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first overtures for betraying the Duchess the fire, which had fallen low, was increased were made. On quitting Frankfort, he by means of turfs, and some newspapers ; went to Rome, and received, from the and the smoke, which had penetrated to Pope, letters to the Duchess de Berri. the place of concealment, together with From Rome he proceeded to Portugal, the heat, rendered remaining there longer where he had an interview with Don Mi. impossible. The place of concealment guel, who also delivered him letters to the was very small, and had no window; and, Duchess. Having then gone to Paris, he during the whole sixteen hours in which made a final arrangement regarding the the Duchess and her three companions had sum which he was to receive for his breach been in it, they were forced to remain in of trust. This sum, according to some a standing posture. The back of the chim. accounts, was 300,000 francs (L.12,000 ;) ney, which consisted of an iron plate, turnaccording to others, 1,000,000 francs ed on its centre, thus forming a door to the (L.40,000.) To carry his plan into exe concealed apartment. Her attendant Macution, he went to Nantes, and request- demoiselle Kersabice, in the costume of a ed an interview. The persons to whom peasant girl, came out first; then the Duchhe applied having some suspicion, at first ess, who was followed by the Count de refused his request, but, as he declined to Messnars, and M. Guibourg. The Duchcommunicate his dispatches, or the result ess, in coming into the room, immediately of his journey to any other person than said, “ It is unnecessary for you to conthe Duchess, they were at last forced to tinue your search; I am the Duchess de comply. The Duchess had formerly re Berri.” She was completely disfigured, sided in the house of the Demoiselles Du. by the dust and dirt of the hole in which guigny, at Nantes, and she returned thi- she had been confined; but, though much ther on the afternoon of the 6th. Deutz exhausted, retained her presence of mind. was admitted to an interview just as the After a process verbal of the circumstances Duchess was about to sit down to dinner. bad been drawn up, and the Duchess had After a few minutes' conversation he left been formally identified, she was removed the house, and gave the police officers along with her companions, to the Chateau the signal which had been agreed on for de Nantes, where the apartments of the her arrest. The house was immediately governor were assigned to her; and she surrounded, and the adjoining streets were was shown every attention. The French filled with troops. Admission was at first Government, which had, sometime prerefused to the soldiers, but, on a threat viously, anticipated the probability of apthat the door wonld be broken open, they prehending the Duchess, had prepared for were at length permitted to enter.
her reception the Chateau de Blaye, near now about half past four in the afternoon, Bourdeaux, whither she was removed, but, although the most minute search was shortly after her apprehension. Along made, the Duchess could not be found. with the Duchess were seized a great numVarious places of concealment were found ber of letters from many of the Potentates in the house. In one of them, a consider of Europe, and, among others, from Don able sum, in five franc pieces, with the Miguel, who had sent her a sum of money. effigy of Henry V., as well as some me. These letters, which are curious, it is prodals, bearing the representation of a car, posed by the French Government to pubwhich the Duke holds in one hand, while lish. They will, in all probability, show in the other he wields a trident, with some traces of the means by which the des. which he subdues the demon of revo pots of Europe endeavour, at present, to lution. Like St. Michael, he is repre. keep down their subjects. sented trampling it under foot. Notwith The apprehension of the Duchess de standing the bad success which had hi- Berri is generally believed to have been therio attended the search, the municipal the cause of considerable embarrassment anthorities did not despair; but it was re to the French Government, as it can nei. solved to desist until the following morn ther punish her severely, nor inflict a leing. Three gens d'armes were therefore nient punishment, without giving occa. placed in each room, and the house was sion for much murmuring. To divest itcarefully surrounded with troops. In or. self, as much as possible, of responsibider to discover whether any person was lity, the matter has been referred to the concealed in the chimnies, fires had been Chambers, and an ordonnance of Louis lit in all the fire places. In the third story Philippe has been passed, ordaining a proof the house there was a small room, and ect of law, for the purpose, to be brought towards morning it occurred to the sol. in. diers, stationed in it, that the fuel had BELGIUM AND HOLLAND.—The subbeen disturbed, and, shortly afterwards, ject which has chiefly fixed public attenone of them remarked, that he heard a tion, during the month, is the Belgian noise. To ascertain, if possible, the cause, question. On the 22d October, a Conven.
