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1800.]
Memoirs of Dr. Milchill.

981 ment he accepted. And, as at that time Smith, a quarterly periodical work, called there were no public lectures on hotany, the Medical REPOSITORY, a kind of he volunteered in that science, and per- philosophical journal, a publication now formed, for several years, the duty of bo- grown into high reputation. His doctrire tanical profeffor, in addition to the labours of septon was by this time further enof his own department. Of the plan of his larged and commented upon by Dr. Bay, course, the chemical part of which was mo- in his Inaugural Dissertation on Dysentery. delled upon the new nomenclature, he that This year likewise Mr. Mitchill was year published a concise syllabus.

elected a Member of the Legislative AssemThe Royal Society of Edinburgh, in bly of the City of New York, and attend1793, elected him one of their foreign af- ed the sessions at Albany, now the seat of sociates.

government, during the winter 1798. He made to the Senatus Academicus of And it was during this sessions he reColumbia College, in 1794, a report on

ceived information of his having been chio. the ftate of learning, there, which was dil fen a Corresponding Member of the Histotributed about for public information, and rical Society of Massachusetts. In the is preferved in the second volume of the course of 1798, his doctrine of pestilence Aěts of the Agricultural Society.

was farther adopted by Dr. Lent, in a He published, in 1795, his first ideas on Differtation upon the Mode of extinguishing the subject of Pestilential Fluids, in a pain- it by Alkalies. And this year it was that phlet on the Gazeous Oxyd of Azoie, and Mr. Mitchill appears to have devoted as on the Alteration in the Nomenclature ; much time as he could spare from other wherein he proposed to obliterate“ azote," employments, to investigate this almost and to substitute " fepton.” He has since unexplored part of science, to collect and given to the public in America many arrange the facts, and to render them capapieces on what he terms septic acid and ble of just interpretation, by generalizing its gas. To those inquiries ne was prompt- them into a system. ed by the severe visitations of the yellow To go into the particulars of this extenfever,,or plague, in the Atlantic cities of five inquiry, would be too prolix for this North America. These researches have place. Many of his letters and essays on fince been very much enlarged on by him, these subjects may be seen in the two vo-', in a series of letters addressed to his corre. lumes of the “ Medical Repository," be1pondents.

fore mentioned. During the year of 1796, he took an During the two last years, Dr. Priestley extensive tour through the State of New has from time to time addressed to hiin a York, in the vicinity of Hudsons River, feries of letters in defence of the doctrine pursuant to an appointment of the Agri- of Phlogiston, in which all his new expericultural Society; to examine the mineral ments made at Northumberland are deproductions of the adjacent country, parti. tailed. Mr. Mitcbill has propoled to accularly in respect to coal ; as wood, the coinmodate the contending chemiils, by an common fuel of New York, was become al:eration in the nomenclature, exchanging extravagantly dear. His report on the “hydrogene," and tubstituting phlogirmineralogy of such places as ne visited, was ton” in its place, as published in Feb. published after his return. And during 1798, in Nicholson's Journal. But the this year, his doctrine of lepton or azote, French philosophers, for whore confidera. which he had detailed more at large in tion they are niore particularly intended, his public academical course, was made have as yet made no reply. This is prothe subject of an able and excellent Differ- bably in part owing to the present intertation by Mr. Saltonstall; a performance, rupted intercourse between the United at this day, much prized and fought after. States and France. Dr. Priestley's expeAbout this time, Mr. Mirchill was ap- riments are contained in tlie before men. pointed a yhysician of the large State-hor- tioned work. pital of New York.

In the autumn of 1798, he had a touch He attended, in 1797, as one of the de- of the peftilence himlelf, but it was not legates to the convention held at Philadel- very violent. And during the winter of phia, for devising means to leflen the evils. 1799, we observed hiin buried with the of African Slavery. He was this year magiftrates, merchants, and health-officers too chosen a Fellow of the Academy of in devising ways and means to guard Arts and Sciences at Boiton. And about against fo terrible an affliction. It is said, the same time we observe him engaged in he is engaged still in prosecuting his inediting, together with Dr. Edward Miller, quiries into the origin, nature, and extin. and the lare much lamented Elihu H. guishment of pestilence. MONTHLY MAG, No. LIII.

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Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters.

