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ing to his own avowal (for who does not splendid achievements, he committed some remember the veiled reproaches against a stupendous mistakes—his bootless combat certain statesman-colleague with which he with invincible Rome included—in the began his lamentations and recriminations course of his life ; but, perhaps, his at Friedrichsruh ?), found his native But- crowning error of judgment was his mislers, his Devereux, his Leslies, and his conception of the moment when Germany, Gordons. He suffered the inevitable pen- through his efforts, might now be said to alty of all who have ever risen to tran- be firmly seated in the saddle and be left scendent heights of influence and power. to ride of herself.
to ride of herself. Bismarck has freIn the course of his table-talk, during the quently expressed himself an admirer of French war, the ex-Chancellor once re- the character of George Washington, marked that, though the Prussian people boasting that Prussia was the first Eurohuzza'd and beclapped their great Freder- pean State to recognize the great Republic ick when alive, they secretly rubbed their of his creating ; but his admiration would hands in glee when finally the old tyrant have assumed a much more flattering form had breathed his last. And the same re
had he ben careful to select the proper mark applies, to some extent, to Bis- time for imitating the Cincinnatus of the marck's own official death, which cer- West. Nor is it too much to assert that tainly excited surprise throughout Ger- his grand historical figure would have gone many, and sentimental sorrow, but com- down to posterity in more majestic and paratively little real regret and no great unmutilated shape had be, like Ariel, recapprehension for the future. As a finan- ognized when his “ task was fairly done,' cial journal well expressed it at the time, and voluntarily surrendered the 'helin of
even the aspen-leaves of the Bourse never the ship of State into other hands, reso much as quivered at the news of the solved to spend the evening of his life in mighty Chancellor's fall.” His country- dignity and silence. men adored him, vowing to be eternally There is no reason to doubt that, when grateful for the great things he had done, penning the telegram before quoted with and were intensely proud of him as part reference to his assumption of the post of of their national greatness ; but, to speak officer of the watch on this ship, the Emthe honest truth, they were beginning to peror was perfectly sincere in saying that, groan under the weight of his personal in parting with Bismarck, he had suffered authority and will, which overshadowed as much as if he had again lost his grandevery walk of their public life ; and this father. Yet there is just as little reason was more especially the case with his col- to doubt that, from a particular date, it leagues and immediate subordinates, with was His Majesty's fixed purpose to effect whom the Iron Chancellor enjoyed as lit- a divorce between himself and his Chantle official popularity as was inspired by cellor, even as it was the set determination Wellington in the hearts of the troops of Nelson to get rid of his own wife after whom he so often led to victorious battle. he had become infatuatedly attached to Every one felt that Bismarck's life-work Lady Hamilton. Not that Lady Nelson was done, and that there would now be had ceased to command the respect and no great danger--nay : that there would even the love of her husband. On the be a positive advantage—in his leaving contrary,” said her capricious lord, " I the further pursuit and developinent of call God to witness, there is nothing in his task to younger and fresher hands. you, or your conduct, that I wish otherIn the oft-quoted words of Schiller,- wise.” And so it was pretty much with
the maker of the German Empire, who " Der Mohr hat seine Schuldigkeit gethan, Der Mohr kann gehen."
