Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

units may possess pale yellow areas not exceeding one-half of the outer surface area, or may possess light greenish-yellow areas not exceeding one-fourth of the outer surface area. The units may possess a slight brown color due to oxidation, or other causes.

(3) Fairly well-colored. "Fairly wellcolored" means that the units may be pale yellow or may possess light greenishyellow areas not exceeding one-half of the outer surface areas, or greenish areas not exceeding one-fourth of the outer surface and/or may possess more than a slight brown color due to oxidation, or other causes, but not off-color.

(4) Poorly colored. “Poorly colored" means that the units may possess light greenish-yellow areas exceeding one-half of the outer surface area, or green areas exceeding one-fourth of the outer surface area, or are off-color for any reason.

(c) (C) classification. Canned solidpack apricots that possess a fairly good color may be given a score of 14 to 20 points. “Fairly good color” means that (1) the sample unit, in mass, may be variable in color; and (2) the apricots are at least fairly well colored, except that the weight of the units that are poorly colored does not exceed the weight specified in Table III.

(d) (SStd classification. Canned solid-pack apricots that fail to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade C may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.6250 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from pit material, harmless extraneous material, short stems, minor blemishes and major blemishes, and from any other defect not specifically mentioned.

(b) Definitions and erplanations of de fects-(1) Harmless extraneous material. Any vegetable substance (such as, but not limited to, a leaf or portion thereof or a large stem) that is harmless.

(2) Short stem. The short, thick, woody stem which attaches the apricot to the twig of the tree or other stem material of equivalent woodiness and shortness.

(3) Pit material. Any whole pit or any hard portion of an apricot pit, regardless of size.

(4) Minor blemish. (i) Light brown or brown surface areas, including "freckles" which singly or in combination on a unit, exceed in aggregate the area of a circle 18 inch in diameter but do not exceed in the aggregate the area of a circle 14 inch in diameter.

(ii) Any blemish or abnormality whether or not specifically defined which materially but not seriously affects the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(5) Major blemish. (i) Light brown to brown surface areas which, singly or in the aggregate on a unit, exceed the area of a circle 14 inch diameter.

(ii) Blemishes that extend into the fruit tissue regardless of the area or depth.

(iii) Single dark brown surface areas that exceed the area of a circle 46 inch in diameter, whether or not the unit is affected by minor blemishes; or

(iv) Any blemish whether or not specifically defined which seriously affects the appearance and/or eating quality of the unit but is not a filthy or decomposed substance.

(c) (C) classification. Canned solidpack apricots that are at least fairly free from defects may be given a score of 28 to 40 points. "Fairly free" from defects means that the defects present do not exceed the allowances specified in Table III.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned solidpack apricots that fail to meet the defect requirements of U.S. Grade C may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). 8 52.6251 Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the degree of ripeness, the texture and condition of the flesh, the firmness, and tenderness of the canned solidpack apricots.

(b) Definitions-(1) Good character. "Good character" means that the units have a practically uniform, tender, fleshy texture typical of well-ripened, properly

prepared, and properly processed canned solid-pack apricots; the units may be soft but hold their original conformation and size without material disintegration.

(2) Reasonably good character. “Reasonably good character" means that the units possess at least a reasonably uniform, reasonably tender texture typical of properly ripened apricots that are properly processed; the texture is at least reasonably fleshy, and the units are at least reasonably thick but the tenderness may be variable within the unit or among the units; the units may be soft to slightly firm or ragged, but are not mushy.

(3) Fairly good character. "Fairly good character" means that the units possess a texture of properly processed ap which may be variable in fleshiness but the texture is fairly fleshy and the units may be lacking uniformity of tenderness or may be markedly ragged with frayed

edges or may be very soft or mushy, or may be moderately firm.

(4) Poor character. "Poor character” means that the units are very mushy or very firm.

(c) (C) classification. Canned solidpack apricots that possess a fairly good character may be given a score of 28 to 40 points. To score in this classification, the weight of units that possess poor character does not exceed the weight specified in Table III. (d) (SStd) classification. Canned solidpack apricots which fail to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade C may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

ALLOWANCES FOR QUALITY FACTORS $ 52.6252 Allowances for quality factors

for canned solid-pack apricots.

