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of sequestration has been enacted in accordance with the terms of article 4 of our decree of the 30th May, 1915, No. 814, may be declared good prize and confiscated.

Similar treatment may be accorded to such enemy goods as have been found on board all enemy merchant ships sequestrated in ports of the Kingdom and of its colonies at the outbreak of hostilities, for which the provision of sequestration was established in article 5 of our decree of the 30th May, 1915, No. 814.

ART. 3. Decisions as to the legitimacy of prizes which may be declared under the terms of the preceding article 2, as rell as the disposal of the sums obtained from their seizure and the distribution of the fund mentioned in the preceding article 1, will be taken by the prize court, which will be guided by the rules and procedure established in the mercantile marine code, and by the regulations dra n up for the court itself.

Art. 4. If the prize court ascertains that the sums composing the fund mentioned in article 1, or the ships or goods declared to be good prize and confiscated in accordance with the terms of article 2, belong to individuals of Italian nationality but natives of regions v hich are under the dominions of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the prize court may suspend the acts of distribution of such sums or of the sums obtainable from the sale of such ships or goods, and inform the Government of the King of the facts ascertained; the Government of the King may then, after the council of ministers has considered the matter, proceed to liberate the sums, ships, and goods belonging to the above-mentioned individuals, or may invite the prize court to continue the action and procedure provided for in the preceding articles.

ART. 5. Subsequent dispositions will be issued establishing the mode of procedure for the application of articles 1 and 2 of the present decree.

We order that the present decree, furnished with the seal of state, be included in the official record of the lays and decrees of the Kingdom of Italy, requiring everyone concerned to observe it and cause it to be observed. Given at Rome this 24th day of June, 1915.

THOMAS OF SAVOY. [British Parliamentary Fapers. Miscellaneous, No. 18 (1915). Cd. 8104.)

1 These have not yet been published (November, 1915).



General statement.-Since July, 1914, the belligerents have resorted to various measures to prevent the free movement of goods. In order that neutrals might not be cut off from certain supplies it has been deemed advisable by certain neutral States to prohibit the export of goods which might aid a neighboring belligerent State. Some prohibitions have been decreed in order that the domestic stock of certain classes of goods might not be depleted. Whatever the reason, the course of commerce has been much disturbed and ordinary traffic has often been brought to an end. From the fact of geographical position in relation to the belligerents, such countries as Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland have been forced to pay greatest attention to and to exercise widest control over exportation. These restrictions unprecedented in extent have had an important (ffct upon the conduct of hostilities and must be considered in any comprehensive study of the war. It will be evident from the lists that if such restraints are to be placed upon trade certain ends formerly sought under the laws of blockade, contraband, and continuous voyage may be thus indirectly attained. The significance of this effect of war may best be seen in the actual and detailed lists of articles of which the export is

prohibited. These lists have been changed or explained from time to time. It seems exp dient that typical lists should be printed for convenient reference.




Washington, D. C., September 20, 1915. [Corrected according to the latest available information.]


Air tubes and covers.
Ammonia and ammonia salts.




Apothecary articles.
Apparatus (instruments for manufacture

of weapons or ammunition).
Arms and ammunition:

War material.

Weapons of all kinds.
Bags, empty cotton or jute.
Bandages and material for Denmark.
Barbed wire.
Belting leather.
Brass plates, bars, old brass.
Bread, all kinds.
Candles, paraffine.
Cattle feed.

Nitrate of sodium.
Nitric acid.

Sulphuric acid.
Clover seed.
Coal-tar dyes.
Copper ores.
Cotton bags.
Cotton thread.
Cotton waste.
Cotton yarns.
Cottonseed cake.
Dried huckleberries.
Drugs, all kinds.
Electric cables.

Explosives and materials for manufacture

of. Feedstuffs (including oil cakes, hay, straw,

malt germs, crushed soya beans, bran, offals of grain, all carrots, all turnips, cabbages, peas (for cooking as well as for feeding), beans and lentils, grain, malt, potatoes (except potatoes accompanied by a certificate issued by the ministry of agriculture's inspection for contagious plant diseases), flour (including bread of all sorts), and groats (including majzena, sago, rice, and buckwheat, sugar, raw,

refined). Ferromanganese. Fertilizers, artificial. Fish oil, spent in shamoy and shellac. Flaxseed. Flour (including breads of all sorts). Foodstuffs. Forage. Fuel. Gas cleaning material, used. Gasoline. Gloves. Glycerine. Goats. Gold. Gold and silver, coined or in bars

(including foreign coins of gold and silver, silver rolled out, and gold in leaves). Travelers may, however, carry gold and silver coins not exceeding 200 kroner in

value. Grain. Grain, waste and sweepings. Graphite. Groats, shredded grain. Gunpowder. Haematite iron ore. Harness, saddles (unless 30 per cent added

to value of articles by home manufac

turer). Hay. Hemp. Hides, raw, salted, prepared. Hogs, live. Horses. Hospital supplies. Huckleberries, dried. Hypodermic syringes. Inflammable oils. Instruments and apparatus which are

solely made for the manufacture of ammunition, for the construction or repair of weapons, and materials for warfare on

land or sea.
Iron, haematite (silicon, chrome ores).
Iron plates covered with tin or zinc.
Iron plates, tinned, waste from.
Iron pyrites.
Jute, raw, manufactured, and sacks.

