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urely it would be better when the verse Viro doctisimo GILBERTO WAKEFIELD ftinds at the head of the page to let it ex

S. pieis the first line of that page over which

C. G. HEYNE, it stands. In the beautiful Edinburgh

YUM antea affeétu animi nescio quo, Virgil of 1755, (2 vol. 8vo.) it does so : and in the elrguit and valuable edition of Mr. WAKEFIELD O1' 1796. I remain.

nunc multo majore animi ftudio incenfum Trojtın, niar bury,

Yours sincerely.

me ientio, ex quo Lucretium tuum perlegi,

Etfi enim haud diffiteci, hanc ipsam tuam M. y 25, 1799.

CAPEL LOFFt. benevolentiam, quarn litteris tuis humaI have to add on II Æn. that Urbe ritimis mihi es ieltains, carti vim ad aniV, 439, should have a, instead of the: and

mun menm habuille, ur etiam alitnam a the a in liit1.1', (v. 620.) in my coi'y, te voluptatemexpu nalé en potuifet; nunc is imperfectly Itruck. I with that in the

autem proclive meum in te studium multa orthography adopted, Antiquity and Cleo magis inclinare et impellereea debuit : adphony had been both more consulted :- miratione tamen ingenii tui doctrinæque particularly by retaining, as the best exquilitä ei omni litterarum copia in, editions d , and as the au hority of MSS structæ ita percufius ex ea le&ticne receffi, ard of QUINTILIAN requires, the Greek ut etiam dubitarem, fitne voluptas et terminations in n of proper names, rather fructus, quem inde percepi, cum ea com: then returning to the Latin in m.

parandus: certe utroque animi seríu ita The classic accuracy of MILTON, contactmn me ientii, ut inter jucundisiima beautifully characterizes the Empress of fortunæ menera numerem, quod confulit the Ocean and the Sea-Nymph 'in' his illa mihi opportunitatem compellandi tę COMUS.

et contrahendi hanc litterarum fiudio. " In name of great Oceanus

rumque neceflitudinem. Utinam ex in" And Tetły.' grave majestic pace, credibili tuo de antiquis litteris merendi " By Thetis tinrel slipper'd feet,

ftudio fru&tus conieqnaris uberrimos ! “ And the songs of Syrens sweet." Virgil might have niade his secondary futurum esse" poffit, quam te fperatum

Nihil video quod mihi auditu jucundius hero-ventis et Diis Agrippa secundis,

meritis tuis favorem et operæ in Lucretium -cui belli insigne superbum, Tempora navali fulgent roftrata corona, expenfæ præmia tuliffe largiflima! Quain

Æn. viii. 682.

Vellem confilium tuum ejufque fortunam the son-in-law of Thetis, but in deify

non premi temporum iniquitate! Coming Auguftus, (fince he chose to deityparatione enim aliarum terrarum facili him), he was obliged to go higher.

licet conjectare, quæ litterarum bonarum elle pojlit auctoritas apud Britannos.

Providebit tamen bonis confiliis bonum For the Monthly Magazine.

providumque numen. Vale, et quod in

grellus es favoris benevolentiæque tuæ TED PROFESSOR HEYNE,

Hadium ita emetiendum tibi efe puta, ut TINGEN, TO MR. GILBERT WAKE

tibi conftantiæ laudem ceteris laudibus FIELD *,

adjiciendum elle memineris in diligendo co CRANSFERENDUM curavi ad te, cui leirel benevolentiam tuam egregio

vir doctissime, cujus ingenium et voluntatis pignore es teftatur. Cum prieruditionem a mulțo inde tempore admira- mum belli furor reiederit, mittam tibi tus fum, libellum viri docti, JACOBS, ex meæ voluntatis titem iteratan Pindari et mea disciplina progressi, quandoquidem tertiam Tibulli editionein a me curatam, me et colit et amat te, et vestigia tua in Nunc in Iiiade exprimenda operæ librari. nonnullis premit. Nihil eorum, quæ a te orum occupantur. Vale. aguntur, et quz ad tua confilia spectant,

me non fedulo anquiritur, quantum For the Monthly Magazine. quidem ex fcriptis tuis aut ex indiciis ali