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THOMSON.

in his face. Gilbert, his brother, tived (Communicated by the Earl of Buchan.)

at Ealt Sheen with one Squire 'Taylor, till

he fell out of a mulberry tree and was Alimcrandum of Thomson, the Pact, collected killed.. from Mr. William Taylor, formerly

0 Barbor

Q. Did Thonson keep much com, and Peruke-maker, at Ribmond, Sirry--- w paly :-Yes; a good deal of the writingblind. Scpt. 1791.

fort. I remember Pope, and Paterson, R. Taylor, do you remember and Malloch, and Lyttelton, and Dr. lived in Kew.lané fome years ago ?- feller, who had a house near Thomson's Thomson.

in Kew lane. Mr. Roberson could tell Q. Thomson, the poet ? ---Aye, very, you more about them. well. I have taken him by the nole many Q Did Pope often visit him ?-Very hundred times. I shaved him, I believe, often; he uled to wear a light-coloured feven of eight years, or more; he had a great coat, and commonly kept it on face as long as a horse; and he sweat so in the houte; he was a strange ill-formed much, that I remember, after walking one little figure of a man; but I have heard him day in summer, I saved his head without and Quin, and Paterson, talk together fo J.:ther by his own delire.

His hair was as

at Thoinion's, that I could have listened foft as a camel's I hardly ever felt such ; to them for ever. and yet it grew to remarkably, that if it Q. Quin was frequently there, I fup. was but an inch long, it itcod upright an pose ?-Yes; Mrs. Hobart, his house. end from his head like a hrush.--[Mr. keeper, often wilhed Quin dead, he made Robertion confirmed this remark.] her master drink so. Thave seen bim and

Q. His person, I am told, was large Quin coming from the Castle together ar and clumły?-Yes; he was pretty corpu. four o'clock in a morning, and not over lent, and stooped forward rather when he fober you may be sure. When he was walked, as though he was full of thought; writing in his own house, he frequently fat he was very careless and negligent about with a bowl of punch before him, and that his dress, and wore his clothes remarkably a good large one too. plain. [Mr. Robertson, when I read this Q. Did he fit much in his garden ?-to him, said, “He was clean and yet iloven Yes, he had an arbour at the end of it, ly, he stooped a good deal.']

where he used to write in summer time. Q: Did he always wear a wig?-Al. I have known himn lie along hy himself ways in my memory, and very extravagant upon the grais near it, and talk away as he was with them. I have seen a dozen though three or four people were along at a time hanging up in my maller's hop, with him –[This might probably be when and all of them so big that noboiy vile he was reciting his own compositions.] could wear them.' ! Tuppole iis fiveating Q. Did you ever fee any of his writto such a degree made him have so many, ing? ---I was once tempted, I remember, for I have known him fpoil a new che to take a peep; his papers uied to lie in 3 onlv in walking from London.

loole pile upon the table in his ftudy, and Q. He was a great walker, I believe? I nad longer for a lork at them a goat ---Tes; lie used to walk from Mailoch's while : fo une morning while I was waliat Strand on the Green near Kew Bridge, ing in the room to Mhave him, and he was and from London, ai all hours in the night; longer than usual before lie came down, I he feldom liked to go in a carriage, and I lipped cff the top heet of paper and exnever law him on horseback. I behere he pected to find something very curious, but was too fearful to ride.-[Mr. Robertson I could make nothing of it. I could not faid, he could not bear to get upon a horte.] even read it, for the letters looked like all

Q. Had he a Scotch accent ?-Very in one. broad--be always called me iull.

Q. He was very affable in his man. Q. Did you know any of his relations ? ner : yes ! he hai po fride ; he -Yis; he had two nephews [cousins?] was very free in his converfation and very Andrew'and Gilbert Thomson, buih gar- cheerful, and one of the best natured mail diners, who were much with bim. Ani that ever lived. drew uid to work in his garien and keep Q: He feldom was much burt henet it in order at over hours; he died at Rich- with cash :-No; to be sure he was deuceri mond, about eleven years ago, of a cancer long-winded; but when he had money, ic

WOU

1799.]

ExtraEls from the Portafolio of a Man of Letters.

993

would send for his creditors and pay th:m [Mr. Robertson told me, he ordered this opèall round; he has paid my master between jation hunteltàs a refreshment to his friend.] 20 and 301. at a time.