[blocks in formation]
[graphic]

Color ounces of apricots that are: Well All.

colored. Reasonably well colored.

5. Fairly well colored.

2. Poorly colored

0.. Score points...

36-40 Defects (numbers of defects) Harmless ex- 0..

traneous material. Short stems.

1.. Pit material.

1. Units affected by minor and major 9.

blemishes. Major blemishes. Score points ---

36-40 Character ounces of apricot units that All.

possess: Good character. Reasonably good character.

5. Fairly good character..

2. Poor character.

0.

All 9. 2.

9.

Do.

SCORE SHEET $ 52.6254 Score sheet for canned solid

pack apricots.

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.6253 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of canned solid-pack apricots covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products (S$ 52.1 through 52.83).

Size and kind of container.
Container mark or identification..
Label..
Net weight (ounces).
Vacuum (inches).
Drained weight (ounces).
Degrees Brix (if sweetened).

[blocks in formation]

81

U.S. Standards for Grades of Frozen Cranberries' DUCT DESCRIPTION AND GRADES E: $ 52.681 through 52.6290 appear R. 18777, Sept. 22, 1971, unless otherced.

Product description. en cranberries is the product prefrom the sound, mature berries of ommonly cultivated cranberry The product is prepared by sorting aning to assure a wholesome prodle prepared product is frozen and

at temperatures necessary for nation. 282 Grades of frozen cranberries. “U.S. Grade A" or “U.S. Fancy" is ality of frozen cranberries that: Possess a good color; Are practically free from defects: Possess a good character; Possess a normal flavor and odor; Are of similar varietal cteristics; Have no grit or silt present that ; the appearance or edibility of the ct; and Score not less than 90 points when | in accordance with the scoring A outlined in this subpart. n cranberries of this grade may in not more than 5 percent, by , of berries that are less than thir

thirty-seconds of an inch in ter.

“U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice” is jality of frozen cranberries that:

(1) Possess a reasonably good color,
(2) Are reasonably free from defects;

(3) Possess a reasonably good character;

(4) Possess a normal flavor and odor;

(5) Are of similar varietal characteristics;

(6) Have no grit or silt present that affects the appearance or edibility of the product; and

(7) Score not less than 80 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart. Frozen cranberries of this grade may contain not more than 5 percent, by count, of berries that are less than nine thirty-seconds of an inch in diameter.

(c) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Standard” is the quality of frozen cranberries that:

(1) Passess a fairly good color;
(2) Are fairly free from defects;
(3) Possess a fairly good character;
(4) Possess a normal flavor and odor;

(5) Have not more than a trace of grit or silt present that slightly affects the appearance or edibility of the product; and

(6) Score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(d) “Substandard" is the quality of frozen cranberries that fail to meet the requirements of “U.S. Grade C".

SAMPLE UNIT SIZE & 52.6283 Sample unit size.

For purposes of evaluating quality factors, the sample unit size is 12 ounces of cranberries.

FACTORS OF QUALITY § 52.6284 Ascertaining the grade of a

sample unit. (a) General. The factors of size, color, defects, and character shall be evaluated immediately after the product is thawed.

(b) Factors not rated by score points.
(1) Flavor and odor.
(2) Size.
(3) Varietal characteristics.

(c) Definitions. (1) “Normal flavor and odor" means that the product is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.

(2) "Diameter" means the greatest dimension measured at right angles to a line from the stem end to blossom end of the berry.

mpliance with the provisions of these irds shall not excuse failure to comply the provisions of the Federal Food, and Cosmetics Act or with applicable laws and regulations.

[blocks in formation]

$ 52.6285 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations, within each scoreable factor, are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, “45 to 50 points” means, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, or 50 points). $ 52,6286 Color.

(a) General. The color of frozen cranberries refers to:

(1) The characteristic color, the varying degrees of dark red, red, pink, light pink, tan, yellowish green, and green areas of the outer surface of the individual cranberry; and

(2) The uniformity of the individual sample unit when viewed as a mass.

(b) Definitions. (1) “Well colored” means that 90 percent or more of the surface of the individual cranberry is a pink or red color characteristic of the variety.

(2) "Fairly well colored" means that 75 percent or more of the surface of the individual cranberry is a pink or red color characteristic of the variety.

