Imágenes de páginas

finishing, and which he probably worked the piano-forte, are by DESORMERY and on at Venice while he was studying BOUFFET, whose talents on this inftruTitian ; a procession and the tower of ment are well known. Every number is Babel by Breughel, paintings which ex- to contain an Italian air, a song, or a cite astonishment by the details and the French romance, and a piece for the infinite variety of figures, which seem all piano ; at least, these are found in the first in motion.

number which has just appeared. The skeleton of the famous cetaceous It appears from the last computation animal which was driven ashore alive lait of the registers made at the house of eduyear on the coast of the isles Mar- cation at Stockholm, that of 1,227 chil. guerite (department of Var), is now to be dren entered there, 1026 have died; that Teen in the Cour des Fontaines at Paris. is to say, nearly 5 out of 6.


This enorA detailed description has not been hi- mous mortality, 10 particularly witneffed therto given of it by the naturalists. It in children of the first year, has attracted appears however, that this animal be- the attention and excited the alarms of longs to a species of whale very rare and different philanthropists in Sweden, with unknown to such of the Greenland and a view to point out to public notice the Norway filhers as have seen it at Paris. too probable caufes of a misfortune so When alive, its body was 22 metres long, afflicting and which is still perpetuated. by more than 15 in diameter. It had Professor Fuchs lately read to the no teeth; but on each side of the palate, Academy of useful Sciences, of Erfurt, a it had very thin laminæ of horn, dil treatise on the composition of a varnish posed one beside another in a parallel situa. for pottery ware, in which no lead enters. tion. The eyes were about twice as big The discovery of this varnish, which comas those of the ox, and covered with hairs bines all the requisite qualities, is the and lids.-On the summit of the head, fruit of a long series of experiments. Let were found two vent-holes formed as there be melted, and kept in fusion for a nostrils, separated from each other by a quarter of an hour, a mixture of an ounce cartilaginous partition, and by means of of fire-stone, an ounce of pounded glafs, which it threw up water at a prodigious two drams of salt, bali an ounce of toheight, with a hissing sound like that of bacco-pipe earth, and an ounce and a half a cannon ball-nothing remarkable ap- of borax. Let the pots be plastered over peared in its voluminous ftomach-it with this matter, after they have been could not be dissected accurately, as there already in the fire, and put them again was an immediate neceslity to cut away in it, for about 17 or 18 hours. and inter the fleshy parts; the large inass of That able and skilful naturalist Freflesh exhalıng an odour which might have DERICK HUMBOLDT, had lately quitted become infectious to the whole country. Paris, to pass over to Algiers, in order

The commission charged to designate to commence his scientific travels in the French artists that merit encourage. Africa.—The object of the great journey ment, has lately terminated its labours. which he had proposed to make, was to The minister had authorized the com- pass to Algiers, in the Swedish frigate, mission to lay before him their opinion the Jaramas, to study Mount Atlas, and relative to the most just partition to be the defart called Saarah, to pass over the made of the sum of 100,000 francs which desart with the caravan which goes from he had to dispose of in favour of the fine Tripoli to Mecca, and at last to join the

This sum has been thus divided; French naturalists in Egypt.-Circum. to the painters 63,000 francs; to the stances, however, have prevented this sculptors, 20,000 francs í to the engra- design; the frigate has suffered shipwreck

Thus nearly two thirds of in a port of Norway, and the Dey of the fum have been devoted to painting, Tripoli has prohibited the caravan from and the remaining third will be for the setting out.-M. Humboldt, however, other three arts.

has nut been deterred by these discourageThe celebrated Piccini, who even in ments, from his project of quitting En. old age does not suffer his lyre to repose, rupe, and transporting himself, with all is now usefuly employed at Paris in com- his instruments, into the Torrid Zone. posing a journal of pieces for the voice He has repaired, therefore, to Spain, from and the piano forte, which will doubtlels whence he will pass to Mexico, to Peru, be well received in France and foreign to Chili, and to the Philippines. He is countries. The fongs and the accom

on the eve of tetting out for the Havannah, paniments for the flute, violin, und bars, from whence he will repair to Vera Cruz. are by PICCINI; the accompa: im nts for The king of Spain wilhed to have some



vers 7000.