tio was signed at London, between Lord that, when the citadel of Antwerp should Palmerston on the part of Great Britain, be evacuated by the Netherland troops, it and Talleyrand on the part of France, should be forthwith delivered up to the which, after setting forth that Great Bri. Belgians; and the French troops should tain and France had been requested by the inmediately retire within the French terKing of the Belgians, to carry into execu- ritory. tion the Articles of the Treaty relative to the Netherlands, concluded at London on
In terms of this convention, a requisithe 15th November, 1831, the execution tion was made by the British and French of which was jointly guaranteed by Great Charges d'Affaires, at the Hague, on the Britain, France, Austria, Russia and Prus. 29th October, to the Dutch Government, sia, and that all attempts to obtain the
to evacuate the Belgian territories, and on
the 20 November an answer was return. execution of the Treaty by negotiation had failed, stipulates, as a first step towards ed, refusing to consent to deliver up the the accomplishment of that object, that citadel of Antwerp. On the 6th NovemGreat Britain and France should require ber, therefore, an embargo was laid on the the King of the Netherlands to enter into Dutch vessels in the British forts, and oran engagement, by the 20 of November, ders were issued to our cruisers to seize all to withdraw, on the 12th of that month, taken by the French government. This
Dutch vessels at sea. A similar step was all his troops from the territories which, it was agreed, by the Treaty of Novem measure having been anticipated for some ber 1831, were to form the kingdom of time, few vessels were detained in the
British ports. Belgium. The King of the Belgians was,
At Liverpool, there were in like manner, to be required to with only two, several others having escaped draw his troops from the Dutch territory.
on the first intelligence of the embargo. It was, at the same time, declared, that,
A Dutch East Indiaman having sailed in. if either party should refuse compliance to Coves, in the Isle of Wight, ignorant with the above requisition, Great Britain
of what had taken place, was detained, and France would proceed, without farther
and several Dutch vessels have been seized
At Bourdeaux, a notice or delay, to the measures which by our cruisers at sea. might to them appear necessary to com
considerable number of Dutch vessels were
detained. pel the execution of it. By the second article of the Convention, it was stipu. Meantime, great preparations were lated, that, if the King of the Netherlands making by the British and French Gorefused to agree to the proposition to eva. vernments to enforce the Convention. cuate the Belgian territories, an embargo Much activity prevailed at the naval ar. should immediately be put on the Nether. senals of both countries in the fitting out land vessels in the ports of Great Britain of ships of war. On the 29th October, and France, and an order issued to the part of the French fleet, which was to co. cruizers of the respective countries to stop operate with the British in the blockade and bring into their ports all the Nether- of the Dutch coast, arrived at Spithead. land vessels which they might meet with On the 4th of November, the British at sea ; and for the more effectual execu- feet, commanded by Sir Pulteney Mal. tion of this measure, that a combined colm, and the French fleet, under the comFrench and English squadron should be mand of Rear-Admiral Ducrest de Villestationed on the coast of Holland. By neuve, in the Suffren, of 90 guns, sailed the third article, it was agreed, that if, from the Downs. This was the first time on the 15th of November, the Dutch troops that the people of England had seen, from should be still in the Belgian territory, a their own shores, the tri-color sailing in French corps should enter Belgium, for union with the British flag; and it is diffi. the purpose of compelling them to eva cult to describe the sensation it occasioned cuate the territory, on the understanding, among the numerous spectators who had however, that the King of the Belgians assembled to behold the gratifying specshould have previously expressed a wish tacle of the two most powerful and most for the entrance of the French troops for enlightened nations of Europe uniting, the above purpose. By the fourth ar not for the purposes of conquest or ag. ticle, it was stipulated, that, if the mea. grandisement, but, to obtain, for a less sure pointed out in the preceding article powerful nation, the blessings of freedom became necessary, its object should be li- from a yoke, which they, in less auspici. mited to the expulsion of the Dutch troops ous times, had been the means of imposing from the citadel of Antwerp, and the forts and rivetting on the necks of the Belgians. and places dependent upon it; and France By an arrangement with the French go. expressly engaged not to occupy any of vernment, it has been arranged that Sir the fortified places in Belgium by the French Fulteney Malcolm is to take command of troops employed in the above service, and the combined fleet.
