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SCENE IV.

A Hall in Black-fryars.

Trumpets, Sennet,* and Cornets. Enter Two

Vergers, with short Silver Wands ; next them,

Sennet,] Dr. Burney (whose General History of Musick has been so highly and deservedly applauded) undertook to trace the etymology, and discover the certain meaning of this term, but without success. The following conjecture of his should not, however, be withheld from the publick:

Senné or sennie, de l'Allemand sen, qui signifie assemblee. Dict. de vieux Language:

Senne, assemblee a son de cloche.Menage. Perhaps, therefore, (says he, sennet may mean a flourish for the purpose of assembling chiefs, or apprizing the people of their approach. I have likewise been informed, (as is elsewhere noted,) that seneste is the name of an antiquated French tune.” See Julius Cæsar, Act I. sc. ii. STEEVENS. In the second part of Marston's Antonio and Mellida

“ Cornets sound a cynet.FARMER. A senet appears to have signified a short flourish on cornets. In King Henry VI. P. III. after the King and the Duke of York have entered into a compact in the parliament-house, we find this marginal direction : " Senet. Here they [the lords ] come down [from their seats].” In that place a flourish must have been meant. The direction which has occasioned this note should be, I believe, sennet on cornets.

In Marlowe's King Edward II. we find “ Cornets sound a signate.

Senet or signate was undoubtedly nothing more than a flourish or sounding. The Italian Sonata formerly signified nothing

See Florio's Italian Dict. 1611, in v. That senet was merely the corrupt pronunciation of signate, is ascertained by the following entry in the folio MS. of Mr. Henslowe, who appears to have spelt entirely by the ear: “ Laid out at sundry times, of my own ready money,

abowt the gainynge of ower comysion, as followeth, 1597.

“ Laid out for goinge to the corte to the Master of the Re. queasts, xii d.

Item. Paid unto the clerk of the Senette, 40 s." MALONE.

more.

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Two Scribes, in the Habits of Doctors ; after them, the Archbishop of Canterbury alone ; after him, the Bishops of Lincoln, Ely, Rochester, and Saint Asaph ;' next them, with some small distance, follows a Gentleman bearing the Purse, with the Great Seal, and a Cardinaľs Hat : then two Priests, bearing each a Silver Cross; then a Gentleman-Usher bare-headed, accompanied with a Sergeant at Arms, bearing a Silver Mace; then two Gentlemen, bearing two great Silver Pillars;6

- Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishops of Lincoln, Ely, Rochester, and Saint Asaph;] These were, William Warham, John Longland, Nicholas West, John Fisher, and Henry Standish. West, Fisher, and Standish, were counsel for the Queen. REED.

-pillars;] Pillars were some of the ensigns of dignity carried before cardinals. Sir Thomas More, when he was speaker to the commons, advised them to admit Wolsey into the house with his maces and his pillars. More’s Life of Sir T. More. Johnson.

So, in The Treatous, a satire on Cardinal Wolsey, no date, but published between the execution of the Duke of Buckingham and the repudiation of Queen Katharine. Of this curiosity .the reader will find a particular account in Herbert's improved edit. of Ames's Typographical Antiquities, Vol. III. p. 1538, &c.

The author of this invective was Williain Roy. See Bale de Script. Brit. edit. 1548, p. 254, b:

“ With worldly pompe incredible,
“ Before him rydeth two prestes stronge;
“ And they bear two crosses right longe,

Gapynge in every man's face:
“ After them folowe two laye men secular,
“ And each of theym holdyn a pillar,

« In their hondes steade of a mace.” STEEVENS. At the end of Fiddes's Life of Cardinal Wolsey, is a curious letter of Mr. Anstis's, on the subject of the two silver pillars usually borne before Cardinal Wolsey. This remarkable piece of pageantry did not escape the notice of Shakspeare. Percy.

Wolsey had two great crosses of silver, the one of his arch

after them, side by side, the two Cardinals WolSEY and CAMPEIUS; two Noblemen with the Sword and Mace. Then enter the King and Queen, and their Trains. The King takes place under the cloth of state ; the two Cardinals sit under him as judges. The Queen takes place at some distance from the King. The Bishops place themselves on each side the court, in manner of a consistory ; between them, the Scribes. The Lords sit next the Bishops. The Crier and the rest of the Attendants stand in convenient order about the stage.