Foreign Literary Intelligence.

485 discourse with him, and has given him all present subjected, and to inspire them possible facilities for his voyage, which with an emulation to ameliorate their promises useful and important discoveries Aucks, &c. It is certain that Spain has for the sciences.

not been always renowned for its woul, The following letter relative to the late and that its present most excellent breed passage of Mercury over the sun, has been of theep has been introduced there from addressed by LALANDE, the astronomer, foreign countries. to the Editor of one of the Paris Journals. In a memoir on mineralogy, read lately “ I waited impatiently to mark the pas- at the course of mineralogy, to the Nationfage of Mercury over the Sun, in his de- al Institute, by Citizen DAUBENTON, scending node; he had never been observ. professor in the Museum of Natural ed completely in that position, and it will History, the author expresses his dissatisbe 33 years from hence ere it can be done faction with most of the names impoled again. I had the pleasure to see Mercury on stones, discovered of late years. He enter on the Sun like a imall, black, would have names to be found out in the round spot, on the 18th of Floreal in the proper language of each country, and is morning, at the very minute indicated in of opinion, that if names only are emmy new tables, the ground-work of which ployed, which are understoud by the I gave in the first memoir, read at the first learned, it will be rendering a disservice, asembly of the first class of the Inttitute, &c. to the greatest number of our comon the very day of its establishment. patriots; and that many agriculturists, This is so much the more satisfactory, many manufacturers, and men, who if as for the passage of the 4th of May, 1786, the names had been on a level with their there were 40 minutes of error in the best capacity, might have felt their curiosity tables of Mercury.”

excited, and might have agreeably emMich.SZEKELYDE BIBORCYFALVA, ployed their leilure time in considering inspector of the mines to Count SCHEN- Some of the productions of nature, will BORN, at St. Niklas, near Munkasih, conceive the knowledge of thein to rein Hungary, has fabricated of the Ascle- quire too much time and pains, and being pias Vincetoxicum, a sort of cloth mixed balked by names too learned, will remain with filk. He has presented a pattern of deprived of the pleasureable instructions fix ells and three quarters in length, to of natural history. Citizen DAUBENTON the government eitablished at Buda. proposes to substitute rayonnant (striped) This cloth, the first fabrication of which for actinote ; equivoque ou ambigu (equivocost francs, but which, according to cal or ambiguous) for amphibole ; fer de the calculations of the inventor, will not qache, (or German head of ratchet) for amount in the sequel to above 4 francs, is axinite, &c. and has accordingly fixed two ells in width and pretty fine.-It them together with the Greek names on appears, however, that this is not the first the labels of the minerals, in the hall of essay that has been made to convert the mineralogy, at Paris ; yet however they down of the asclepias to ceconomical may be thought more intelligible to the purposes; but hitherto the experiments French student, the fame objection will have been only of simple curiosity, and apply as before, with respect to foreign not practised on a large scale.

languages, which will prefer the Greek Citizen C. P. LASTEYRIE, member of etymologies, however arbitrary the definithe Philomathic Society, and of that of tions may be found. His practice does Agriculture, at Paris, in a treatise on not appear to be altogether approved by Spanish sheep, &c. lately published, has his own countrymen, and certainly miliproved, by a number of incontestible facts, tates directly against that of Tournefort, that the fine wool with which Spain alone Vaillant, Haller, Linnæus, and other has so long furnished the rest of Europe, great men, philosophers, botanists, &c. is not owing to the physical situation of M. DANZEL, a respectable mechanithat country, but to the apathy of other cian, &c. of Hamburgh, has circulated nations, and to certain prejudices which in the German Gazettes, proposals for originate only in ignorance. He has fa- making public, under certain conditions, tisfactorily demonstrated the possibility a certain method of moving a vessel forof obtaining, not only in France, but in ward, and making it obey the helm, in a the other countries of Europe, wool as time of calm, by a mechanical process. fine as that in Spain itself; and for this This machine, which is fimple in its purpose endeavours to impress upon agri- .composition and management, and of cultors, the necessity of changing the finall expence, he has tried with success, Yicious regimen to which sheep are at on board the Alster, even againit an ad