Mr. EDITOR, orum confequi poffum. Non itaque levis

HE short returns of the Income Tax, et temere concepta esse potest ea qua te prosequor voluntas amor et ftudium. Tu till less, by no means proves that the et valeas et res tuas ex animo agas, precor.

whole income of the nation does not Scr, Gottingæ d. xii Dec. CiIOXCVII. CHR. G. Heyne,

amount to the full fum ftated by Mr. Prof. Acad. Ge. Aug. though he may have been mistaken with

Pitt when he propoted this measure, * A translation will be in ferted in a future respect to the distribution of it, or not al. Number,

lowed sufficiently for the very considerable





a me


Income Tax.... Translations of German Plays. 427 part which is, and certainly ought to be, translations from the German, and froin exempted from the operation of the tax. KOTZEBUE, in particular, ihould be There are some grounds for thinking that faithfully made from the refpective origithe gross income of the nation, or the nals. Your correspondent very juftly reaggregate revenue of individuals of all probates the funciful alterations in de by clasles, rather exceeds than falls short of Mrs. INCHBALD in her - Lov ro's Vows," 125,000,00cl. at which he estimated it, and by Mr. SHERIDAN in the " Siran. and the reafon of his over-rating the tax, ger," and judicioully points

out the lupefeems to be, that the deduction of twenty- rior consistency of Miss PLUMP TRE's three millions for incomes under ból." Natural Sin," and of Mr. Schink's which pay nothing, and the part under Stranger," both of which are faithful 2001.which payson an averag one-fiitieth, tranilations from Kotzebue. was much less than it ought to have been. How indignant would be the feelings of

By the accounts laid before parliainent, an intelligent. Englishman, who, witnessing it appears that the total number of persons the representation on a German Itage, paying affeiled taxes in 1797 W.1s 791,802, of one of the best plays of his darling of whom 319,685 paid less than five Shakspeare, found that a conceited and Thillings per annum ; such persons cannot half informed translator or editor, had be fuppofed in general to have incomes ' supprelied whole scenes, changed the leaexceding bol. a year, and if there are tures of the characters, and introduced fome few exceptions, there is probably a other scenes fo incongruously as to render greater number paying upwards of ten the whole inconsistent and unlike the ori. thillings, whose incomes do not exceed ginal! Precisely, however, in this fitua. this amount; there appears therefore to

tion stands the German drainatiit in rebe at the utmost not more than 472,117 fpect to his plays of the Stranger, Lover's persons with some of the members of their Vows, the Birth Day, and Pizarro. families, liable to the Income Tax. The alterations which, while they are Considering all such persons as heads of the least in extent, are also the worst in families, and their families as consisting effect, are those by Mr. Sheridan in on an average of 5 persons each, which the Spaniards in Peru, to which, without exceeds the proportion to a family ulu- any obvious reason, he has given the ally found where such accounts have been name of the Spanish tyrant, Pizarro. His taken, the whole number of individuals alterations, in the four first acts, consist of depending on income liable to the tax little more than the omission of Toine parts will be 2,360,585; this however is but a of the dialogue, and the introduction of fmall part of the whole population of the some political sentiments, in page 24, * country, which has lately been stated as calculated to catch the popular feelings high as 9,000,000 : but taking it only at of the moment, and therefore a trick bea 7,500,000, which is probably much nearer neath the dignity of a man of Mr. Sherithe truth, there appears to be 5,139,415 dan's fupposed genius. perfons fubfifting by income exempt from In the forth act, however, he has taken the tax : the whole annual expence of such very reprehenfible liberties. Of the propersons cannot, according to the present priety or necessity of these the public will prices of the necessaries of life, be less than judge, who read Kotzebue, and fee She81. each, or 41,115,3201. which fum be- ridan. Cora, in her firkt moments of dif. ing deducted from the general income of traction, for the supposed loss of her sul 125,000,000l. leaves 83,884,6801. the band, is made to sing a bravura song : no utmost sum liable to the tax; and if a person who reads her affecting foliloquy further deduction is made on account of at page 80, would fufpect that the English incomes from 60l. to 20.1. paying less editor liad so far violated probability as than a tenth, the tax will be reduced to to exchange Kotzebue's natural expressions nearly the sum of 7,000,000l. at which it'is of grief into a long! The other alterations, now estimated, without supposing thar the and those which involve the groflelt abluse returns made are below the truth, which dities, are the introduction of two new however may be the case in a small degree. scenes, after the death of Rolla, and the June 14, 1799.

