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(c) (C) classification. Frozen cranberries that possess fairly good character may be given a score of 14 or 15 points. "Fairly good character" means that the cranberries may be very soft to very firm but not more than 60 cranberries in the sample unit may be mushy or hard. Frozen cranberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen cranberries that fail to meet the requirements of the (C) classification may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT COMPLIANCE 8 52.6289 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of frozen cranberries covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87).

Subpart-United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Concentrated Apple Juice

SOURCE: 40 FR 13196, Mar. 25, 1975, unless otherwise noted.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND GRADES $ 52.6321 Product description.

Frozen concentrated apple juice is prepared from the unfermented, unsweetened, unacidified liquid obtained from the first pressing of properly prepared, sound, clean, mature, fresh apples, and/ or parts thereof by good commercial processes. The juice is clarified and concentrated to at least 22.9 degrees Brix. The apple juice concentrate so prepared, with or without the addition of ingredients permissible under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, is packed and frozen in accordance with good commercial practice and maintained at temperatures necessary for the preservation of the product. $ 52.6322 Brix requirements.

Brix value of the finished concentrate shall not be less than the following for the respective dilution factor of frozen concentrated apple juice:

Minimum Brix

value of conDilution factor:

centrate (degrees) 1 plus 1.

22.9 2 plus 1

33.0 3 plus 1.

42. 2 4 plus 1.

50.8 5 plus 1.

58.8 6 plus 1

66.3 7 plus 1.

73.3 § 52.6323 Grades.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy” is the quality of frozen concentrated apple juics which, when reconstituted according to $ 52.6325(b), has the following attributes:

(1) Good color and clarity;
(2) Is practically free from defects;
(3) Very good flavor and aroma; and

(4) Scores not less than 90 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U.S. Grade B" or “U.S. Choice” is the quality of frozen concentrated apple juice which, when reconstituted according to $ 52.6325(b), has at least the following attributes:

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easonably good color and clarity;

reasonably free from defects; ood flavor and aroma; and Cores not less than 80 points when in accordance with the scoring outlined in this subpart. Substandard” is the quality of concentrated apple juice that fails 6 the requirements of U.S. Grade

FILL OF CONTAINER 324 Recommended fill of coniner. ommended fill of container is not orated in the grades of the finished ct since the fill of the container, as is not a factor of quality for the ses of these grades. It is recomed that the container be filled with a concentrated apple juice to not han 90 percent of the capacity of ontainer.

FACTORS OF QUALITY .6325 Ascertaining the grade. ) The grade of frozen concentrated e juice is ascertained by considering, onjunction with the requirements of respective grade, the respective rat

for the factors which are scored. · relative importance of each factor .ch is scored is expressed numerically the scale of 100. The maximum num

of points which may be given such tors are: Factors

Points or and clarity-

20 fects

20 vor and aroma.

60

“18 to 20 points" means 18, 19, or 20 points). $ 52.6327 Color and clarity.

(a) (A) classification. Frozen concentrated apple juice which has a good color and clarity may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good color and clarity" means that the color, of the frozen concentrated apple juice after reconstitution, is bright and transparent and of a light golden appearance, but not darker than USDA Honey Color Standards "White" designation.

(b) (B) classification. Frozen concentrated apple juice which has a reasonably good color and clarity may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. “Reasonably good color and clarity” means the color, of the frozen concentrated apple juice after reconstitution, is slightly dull or slightly turbid; may be light golden to light amber in appearance but not darker than USDA Honey Color Standards “Light Amber" designation. Frozen concentrated apple juice that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(c) (SStd) classification. Frozen concentrated apple juice that is dull, turbid or otherwise fails the requirements of U.S. Grade B may be given a score 0 to 15 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting

rule).