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Verse wind, and pretty fresh, at north-east. geny in France consists only of males.. It requires no other fluid to set it in mo- The administration of the Museum protion than the water, which it does not poses to fend some into the department of quit, fo long as it is at work, and it may the Maritime Alps, where they are to be brought on shore without much attempt the culture of this shrub, fo introuble. It is moved by men who re- valuable for medicine. It is in flower at main for that purpose in the vessel. It is, this time, in the green-house of the in fact, an entirely new manner of haling Museum. or towing a ship. This mechanism The beautiful fern-tree, from the possesses divers other properties, not limit. Antilles, brought by Captain BAUDIN, ed to a calm, nor to the water. He after losing the two leaves which it proproposes to the connoisseurs, to the admi- duced laft year, is now putting out three ralties, and to the commercial world at new ones, which appear to be more exlarge, that expert persons may be nomi- tensive than the preceding ones. nated, to judge by experiments of the A work has been lately published at utility of this invention ; engaging to Paris, entitled “The Correspondence of disclose his process at an equitable price, Voltaire, and of Cardinal de Bernis, from as a compentation for the inuch trouble 1761, to 1777, as copied from their original and long labours he has undergone, to letters, with notes, &c. The editor is bring it to perfection.

Citizen BOURGOING, ci-devant Minister It appears from the French journals, of the Republic, at Madrid, and now that the rare and precious plants, culti- associate Member of the National Infti. vatel in the inclosures of the Museum of tute. The authenticity of the letters Natural History, have fuffered nothing cannot be contested, as the manuscripts from the rigour of the last winter. They are in the possession of the Chevalier are all in perfect vegetation, and many of AZARA, Ambassador of Spain to the them now in flower for the first time. French Republic, who, it appears, was Among these last, is a plant from Botany the friend and testamentary executor of Bay, the feeds of which were a present the Cardinal. In fact, the reader will from Sir Joseph Banks. It is leguininous eafily discern in them the impress of the and appears to belong to the genus of well-known character of Bernis, as well the glycina. It is remarkable for its con- as Voltaire's turn of wit, in the epistolary figuration, which is different from that kind. Of ninety letters in this collection, of all the plants of its family. Its two only have been printed before, in the Aowers are of an amethyst colour. The Correspondance generale de Voltaire, and fruit is yet expected, which will enable these are now printed again, to preserve the naturalists to determine the nature of tl.e correspondence of those two celebrated the plant with more precision.—The men entire.*The Cardinal de BERNIS solanum polygamum, brought from the was a brilliant poet, and possefled (as

Antilles, by Captain BAUDIN, has also these letters fhew) wit, talents, a critical produced its first flowers. The corolla judgment, a fine taste, and a high degree and the calyx,in lieu of being divided into of sound classical literature : in fine, he five parts, like all the other species of was a man of letters, worthy of a better this genus, present only four fe&tions. age. This new solanum, is a small fhrub of a pale green, garnished with reddish spines

* The Cardinal died at Rome in 1794, on the principal edging, (nervure.). that is to say, about sixteen years after Vol.

The Brucea dysenterica is an Abyssinian taire. He had resided in that city since 1769, fhrub, the bark of which is very success- under the character of Minister to the King, fully employed by the inhabitants, at the Court of Rome, and Protector of the against the dysentery. Mr. Bruce, churches of France. Previous to this he whose life had been faved by this plant, had heen Ambasador at Venice, Minister of during his travels, brought some feeds foreign affairs, disgraced according to custom,

then exiled, afterwards recalled, and made of it into France, and prelented them to the National Museum of Natural History. tion he was deprived of all his eclcefiastical

Archbishop of Alby. By the French revoluThese seeds being town, only one indi

revenues in France, and reduced to his vidual male came up, which the French archbishopric of Albano in Italy, the income botanists have confecrated to the memory of which was so moderate, that he accepted of Bruce. This individual has been since

a pension from the court of Spain, granted at multiplied by its Thoots, so that its pro- the request of M. the Chevalier Azara.