G. complete close of the German play

perhaps one of the most finple, tragical, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and affecting closes to be met in the SIR,

whole range of dramatic compofition. I WAS much. gratified by the obfer- The intelligent readers of the Monthly

vations made at page 106, of your Magazine cannot fail to be acquainted magazine, No. 42, on the necessity that * I refer to Mils Plumptre's translation.

with the history of the Conquest of Peru, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and of the life of Pizarro. They well know SIR, that the treacherous Spaniard obtained UNLESS you have already had to

much about the people monarch, Ataliba, and after extorting called quakers, I shall request your interfrom him millions of gold and silver as tion of a few remarks on the subject, from ransom money, cruelly put him to death; a person who belongs to no sect, but is that Pizarro obtained complete possession content with foilowing religion as a matof the kingdoms of Quito, Peru, and ter of cor sequence to himself alone, and Chili, and, many years afterwards, was unconnected with any other interests. murdered by the hands of Spanish conspi- It appears to me, then, that the prorators, in his palace, in his own city of grels made by the quakers, above all Lima. Apparently, however, for the other fects, in simplifying Christianity, fake of introducing a mock-fight upon and freeing it from ihofe mixtures which the stage, Mr. Sheridan has actually re- have so much disguised and debased it, presented Ataliba as routing the Spa- has been so extraordinary, that it may niards, killing Pizarro their general, justly set them at the head of all reformers, and, by the muminery of the scene, has and stamp them with a decitive character, produced sentiments of ridicule and con- in which their little peculiarities of man. tempt in the minds of the audience, dia- ner are rendered scarcely worth notice. metrically opposite to what will be felt, In the first place, they are the only either by the readers of Kotzebue, or by feet (some of the baptiks, perhaps, exthe spectators of legitimate tragedy. cepted), who admit no priests or minifters

Two or three of your valuable pages as a feparate order of men into their conmight be occupied with observations of titution--an advantage of fo capital a - this kind. It is not, however, my design nature, that it is well worth purchaling by to trespass on the patience of your rea- the institution of a diftin&t fociety for ders, and I have troubled you with these that purpose only. For what a legion of remarks in consequence of the deserved evils does this at once cut off! Not to popularity of the Spaniards in Peru upon mention the greater mischiefs which the the British stage. In many respects it is struggles for wealth and power by an efone of the belt of Kotzebue's plays that tablished clergy, have in all countries occould have been selected for representa. cafioned ;-are not their rivalries, their tion; on that account it was, however, parties, their controversies, their interests, the more necessary, that the sublime ge- the bane of concord and brotherly affecnius and correct taste of the original au- tion, in all the communities of separatists ? thor should have been presented to us in Does not their inordinate authority fre. their native force and beauty.

quently as much infringe the rights and I have been fully confirmed in my opi- liberties of private congregations, as it nion, that to alter the plays of Kotzebue always does of national churches ? Do is to spoil them, by the astonishing effect they not afford a ready means of laying at that is produced at another of our theatres, the feet of power the political influence of by the representation of Mr. NEUMAN'S disenting bodies ? That it never was in faithful translation of “ Family Distress," the contemplation of the founder of the or “ Self-Immolation." Mr. Neuinan's Christian religion to institute fuch a body language is literally retained, and no other of men; and that the supposed neceffity alteration has been made than to curtail a of them is contradictory to the notion of few unimportant parts of the dialogue. a divine revelation freely and clearly comAs the omissions altogether do not extend municated in writing, I am, myself, conto more than two pages of the printed vinced ; as well as that all the corrupcopy, I cannot but with that Mr. Colman tions, forgeries, and interpolations that had made the experiment of performing deform the pages of scripture, date from the whole without any omiffion. It is their establishment. honourable to the genius of Kotzebue Secondly, the quakers are the only that this drama, purely his own, un- people who have completely detached reaided by stage trick and unadorned by ligion from state-policy, and thereby imposing and expensive scenery, produces avoided that detestable combination of an irresistible and unequalled effect upon two dissimilar interests, which has never the sensibility of a British audience. failed to spoil and contaminate both. Inner-Temple,