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Knitting machines.

Raw materials for repair or construction of Lard.

vessels or arms. Lead.

Raw rubber. Leather (except goat).

Resin. Leather belting.

Rice. Lentils.

Riding and draught animals. Linseed.

Roentgen ray apparatus. Linseed oil.

Ropes (yarns for manufacture thereof). Logs.

Rubber, raw. Lubricants.

Sacks (cotton and jute, and jute material Lumber.

suitable for making bags). Macaroni.

Saddles. (See Harness.) Macarons.

Sago. Machinery and instruments for manufac- Salt chlorate. ture or repair of weapons or material for

Salt chlorate potash. war.

Seeds, clover. Machines for knitting.

Seeds. Magnesium.

Sesame seeds. Malt germs.

Shoddy. Malts.

Silicon. Manganese.

Silver (coined or in bars). Margarin.

Skins (calf, if over 8 kilos salted). Meats, fresh.

Skins (dressed, excepi goatskins). Medical specialties.

Skins (lamb and sheep). Medicinal products.

Soya beans. Medicinals.

Spent fish oil, in shamoy and shellac. Motor vehicles.

Starch made from corn, rice, potatoes Nickel (unwrought and ore).

wheat. Nitrate of sodium.

Steel Nitre.

Straw. Nitre salts.

Sugar, raw, refined. Nitric acid.

Sulphur. Offals of grain.

Sulphur pyrites.
Oil cake.

Sulphuric acid.
Oil, spent fish, in shamoy and shellac. Surgical bandages and dressings.
Oils, lubricating.

Syringes, hypodermic.
Oils, vegetable (for the manufacture of Tallow.

Thermometers. Oleomargarine.

Timber. Oleo oil.

Tin chlorite. Oleo stearine.

Tinned iron plates, waste from. Oleo stock.

Tin ores. Onions.

Tin oxide. Organic acids.

Tricot, woven and knitted. Paraffine.

Turnips. Paraffine candles.

Turpentine. Peanuts.

Turpentine oil. Peas (for cooking or feeding).

Twist for cleaning, and material for bandPetroleum and other oils.

ages. Planks.

Underwear. Potash.

Vaseline. Potash lye.

Vegetable oils, stearins for use in manuPotash manure.

facture of margarin. Potash saltpeter.

Vegetables. Potash salts, all sorts of.

Vehicles, motor. Potassium chloride.

War material. Potatoes (may export to United States Waste, white. from certified potato fields).

Weapons of all kinds. Powder.

Wire, barbed.

Rags (woolen, half woolen, or shoddy). Wool (sheep-lamb).

Woolen drawers.
Woolen gloves.
Woolen goods (except material suitable for

curtains or furniture coverings).
Woo’en, half woolen, underwear, and

clothing. Woolen socks.

Woolen undervests.
Woolen waste (rags-shoddy).
Woolen yarns.
Worsted yarns.
Worsted waistcoats, drawers, socks,

gloves for men.
Zinc (in plates or blocks).



Harness for artillery and cavalry. Beer.

Leather in general. Benzine.

Live stock. Butter.

Magnesite ore, raw and calcined. Carbines.

Moneys of gold (ingots of gold).
Cartridges for Mannlicher Schonahauser, Oil.

Bulgarian Mannlicher, Turkish Mauser, Oxen.
Grass Martini, Mauser Martini.

Petroleum, Cartridge cases for rifles and big guns in Proserves. general.

Rice. Cartridges for Bayer and Colt revolvers. Rifles. Models: 73 and 93.

Revolvers, Bayer and Colt, 73_and 93 Cattle.

models. Cereals.

Shoes, army. Cheese.

Soda. Coal.

Sugar. Coffee.

Sulphate of copper and sulphur in general. Contraband and conditional contraband, Swords (for cavalry and artillery). including transit goods.

Tanning materials. Cotton.

Telephone accessories. Feed.

Valonia and all other tanning materials. Field glasses.

Wheat. Flour.

Wool. Fodder.

Woolen yarns. Gold (coin and bullion).




Ashes. Adaline.

Aspirine. Aeroplanes and accessories.

Automobiles and bodies, and accessories, Aether.

including tires. Alba, magnesia (?).

Bacon (bellies, dry, salled, smoked, and Alcohol.

fresh). Almond substitute.

Barbed wire.
Alpaca hair.

Ammonia, hydrosulphate of.

Beans, French, string. Ammonium carbonate.

Beei, fresh, smoked, unless with special Ammunition.

permit. Aniline, derivaties of, used in practices of Benzine. me licine.

Bic'cies. Antimonium regulus.

Bismuth, Antifebrine.

Blankets. Antimony, regulus of.

Bone dust. Antipyrine.

Bone meal, Arms and ammunition:

Bones. Ammunition.

Borax. Explosives.

Bread. Lime.

Briquets (except charcoal briquets). Powder.

Bromine salts and other bromine comArsenicum.

positions. Arrowroot.


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