was involuntarily divorced from the office
which he had held with such distinction But it is a thousand times more easy to for about a quarter of a century, and loaded wean one's self from the love of drink with valedictory honors, including his than from the love of power, and the lat- ducal title, which he has continued to deter was a species of intoxication in which, spise and ignore. as it had been his greatest passion through “ That will never do," the young Emlife, Bismarck desired to revel until the peror is reported to have said to the auday of his death. It is only affirming thor of the “Neue Herr" when attending that he is mortal to say that, with all his a rehearsal of that historical play last win
ter in the Schauspielhaus at Berlin. away from evening parties to revel in the “ Even when a Hohenzollern dismisses one scenes and dialogues of the “ Neue Herr.”' of his ministers be loads him with honors. On the literary merits of this play most You must change all that.” This criti- of the critics were extremely hard, one of cism was said to have been addressed to them--and a very good one, too—charHerr von Wildenbruch, a Foreign Office acterizing it as " eine hyper-loyale Radauclerk—a soit of court poet, or unofficial Comödie,” which might be rendered an laureate at Berlin—who might be called ultra-loyal drama of the rowdy-dowdy the would-be Wagner of the heroic rhymed type. But it was agreed by all that the verse drama in Germany. Certainly his author could not possibly feel hurt at plays, dealing by preference with subjects those adverse comments, seeing that the connected with the rise of the Hohen- achievement of political effect more than zollerns, and appealing to the popular of literary excellence must have been his sense of melodramatic patriotism, are primary aimn. Certainly the parting scenes frightfully full of swashbuckler sound and between the Great Elector and his father's sword-clashing ; and nothing would con- old Chancellor, Schwarzenberg—who finaltent this aspiring dramatist but that he ly went off in a fit of apoplexy-wer should produce a play entitled the “ Neue felt by all who witnessed the piece to be
or the " New Ruler”—a play, extremely suggestive and painful ; nor strange to say, about which, and the sen- was little other than disgust excited by sation it created, the English Correspond. the picture of rude and ranting military ents at Berlin found remarkably litile to nobles, with their repulsive immorality, in report at the time, though in the case of which the piece abounded. But it had at one of them, at least, this omission was least one redeeming scene—as softened simply due to the fact of his being under and touching as it was again suggestive. editorial orders to restrict the field of his This was an apartment in the royal castle observation and his comment. But who, at Berlin, where a wayworn and breaththen, was the “Neue Herr" ? It was less courier, just arrived from distant the young Emperor's own ancestor, the Königsberg, enters, and on bended knee “Great Elector,' one of whose first acts, announces to the Kur-Prinz (i.e., heredion succeeding to the throne, was to dis- tary Prince) the death of his father, and miss from office Adam von Schwarzen- lis consequent succession to the crown. berg, his predecessor's Chancellor, and On being left alone, and after overcoming virtually take all the reins of power into the first shocks of his grief, young Fredhis own reforming hands. This incident erick William (destined to become and be forms one of the main motives in Wilden- called the Great Elector) falls to solilobruch's play ; but who shall say whether quizing on the nature and duties of his the selection of this subject, with its ob- high sovereign office ; but from those revvious parallel between the past and the eries he is speedily aroused by the tumult present, was due to accident or to de- of a myriad-headed multitude of his peo
ple, who, catching wind of the change of Was the dramatist's subject suggested rulers, have already streamed from all to him, or did he select it himself, tak- quarters of the city to the Schloss to acing, perhaps, his “master's humor for a claim their “ Nene Herr.” Attracted by warrant”? I know not; but what was the sound, the young Elector (he was only patent to all the world was that the Em- eighteen) goes to the window and becomes peror himself took the very greatest inter- a prey to emotion as he gazes down on est in the matter and production of the this surging sea of his subjects—men, piece, that he attended several dress re- women, and children, with their weal and hearsals, and directed certain changes to woe all depending on him. The sight of be made (as above referred to), that he them fills him with an almost crushing was foremost among the “ first-nighters,” sense of responsibility, and he ends by and after the performance went behind registering holy vows to live for the good the scenes, where he decorated the drama- of his people and for nothing else, to be tist with the Red Eagle, besides showering a model ruler, beloved at home and fearstuds, sleeve-links, breast pins, and other ed abroad, to pull down the proud and selmarks of favor on the principal actors, and fish (Schwarzenberg, the Chan lor, inthat he afterward frequently hastened cluded), to raise up the lowly and oppressed, to put a chicken (so to speak) the Great Elector's ruling descendant, who into every poor man's pot, and to be, in burns with a high desire to walk in the the highest sense of the word, a true footsteps of his forefathers. Of these, Landesvater of his Vaterland.