A. D. They have confined religion to its proper June 18th, 1799.

province of amending the hearts and lives


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1799.] Mr. Dunn's Pamphlet.... Charitable Institution, 429 of men, and have abhorred the plan of that I should not doubt of the ability of making it fubservient to the narrow and such a sect to maintain its ground, even temporary purposes of a party or a govern- though it were to resign its little peculiment. They have not dared to enlist the arities of speech and drets. I am, Sir,, Almighty in the service of a particular

Your's, &c. nation, or to point his thunders against

SIMPLICIUS. their fellow - creatures, merely because their worldly interests intertered. They To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, have not let apart days for the religious commemoration of public events, the fi- F your correlpondent, S. L. is a manal consequences of which no man can fee, and which are regarded with totally time to conialt Simpjon, Maclaurin, and different feelings by different parties. Clairaut, he would not have sent you the Keeping their own hands unstained with extracts from Mr. Dunn's pamphlet (page blood, they have viewed the shedding of 272, May Mag.) Thoré authors have blood by others as a subject of humilia. deinonftrared, that the direction of gravitation rather than thanksgiving; and if tion is perpendicular to the earth's surface. ever they offer prayers for national bless. What is to be understood by the direction ings, it is for those of peace, brotherly of gravitation, is the direction of preslove and righteousness, in which they de- sure of the particles at the earth's surface ? fire that all mankind should equally parti- This arises from the centrifugal force, cipate.

and the force of gravity combined ; which

l Thirdly, though I do not know that forces necessarily keep the particles at the they differ from other Christians in their surface in equilíbrio. speculative notions of the efficacy of There seems to be nothing new in Mr. , prayer, and the interposition of Providence Dunn's pamphilet except his notions rein human concerns, yet I can see that they specting the plurib. line : it is not easy to are much more wary and reserved than guess how he could imagine that its diothers in making petitions for particular rection (independent of the effects of unfavours; and hence, according to my equal density) will not be perpendicular judgment, preserve a greater consistency to the earth's surface, without making in the theory of the divine periections, this strange fuppofition, that it must be fuja and inculcate a more tranquil and reve- pended from the sky. rential submission to the will of the Deity: May 25th.

2. In this respect they are a strong contrast to the puritans of the last century, and the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. first methodists of this, whose copious and

SIR, minute addresses to heaven often degenerated into indecent familiarity, and que- YOUR benevolent correspondent E. P.


. Fourthly, by boldly discarding, instead will, no doubt, be happy to hear that a of endeavouring to fimplify and ration- society is proposed to be established for alize, those rites of religion, which, from the purpose of providing relief in certain a kind of emblematic veil thrown about cases of extreme misery incident to comthem, will always be abused and misun- mon prostitution *. derstood by the vulgar and the fanciful,

It is recommended to gentlemen, who they have eradicated among themselves a coincide with the author of this Essay in vast mass of superstition and error, from opinion that the frequent occurrence of which no fect that retains them is entirely fuch cases becomes highly worthy of le. free; and which, in some, has almost rious attention, that they should inscribe overwhelmed all that is valuable in reve- their names in a litt, prefaced with the lation. How far they have been justified following resolution, kept by the bookin doing this, from the authority of fcrip. sellers who tell the Flr.:y. ture, I do not enquire ; but the advantage Resolution :-- It appears to us that comof having got rid of such inlets to falle mon prostitutes are exposed to various opinion, must be manifest to all who are

mileries which claim relief from the capable of making comparisons.

good policy as well as from the humaOn the whole, it appears to me, that

nity of the public : we are therefore no fociety of Christians ever acquired the essentials of their religion at fo cheap a the Miseries attendant upon Commo: Prolis

* See “ Thoughts on means of alleviating rate, or in so pure a form ; and thefe tution,” printed for T. Cawell and W. Davaus privileges are lo intrinsically valuable, in the Strand.



