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brown units does not seriously affect the appearance of the carrots; that the color of the peas is typical of fairly young and fairly tender peas.

(d) (Std) Classification. If the canned peas and carrots fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section a score of 0 to 15 points may be given and the product shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (limiting rule). 52.6210 Uniformity of size and shape.

(a) General. Under this factor, consideration is given only to the uniformity of size and shape of the carrot ingredient. The percentage, by weight, of the carrot ingredient consisting of units smaller, or larger, than the required size for a particular style is determined by separating all such units from the other carrot units in the sample unit, weighing such units, and dividing that weight by the total weight of the drained carrot in gredient in the sample unit.

b) Ascertaining dimensions. Size dimensions of the various units are measured as follows:

(1) Diameter and thickness of sliced carrots. The diameter of a slice is the measurement across the largest cut surface of the slice. The thickness of a slice is measured at the thickest portion between the two cut surfaces of the slice.

(2) Size of diced carrots. The size of a dice is the length of the edge (other than rounded outer edges) which is most representative of the size of the approximate cube.

(3) Width of a strip. The width of a strip is the widest cut surface measured at right angles to the length of the unit.

(c) (A) Classification. Canned peas and carrots that are practically uniform in size and shape may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. "Practically uniform in size and shape" means that:

(1) The carrots comply with the measurement, shape, and uniformity requirements for (A) classification in Table II; and, in addition

(2) The overall appearance of the product is not materially affected by variations or irregularities in size and shape of the units.

(d) (B) Classification. Canned peas and carrots that are reasonably uniform in size and shape may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. Canned peas and carrots that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B regardless of the total score for the product (limiting rule). “Reasonably uniform in size and shape” means that:

(1) The carrots comply with the measurement, shape, and uniformity requirements for (B) classification in Table II; and, in addition

(2) The overall appearance of the product is not seriously affected by variations or irregularities in size and shape of the units.

(e) (sStd) Classification. Canned peas and carrots that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 15 points and shall not be graded above Substand. ard, regardless of the total score for the product (limiting rule).

TABLE II UNIFORMITY OF SIZE AND SHAPE REQUIREMENTS FOR CARROT INGREDIENT IN CANNED PEAS AND CARROTS

(B)

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Styles of carrots

(A) Measurement and/or shape of Classification maximum varia- Classification maximum variaindividual units

tion (percent by weight of tion (percent by weight of carrot ingredient in the carrot ingredient in the sample unit)

sample unit)

Sliced......... "-maximum diameter; 15 percent may exceed these 25 percent may exceed these

3"--maximum thickness. measurement limits. Diced........ Approximate cube shape, 20 percent may fail these meas. 30 percent may fail these meas

38"-minimum; 5"-maxi urement limits, provided small urement limits, provided mum.

chips do not materially affect small chips do not seriously appearance of product.

affect appearance of product. Double-diced.. Approximate double-cube 20 percent may be noticeably 30 percent may be noticeably shapes.

smaller or larger than aver smaller or larger than average sized unit.

age sized unit. Strips.......

Approximate french-cut shapes, 25 percent may be less than 35 percent may be less than

i minimum length, 3" 114' in length or exceed 3/8" iya'' in length or exceed 3/8"
maximum width.
width.

width.

(2) Not more than tho following per sample unit of 10 ounces:

(i) A total of 8 damaged and seriously damaged units of which not more than one (1) may be seriously damaged: Provided, That damaged and seriously damaged units, either singly or in combination, may no more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product;

(ii) Harmless extraneous material and/or other defects, individually or collectively, which materially affect the appearance of the product; and

(iii) Any combination of the foregoing which materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(c) (B) Classification. If the canned peas and carrots are reasonably free from defects a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. Canned peas and carrots that fall into this classification shall not be graded above Grade B, regardless of the total score for the product (limiting rule). “Reasonably free from defects" means that there may be present:

(1) Not more than one (1) piece of harmless extraneous material per 30 ounces of drained product (average of

§ 52.6211 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous vegetable material, damaged units, seriously damaged units, and any other defect which detracts from the appearance or edibility of the product.

(1) "Harmless extraneous vegetable material” means:

(i) Material common to the pea or carrot plant (such as leaves, stems, or pods); and

(ii) Harmless material from other plants (such as thistle buds or seeds) which are succulent.

