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FACTORS OF QUALITY AND SAMPLE UNIT flavor and odor, color, and character SIZE

may be determined on: (1) The contents $ 52.6088 Factors of quality.

of an entire container, or (2) a repreThe grade of a lot of canned leafy

sentative subsample from containers greens is based on requirements for prod

yielding more than 10 ounces of drained uct characteristics with respect to the weight. following quality factors:

(b) Compliance with requirements for (a) Flavor and odor.

harmless extraneous material other than (b) Color.

plant material is determined on the con(c) Character,

tents of an entire container. (d) Damage. (e) Harmless extraneous material.

(c) Compliance with requirements for

the factors of damage and extraneous (36 F.R. 8557, May 8, 1971)

plant material shall be determined on 52.6089 Sample unit size.

subsamples as specified on Table II of (a) Compliance with the factors of this subpart.


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(c) Other extraneous material. Other

harmless extraneous material includes $ 52.6090 Classification of defects.

grit, sand, silt, or other earthy material. (a) General. Scoreable defects in the (d) Damage. Damage includes discolfactors of color, character, extraneous oration or other similar injury on a leaf plant material, other extraneous mate- or stem or portion thereof which damage rial, and damaged leafy greens are out- affects, materially affects, or seriously lined in Tables III, IV, and V.

affects the appearance or eating quality (b) Extraneous plant material. Ex- of the portion of leafy green and/or entraneous plant material includes root tire product. crowns, root stubs, and seed heads of the (e) Degrees of defect classes. Defects applicable leafy green plant and harm- are classified as to minor, major, or less grass and weeds of various kinds and severe. Each "X" mark in Tables III, IV. texture.

and V represents "one (1) defect." TABLE III--WHOLE LEAF; CUT LEAF; CHOPPED STYLES

Quality factors


Minor Major Severe


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Extraneous plant



Color appearance is:

Adversely affected to a degree that is noticeable

Adversely affected to a degree that is objectionable..
Appearance or eating quality, due to:
(1) A mushy texture, disintegration, ragged cutting, or shred-

ded leaves and shredded stems, or portions thereof;

(2) A tough texture, coarse, or fibrous stems or portions thereof;
(3) Any other causes, as applicable for the style, is:

Adversely, but not seriously, affected..

Seriously affected..
Root crown: Any significant portion of the solid area of the plant

between the root and attached leaves.
Root stub: Any portion of the root whether or not leaves are

Seed head-Whole leaf; cut leaf styles: Longer than 1 inch or

objectionable regardless of length.
Seed head-Chopped style-pieces affecting appearance or eating
More than slightly but not materially.

Grit, sand, silt, or other earthy material:

A trace that no more than slightly affects appearance or eating

Presence materially affects appearance or eating quality..--






Other extraneous




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(33 F.R. 5741, Apr. 13, 1968, as amended at 36 F.R. 8557, May 8, 1971; 38 F.R. 19958, July 26 1973] 8 52.6091 Tolerances for defects.


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0.8. Grade A..


Toial 2

0.25 1. 50 4.0 0.50 4.0 12.0

U.8. Grade B.

8 2 8 18

2 6 11

3 11 23

f"Total”-the sum of severe, major, and minor defects.

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U.S. Grade B.

Minor (grass and woods).
Total 3
Minor (grass and weeds)
Total :

22 2 8 10 51


3 11 14 59

0.58 1. 20 2.00 5.0 0.5 4.0 6.0 40.0

S“Total”--the sum of severe, major, and minor grass and weeds and other minor defects.

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3“Total”- the sum of severe, major, minor grass and weeds and other minor defects.

LOT ACCEPTANCE $ 52.6092 Lot acceptance for drained

weights. A lot of canned leafy greens is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight when the following criteria are met:

(a) The average of the drained weights from all the containers in the sample meets the average drained weight in Table I of this subpart (designated as Xa; and

(b) The number of deviants for drained weight do not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in the single sampling plan in the Regulations Governing Inspection of Processed Fruits, Vegetables, and Related Products ($ $ 52.1-52.87). $ 52.6093 Lot acceptance for quality.

A lot of canned leafy greens shall be considered as meeting the quality re

quirements for the applicable grade when the following criteria are met:

(a) Flavor and odor. All sample units meet the requirements for flavor and odor

(b) Defects. (1) The number of sample units which exceed the upper limit (UL) for these defects for the applicable grade (deviants), specified in Tables VI(a), VI(b), VI(C), VII (a), VII(b), and VII(C), does not exceed the acceptance number specified for the sample size in the Single Sampling Plan of the Regulation's Governing Inspection of Processed Fruits, Vegetables, and Related Products ($ $ 52.1-52.87); and

(2) The sample average values for the various defect classifications specified in Tables VI(a), VI(b), VI(C), VII (a), VII(b), and VII(C) are not exceeded.

(3) No sample unit exceeds the maxi. mum number of defects allowed for deviants.


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Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Grapefruit Juice SOURCE: $$ 52.6121 to 62.6133 appear at 83 F.R. 2501, Feb. 2, 1968, unless otherwiso noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, STYLES, AND

GRADES 8 52.6121 Product description.

(a) Grapefruit juice is the unfermented liquid obtained from mature fresh grapefruit (Citrus paradisi). The fruit is prepared and the juice extracted and processed in a manner to assure a clean and wholesome product. Soluble solids, Insoluble solids, Brix-acid ratios, and flavor may be adjusted by suitable manufacturing procedures to any level within the normal range of mature grapefruit.

(b) The product is processed by appropriate physical means to assure. Its preservation through normal marketing

channels. Such means include but are not limited to:

(1) Canning. Processing with heat so as to assure the preservation of the juice in hermetically sealed containers.

(2) Refrigerating. Reducing the temperature of the product so as to extend its market life. The juice may or may not have been subjected to heat prior to refrigerating. It may or may not be packed in hermetically sealed containers. $ 52.6122 Types.

Grapefruit juice may be identified as one of the following types.

(a) Single strength type. Composed of single strength grapefruit juice, with or without added grapefruit juice concentrate.

(b) Reconstituted type. Composed of grapefruit juice concentrate and water, with or without added single strength. grapefruit juice.

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