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1 2



( 487 )

From the 20th of May, to the 20th of June.

A considerable change in the state of the

No. of Cases. weather having taken place fince the last rePERIPNEUMONIA Notha

port, the number of diseases depending upon Intermittent Fever

it has been diminished. The wind, lowever, Typhus Mitior

4 still continuing to blow from the East and Scarlatina

North East, complaints of the chest still conOphthalmia

tinue to harass many patients ; though the Acute Rheumatism

number of recent instances is much smaller. CHRONIC DISEASES.

Cases of ophthalmia, a disease particularly Cough

6 noticed in the last month, are still numerous, Dyspnea

3 owing probably to the state of the weather Cough and Dyspnea

7 just referred to. Phthifis Pulmonalis

An instance of pyrosis having presented it. Hæmoptoe

3 felf, and it being a disease of rare occurrence, Hoarseness

we embrace the opportunity of taking some Pleurodync

notice of it. This disease, though in some Hydrothorax

of its symptoms it bears a near resemblance Ascites

3 to other morbid affections of the stomach, as Analarca

dyspepsia, gaftrodynia, cardialgia, is particuOphthalmia

I larly characterized by the frequent eructaCephalalgia


tion of a watery insipid fluid, on which acHemicrania

count it is distinguished in Scotland by the Paralyfis

name Water Brash. This eructation is geHemiplegia

nerally preceded by pain in the region of the Epistaxis

organ, accompanied with a sense of stricture, Gastrodynia

7 which has occasioned its being ranked by noDyspepsia

6 fologists amongst spasmodic diseases. This Vomitus

3 complaint, in some instances, returns perioPyrofis

I dically, and generally in them orning or fore. Enterodynia

4 noon,

when the stomach is empty. The Procidentia Vaginæ

2 patient complains of pain, attended with a Hæmorrhois

3 sense of heat, fimilar to what is called the Diarrhea

heart-burn, the stomach is suddenly proObstipatio

3 voked to throw up its contents, and a thin Dysuria

watery fluid is discharged. Hysteria

4 It has been observed, that this disease more Hypochondriasis

3 frequently affects the female than the male, Palpitation of the Heart

and that a ftate of pregnancy renders the paTremor

tient more liable to the attack. It is comScrophula

4 monly found amongst the lower classes of Herpes

4 fociety, and has been attributed to a farinaTinea

3 ceous diet. In the instance referred to in the Chronic Rheumatisin

lift, there were symptoms of too liberal a Gout

use of spirituous liquors. PUERPERAL DISEASES,

As the pathology of the disease is not Menorrhagia lochialis

4 very well understood, so the properest mode Enuresis

of treatment has not been ascertained. Stranguria

3 The symptoms are palliated by the use of Mastodynia

7 opium.

Considerable effects have been atINFANTILÉ DISEASES.

tributed to the Nux Vomica; and it has been Convulsio

aflerted, that the chewing of tobacco bas Ophthalmia

3 proved beneficial. Aphtha

3 Herpetic Eruptions






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Enrolled in the Month of June. MĘ. Kert's FOR A NEW POWER. Mr. Kent proposes to substitute weight N the 5th of January, Mr. JOHN

or pressure for animal strength, and to Kent, architect of Southampton, apply it on the principle on which powers obtained the grant of a Patent for a new

are applied to the invented lever ; i. e. he method of applying power to effect a ro

applies the power which is intended to tatory motion,

raise the weight on one side of and near to




the fulcrum ; and the weight to be raised which it is to be performed. Hands or is aífixed to the extremity, and at the other liders are then to be adapted to the dialfide of the fulcrum.

