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A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper that they examine themselves, of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body, of their faith to feed upon him, of their repentance, love, and new obedience, lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves.
Q. 98. What is prayer ?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God, for things agreeable to his will, in the name of Christ, with confession of our sins, and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies.
Q. 99. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?
A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in prayer ; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called the Lord's Prayer.
Q. 100. What doth the preface of the Lord's Prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord's Prayer, which is, “ Our Father, which art in heaven," teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us, and that we should pray with and for others.
Q. 101. What do we pray for in the first petition ?
A. In the first petition, which is, “ Hallowed be thy name,” we pray that God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known, and that he would dispose all things to his own glory.
Q. 102. What do we pray for in the second petition?
À. In the second petition, which is, “ Thy kingdom come,' that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed, and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it, and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened.
Q. 103. What do we pray for in the third petition ?
A. In the third petition, which is, “ Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven,” we pray that God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to, his will in all things, as the angels do in heaven.
Q. 104. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
À, In the fourth petition, which is, “Give us this day our daily bread,” we pray that, of God's free gift, we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life,
and enjoy his blessing with them. Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth petition ?
À. In the fifth petition, which is, “And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors,” we pray that God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins; which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by his grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others.
Q. 106, What do we pray for in the sixth petition ?
A. In the sixth petition, which is, “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil,” we pray that God would either keep us from being ternpted to sin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.
Q. 107. What doth the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?
A. The conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, which is, “For thine is the kingdom and the power, and the glory, for ever, Amen,” teacheth us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory, to him; and in testimony to our desire and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen.
CHURCH OF CHRIST
IN LEYDEN CHAPEL.
This church was formed in Boston, on the eighth day of February, 1844.
The immediate causes of its formation were, certain difficulties in the Salem Street Church and Society, that occurred in the latter part of the
During the progress of these difficulties, it became evident that a large number of that church and congregation were so much dissatisfied with the proceedings of the voting majority of the church and pew-proprietors, in reference to the dismission of the then pastor (Rev. Mr. Towne), that upon that event taking place, they would remove from that congregation and become united elsewhere with churches either of our own or other denominations of Christians.
Under these circumstances, and there being no hope of avoiding a division, it occurred to several individuals, that the opportunity was afforded to establish a new church, to be located somewhere in the vicinity of the upper part of Hanover Street, in a position convenient to the residents in the northwesterly section of the city, including that part formerly known as the Mill Pond, where was a large population, and near which there was no church of the Orthodox Congregational denomination.
A meeting was accordingly held by private invitation, on the evening of December 2, 1843, to consult upon the subject. After full deliberation, the following paper was drawn up and signed by eleven individuals, the whole number present, viz. :
“ The undersigned, desirous of opening a new place for public wor. ship, somewhere near the head of Hanover Street, or in that vicinity, hereby associate for that purpose, agreeing to lend our aid, so far as we
may be able, in carrying out any plan for that purpose that may, on further examination and inquiry, be found reasonable and practicable.”
After prayer for divine guidance, a committee was appointed to make further inquiry. Several meetings were held subsequently, more fully attended, at which it was ascertained, from the report of the committee and otherwise, that a sufficient number of persons were ready to engage in the enterprise, that a congregation could be immediately gathered of sufficient strength and ability to sustain the pecuniary burden, that the Rev. Mr. Towne was willing to become pastor of the new church, that the large hall in the Tremont Temple (No. 1) could be obtained as a place of worship, until further and more permanent arrangements could be made, and that some of the members of other churches of our denomination, and also some of the ministers had been consulted, who advised that the enterprise should be undertaken.
In the mean time, the Salem Street Church, at a regular meeting, had been informally made acquainted with this state of things, and was understood to express no unwillingness that these proceedings should be continued.
At the Council for the dismission of Rev. Mr. Towne, held on the 28th of December, these proceedings were also incidentally alluded to, and in the result, the Council expressed satisfaction “ to know that many of the church and society have been, and still are, disposed to cooperate with Mr. Towne as their pastor," although, while so doing, “they deeply regret the mutual misunderstanding between the church and society, as such, and him.”
At a very full meeting held on Monday evening, January 8, 1844, called for the express purpose of deciding the question, it was agreed unanimously that a new church should be formed immediately, and that the hall in the Tremont Temple should be engaged for the use of the new congregation, which assembled for the first time on the next Sabbath, January 14, 1844.
Meantime arrangements were made by the persons proposing to be organized into the new church, for procuring their letters of dismission and recommendation from their respective churches.
A large proportion of those proposing to be organized were from the Salem Church. These, after consultation, united in the following joint letter, asking a dismission and recommendation to a Council to be called for the organization of a new church.
“ Boston, JANUARY 17, 1844. " To the Salem Church.
“BRETHREN AND Sisters, --Believing that God in his providence has made it our duty to unite in the formation of a new church, under the pastoral care of Rev. Joseph H. Towne, we do hereby ask from you the usual letter of dismission and recommendation to an Ecclesiastical Council, to be hereafter called for the purpose of organizing said church.