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" What is the matter, indeed ? Love-making. That is the matter, Alice.”
“Charlotte ? "
" “My word! To hear you talk, one would think it was matterless how our girls married.”
“It is never matterless how any girl marries, squire; and our Charlotte”
“Oh, I thought Charlotte was a child yet! How could I tell there was danger at Up-Hill? You ought to have looked better after your daughters. See that she doesn't go nearhand Latrigg's again.”
“I wouldn't be so foolish, William. It's a deal better not to notice. Make no words about it; and, if you don't like Stephen, send Charlotte away a bit. Half of young people's love-affairs is just because they are handy to each other.”
“. Like Stephen!' It more than a matter of liking, as you know very well. If Harry Sandal goes on as he has been going, there will be little enough left for the girls; and they must marry where money will not be wanted. More than that, I've been thinking of brother Tom's boy for one of them. Eh? What?”
You mean, you have been writing to Tom about a marriage ? I would have been above a thing like that, William. I suppose you did it to please your mother. She always did hanker after Tom, and she always did dislike the Latriggs. I have heard that when people were in the grave they 'ceased from troubling,' but”
“I meant no harm, squire, I'm sure; and I would not say wrong of the dead for anything, specially of your mother; but I think about my own girls.”
* There, now, Alice, don't whimper and cry. I am not going to harm your girls, not I. Only mother was promised that Tom's son should have the first chance for their favour. I'm sure there's nothing amiss in that. Eh?”
“A young man born in a foreign country among blacks, or very near blacks. And nobody knows who his mother was.”
"Oh, yes! his mother was a judge's daughter, and she had a deal of money. Her son has been well done to; sent to the very best German and French schools, and now he is at Oxford. I dare say he is a very good young man, and at any rate he is the only Sandal of this generation except our own boy."
" Your sisters have sons."
“Yes, Mary has three: they are Lockerbys. Elizabeth has two: they are Piersons. My poor brother Launcie was drowned, and never had son or daughter; so that Tom's Julius is the nearest blood we have.”
“ Julius! I never heard tell of such a name." “ Yes, it is a silly kind of a foreign name. His mother is called
Julia: I suppose that is how it comes. No Sandal was ever called such a name before, but the young man mustn't be blamed for his godfather's foolishness, Alice. Eh? "
" I'm not so unjust. Poor Launcie! I saw him once in Kendal. Are you sure he was drowned ?”
“I followed him to Whitehaven, and found out that he had gone away in a ship that never came home. Mother and Launcie were in bad bread when he left, and she never fretted for him as she did for Tom.”
“Why did you not tell me all this before ? ”
“I said to myself, there's time enough yet to be planning husbands for girls that haven't a thought of the kind. We were very happy with them; I couldn't bear to break things up; and I never once feared about Steve Latrigg, not I."
“What does your brother and his wife say ? ”
“ Tom is with me. As for his wife, I know nothing of her, and she knows nothing of us. She has been in England a good many times, but she never said she would like to come and see us, and my mother never wanted to see her; so there wasn't a compliment wasted, you see. Eh? What?”
No, I don't see, William. All about it is in a muddle, and I must say I never heard tell of such ways. It is like offering your own flesh and blood for sale. And to people who want nothing to do with us. I'm astonished at you, squire.”
Don't go on so, Alice. Tom and I never had any falling out. He just got out of the way of writing. He likes India, and he had his own reasons for not liking England in any shape you could offer England to him. There's no back reckonings between Tom and me, and he'll be glad for Julius to come to his own people. We will ask Julius to Sandal; and you say, yourself, that the half of young folks' loving is in being handy to each other. Eh? What?”
“I never thought you would bring my words up that way. But I'll tell you one thing, my girls are not made of melted wax, William.”
Sandal smiled a little, and walked away, with what his wife privately called "a peacocky air," saying something about “Greek meeting Greek” as he did so. Mrs. Sandal did not in the least understand him: she wondered a little over the remark, and then dismissed it as “some of the squire's foolishness."
How many times, since o'er Judea's plains
The angels' anthem sounded full and clear,
Have told the story to our hearts so dear.
Join in the chorus grand sent up to heaven ;
- Amy Purkinson.
Current Topies and Events.
SHALL WE INSURE Our Own not insure with the purpose of burning CHURCHES?
their buildingsand getting the insurance
therefor. A Church Insurance Com. As reported at the last General pany would find its risks so isolated Conference, the value of our church and widely scattered that no great fire and parsonage property was about or sweeping « alamity could materially $11,000,000, an increase of $1,800,000 affect its solvency. in the quadrennium.