(2) “Damaged unit” means any pea or carrot unit that is affected by discolor&tion or other blemish to the extent that the appearance or edibility of the unit is materially affected and has the following specific meanings with respect to each vegetable:

(i) Peas. Any spotted or off-colored pea (other than blond peas) such as brown or gray discoloration.

(ii) Carrots. Any unit possessing an unpeeled area greater than the area of & circle one-eighth inch in diameter; and any unit blemished by internal or external discoloration, such as sunburn or green color, or other similar color.

(3) "Seriously damaged unit” means & pea or carrot unit that is damaged to the extent that the appearance or edibility of the unit is seriously affected and includes units with very dark spots or serious discoloration or other abnormalities.

(4) "Other defects” means defects not specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product and include, but are not limited to, the following:

(i) Peas. Mashed peas, broken peas, loose cotyledons, loose skins, and any portions thereof;

(ii) Carrots. Crushed, broken, or cracked units or units with excessively frayed edges and surfaces.

(b) (A) Classification. Canned peas and carrots that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. “Practically free from defects” means that there may be present:

(1) Not more than one (1) piece of harmless extraneous material per 60 ounces of drained product (average of entire sample); and

(2) Not more than the following per sample unit of 10 ounces:

(i) A total of 15 damaged and seriously damaged units of which not more than 3 units may be seriously damaged: Provided, That damaged and seriously damaged units, either singly or in combination, do not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product;

(ii) Harmless extraneous material and/or other defects, individually or collectively, which seriously affect the appearance or eating quality; and

(iii) Any combination of the foregoing which seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(d) (SStd) Classification, Canned peas and carrots that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 23 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (limiting rule). $ 52.6212 Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the tenderness and maturity

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of the peas; and the tenderness and

TABLE III degree of freedom from stringy or coarse SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM ALLOWANCES FOR THE BRINE

FLOTATION TEST fibers in the carrots. (b) (A) Classification. Canned peas

Maximum number of peas that sink Score

in 10 seconds and carrots which possess a good charac

Grade range ter may be given a score of 27 to 30

13% salt 15% salt 16% salt points. Good character means that:

in solution in solution in solution (1) Carrots. The carrot units are ten

Percent by count der, are not fibrous, and possess a prac

Nono 24 to 26 No limit

10 tically uniform texture. (2) Peas. The peas are at least rea

METHODS OF ANALYSES sonably tender and comply with the requirements of Table III.

§ 52.6213 Methods of analyses. (c) (B) Classification. If the canned (a) Brine flotation test. The brine fio peas and carrots possess a reasonably tation test utilizes salt solutions of vari. good character, a score of 24 to 26 points ous specific gravities to separate the peas may be given. Canned peas and carrots according to maturity. The brine solu. that fall into this classification shall not tions are based on the percentage, by be graded above U.S. Grade B, regard weight, of pure salt (NaCl) in solution. In less of the total score for the product making the test a 250 ml. glass beaker is (limiting rule). “Reasonably good char filled with the brine solution to a depth acter” means that:

of approximately 2 inches. The brine (1) Carrots. The carrot units are at equipment, solution, and peas should be least reasonably tender, may be variable at the same temperature. Only peas that in texture but are not tough, hard, or sink to the bottom of the receptacle mushy; and not more than 5 percent, by within 10 seconds after immersion are weight, of the carrot ingredient may counted as “peas that sink”. Pieces of possess coarse, fibrous material.

peas and loose skins should not be used (2) Peas. The peas are at least fairly in making the brine flotation test. tender; the skins of not more than 5

LOT COMPLIANCE percent, by count, of the peas may be ruptured to a width of one-sixteenth

$ 52.6214 Ascertaining the grade of a inch or more; and, the peas comply with

lot. the requirements of Table III.

The grade of a lot of canned peas and (d) (SStd) Classification. Canned peas carrots covered by these standards is and carrots that fail to meet the require determined by the procedures set forth ments of paragraph (c) of this section in the Regulations Governing Inspection may be given a score of 0 to 23 points and Certification of Processed Fruits and and shall not be graded above Substand- Vegetables, Processed Products thereof, ard, regardless of the total score for the and Certain Other Processed Food Prod. product (limiting rule).

ucts ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87).

