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MICHIGAN DAIRY AND FOOD DEPARTMENT.
A. C. BIRD, B. S., M. Agr.
.Commissioner .Deputy Commissioner
State Analyst Assistant Chemist Chief Clerk
.Clerk .Clerk .Clerk ..Clerk .Clerk .Clerk ..Clerk
...Clerk Messenger and Clerk
Regular Inspector Regular Inspector Regular Inspector Regular Inspector . Regular Inspector . Regular Inspector . Regular Inspector .Regular Inspector . Regular Inspector Special Inspector Special Inspector .Special Inspector .Special Inspector ..Special Inspector .. Special Inspector
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.
OFFICE OF DAIRY AND Food COMMISSIONER,
LANSING, MICHIGAN, JUNE 30, 1909.
To His Ercellency, Fred M. Warner, Governor of Michigan:
Sir:-I have the honor to submit my annual report as Dairy and Food Commissioner for the year ending June 30, 1909. The total amount made available by legislative enactment for the maintenance of this department for the period above mentioned, was $45,030.00. This amount was made up from the following sources: Annual appropriation $35,000.00; fees collected for registration of creameries, cheese factories, skimming stations and milk depots, $3,155.00; license fees collected from concentrated commercial feeding stuffs, $3,000.00; fees collected for milk dealers' licenses, $1,954.00; fees collected for ice cream manufacturers' licenses, $1,900.00; test tubes sold, $21.00.
The above statement shows an increase of $1,801.85 over the amount available for the maintenance of the department during the previous vear.
This is practically the same amount represented by the item “Fees collected for ice cream manufacturers' licenses." This amount was expended in the enforcement of the ice cream standard law passed by the legislature of 1909. This law is in conformity with the requirements of the State laws of most of the States. It differs from the national law in the fact that the butter fat requirement under the Michigan standard is 12%, whereas, under the national law the butterfat requirement is 14%. Inspectors reports in the department files show that the passage of this law has resulted in raising the butterfat standard of ice cream in Michigan from an average of 9% to an average of 12 9-10 per cent. Reports from the manufacturers of ice cream further show that the raising of the standard of quality required has increased the volume of business. In other words, the putting into effect of this law has proven decidedly beneficial both to the consuming public and to the producers.
Of the total amount expended under the supervision of this department, $15,030.00, the records show that $10,370.00 has been expended in the maintenance of the department laboratory. I took occasion in my report of one year ago, to call attention to the rapid extension of the laboratory work of the department. I then stated that the total salary expenditure for laboratory work in 1905 was $1,500.00; whereas, for the year ending June 30, 1908, the amount expended for laboratory salaries was $5,200.00. The extension of the work for the present year is shown from the fact that the increase in salaries, without raising any