PORTUGAL._Don Pedro still remains PRUSSIA.--The Prussian States Gaat Oporto. His force is now estimated at zette contains a declaration of the King, 16,000 men, and reinforcements are daily which, after noticing the determination arriving from France and England. It of England and France in respect of Holis said that he is to assume the command land, proceeds to sayof his army, a step by which the petty
“ His Majesty, the King, conformably jealousies which has hitherto existed
to the declarations that he has made on among his officers, and proved very prejudicial to his cause, will be eradicated. every occasion, and in concert with Aus
tria and Russia, has caused notice to be On the 11th October, the Miguelites made given to the Governments of England and an attack on the Serra Convent, with a body of from 4000 to 6000 men, which France, that he must refuse to these coer
cive measures, not only all kind of co-opewere repulsed with great slaughter. The loss on Don Pedro's side did not exceed ration, but also his assent; and that, on The hostile fleets also had an
the contrary, he has resolved to place a
corps of observation on the Maese, in orengagement off Vigo, in which Admiral
der to be ready, on the entrance of a Sartorious, and twenty-seven men board his vessel, were wounded, and ten
French army into Belgium, to avert the killed.
eventual consequences which the intended His flag ship, the Donna Maria; military operations might have with rehad 82 shot-holes in her sides. None of his other vessels suffered so severely. The
spect to the tranquillity of Germany, and
of his Majesty's dominions, and to the geMiguelite fleet, under Admiral Felix, suc
neral peace.” ceeded in effecting its retreat, without the loss of any of its vessels. On the 24th TURKEY.-Sultan Mahmoud is mak. October, another assault was made on the ing a vigorous rally, and has got together Serra Convent. The object seemed to be an army of 40,000 men, principally Al. to take the garrison by surprise ; but banians, who are to march under the having failed in this attempt, the Miguel- Grand Vizier against Ibrahim Pacha. ites hastily retreated. Don Miguel has The latter still continues to advance; but at length joined his army with a rein- unless he pass Mount Taurus immediately, forcement. His troops, of all arms, are his farther progress must be stopped till estimated at 25,000; and another attack spring. Jean de Maurajeni, a distinis anticipated before the troops retire into guished individual at the Court of the winter quarters.
The French Govern- Ottoman Porte, has arrived in London, ment has of late been strongly pressing charged with a special mission to solicit our cabinet to join with them in adopt- the mediation of the British Government, ing some decisive measure in favour of in connection with that of other European the constitutional cause in Portugal; but Powers, to effect terms of pacification no decision has yet been arrived at on between the Sultan and the Pacha. this matter.
STATE OF COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES.
The threatening aspect of the political tive. The cotton manufacturers are also horizon has had less effect on the com well employed, and the large demand they mercial and agricultural markets than now have for the home market is clearing might have been anticipated. In the west off the heavy stock of goods they had acof England, a great deal of business is cumulated. At Sheffield, trade is in a doing in the woollen trade, without much very depressed state ; the American trade, speculation. Low stout broad cloths, which usually affords a considerable de. about eight shillings per yard, are a little mand, being completely at a stand. This advanced in price, and the demand is in- is attributed principally to the cholera. creasing. The worsted stuff trade is still The sugar and coffee markets continue in in a better state than the woollen trade, a languid state. At the East India Comand has admitted of an advance both of pany's periodical sale of raw silks, which prices and wages. The prices for six commenced on the 22d October, the purquarters wide merinos and other fine light chases, during the whole of its continuance, goods are advancing. The hosiery, and were made with great spirit. The total other businesses connected with it, are in quantity offered was 5285 bales, consista greater state of activity at the presenting of 2600 bales of Company's Bengal, time than has been known during the 2425 bales of licensed China, 235 bales of same season for several years past. The licensed Bengals, and 25 bales of Persian blanket trade, after some months of deep silks. The following is an accurate depression, has become uncommonly ac statement of the progress and result of the
