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Electors, 35.
certificates of, 166.
how appointed, 157.
number of, 157.
qualifications of, 25.
shall meet, where, 51.
place of meeting, 166.
time of appointing, 21.
vote for President, 22.
votes of, when given, 156.
when elected, 166.
who may be, 35.
who prohibited from being, 157.

Embargo defined, 114.

Busing has no written Constitution,

5 -

Declaration of war, 32.
Delegates appointed, 20.
assembly of, 13.
congress of, 13.
how chosen, 15.
number of, 19.
Deliberations of Congress open to the
public, 85.
Department, executive, 186.
of the East, 191.
Interior, 186.
Navy, 186, 196.
New Mexico, 191.
Pacific, 191.
Post-office, 186, 198.
State, 186.
Texas, 191.
Treasury, 186.
War, 186.
West, 191.
Dopartments of government, 55.
Diagram showing the comparative
population, 64.
Direct tax, 33, 61.
apportioned, 26, 61.
Discovery of a country gives the right
of possession, 8.
right of, 7. "
titles derived from, 8.
District Courts, 209.
of Columbia, 138.
Districts, collection, 108.
congressional, 80.
Divisions, military, of United States,

191.
Drawback, 105.
Duties, ad valorem, 104.
collected, 108.
defined, 101.
net produce of, 34.
of Clerk of House, 69.
Sergeant-at-arms, 69.
imports, 104.
Yonnage, 104.
specific, 104.
uniform, 101.
who paid by, 105.

ELECTION contested, 82.
of President, 155.
writs of, 69.

Elections held in several States, 22.
modes of, 80.
regulations of, 79.
times of holding, 28.

Electoral college, 157.
votes counted, 22.

King of, not answerable, 184.
Enlistments, 133.
Entry, port of 108.
Enumeration of free persons and
others, 20.
Equality, political, 146.
Examiners, 125.
Excises defined, 102.
Executive departments, 186.
power, 155.
where vested, 35.
sessions, 85. -
Exportations from any State not tax-
able, 144.
Ex post facto kaws defined, 143, 149.
prohibited, 144.

FAITH given to the public acts of each

State, 41. -
Farewell Address, 233.
Fidelity to the Constitution, 238.
Fines, excessive, 50.

prohibited, 254.
Fisheries, 114.
Forces, land and naval, 32.

government of, 136.
Foreign ambassadors, 179.

ministers, credentials of, 182.
Forfeiture for treason, when, 41.
Franking privilege defined, 123.
Fraud suspected, 107.
Freedom of speech and press, 48.
Fugitives, form of requisition of,

trial of, 221.

from justice, 41, 220.

labour, 222

Fulton, Robert, 114.

GEoRGE I., statute of, 81.

Gifts of foreign princes, 147.

Gold and silver may be coined at the
mint, 120.
Goods, landing and shipping of 261.
Government cannot be sued, 146.
- Confederate, 17.
‘Constitutional, 18.
departments of, 55.
proprietary, 10.
republican form of, 42.
royal or provincial, 10.
revolutionary, 17.
seat of, how governed, 138.
territorial, 228.
Governor of Massachusetts appointed
by the king, 11.
provincial, 10.
Grand jury, 247.
indictment of, 247.
presentment by, 49.
Gratuitous pensions, 135.
Grievances, redress of, 244.

HABEAs corpus, writ of, defined, 142.
directed to whom, 143.
suspended, 143.
Harper's Ferry, 191.
Heads of Departments, 187.
High seas, include what, 129.
Highways, turnpikes, &c., 250.
Hospital, navy, 134.
how maintained, 134.
House, adjournment of, during session,
29

journal of each, 85.
judge of its members, 28.
majority of each a quorum, 28.
of Representatives, how composed,
25.
power to impeach, 75.
Speaker of, 69.

IGNorAMUs, 248.
Impeachment, conviction on, 28.
defined, 75.
for treason, 77.
judge of Supreme Court liable, 76.
judgmen in cases of, 28, 77.
object of, 173.
power of, 27, 183.
trial in case of, 76, 78.
tried by the Senate, 28.
Imposts defined, 101.
uniform in United States, 151.
Independence, Declaration of, 14, 265.
Indian Territory, 229.
Indians, 26,
Affairs, Commissioner of, 201.

Indians, free, when, 61.
treaties with, 226.
under Confederation, 115.
Constitution, 115.
Indictment, what founded on, 248.
Indirect tax, 61.
Inhabitants, original, their restric.
tions, 8.
Inhabited country, laws of 9.
Insane of army and navy, 135.
Insolvent law, its power, 118.
Inspection laws, 34.
defined, 152.
object of, 152.
Interior, Department of, 186.
Invalid pensions, 135.
Inventors, rights of, 32.
Invoice defined, 106.