Wol. Whilst our commission from Rome is read
Let silence be commanded.
K. HEN.

What's the need?
It hath already publickly been read,
And on all sides the authority allow’d;

spare

that time. WOL.

Be't so :-Proceed. SCRIBE. Say, Henry king of England, come into

the court.

You

may then

bishoprick, the other of his legacy, borne before him whithersoever he went or rode, by two of the tallest priests that he could get within the realm. This is from Vol. III. p. 920, of Holinshed, and it seems from p. 837, that one of the pillars was the token of a cardinal, and perhaps he bore the other pillar as an archbishop. Tollet.

One of Wolsey's crosses certainly denoted his being Legate, as the other was borne before him either as cardinal or archbishop. “ On the

day of the same moneth (says Hall) the cardinall removed out of his house called Yorke-place, with one crosse, saying, that he would he had never borne more, meaning that by hys crosse which he bore as legate, which degreetaking was his confusion,” Chron. Henry VIII. 104. b.

MALONE.

CRIER. Henry king of England, &c.
K. HEN. Here.
SCRIBE. Say, Katharine queen of England, come

into court.
CRIER. Katharine, queen of England, &c.

[The Queen makes no answer, rises out of her

chair, goes about the court," comes to the King, and kneels at his feet; then speaks.]

Q.KATH. Sir, I desireyou, dome right and justice;' And to bestow your pity on me: for I am a most poor woman, and a stranger, Born out of your dominions; having here No judge indifferent, nor no more assurance Of equal friendship and proceeding. Alas, sir, In what have I offended you? what cause Hath my behaviour given to your displeasure, That thus you should proceed to put me off, Andtake your goodgrace from me? Heaven witness, I have been to you a true and humble wife, At all times to your will conformable:9

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goes

about the court,] “ Because (says Cavendish) she could not come to the king directlie, for the distance severed between them.” MALONE.

* Sir, I desire you, do me right and justice ; &c.] This speech of the Queen, and the King's reply, are taken from Holinshed, with the most trifling variations. STEEVENS.

9 At all times to your will conformable:] The character Queen Katharine here prides herself for, is given to another Queen in The Historie of the uniting of the Kingdom of Portugall to the Crowne of Castill, fo. 1600, p. 238: “

at which time Queene Anne his wife fell sicke of a rotten fever, the which in few daies brought her to another life ; wherewith the King was much grieved, being a lady wholly conformable to his humour." REED.

Ever in fear to kindle your dislike,
Yea, subject to your countenance; glad, or sorry,
As I saw it inclin’d. When was the hour,
I ever contradicted your desire,
Or made it not mine too? Or which of your friends
Have I not strove to love, although I knew
He were mine enemy? what friend of mine
That had to him deriv'd your anger, did I
Continue in my liking? nay, gave notice
He was from thence discharg'd ? Sir, call to mind
That I have been your wife, in this obedience,
Upward of twenty years, and have been blest
With many children by you: If, in the course
And process of this time, you can report,
And prove it too, against mine honour aught,
My bond to wedlock, or my love and duty,
Against your sacred person, in God's name,

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- nay, gave notice-] In modern editions:

nay, gave not noticeThough the author's common liberties of speech might justify the old reading, yet I cannot but think that not was dropped before notice, having the same letters, and would therefore follow Sir T. Hanmer's correction. Johnson.

Our author is so licentious in his construction, that I suspect no corruption. MALONE.

Perhaps this inaccuracy (like a thousand others) is chargeable only on the blundering superintendants of the first folio.-Instead ofnay, we might read:

gave

notice
He was from thence discharg'd? STEEVENS.

or my love and duty Against your sacred person,] There seems to be an error in the phrase “ Against your sacred person;" but I don't know how to amend it. The sense would require that we should read, “ Towards your sacred person," or some word of a similar import, which against will not bear: and it is not likely that against should be written by mistake for towards.

M. MASON. In the old copy there is not a comma in the preceding line

nor

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