sale :-Out of the Company's silks about and the biddings were unusually brisk, 480 bales of the most inferior qualities the manufacturers being in high spirits were refused at the taxed prices, and the at the improved aspect of the trade. The remainder sold at an average advance of quantity of wools announced for sale was two and a half per cent on the quotations between 2500 and 2600 bales, of which realized at the June sale. The demand rather more than 1000 bales were New was most active for the Company's finest South Wales, 500 Van Diemen's Land, and best silks. The private trade Bengals 240 bales of German, 342 bales of Smyrwere all sold at prices realizing the same na, 90 bales of Cape, 50 bales of Spanish, advance as the Company's silks. of China 2 bales of Swan River, some English silks, about 2500 bales were brought for- combing, and other wools. The manufacward for sale, of which a large proportion turers from Bradford, Halifax, Leeds, and was bought in, and the remainder was other principal places in Yorkshire, bought disposed of at about the same prices as largely. Some superior Australian fleeces those given at the June sale. The Per- sold as high as 3s. to 3s. 24d. per lb. ; sian silks were bought in at from 9s. 4d. fine from 2s. to 2s. 11d.; and inferior to 9s. 9d. per lb. The total stock of raw from Is. to ls. 11d. per lb. The finest silk remaining in the East India Com- Van Diemen's Land wools offered propany's warehouse for future sale, amounts duced from Is. 5d. to 2s. 2d., and inferior to 7917 bales, of which 7699 are Ben- and middling from 100. to Is. 4d. per gals (Company's), 151 bales of private lb.- The German wools were sold at from trade China, and 97 bales of licensed Ben Is. to ls. 10 d. per lb. ; the Smyrna at gals.
from 6d. to 104d.; the Cape at from ls. Id. At the East India Company's sale of to ls. 61d, and the English combing, saltpetre and spices, there was a full at from Is. to ls. ld. per Ib. The wool tendance of persons interested in the salt. from Swan River was of good quality, petre trade. The quantity declared for and sold at 2s. ld. per lb.— There was sale was 612 tons, exceeding the last de some competition for it on account of the claration by rather above 100 tons. The novelty of the article, being the first imsale commenced very briskly at 38s. per ported from the colony. The results of cwt., but the price soon advanced to 39s. these sales tend to establish an advanced per cwt. As the sale proceeded, the biddings market for colonial and most other wools. were less active, and a portion of the The wools from our possessions in Ausquantity offered went at from 1 to 24 per tralia and Van Diemen's Land, showed cent. The result of the sale establishes that increased care and attention has been an improved market. The saltpetre sold paid in the growth and packing, and were by the Company in August last went off more free from the burr than heretofore, at from 33s. 6d. to 35s. per cwt. The sheep shearing having commenced this Company's black pepper, consisting of season earlier than usual. 1014 bags, sold at from 3£d. to 3 d. per At Paisley, the demand for Flushed lb., and nutmegs at from 4s. 3d. to 4s. Bordered Shawls continues pretty steady. 4d. per lb.
Petticoats are considerably brisker, and The contracts of the Lords of the Ad- the price of weaving has advanced from miralty for rum, sugar, and other articles 10 to 15 per cent. Common Imitation for the navy, were taken on the 1st No. Shawls have been rather dull for some vember. The quantity of rum contracted time, but the manufacturers are all paying for was 75,000 gallons. There was much the table price. There are still a number competition among the trade to obtain the of Angola shawls made, and the prices contract; which was ultimately taken at remain steady. Canton Crapes, both fiwithin a fraction of ls. 9fd. per gallon. gured and plain, are a good deal brisker. The last contract was for 100,000 gals Plain Middles and Thibets are rather lons, and was taken in July at a price dull; the weavers find it difficult to get equal to 1s. 6 d. and 3 per gallon. Proof new engagements. The Silk Transparent leewards are now 6d. per gallon dearer Gauze trade has been very dull these than at this time last year. The import two months past ; but we are glad to of rum generally is 19,105 puncheons less learn, that it is in the way of improvethan at this time last year; and although ment, a number of weavers having got the home consumption and export trade canes within these ten days. There are have fallen off, the stock is now 12,000 still, however, a number of the hands puncheons less than last year.
idle. It is the opinion of the manufacThe Wool Trade bas been brisk during turers, that the prospect of trade being the month, and prices have been rather steady through the winter is a great deal advancing. There were extensive sales at more encouraging than it was at the be. Garroway's, which lasted several days. ginning of the last or preceding season. The sale-rooms were very much crowded, At Perth, for some time past, the
weavers have been employed, but at very indeed never at a lower ebb than it is in low wages; no advance having taken Scotland at present, and farming capital place for a considerable period, except in has almost disappeared.