the greatest were the vanquisher of the It is doubtful whether Frederick the Swedes, the victor of the Austrians in Great, with all his cultivated tastes and alliance with the half of Europe, and the his abhorrence of transparent adulation, conqueror of the French—the Great Elecwould have discovered much literary merit tor, Frederick the Great, and William the in Wildenbruch's dramatic attempt to imi- Victorious, These three figures form the tate the manner of Plutarch in drawing trinity of the new Emperor's historical historic parallels ; but we have it on the worship, the chief objects of his emulaauthority of the new Emperor himself tion ; and it may, therefore, be well to that the Great Elector, and not the Great consider how far the qualities which His King, is the exemplar of this preference Majesty has hitherto displayed give promin the annals of his own house ; and it ise of his filling up as large and luminous was, therefore, no wonder that last winter a page in the annals of his nation. he seized the 250th anniversary of Freder- William II. has only occupied the throne ick William's accession to the throne to for a little over three years, and it cannot celebrate the occasion with gorgeous mili- be said that during this period his charactary pomp, and to eulogize, in the most ter has been slow of development. Since glowing terms, the extraordinary virtues General Boulanger's beclouded star sank of bis favorite ancestor. Ancestor-wor- —seemingly forever-beneath the politiship is certainly a very marked note in the cal horizon, that of the young German Emperor's character ; nor does he ever Emperor has been the cynosure of all speak with grcater force and enthusiasm eyes. Society must have a saviour of some than when pointing a moral by reference kind ; and at present His Majesty is the to the deeds done by his predecessors. only candidate in the field for this honor, The jus imaginum is the private right in among the occupants of thrones at least. the exercise of which His Majesty takes It is, therefore, only natural that all eyes. most delight; and every statue or portrait should be bent upon him, and that his of his sires seems to apostrophize and in- claims-unmistakable enough, if unexspire him, in the words of Burns : pressed-to be regarded as the leading
Sovereign of his time should be closely “ Remember, sons, the deeds I've done,
scrutinized by the light of everything be And in your deeds I Il live again."
says and does. It might be argued that The Emperor has confessed that when hitherto his sayings, on the whole, have at school, in Cassel, his historical educa- rather preponderated over his doings, and tion, as far as his own country was con- that he is thus incurring a very grave recerned, was shamefully neglected in favor sponsibility by flying so many drafts on of useless classical lore, and that at this the future. But it must be remembered period, consequently, the Great Elector that youth is the period of impetuosity, was to him a
very nebulous personage ;” and, therefore, of privilege. Within the but he has by this time rectified with a brief period of his reign, the Emperor has vengeance all those errors of his upbring- certainly spoken a great deal-nearly as ing, and, moreover, taken care that none much, indeed, as his grandfather did durof his subjects shall henceforth labor un- ing all bis life-time ;—but then it must be der a similar disadvantage, directing that admitted that, though his speeches are in future the youth of Germany shall learn often very bold and startling, they are their world-history by a process the re- never witless or absurd.
Bismarck once verse of that hitherto pursued-namely, said that, when first introduced among by working their studious way back from the dull old diplomatists at the Diet in Sedan and Gravelotte, via Rossbach, Frankfort, he acted among thein, with his Leuthen, and Fehrbellin, to Mantinea and unconventional and audacious ways, like Thermopylæ. Wildenbruch's portrait of so much cayenne pepper ; and a similar the “Neue Herr” soliloquizing on the effect has now been produced by the presduties and responsibilities of his sovereign ent Emperor in the circle of his fellowoffice, and registering pious vows in re- sovereigns, who still cling to the old tradigard to the future, was really copied from tions as to the nature and uses of a throne.
a skilful touch, and the pictures of contem- by the Jubilee Celebration Committee, in poraneous English society are excellent. Al whose proceedings the late Postmaster-Gen. together it is an English novel of the better eral took so active and kindly an interest. class and a clever though by no means a great Amid much that is merely formal and ephem. book. It fills one of the necessary conditions eral, the volume contains not a little matter of a good modern novel. The characters of permanent interest in connection with the seem to be drawn naturally and truthfully recent history of the Post-Office and its pres. from life ; and the impression is that of a ent organization, and these sources of interest genuine picture, without being hampered with are enhanced by the portraits and sketches the unnecessary details of the so-called real. with which it is illustrated. istic fiction. A GOOD BOY'S BOOK.