Taylor concluded by giving a hearty Q. You did not keep a shop yourself then encoinium on his character. at that time?

-No, Sir; I lived with one This conversation took place at one of Lander here for 20 years, and it was the alcoves on Richmond Green, 'where I while I was prentice and journeyman with accirientally dropped in. I afterwards him that I uled to wait on Mr. Thomson. found it was a rural rendezvous for a fet Lander made his majors and bohs, and a of olj invalids on nature's infism lift; person of the name of Taylor in Cravena - who met there every alternoon in fine îtreet in the Strand made his tie wigs. weather, to recount and comment on the An excellent customer he was to both. " tale of other times.”

Q. Did you dress any of his visitors ? I inquired alter Lander, and Mrs. -Yes; Quin and Lyttelton, Sir George Hobart, and Taylor of Craven street, I think he was called. He was so tender. but found that none of them were furvi. faced I remember, and to devilish difficult ving. Mrs. Hobart was thought to have a to shave, that none of the men in the hop daughter married in the town calle Egerdared to venture on him except myself. I ton; but it was not likely from the disa have often taken Quin by the nose too, tance of time, that the could impart any which required fome courage let me tell thing new. you. One day he asked particularly if Taylor told me the late Dr. Dodd had. the razor was in good order, protested he applied to him feveral years ago for anechad as many barbers' ears in his parlour dotes and information relative to Thomson. at home, as any boy had of bird's eggs Park Egerton, the bookseller, near on a string, and swore, if I did not fhave Whitehall, tells me, that when Thomjon him smoothly, he would add mine to the first came to London, he took up his abcde number. “Ah," said Thomson, “ Wull with lis predece.lor Millan, and finished thaves very well, I assure you."

his poem of Winter in the apartment over Q. You have seen the Seasons, I fup. the Mop; that Millan printed it for him, pose ?-Yes, Sir; and once had a great and it remained on his shelves a long time deal of them by heart (he here quoted a unnoticed; but after Thom!cn began to pasage from spring). Shepherd, who for- gain fome repuration as a poet, he either merly kept the Caitle Inn, thewed me a weathin felf, or was iaken by Mallt, to bock of Thomson's writing, which was Millar in the Srand, with whom he entered about the rebellion in 1745, and set to into new engagements for printing his music, but I think he told me not pub. works, which lo much incensed Millan blithid. [I mentioned this to Mr. Robert. his first patron, and his countryman also, lon, but he thoughi Taylor had made a that they never afterwards were cordially small mittake; perhaps it might be some of reconciled, although Lord Lyriclion took the patriotic songs in the mafque of Alired.] uncommon pains to mediate between them.

Q The caule o; his death is said to have been taking a boat from Kew to The trvo follozving Epitaphs are said ts Richmond, when he was much heated by have been written by Mr. JAMES walking ?-No; I believe he got the bet- THOMSON, Author of the Seasons, but ter of that; but having had a batch of

I know not on what Authority. drinking with Quin, he took a quantity

ON SOLOMON MENDES, Esq. of cremor tartar, as he frequently did on

Here lies a man who never liv’d, fuch occasions, which with a fever before

Yet still from death was flying; carried him off. [Mr. Robertfon did not alient to this. ]

Who, if not ack, was never well,

And dy'd-for fear of dying !
He lived I think in Kew Foot.
Lane?-Yes; and died there; at the fur-

ON MR. JACOB MENDES. theft house next Richmond Gardens, now Here Jacob lies, grave, just and sage, Mr. Bofcawen's. He lived fometime be

The chartest person of the agefore at a smaller one higher up, inhabited

Who, had he been in Joseph's place, by Mrs. Davis.

Had dy'd, not run away-slas!
Q. Did you attend on him to the last? 4
-Sir

, I haved him the very day before 'The follocving Epitajb on THOMSON bimkis death; tre was very weak, but made a

felf was publijhed in a paliry Edition shift to sit up in bed. I asked him how he

of bis Works, about the rear 1788. found himself that morning.---Ah, Wull," Others to marble may their glory owe, he replied, “ I am very bad indeed."

And bowl chofclonours fculpture can bestow;

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Shorts

water.

