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To nature none more bound; his training such,
That he may furnish and instruct great teachers,
And never seek for aid out of himself.
Yet see
When these so noble benefits shall prove
Not well dispos’d, the mind growing once corrupt,
They turn to vicious forms, ten times more ugly
Than ever they were fair. This man so complete,
Who was enroll’d ʼmongst wonders, and when we,
Almost with ravish'd listning, could not find
His hour of speech a minute; he, my lady,
Hath into monstrous habits


That once were his, and is become as black
As if besmear'd in hell.' Sit by us; you shall hear
This was his gentleman in trust,) of him
Things to strike honour sad.-Bid him recount
The fore-recited practices; whereof
We cannot feel too little, hear too much.

Wol. Stand forth; and with bold spirit relate Most like a careful subject, have collected Out of the duke of Buckingham.

what you,

of the Swanne, of whom linially is descended my said lord.The duke was executed on Friday the 17th of May, 1521. The book has no date. STEEVENS.

7 And never seek for aid out of himself.] Beyond the treasures of his own mind. Johnson. Read : And ne'er seek aid out of himself. Yet see,--,

Ritson. noble benefits Not well dispos’d,] Great gifts of nature and education, not joined with good dispositions. Johnson.

is become as black
As if besmear'd in hell.] So, in Othello:

Her name, that was as fresh
As Dian's visage, is now begrim'd and black
" As mine own face." STEEVENS.

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Speak freely. Sury. First, it was usual with him, every day It would infect his speech, That if the king Should without issue die, he'd carry it so To make the scepter bis : These very words I have heard him utter to his son-in-law, Lord Aberga'ny; to whom by oath he menac'd Revenge upon the cardinal. WOL.

Please your highness, note This dangerous conception in this point.< Not friended by his wish, to your high person His will is most malignant; and it stretches Beyond you, to your

friends. Q. KATH.

My learn'd lord cardinal, Deliver all with charity. K. HEN.

Speak on : How grounded he his title to the crown, Upon our fail ? to this point hast thou heard him At any

time speak aught? SURV.

He was brought to this By a vain prophecy, of Nicholas Hopkins.


he'd carry it-] Old copy-he'li Corrected by Mr. Rowe. MALONE.

* This dangerous conception in this point.] Note this particular part of this dangerous design. JOHNSON.

By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins.] In former editions :

By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Henton. We heard before from Brandon, of one Nicholas Hopkins; and now his name is changed into Henton ; so that Brandon and the surveyor seem to be in two stories. There is, however, but one and the same person meant, Hopkins, as I have restored it in the text, for perspicuity's sake ; yet it will not be any difficulty to account for the other name, when we come to consider that he was a monk of the conventz. called Henton, near Bristol. So both Hall and Holinshed acquaint us, And he might, according

K. HEN. What was that Hopkins ?

Sir, a Chartreux friar,
His confessor; who fed him every minute
With words of sovereignty.

How know'st thou this? SURV. Not long before your highness sped to


The duke being at the Rose, within the parish
Saint Lawrence Poultney,+ did of me demand
What was the speech amongst the Londoners
Concerning the French journey: I replied,
Men fear'd, the French would prove perfidious,
To the king's danger. Presently the duke
Said, 'Twas the fear, indeed; and that he doubted,
'Twould prove the verity of certain words
Spoke by a holy monk ; that oft, says he,
Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit
John de la Court, my chaplain, a choice hour
To hear from him a matter of some moment :
Whom after under the confession's seals

to the custom of these times, be called Nicholas of Henton, from the place; as Hopkins from his family. THEOBALD.

This mistake, as it was undoubtedly made by Shakspeare, is worth a note. It would be doing too great an honour to the players to suppose them capable of being the authors of it.

STEEVENS. Shakspeare was perhaps led into the mistake by inadvertently referring the words, “ called Henton," in the passage already quoted from Holinshed, (p. 26, n. 9,) not to the monastery, but to the monk. MALONE.

* The duke being at the Rose, &c.] This house was purchased about the year 1561, by Richard Hill, sometime master of the Merchant Tailors company, and is now the Merchant Tailors school, in Suffolk-lane. WHALLEY.

under the confession's seal-] All the editions, down from the beginning, have commission's. But what commission's

He solemnly had sworn, that, what he spoke,
My chaplain to no creature living, but
To me, should utter, with demure confidence
This pausingly ensu'd-Neither the king, nor his

(Tell you the duke) shall prosper: bid him strive
To gain the love of the commonalty; the duke
Shall govern England.

If I know you well,
You were the duke's surveyor, and lost your office
On the complaint o'the tenants: Take good heed,
You charge not in your spleen a noble person,
And spoil your nobler soul! I say, take heed;
Yes, heartily beseech you.

Let him on :-
Go forward.

SURV. On my soul, I'll speak but truth. I told my lord the duke, By the devil's illusions


seal? That is a question, I dare say, none of our diligent editors
asked themselves. The text must be restored, as I have cor-
rected it; and honest Holinshed, (p. 863,] from whom our
author took the substance of this passage, may be called in as a
testimony.-" The duke in talk told the monk, that he had done
very well to bind his chaplain, John de la Court, under the seal
of confession, to keep secret such matter.” THEOBALD.
* To gain the love-] The old copy reads-To the love.

STEEVENS. For the insertion of the word gain I am answerable. From the corresponding passage in Holinshed, it appears evidently to have been omitted through the carelessness of the compositor: “ The said monke told to De la Court, neither the king nor his heirs should prosper, and that I should endeavour to purchase the good wills of the commonalty of England.”

Since I wrote the above, I find this correction had been made by the editor of the fourth folio. MALONE. : It had been adopted by Mr. Rowe, and all subsequent editors.


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The monk might be deceiv'd; and that 'twas

dang'rous for him, To ruminate on this so far, until It forg'd him some design, which, being believ'd, It was much like to do: He answer'd, Tush! It can do me no damage: adding further, That, had the king in his last sickness fail'd, The cardinal's and sir Thomas Lovell's heads Should have gone off.

K. HEN. Ha! what, so rank ? Ah, ha! There's mischief in this man :Canst thou say

further? Sury. I can, my liege. K. HEN.

Proceed. SURV.

Being at Greenwich, After your highness had reprov'd the duke About sir William Blomer,K. HEN.

I remember, Of such a time :—Being my servant sworn, The duke retain'd him his.- -But on; What

hence ? SURV. If, quoth he, I for this had been com

mitted, As, to the Tower, I thought,- I would have play'd The part my father meant to act upon




--for him,] Old copy-for this. Corrected by Mr. Rowe. MALONE.

so rank?] Rank weeds, are weeds grown up to great height and strength. What, says the King, was he advanced to this pitch? Johnson.

Being my servant sworn, &c.] Sir William Blomer, (Holinshed calls him Bulmer,) was reprimanded by the King in the star-chamber, for that, being his sworn servant, he had left the King's service for the duke of Buckingham's.



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