SCORE SHEET $ 52.6215 Score sheet for canned peas and carrots.

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1 Indicates limiting rule. Subpart- United States Standards for (4) is at least fairly free from defects; Grades of Canned Solid-Pack Apricots and

AUTHORITY: Sec. 205, 60 Stat. 1090, as (5) scores not less than 70 points when amended (7 U.S.C. 1624).

scored in accordance with the scoring SOURCE: 39 FR 8909, Mar. 7, 1974, unless

system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "Substandard” is the quality that otherwise noted.

fails to meet the requirements of “U.S. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, AND GRADES

Grade C.” $ 52.6241 Product description.

FILL OF CONTAINER, DRAINED WEIGHTS Canned solid-pack apricots are pre- & 52.6244. Recommended full of con. pared from mature, sound apricots (Pru

tainer. nus armeniaca), pitted and peeled or unpeeled, or any combination of peeled and

The recommended fill of container for unpeeled. The product is packed without

canned solid-pack apricots is not incora liquid packing medium, may be packed

porated in the grades of the finished with dry nutritive sweetening ingredi

product since fill of container, as such, ents, and is suficiently processed by

is not a factor of quality for the purposes heat in hermetically sealed containers to

of these grades. It is recommended that

each container be as full of apricots as assure its preservation.

practicable without impairment of qual$ 52.6242 Styles.

ity and that the product occupy not less (a) “Halves” are apricots cut approxi than 90 percent of the volume of the mately in half along the suture from

container. stem to apex.

$ 52.6245 Recommended minimum (b) “Slices” are apricots cut into thin

drained weight. sectors or strips.

(a) General. The minimum drained (c) “Mixed pieces of irregular sizes

weight recommendations in Table I are and shapes” are apricot units that are predominantly irregular in size and

not incorporated in the grades of the

finished product since drained weight, shape which do not conform to a single

as such, is not a factor of quality for the style or which are a mixture of halves

purpose of these grades. and slices.

(b) Definitions of symbols. (1) LL$ 52.6243 Grades.

Lower limit for individual drained (a) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Stand

weights. ard" is the quality of the product that:

(2) X-Minimum sample average (1) has normal flavor and odor;

drained weight value. (2) has at least a fairly good color;

(c) Method for ascertaining drained (3) has at least a fairly good charac- weight. (1) The drained weight is deterter;

mined by emptying the contents of the

container upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937+3 percent, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve to approximately a 17 to 20 degree angle to facilitate drainage, and allowing the product to drain for two minutes.

(2) The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and apricots less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 12 inches in diameter is used.

(d) Compliance with recommended minimum drained weights. A lot of canned solid-pack apricots is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight recommendations if the following criteria are met:

(1) The average of the drained weights from all the sample units in the sample meets the recommended average drained weight (designated as Xa) in Table I; and

(2) The number of sample units which fail to meet the recommended minimum drained weight for individuals (designated as LL) in Table I does not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in Table II.

FACTORS OF QUALITY 8 52.6247 Ascertaining the grade of a

sample unit. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards, the following quality factors are evaluated:

(a) Factors not rated by score points. (1) Flavor and odor.

(b) Factors rated by score points. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. Score points are assigned the various quality factors in accordance with the scoring guide in Table III. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are:

Points Color Defects Character

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20

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11

11

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100

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Total score--(c) Definition of flavor and odor. "Normal flavor and odor” means that the product is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind. & 52.6248 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, “14 to 20 points” means 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, or 20 points). § 52.6249 Color.

(a) General. The color of canned solidpack apricots refers to the characteristic color of the outer, uncut surfaces of the units, the varying degrees of "pale yellow areas”, "light-greenish yellow areas", and “light green areas"; and the uniformity of the individual sample unit when viewed in mass.

(b) Definitions-(1) Well colored. “Well colored” means that the units have a typical color characteristic of wellmatured apricots. The units may have pale yellow areas not exceeding onefourth of the outer surface area and are free from brown color due to oxidation, improper processing, or other causes.

(2) Reasonably well-colored. “Reasonably well colored” means that the

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