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willing, as soon as the names in the wise interpose a guardian arm between lists of the several bookfellers fhall the falling and the bottom of the preci. amount in number to fifty, to meet at pice; and not unfrequently, by wellthe Crown and Anchor Tavern in the timed exertion, stay and draw back some, Strand, on a day to be fixed by adver- ere they have yet been driven by misery tisement in the public papers, for the and madness to the brink. I am, Sir, purpose of consulting on the best means

Your humble Servant, of carrying into execution a plan for

W.R. the relief of distressed prostitutes.

N. B. The author of the Elfiy is de- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Sarous not to appear as a principal mover

SIR, of this charity, though determined that no private exertion on his part shall be I wanting to carry it into effect. He ven- purpose of your work, to suggest hints tures, therefore, to submit the following in the regulation of household oeconomy. regulations and resolutions to the confi

There are few articles in more general deration of those who may be willing to

use, or dearer than sugar ; and sugar, in attend at such meeting.

its refined state, being now beyond the First, A chairman of the meeting must purchase of poor families, they resort to a

fpecies of ground sugar, for which they immediately be chosen.

Secondly, Resolutions to the following give a middle price, betwixt that of re. effeét hould be proposed by the chairman to

fined, and of raw sugar in its soft ftate, the gentlemen present :

as it comes from the West Indies. This 1. Various cases of misery incident to species of sugar is pleasing to the eye, but common prostitutes appear to be without the not more valuable, being neither a more scope, or beyond the reach of any existing delicate nor a more powerful sweet, than charitable institution.

soft sugar in its raw state ; yet it is freII. To provide relief in cases hereafter quently sold higher, after undergoing the fpecified, let books be opened, and the fol- process through what it passes, by two or lowing bankers requested to receive subscrip. three pence in the pound, than the sugar tions of any amount. (Bankers names.) III. Let committees of account and ma

in the raw state of which it is made.

The process by which the appearance of nagement and of inquiry be appointed; as suggested in pages 46 and 47 of the Essay.

this lugar is improved is merely this : IV. Other regulations; as in page 47.

When brought from the ship, it is put V. When the fubfcription shall amount to

into a warm stove, and dried, by which the sum of one hundred pounds, hand-bills the water it contains is evaporated, and shall be printed, and circulated among those it is made to assume a brighter appearwho are likely to require the assistance of the

The water evaporated is very charity.

small in quantity, so as little to affect the A very moderate contribution may weight, and yet this is the only impufoon enable the society to hold out dona- rity of which it is stripped. When dry, tions of present relief to those whom, upon it is put into a mill and ground by a very inquiry, they hall find to have the best heavy stone, which completely pulverisés founded claims to charitable assistance ; it, and still improves the colour. Thus, such as, proper medical aid upon various with all its dirt, and all its molasses, it is occasions; the affrítance of nurses; con- fold to the consumer. veniencies of habitation, food, and cloth- Sugar, as it is brought in its soft state ing; pecuniary help, towards the ena- from the West Indies, consists of four sube bling fome to return to their friends ; stances, water, with which it is charged in with premiums, by way of general in- no great degree ; dirt, which is either foil ducement, to indigent relations who fhall or pulverised cane, which it contains in molt readily receive them, and encourage very large quantities, and an oil, which, their reclamation.

when separated, is called molaffes or trea. Let not modefty and chastity fear to cle. This oil is a very powerful, but not a step forward in the cause of humanity

to delicate, tweet; but it does not, in respect of the relief of those who have transgressed price, sustain its due rank among sweets : their laws. Did they but know the tale it is the cheapest Tweet we have applicaof milery which these unfortunate out- ble to general purposes of fweets, and caits have to unfold, even modelty and though greatly flighted by the poor in chastity would figh, and would acquit this part of England, it is m':

ch used in them. Besides, this society may not only Scotland in various ways as a substitute hold out aid to the fallen, but may liks. for fugar. The ground sugars of which


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