DR. FURNIVALL is spending his holidays at FOUR AND FIVE. A Story of a Lend-a-Hand Norwich and copying the earliest English
Club. By Edward E. Hale, author of "Ten wills, those of the Consistory Court, for a Times One is Ten, Mrs. Merriam's Schol.
volume in the Early English Text Society.
He hoped to find many instances of dialect “ How to Do It," " In His Name,” ars,"
and local trade and custom, but very few ocand other stories. Boston : Roberts Brothers. Mr. Hale's new story is a charming contribu. Somerset House, 1397, Norwich can show only
As against the earliest English will at tion to the pleasures of boys, and is of a piece
a short English proviso, in a Latin will of with those which have already made him so
1427, shifting the testator's estate from one well known to the young people of America. nephew to another, in case the first is not The lessons taught are of the most bracing and stimulating sort-lessons of courage, help- the word, and marie bym self bi the avys of
" of good gouernaunce and lycly persone to fulness, self-reliance, and self forgetfulness, the feoffees, the executors the forn seyd." but all set in a narrative of much interest, told
The first complete English will was made in with great raciness. A club of four boys, who 1429, that of Sir Andrew Botiller, knight, and Lad spent a summer camping in the Catskills,
after this others came slowly till 1464. The are joined by four others the next summer,
first two registers have no English wills. and they elect a quaint and delightful old Ind.
Surflete," the third register (1427–35), has ian half-breed woman, living in the mountains,
the proviso mentioned above, and five English the ninth member. Gradually, as the lads re
wills ; " Doke," the fourth register (1436-42), turn year after year to the camp for their sum
thirteen such wills ; “ Wylbey," the fifth regis. mer vacation, they bring others, till at last
ter (1444-48), only one Englisb will ; “ Aleyn, the club numbers forty. It is the doings and
the sixth register (1448–55), only four, though sayings of these lads, ranging from those al.
a Latin will of Robert Martham recites word most men to little boys, which, treated in Dr.
for word a marriage settlement of 22 Henry Hale's delightful manner, constitute the in. VI., made by the testator on the wedding of terest of the book. They hunt, fish, build
one of his two daughters. The seventh regis. bridges, reservoirs, and irrigating canals, tell
ter, “ Brosiard" (1454-64), contains eight stories, and do all sorts of things dear to the English wills, some of Norwich citizens, and hearts of healthy and hearty youngsters. It
among them one of John Goos, no doubt the is thoroughly a boy's book, charmingly writ.
ancestor of A. Goose, the publisher lately reten, and stimulating to all that is best in boy's tired who issued Mr. Walter Rye's “ Book of nature. Such books as these make a refresh
Nonsense." A pretty “qwethe-word" for ing contrast to the goody-goody artificialities
"devise or bequest' occurs in 1457 ; "be in. which were the current pabulum of lads a quarter of a century since. Dr. Hale's genius În 1452 John Bulston bequeathed to the
gate and outegate into ye gardine" in 1458. shines not less brightly in books of this kind Church of Hempstede “j pyxte, to patte owre than in the more pretentious works bearing lord god in ;” and there are several gifts of his name.
altarcloths, vestments, etc. For “shall' or " should,'
" " xal" and "xulde" occasionally FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES.
occur ; “qwceh'' is sometimes found for The unexpected death of Mr. Raikes lends “ which," and wh for qu: "ye whech xul be a melancholy interest to the acconnt of the seld to a-whytt (acquit, pay) my dettis” (1437). celebration of the jubilee of uniform inland A few words seem special to the Eastern coun. penny postage, which has jast been published ties : " iij cadys of heryng, and xx orgeys'' for the royal library, and the Princess of A FESTIVE gathering has been held at Mel.
