berries of similar varl

Factors

Points etal characteristics which possess a rea

Color

30 sonably uniform typical color; may

Absence of defects.

40 possess a fairly good character typical Character

30 of fairly well-ripened to very ripe berries with not more than 30 percent by weight Total Score...

100 for blackberries and not more than 40

§ 52.5887 Ascertaining the rating of percent by weight for boysenberries, each factor. dewberries, loganberries, youngberries,

The essential variations within each and other similar types that may be

factor are so described that the value crushed; possess a normal flavor and

may be ascertained for each factor and odor; and there may be present

expressed numerically. The numerical (1) Not more than 10 sepal-Uke

ranges within each factor are inclusive. bracts per 16 ounces of net weight;

For example, the range 25 to 30 means (2) Not more than one stem or one

25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30. leaf or a piece of leaf or the approximate equivalent of one full cap per 16 ounces

$ 52.5888 Color. of net weight; and

(a) (A) classification: To receive a (3) Not more than 10 percent by score of 25 to 30 points the frozen herweight of berries that may be un- ries must possess a practically uniform developed or damaged.

typical color. “Practically uniform typi

cal color” means that not more than a $ 52.5889 Absence of defects. total of 10 percent by weight of the ber

(a) General: The factor of absence ries may vary markedly from the inten

of defects refers to the degree of freedom sity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened berries, provided

from harmless extraneous vegetable ma

terial; from leaves, pieces of leaves, not more than 5 percent by weight of the berries vary markedly from the in

stems, and caps; from undeveloped bertensity and luster of the characteristic

ries; and from berries damaged by blemcolor of reasonably well-ripened berries.

ishes, insect, pathological, or other sim(b) (B) classification: If the frozen

ular injury. berries possess a reasonably uniform

(b) Definitions of defects: typical color, a score of 21 to 24 points

(1) A berry is considered “undevelmay be given. Frozen berries that fall

oped" if it is shriveled or if more than into this classification shall not be graded

one-fourth of the berry possesses hard, above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, re

undeveloped drupelets. gardless of the total score for the prod

(2) “Damage" includes any surface uct. “Reasonably uniform typical color"

blemish having an aggregate area exmeans that not more than 15 percent

ceeding that of a circle 14 inch in diamby weight of the berries may vary mark

eter or any noticeable blemish that exedly from the intensity and luster of the tends into the fruit tissue. characteristic color of reasonably well (c) (A) classification: To receive & ripened berries, provided not more than score of 34 to 40 points the frozen ber5 percent by weight of the berries are ries must be practically free from dedefinitely off color for any reason.

fects. “Practically free from defects" (c) (D) classification: Frozen berries means that there may be present not that fail to meet the requirements of

more than 2 sepal-like bracts per 16 paragraph (b) of this section or that

ounces of net weight; not more than are definitely off color for any reason

one stem or one leaf or piece of leaf or may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade

the approximate equivalent of one full D or Substandard, regardless of the total

cap per 48 ounces of net weight; and score for the product.

that not more than 5 percent by weight (d) The evaluation of the score points of berries may be undeveloped or for the factor of color may be determined damaged. from the following table which denotes (d) (B) classification: If the frozen the variation in color allowed for the berries are reasonably free from defects, score indicated:

a score of 28 to 33 points may be given.

Frozen berries that fall into this classiMarked Marked

fication shall not be graded above U.S. variation variation Definitely Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of from color from color off color of well of reason for any

the total score for the product. “ReasonClassi. Score | ripened ably well.

ably free from defects” means that there fication points berries ripened

berries

may be present not more than 5 sepal

like bracts and not more than one stem Maximum (by weight)

or one leaf or piece of leaf or the ap

proximate equivalent of one full cap per None

None 16 ounces of net weight; and that not 2% including not more than 1% 4% including not more than 2%

more than 10 percent by weight of ber6% including not more than 3%

ries may be undeveloped or damaged. 8% including not more than 4% 10% including not more than 5%

(e) (D) classification: Frozen berries

that fail to meet the requirements of 6% including not more

paragraph (d) of this section may be than 1%

given a score of zero to 27 points and 9% including not more than 2%

shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D 12% including not more or Substandard, regardless of the total

than 3%
15% including not more score for the product.
than 5%

(f) The evaluation of the score for tho

factor of absence of defects may be deter20 or More than allowances permitted in less (B) classification

mined from the following table which

denotes the maximum allowance for

reason

30

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integration of the berries. A berry is considered "crushed" if more than 50 percent of the drupelets are crushed, broken, or detached, or 1 the normal shape of the berry is otherwise materially affected or destroyed.

(b) (A) classification: To receive & score of 26 to 30 points the frozen berries must possess a good character. “Good character" means that the berries are mature and ripe but not overripe, are fleshy and tender, and are practically intact; that the berries and accompanying Liquor are practically free from detached seed cells; and that not more than 5 percent by weight of blackberries may be crushed and not more than 10 percent by weight of dewberries, boysenberries, loganberries, youngberries, or other simular types may be crushed.

(c) (B) classification: If the frozen berries possess a reasonably good character, a score of 21 to 25 points may be given. Frozen berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product. "Reasonably good character" means that the berries are reasonably mature and may be not more than slightly immature nor slightly overmature; that the berries may be not more than slightly lacking in fleshy texture; that the berries and any accompanying liquor are reasonably free from detached seed cells; and that not more than 15 percent by weight of blackberries may be crushed and not more than 20 percent by weight of dew

34

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65 24 23 22 61

Not more than slightly imma

ture nor slightly overmature; not more than slightly lacking in fleshy texture.

Berries and accompany

ing liquor-reasonably free.

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7% 116

12% 147 16%

B

D

20 or

More than allowances permitted in B Classification.

18%

13%
15%

20%

less

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