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8 52.6328 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from sediment or other residues, dark specks, or any other defects which affect the appearance or palatability of the product.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen concentrated apple juice which is practically free from defects may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Practically free from defects" means that the frozen concentrated apple juice after reconstitution may have a slight amount of sediment or residue of an amorphous nature; may have not more than a trace of dark specks or of sediment or residue of a non-amorphous nature, or any other defects: Provided, That all defects present

do not more than slightly affect the ap- means that the frozen concentrated pearance or palatability of the product. apple juice after reconstitution has a

(c) (B) classification. Frozen con- normal flavor and bouquet, may be centrated apple juice which is reason- slightly astringent; or may be slightly ably free from defects may be given a affected by overripe apples, oxidation, score of 16 to 17 points. “Reasonably free caramelization, or ground or musty from defects" means that the frozen con

flavors, but is free from objectionable centrated apple juice after reconstitu- flavors or objectionable aromas of any tion may have a slight amount of sedi

kind; and, in addition, meets the followment or residue of an amorphous or non

ing requirement: amorphous nature, of dark specks, or of

Brix-Acid Ratio—Minimum-18:1 any other defects: Provided, That all de

Maximum-60:1 fects present do not materially affect the appearance or palatability of the prod

Frozen concentrated apple juice that uct. Frozen concentrated apple juice

falls into this classification shall not be that falls into this classification shall not

graded above U.S. Grade B, regardless of be graded above U.S. Grade B, regardless

the total score for the product (this is a of the total score for the product (this is limiting rule). a limiting rule).

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen con(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen con- centrated apple juice that fails to meet centrated apple juice which fails to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B may the requirements for U.S. Grade B may be given a score of 0 to 47 points and be given a score of 0 to 15 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the regardless of the total score for the prod- product (this is a limiting rule). uct (this is a limiting rule).

EXPLANATIONS $ 52.6329 Flavor and aroma.

$ 52.6330 Explanation of terms. (a) General. The factor of flavor and

(a) "Brix" means soluble solids of the aroma refers to the degree of excellence

concentrated apple juice as measured on and palatability of a distinct apple juice

the Refractometer, expressed as percent flavor and aroma typical of apple juice

by weight sucrose (degrees Brix) with that has been properly processed.

correction for temperature to the equiv(b) (A) classification. Frozen concen

alent at 20° C (68° F), but without cortrated apple juice which has a very good

rection for invert sugar or other subflavor and aroma may be given a score

stances. The Brix of frozen concentrated of 54 to 60 points. “Very good flavor and

apple juice may be determined by any aroma" means that the frozen concen

other method which gives equivalent retrated apple juice after reconstitution

sults. has a fine, distinct fruity flavor and

(b) “Acid” means grams of acid (calbouquet, that is free from astringent

culated as malic acid) per 100 grams of flavors, flavors due to overripe apples,

concentrated juice determined by titraoxidation, caramelization, or ground or

tion with a standard sodium hydroxide musty flavors, and is free from objec

solution, using phenolphthalein as an intionable flavors or objectionable aromas

dicator or any other satisfactory indicaof any kind; and in addition, meets the

tor and using an acid factor of 0.067. following requirement:

(c) “Brix-Acid ratio" means the ratio Brix-Acid Ratio-Minimum-21:1

of the Brix of the concentrated juice in Maximum-53:1

degrees Brix to the grams of acid (cal(c) (B) classification. Frozen concen

culated as malic acid) per 100 grams of trated apple juice which has a good concentrated juice. flavor and aroma may be given a score of (d) The USDA Honey Color Standards, 48 to 53 points. “Good flavor and aroma" referenced in $ 52.6327, and information

SCORE SHEET
§ 52.6332 Score sheet.
Size and kind of container.
Container mark or identification.
Label..
Net contents (fluid ounces).
Brix (degrees).
Acid (malic grams/100 grams).
Brix-Acid Ratio.
Factors

Score points

concerning procurement and use is available from: Chief, Processed Products Standards and In

spection Branch, Fruit & Vegetable Division, AMS, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.

LOT COMPLIANCE $ 52.6331 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of frozen concentrated apple juice covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the “Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products” (&$ 52.1 to 52.83).

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1 Indicates limiting rule.

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