Short-liv'd renown!-that every moment must almost every rank and description. A
Sink with its emblem, and corsume to duft.
But Thomson needs no artist to engrave,

young author, who had a much larger

stock of vanity than of merit, thought it From dumb oblivion no device to save; Such vulgar aids let names inferior ask,

his duty to do homage to the Nestor of liteNature for him assumes herself the task ;

reture. On being introduced, he thus beThe Seasons are his monuments of fame,

gan his complimentary address :-" Great With them to flourish, as from them it came.

man, to day I am come to falute you as

Homer ;---to-morrow I will falute you as RETROSPECTIVE STATUTES.

Sophocles;-next day as Plato:”—he would Retrospective statutes are in all cases have proceeded, but was interrupted by unconftitutional: nothing inteed can ex

Voltaire saying, “ Little man, I am very cufe them except an extraordinary emer

old; could you not pay all your visits in gency; and no emergency whatever should one day? allow them a place in the penal code. There are two instances of retrospective

POETICAL IMITATION. statutes in our law. The one was in the Whether the following well-known and 22d year of Henry the eighth; from the beautiful lines be the production of Shake. preamble of wirich it appears, that one speare, or some other child of harmony, it John Roose, a.ccok, had ibrown poison may probably be a gratification to some into a pot of gruel, which was prepared readers to see the same, or very similar, for the bishop of Rochester's family, where- ideas cloathed in the lyric language of hy he poisoned Seventeen persons, two of Gallus--For the sake of facilitating the whom died in consequence. John Roose, comparison, I shall transcribe the verles of therefore, is declared guilty of high trea- both authors. fon, and ordered to be thrown into boiling

TAKE, oh! take those lips away,
The other case occurred in the

That so sweetly were foresworn ; 2d and 3d of Philip and Mary. The

And those eyes, the break of day, prea!nble of the act recites a malicions

Lights that do mislead the morn: and groundless appeal of robbery by oue But

my killes bring again, Binnet against Giles Rufferd, on which Seals of love, hut fealed in vain. Rutford having heen acquitted, and liaving Hide, oh! hide, thote hills of snow, afterwards procured a conviction of Bennet Which thy frozen bosom wears ; for a malicious prosecution, Bennet not On whose tops the pinks that grow only paid 401. to two men for the actual Are of tliose that April wears : murder of Rufford, but likewife supplied

But first set my poor heart free, them with javelins and a dagger for that

Bound in those icy chains by thee. purpose. Horrible as this offence, was,

PASSIONATE PILGRIM, xvii. yet Bennet, not having been present at the Lydia, bella puelli, candida, commillion of the murder, could only be Quæ bene superas lac, & lilium, considered as an accesary; and therefore, Albamque fimul rofam, rubidam, as the law stood, would have been intitled Aut expolitum ebur Indicum. to the benefit of clergy, of which there- Pande puella, pande capillulos fore he was by this statute deprived.

Flavos, lucentes ut aurum nitidum; Now, in the case of Roose, this statute

Payde puella collum candidum,

Productum bene candidis humeris. was in every respect improper and unne

Pande puella stellatos oculos, cessary ; it was not only retrospective, but

Flexaque super nigra cilia. was making a confusion of crimes, which the

Pande puella genas roseas, legislature ihould always avoid; and without Pertusas, rubro purpuræ Tyriæ. it, Join Roose was punishable by the ex- Porrige labra, labra corallina, ifting laws, although he might not by Da columbatim mitia bafia: then be boiled in his own kettle. And in Sugis amentis partem animi: the case of Bennet, however just the in- Cur mihi penetrant hæc tua basia! dignatica of the legislature against him Quid mihi suyis vivum fanguinem? was, it should never have induced them so Conde papillas, conde gemipomas, far to violate the principles of legislation,

Comprélio lacte quæ modò pullulante } order to add to the purishment of an

Sinus expansa proffert cinnama : ássdisidual.

Undique furgunt ox te deliciæ.
Conde papillas, quæ me fauciant

Candcre, & luxu nivei pectoris.
VOLTAIRE.

Sæva! non cernis quod ego langueo ? During Voltaire's last visit to Paris, he

Sic mc deftituis, jam semimortuum ? was fatigued with the congratulations of

ORIGINAL

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1800.]