Jefferson's the first written message,
Journal, 29.

kept by each House, 85.

object of, 85.

regularly published, 86.
Judge of Supreme Court liable to im-

peachment, 76.

salary of 206.
Judges of Courts of United States, 39.
Judicial power, 39, 206, 212.

of United States 51.

vested where, 39, 206.

Judgment in cases of impeachment,

Jurisdiction appellate, 210.
concurrent, 210.
exclusive, 210.
original, 210.

Jurors challenged, 252.

Jury defined, 215.
trial by, 40, 215.

King of England, commission of, 7.

LAND Office, Commissioner of, 201.
established, 228.
officers of, 228.
Laws, enactment of 92.
in a new country, 9.
of an inhabited country, 9.
uninhabited, 9.
England, those of New World, 0.
nations, 32.
how understood, 130.
offences against, 130.
on bankruptcies, 100.
rules for enacting, 94.

Legal operation of new Constitution,
22

tender of the States, 149.
Legislation over seat of government,
Legislative power vested in Congress,

25, 55.
I,egislature of New York, instructions
of, 19.

Virginia, commissioners, 18.
letter office erected by Charles I., 121.
Letters of marque, 32.

and reprisal, 148.

defined, 131.

patent, 125.
Levying war, 216.
Liberty, 262.

of speech and press, 243.
Lighthouse Board, 195.
List of Chief Justices, 208.
Livingston, Robert R., 114.
Lord Baltimore a proprietary, 10.
Lord, English, may vote by proxy, 87.

MAILs, how carried, 122.
Majority of each house a quorum, 28.
Manifest defined, 107.
must be signed by whom, 107.
Manuscript records, 86.
Marque and reprisal, 148.
defined, 131.
letters of, 32.
Marshals of the United States, 63.
Massachusetts, governor appointed by
the king, 11.
Members, attendance of, compelled, 83.
cannot be questioned, 91.
of Congress cannot vote by proxy,
87

privileges of 90.
limited, 91.
House, how chosen, 25, 56.
Parliament, term of, 58.
Message, origin of President's, 181.
Migration or importation, 33.
Military divisions of United States,

191.

Militia, 32, 136, 173.
Congress calls forth, 136.
organizing of, 32.

provision for, 137.

training of 32, 137.

Mint, branches of, where, 120.
gold and silver coined at, 120.
officers of 119.
of United States at Philadelphia,

Misdemeanors, 184.
Misprision of treason, 218.
Money bills, 93.
borrowed by United States, 31.
coinage of, l 19, 148.
Congress has power to borrow
113.
for the use of armies, 32.
when drawn from the Treasury,
34.
Mother-country, power of, weakened,

NATIONAL armories, 191.
tribunal, 206.
Nations, law of, 32.
Naturalization defined, 115.
rule of, 115.
under Confederation, 115.
Constitution, 116.
Naval asylum, 135.
Navy, 32.
Department of, 186.
hospitals, 134.
Navy, its use, 133.
origin, 134.
New England unites for defence, 18.
Jersey became a royal govern-
ment, 10.
Mexico, Department of, 191.
States, how admitted, 223.
Nobility, no titles of, granted, 146.
United States cannot grant titles,
151.
Nomination not an appointment, 176.
North Carolina, ratification of, 22.

0Ath administered to Washington, 22.
of officers of army, 133.
President, 37, 171.
or affirmation, 28.
to support Constitution, 238.
Objects in establishing the Constitu.
tion, 54.
Office, removal from, 28.
Officers, civil, 183.
of army or navy, 183.
House of Representatives, 69.
Land Office, 228.
Mint, 119.
Senate, 74.
United States cannot be member
of Congress, 91.
Operations under the Constitution, 21.
Organized territories, 66.
Origin of title to America by Eng.
land, 7.

Original colonies, 9.
inhabitants, 8.
jurisdiction, 210. .

Orleans and Louisiana, territory of,

224.

PACIFIC, Department of the, 191.
Pardon defined, 173.
power of, withheld from the Presi-
dent, 173.
Pardoning power, its extent, 173.
Parliament, acts of, 9, 263.
adjourned by the king, 87.
assembles, how, 80.
formerly assembled annually, 81.
members of, not compensated,
89.
no act of, unconstitutional, 53.
term of members of, 58.
what it consists of, 55.
Passports, 188.
Patent, 228.
defined, 126.
Commissioner of, 201.
cost of, 127.
may be extended, 127.
Patentee must furnish a model, 126.
Peck, James H., 77.
Peers, trial by their, a right, 262.
Penn, William, a proprietary, 10.
Pensions, Commissioner of, 201.
defined, 135.
gratuitous, 135.
invalid, 135.
People, rights of, 49.
to bear arms, 48.
Petitions, how presented, 244.
right of 244.
Pickering, John, 77.
Piracies, 32.
punishment of, 128.
under the Confederation, 129.
Constitution, 129.
Pirate, how regarded, 129.
who deemed a, 130.
Tiracy defined, 129.
Poll-tax, 102.
Port of entry, 108.
Postmaster-general, 122.
duties of, 198.
list of, 200.
salary, 199.
Postmasters appointed by Postmaster-
general, 123.
President, 123.
duties of, formerly, 121.
rates of commission of, 123.