(3) "Poorly colored” means that less than 75 percent of the surface of the individual cranberry is a pink or red color characteristic of the variety, provided it has some pink or red color.

(4) "Uncolored" means the surface of the individual cranberry is light yellow to light green and possesses no area of pink or red color.

(C) (A) classification. Frozen cranberries that possess a good color may be given a score of 45 to 50 points. “Good color" means that the color falls within the limits specified in table I.

(d) (B) classification. Frozen cranberries that possess a reasonably good color may be given a score of 40 to 44 points. “Reasonably good color" means that the color falls within the limits specified in table I. Frozen cranberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(e) (C) classification. Frozen cranberries that possess a fairly good color may be given a score of 35 to 39 points. "Fairly good color" means that the color falls within the limits specified in Table I. Frozen cranberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(f) (SStd) classification. Frozen cranberries that fail to meet the requirements of the (C) classification may be given a score of 0 to 34 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the prod. uct (this is a limiting rule).

TABLE I-COLOR ALLOWANCES TOR FROZEN CRANBERRIES

Grade A, good

color

Grade B, reason-
ably good color

Grade C, fairly

good color

Any condition affecting the overall color appearance Not more than Not materially Not seriously of the sample unit.

slightly
affected.

affected.
affected.

Marimum number of cranberries within each sample unit Fairly well-colored and/or poorly colored..

15. Fairly well-colored and/or poorly colored and/or un

30.. .colored. Poorly colored and/or uncolored.

60. Poorly colored.

3..

10.. Uncolored.

None.

5. Well colored.

Remainder. Remainder Well colored and/or fairly well colored.

Remainder.

$ 52.6287 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous plant material, fine stems, minor blemishes, and major blemishes, and from any other defects which affect the appearance or edibility of the product.

(b) Definitions. (1) "Harmless extraneous plant material" means material, such as vines and leaves, that is part of the cranberry plant or its immediate environment and that may be reasonably expected to become incorporated in the finished product.

(2) "Minor blemish" means discoloration or damage caused by sunscald, pathological, mechanical, or other means which exceeds in the aggregate the area of a circle one-eighth of an inch in diameter or which slightly affects the appearance or edibility of the individual cranberry, regardless of area.

(3) "Major blemish" means discoloration or damage caused by sunscald, pathological, mechanical, or other means which exceeds in the aggregate the area of a circle one-fourth of an inch in diameter or which materially affects the appearance or edibility of the individual cranberry, regardless of area.

(4) "Fine stem" means a stem that attaches the cranberry to the vine, whether

connected or loose, that is three-fourths of an inch or more in length.

(c) (A) classification. Frozen cranberries that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. "Practically free from defects" means that the defects present fall within the limits specified in table II.

(d) (B) classification. Frozen cranberries that are reasonably free from defects may be given a score of 24 to 26 points. “Reasonably free from defects" means that the defects present fall within the limits specified in table II. Frozen cranberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(e) (C) classification. Frozen cranberries that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. “Fairly free from defects" means that the defects present fall within the limits specified in table II. Frozen cranberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(f) (SStd) classification. Frozen cranberries that fail to meet the requirements of the (C) classification may be given & score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

TABLE II-DEFECT ALLOWANCES FOR FBOZEN CRANBERRIES

Grade A

Grade B

Gradec

Defects affecting the overall appearance of the sample Not more than Not materially Not seriously unit.

slightly affected. affected.

affected.

Marimum in each sample unit Harmless extraneous plant material.

..... sq. in........... sq. In........... 39 sq. In. Total-major and minor blemished cranberr

18, but-
25. but-

35, but Major blemished cranberries....

No more than 7... No more than 10.. No more than 15. Fine stems......

. No limit.

$ 52.6288 Character.

(a) (A) classification. Frozen cranberries that possess good character may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good character” means that the cranberries may be slightly soft to moderately firm but not more than 10 cranberries in the sample unit may be mushy or hard.

(b) (B) classification. Frozen cranberries that possess reasonably good char

acter may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. “Reasonably good character" means that the cranberries may be slightly soft to moderately firm but not more than 20 cranberries in the sample unit may be mushy or hard. Frozen cranberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

58-037--76--48

745

« AnteriorContinuar »