[ 985 ]

ORIGINAL POETRY. ON THE DEATH OF TIPPOO SAIB. Alas! how oft there woods I've careless THE warriour, bard, whose lifted arm of old Atray'd,

Thunder'd at Marathon, o'er Asia's hills, And muling listen'd to each rural sound! A towering (pectre, hail'd in hymns of death How oft reclin'd beneath the summer's fade, And fungs of battle, Hyder's powerful Son; And rapt'rous view'd the verdant fields Who great amid the wreck of nations stood,

around! And in the wreck of nations, frowning, fell.

How oft, with him* on earth I held most When angry planets lour'd and hostile kings,

dear, And high the trumpet clang'd the funeral

These devious paths I've jocund pac'á knell

along; Of warring hosts, and armies sank around,

Or pensive, at the hour of eve to hear, The Sultan, grasping in his iron hand,

Sweet Philomel, thy soft melodious song! Wielded the doom of empires, wielded high, Refiftless as a God, the subject East

Those halcyon days for ever now are fled, In all its powers, and all its hundred realms. And the sad memory fings around a gloom! Though fate and heaven withstood, and earth Sudden he fell he dropp'd his lovely head, and hell,

Cropt like a May-day flower in all its Th’unconquerable tyrant scorn’d to live

bloom! From empire sever'd, and he died a king:

But what avails all grief and idle tears? Dark as the parting storm he ruth'd abroad,

They'll ne'er revive his cold forsaken clay ; And I wept the world before him!-

Nor will the boasted heaven of future years Warriour! like thee, the ponderous ball shall

Chase the past gloom, to hope a brightor know

day. The clanging trumpet found its final doom, Till Darkness o'er the storm of ages rears

The far-off village bells with jocund sound His iron sceptre, and the nations die;

Fill the dark air as with some magic

charm; Like thee, the ball, by strength refiftless hurl'd

And swing their gentle cadence all around, To bordering chaos, drag the fates of men,

To glad the pensive, ruffled fpirits calm. And dimly to the waste of hostile stars O could they soothe a soul estranged from reft, And botile systems roll the stately scene Or stay the throbbings of a woe-worn heart! of thrones and powers and empires and their Could they assuage the anguish of my breast, kings.

J. P.

Then in these rustic joys i'd bear a part!

But Cynthia now withholds her phosphor ray, Writtein in the DUCHESS of CHANDOS' WOODS Nor sheds around her soft religious light:

at Southgare, on the Evening of the 29th Day Farewell, sweet woods! I haiten far away, of May, 1799

And close all hope of future joy, in night! WHAT penfive mourner strikes upon my

Temple.

IGNOTUS. ear, And to the wild woods tells his sorrowing

TO AN EARLY SNOW-DROP. tale?

In the Manner of Burns, the Ayrshire Bard. Whose plaintive note calls up this starting

LUR’D by the smile of fostring heav'n, tear? 'Tis thine, sweet melancholy nightingale! Steals timid thro' the kindred snows around,

The modeít snow-drop of the vale, O ever grateful is thy varying note!

And bows her borom to the passing gale. (When all the busy hum of day is gone)

Ah, seek again, sweet flow'r, the earth's fond With fimple founds thou strain'st thy little

breait ; throat :

For here thy tender form shall never rest. The airy trill, the Dorian monotone.

Chill blows the storm around the flow'r, Yet say, sweet bird, why breathe this fadden- The fun his partial beam wi’draws; ing strain ?

Trembling she lees the tempest low'r, Thy soft complainings forrow all the grove. And, fick’ning at the hoarse winds' bra, Has fate burit thro' thy little nuptial chain, Drops her white head, and shuts her weary'd Or brutal man bereft thee of thy love?

de ; Tbou hast no need to bow at fortune's farine, And soon by storms uptorn her faded beauties.

fee! Or waste the bloom of life t' increase thy store ;

* Mr. George Cadogan Morgan, of SouthO were my destiny so blefr'd as thine,

gate, an ornament to the world; who, but I would not ask the gods to grant me more !

for some tender lines (imitated from the But I, denied e'en nature's gifts to share, " Quis desiderio fit pudor,” &c. of Horace)

Doom'd in propitiqus love a curse to find ; which appeared in the Morning Chronicle, My morning days in furrow spent and care, had died unsung, but, O! not unlamented! Muit leave earth's greatest bappiness behind! Ebeu ! " meminijë dolor, stijvilci rafas!"

Child

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