(1437), “ fyve Rasers barly" (1434). Gifts of We learn from German sources that the a combe of barly, etc., to the “plowlot" publication of a new Latin dictionary, at the (1435) were probably to the “plowlight.” expense of the Prussian state, is in contem“A farindell of elys" (1435),“ xij last of trufys, plation. The work, which is designed to sur. ij Sahures and a dydale” (1438) are puzzles at pass in magnitude and completeness all Latin present. When enough material is got to lexicons hitherto published, is to be carried gether for a volume, it will be edited by Mr. out under the direction of that distinguished Walter Rye and Dr. Furnivall.
classical scholar Professor Martin Hertz, of Miss AMELIA B. EDWARDS has, we are glad Breslau, with the assistance of a host of to learn, so far recovered her health as to be philologists, and will comprise not only clas. enabled to return to England after her length. sical, but also low and late Latin. The Acadened sojourn in Italy. Her new volume, en
emy of Sciences of Berlin is said to have aptitled Pharaohs, Fellabs, and Explorers," proved of the plan, the execution of which will be published in this country by Messrs.
will occupy full eighteen years and cost be. Osgood, McIlvaine & Co., and in America by tween 500,000 and 1,000,000 marks. Messrs. Harper Brothers early in November. The death is announced of M. J. Nerudo, THE Dumfries Standard describes a manu
the Czech journalist and poet, at the age of script volume, purchased at an auction sale, fifty-three. which contains some unpublished poems by With regard to the investigations contem. Buras. It is said to comprise “a very re- plated by the India Office authorities among markable and most valuable collection." The the archives at Lisbon for documents and effusions are mostly of a satirical character,
records throwing light on the period of the some of them being couched in coarse lan. Portuguese ascendancy in India, “A Portuguage. The then Duke of Queensberry is guese” points out in a letter to The Times somewhat severely handled in some of the
that a very complete and interesting collecpoems.
tion of official documents has been published The expected edition of a Patrologia for some years at Lisbon, which embraces Syriaca," under the direction of the Abbé R. from the period of the conquest of India by Graffin, of the Catholic Institute, Paris, seems the Portuguese in 1498 until the end of the likely to become a reality. The first and sec- eighteenth century, under the title “ Col. ond volumes of Aphrates's works will soon lecçao de Tratados e Concertos de pazes que leave the press.
They will contain the o Estado da India Portugueza fez com os Reis homilies, according to the lamented Dr. W. e Senhores com quem teve relações nas partes Wright's edition, but collated with all the da Asia e Africa Oriental," por J. F. Judice known mss. which furnish good variations. Biker, Lisbon. A Latin translation will be added by Dom J.
MESSRS, HENRY & Co, have in preparation a Parisot, of Solesmes. The size of the Syriac
new series, entitled “ The Victoria Library collection will be the same as that of Migno’s for Gentlewomen,” which will be written and “Patrology," and each volume will contain a
illustrated exclusively by gentlewomen. The vocabulary of special words used by the differ.
Queen has ordered two copies of each volume ent authors.
Wales is also a subscriber. The first volume bourne of the Melbourne Booksellers and
of the series, which will be ready in SeptemStationers' Association, at which the trades ber, will be by Lady Violet Greville on “ The were largely represented, the chair being oc
Gentlewoman in Society," and she will be cupied by Mr. L. Hutchinson, the president followed by Dr. Kate Mitchell, who will write of the Association. Among the toasts given
on “ Hygiene for Gentlewomen." The claims were “Success to Literature” and “ Aus- of fiction will not be disregarded, arrangetralian Authors.”
ments having been made for new novels by, The museum of postage-stamps which has among others, Mrs. E. Lynn-Linton, Mrs. recently been opened at Vienna comprises Alexander, Miss M. Betham-Edwards, Miss more than 100,000 examples, arranged in Iza Duffus-Hardy, and the author of the “ An. three large rooms, and includes among its glo-Maniacs." Besides writing the first vol. greatest rarities the stamps made for and used ume, Lady Greville will also edit two volumes in the balloon and pigeon despatches of the devoted to “Gentlewomen's Sports," the Franco-German war of 1870-71.
contributors to which will comprise, among