plate thus marked, The plate, with For example, fuppose the line AB these hands, are to be fitted, after this to represent a lever ; C, the fulcrum; preparation, to the usual machinery of a B, the weight of one pound ; and D, watch or clock. The movement of the the weight or power or pressure of fix hands will indicate the time for the different pounds; then, it is obvious, if the length employmenis specified on the dial-plate, of the lever be divided into twelve parts, as it points, successively, to the hours and the distance CD be one of those which were marked for their performance. parts, that the weight at B will be ex- The hours for prayers, for dinner, for actly balanced or suspended by the prer- retireinent to rest, or from any other fimifare or power at D.

Jar office of life, may in this manner be D


indicated by the revolution of the hands in

Mr. Wood's invention. The machine с

may be fitted to tables, walls, doors, or Mr. Kent applies this principle to ro

any other piece of furniture. Not only the tatory motion, by conlidering the ful. diurnal talks of life, but those, also, which crum C, as the vertical axis or line of

recur after much longer intervals, may gravitation in a wheel; B, as the ex. be, in this manner, suggested to recollectremity of the horizontal diuineter, to tion. It is easy to perceive, that this conwhich' is affixed a rope appending a trivance, though, in truth, extremely simweight; and D a point in the periphery ple, may be happily applied to many imof the wheel upon which point a power is

portant and elegant ules. made to press 6 times as heavy as that of the weight at B.

MR. TENNANT'S, FOR A BLEACHING The mode he proposes by which to ap

LIQUOR. ply the pressure of D upon the wheel, On the 30th of April, a Patent was is by means of a circular axle, on the ex- granted to Mr. CHARLES TENNANT, tremities of which axle he affixes the neces- hleacher, of Darnley, near Glasgow, for fary power or pressure; the axle is turned a new and improved mode of bleaching by means of flies, vanes, or winches, and and removing colours from linen, cotton, being strongly prefed against the peri- and other vegetable and animal substances. phery of the wheel, it forces the wheel Mr. Tennant effects this purpose by round in an opposite direction to that of means of a dissolution in water of the the axle, and thereby raises the fufpended oxygenated muriates of lime, or of the weight.

oxygenated muriates calcareous Mr. Kent is very fanguine in respect to earth, barytes, frontites, or magnesia. the practical effe&t of this oblique pressure The earths are prepared in the dry on the peripheries of wheels. He con- way, by bringing them in a solid form, in ceives that a perpetual motion may be powder, or in paste, into contact with the effected by it, and that wheel carriages, oxygenated muriatic acid gas ; fo prepared, Thips, &c. may be moved forward by its they are dissolved in water, and then applied varied application.

to the substances required to be bleached. MR. WOOD's FOR A TIME-SETTER.

MR. SIMPSON'S, FOR A TOOTH DRAWON the twentieth Day of April last,


This instrument consists of claws of

Statuary, of Sloane-Square, in the Parish of St. Luke, various sizes, which adapt themselves to Chelsea, obtained a patent for the in- the shape of the teeth, and by the action vention of a tiine-retter.

of a spring, become firmly fixed to the In the construction of this time-set- neck of ihe tooth required to be drawn. ter, he takes a common ial.plate, such

The other parts of the instruments are as is used for watches or clocks. It may

a lever of polished steel affixed without the be round, square, oval, or of any other mouth in a tranverse iron handle; and fimilar figure.

He inscribes upon it the within the mouth in the top of the hours and minutes which mark the usual claw. Near to the inner extremity of divisions of the day. Next, considering the lever, and in it, is affixed a circular what particular round of daily employ. fulcrum, which by turning the lever raises ments it is wished to indicate, he infcribes the claw and the tooth with it. The also, the names of these upon the dial- circular fulcrum is made to rest on a plate; the name of each employment, at cushion which is carefuily adapted to the the numerals of the hour and minute at state of the adjoining teeth.





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