Post-office Department, 186, 198.
established in England, 121.
by Prideaux, 121.
present system of, 121.
United States, directed by whom,
122.
Post-offices and post-roads, 31.
established, 121.
Post-roads, what considered as, 124.
Posts established in modern Europe
121.
original designation of, 121.
Potomac and Pocomoke rivers, 18. .
Power, executive, 155.
vested in President, 156.
judicial, 39, 206, 212.
where vested, 206.
United States, 39, 51.
of Congress, 31.
each house, 83.
to punish members, 84.
impeachment, 27.
President, 38.
States, 50.
taxation, 100.
Powers concurrent, 100.
vested in Congress, 100.
Preamble of Constitution, 54.
Presentment, 248.
Preference, none given to any State,
President answerable for misconduct,
can fill vacancies, 180.
commander-in-chief, 38, 172.
commissions all officers, 183.
compensation of, 171.
duration of his term, 35.
duties of, devolve on Vice Presi-
dent, 76.
election of, 155.
electors vote for, 22.
how elected, 36, 159, 162.
list of, 185.
liable to impeachment, 39, 184,
may convene Congress, 81.
message, origin of, 181.
oath of, 37, 171.
of Senate, compensation of 90.
not member of Senate, 74.
pro tempore, 170.
vote of, 27.
who, 27.
power of, 38. -
private citizen, when, 184.
pro tempore, 27.
qualifications of, 37, 168.

President, removal of 37.
salary of, 37.
testimony of, 184. .
time to vote for, 21.
voted for, 51.
who eligible for, 37.
Presidential term, 156.
commencement of, 156.
expiration of, 156.
Press, freedom of, 48.
Prideaux, Edward, institutes a post-
office, 121.
Primogeniture, law of, abolished, 12.
Privileges of citizens of each State, 41.
members of Congress, 88.
Prize defined, 131.
Prizes, proceeds of, how distributed,
132.

Proceedings of the Convention, 46.
each house determined, 29.
Property, how purchased by Congress,
139.

private, 250.
public, 224.
Proprietaries, 10.
their power, 10.
Proprietary governments, 10.
Protection certificate, 112.
Provincial colonies, names of, 10.
governments, 10.
Public lands, auction of, 227.
disposed of by Congress, 226.
survey of, 227.
ministers, 177.
officers cannot receive presents,
146.
Punishment for treason, 78.

QUALIFICAtions of a representative,

59.
Quarantine defined, 114.
Quartering of soldiers prohibited, 245.
Questions, how decided, 16.
Quorum, 81, 83.
majority of each house, a, 28.

RANDolph, Peyton, first president of
Congress, 14.
Ratification, dates of, 23.
of Constitution, 21.
North Carolina, 22.
Rhode Island, 22.
Ratio of representation, 67.
Reconsideration of bills, 93.
Re:ords, &c. authenticated, to receive
faith and credit, 220.
manuscript, 86.

Records of States, authenticated, 219.
Register, to obtain a, 111.
Registered vessel, privileges of a, 111.
Registry, certificates of 111.
permanent, 112.
temporary, 112.
of a vessel, 110.
Regulation of coin, 31.
commerce, 31.
Religion, free exercise of 242.
Religious liberty secured, 243.
test not required, 239.
Removal, &c. of the President, 37.
from office, 28.
power of, vested in President, 176
Representation, ratio of, 67.
vacancies in, 26.
Representative population, 61, 62.
removal of residence of, 60.
seven years a citizen, 26.
Representatives, age of, 26, 59.
apportioned, 26.
first House of, 65.
for each State, 66.
House of, choose Speaker, 27.
must reside, where, 26.
number of, 26, 60.
increased, 65.
one for each State, 26, 65.
qualifications for, 59.
term of, 58.
whole number of, 67.
Reprieve defined, 173.
Reprisal defined, 131.
Republican form of government, 42.
Resignation, vacancies by, 27.
Restrictions upon Congress, 141.
Senate, 147.
Retrospective, or retroactive laws de-
fined, 151.
Revenue, bills for raising, 92.
originate, where, 30.
cutters, 110.
use of 110.
Revolutionary government, 17.
Rhode Island, governor chosen by the
freemen, 11.
ratification of, 22.
Right of discovery, 7.
eminent domain, 250.
petition, 244.
of colonies, 263.
to bear arms, 245.
Rights, Declaration of, 9, 14.
of authors, 32.
inventors, 32.
the people, 49, 50.

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