At the present umbrella clothes, which were considerably prices, the tenants cannot possibly pay the advanced a few weeks ago; but a heavy high rents for which they are bound to reduction has lately taken place in their landlords. The crop is great in bulk, the weaving of that article, which will but it is far from certain that the quantity press hard on the poor weaver at this of grain exceeds an average crop. Owing season, when so much light is required. to the wet weather in the end of August, A good number of harness weavers are at a great proportion of the wheat crop in present employed, but the price is still Scotland was much injured. The weights very low. On the whole, the weavers have range from 50 to 64 lbs. per bushel. but a poor prospect of getting through Barley also suffered severely; and, althe winter with any degree of comfort. though the crop exceeds an average, a
At Hawick, trade has not been better, large proportion of it, even on good land, nor have the manufacturing stocks been so turns out to be of inferior quality. Such low, for the last sixteen years.
of the barley crop as was exposed to rain EAST INDIA FLOUR.-An extraordic in the sheaf, has been much injured for nary trade has sprung up at Liverpool, malting, a great part of it having sproutin the importation of flour from Calcutta. ed, and is thus rendered unfit for the pur5000 sacks arrived there lately, and the poses of the maltster. The weights run price quoted is 26s. to 27s per 1961b. from 51 to 54 and 55 per bushel. The subject to a duty of 3s. per brl. This is crop of oats is good. They yield abunthe third or fourth importation made by dantly in proportion to the straw, and the the same house, Acra man and Still, with return at the mill is likewise ample. Turin the last 18 months. This flour is nips, particularly the late sown, have manufactured by means of steam engines greatly improved within the last six lately erected on the Ganges. The engines, weeks. A good deal of businoss has are of 32 horse power, and the daily pro- been done in letting ; three pence a-week duce of meal is about 35 tons. of this a for hogs, and five pence for old sheep, the large proportion goes to supply the natives general rates. Many farmers have preof Calcutta with a very superior cheap ferred letting a part of their turnips to be food, which no feeling of caste prevents eaten by cattle in the straw yard, to buythem from consuming. Another portion ing in, thinking it a safer speculation, supplies the demand of a biscuit bakery, owing to the price of lean stock-five from which ships are furnished for their shillings per week may be stated as the homeward voyages with a fresh and very usual rate. The weather has been fasuperior biscuit, at much less than the vourable for the sowing of the wheat crop ; usual cost, and the fine flour is brought and the braird is in general sufficiently to this country for the supply of the luxuriant, though in some districts it has power-loom weavers, bleachers, &c., form- been attacked by slugs. Young grasses ing, as it does, from the extraordinary look well. The potatoe crop is excellent strength of the flour, the best sizing ma in quality, but not so abundant as last terial ever produced, and which is now year. Several cargoes of potatoes have used exclusively by some of the leading been shipped in the Tay for the London manufacturers of Lancashire. It cannot markets. They were bought up by spebe used as bread flour, being too stale on culators at from 8s. to 9s. per boll, of 32 its arrival in this country.
stone Dutch weight. The King of Holland has recently issued a The exportation of grain from Ireland, decree, which must have a very injurious during the last twelve months, has been effecton the Belgian manufacturers. Up to unusually large, amounting, into London the date of this new fiscal regulation, the alone, to 100,000 quarters of wheat, upBelgians were allowed to send their manu. wards of 600,000 quarters of oats, and factured cottons by Dunkirk to Holland, about 100,000 sacks of flour; and, we bewhere, being shipped for the Indies in lieve, nearly an equal quantity has been Dutch vessels, they paid only a duty of imported into Liverpool; and this, in ad. 12 per cent; whilst English and Ger- dition to very large supplies into Glasgow, man wares paid 25 per cent. The Bel Bristol, and other ports, shows that a gians are now placed, in this respect, on great increase, as compared with former the same footing with the English and Ger- years, must have taken place from the mans, with whom they cannot for the pre- cultivation of land there of late.
On an sent successfully compete.
average, the crops this year, in that counTHE GRAIN MARKETS have varied try, will turn out quite as well as the last, little during the month, and have been in although there have been partial failures a very depressed state. Agriculture was amongst them.