It is now
“The cost of running such a company, probably not less than $12,000,000 as compared with the ordinary fire or $13.000,000 worth. This property companies (from thirty-five to fifty per was insured in 1890 for $4,425,000, a
cent, for local agencies, advertising, little over one-third its value.' That etc.), is very inconsiderable, not more
than from five to ten per cent. Such means, we suppose, that a good deal of it was fairly well insured, perhaps or canvassers or advertising; it would do
a company would not need local agents one-half or two-thirds its value, business directly with the local Board while a good deal was not insured at of Trustees. all. It is highly desirable that the “Is the plan feasible? We have whole of this property should have practical examples before us. The a reasonable amount of insurance, Wesleyan Methodist Trust Assurance certainly not less than one-half its Company of Manchester, England, has value, better fully two-thirds. This been in existence since 1873. The would make the very large amount of secretary, in his 1890 report, covering about $8,000,000 insurance. Scarcely
a period of eighteen years, says that any of this is insured, we think, for the total income from premiums and
interest amounts to £76,216, while the less than one-quarter of one per cent.
losses for the same period were only per annum, which on $8,000,000 £16,627, or a little less than twe, ty-two would amount to $20,000 a year.
It acquired a total reserve The question arises whether the of £38,250, besides granting to the Methodist Church might not with worn-out Ministers' Fund, £3, 100. This advantage insure its own church and is truly a magnificent showing. Can parsonage property with the benefit we not come within gunshot of our of securing a larger amount and British brethren in a business matter better distribution of insurance over
of this kind ? the various properties and at a
“If our Wesleyan brethren can make lower rate than the stock companies such a showing in their 'pent-up Utica, of the country offer. The question surrounded with sharp competition and
at low rates of interest, we certainly of church insurance occupied the attention of the late Methodist ought to do at least as well. Their
successought toinspire our undertaking. Episcopal General Conference at
“Our German Methodist brethren Omaha. The bishops were instructed have a Mutual Insurance Company for to make arrangements for the organi- insuring their church and parsonage zation of a company for the insurance property. The secretary recently of church property. The question reported the cost of insuring on the is fully discussed in a late issue of the mutual plan for nine years at only $1.65 Western Christian Adrocate, from
on $100 of insurance. which we make the following extracts:
“ The objection raised about the
Church going into secular business,’and “The question arises, Is such an “if it insures its own church property organization both desirable and feas. its enemies will burn it,' etc., scarcely ible! Can reliable insurance be thus needs a passing notice. Is it secular to secured at lower rates than at present? insure a church, and not secular to Let us consider some of the points build one and run one? Does not the involved.
State protect our property as well as " The moral risk in insurance is an our lives? important element. This is eliminated “ As to the kind of company, we io church insurance, for churches do prefer the niutual to the stock company have proved themselves to be disIt was the cruel austerity of these tinctly assinine." savage critics that broke the heart of It is sometimes thought that all Keats, one of the sweetest singers that is necessary for the rôle of who ever warbled the English tongue, critic is to be able to find fault ; and sent him to die at Rome. Few indeed, the very word “critic" has, things are more pitiful than the in popular phrase, come to mean words engraven on his tomb, “Here “fault-finding On the contrary, lies one whose name was writ in the word—from krites, a judge or water. It was the carping and discerner-means a person skilled in mousing fault-finding of such men discovering the beauties as well as that did much to force Byron and the faults of writing. Any fool can Shelley into their revolt against the find fault, but it really requires skill conventions of morals and religion, to discover hidden merits. In young adding bitterness to the misanthropy writers the faults lie on the very of the writer of the “ British Bards surface, that any daw may peck at, and Scotch Reviewers."
plan, for the reason that then the cost Alfred Tennyson had been made of of insurance will be kept at the mini- softer material they would have mum. Should the stock plan be silenced him. As it was, for ten adopted, the absorbing desire of making long years after the publication of money--no matter how carefully the his first book he remained mute. At earnings might be devoted to benevolent ends-would be apt to kindle the fires length he burst upon England with
the majestic blank verse of “Morte of commercial ambition, which are always a menace to the spirituality of
d'Arthur,' with the passion of the Church."
“Locksley Hall,” with the sweet The experiment of the Methodist beauty of “Dora,” “The Gardener's Episcopal Church of the United States Daughter,” the depth and intensity will be watched with much interest
of “ The Two Voices,” and “The
Vision of Sin”-and the critics were and if it be as successful as its
at his feet. promoters anticipate, it will doubtless be a strong argument for the in
An amusing book could be written upon
the mistakes of the critics. auguration of a similar kind of church
We doubt not Homer was carped on insurance in this country.
in his day. Dante was driven into
exile ; the Bard of Avon was decried THE FUNCTION OF CRITICISM.
and defamed. Milton's immortal A great change has taken place in poem sold for £15. Of Wordsworth's the methods of criticism, especially noble verse, the sage Gifford reof literary criticism of young authors marked,
- This will never do. and fledgling poets. Fifty years ago Crusty Christopher North denounced the Critics (spelled with a big “C” Tennyson's first dainty lyrics as if you please), were frightful ogres "dismal drivel,” and winding up his who delighted to make a meal of a remarks on the song entitled “The young poet, and seemed to delight Owl," he said, “Alfred himself is the in crunching his bones. To quote greatest owl. Ali he wants is to be the words of Dr. Va yke "T'heir shot, stuffed and stuck in a glass case mighty Highnesses, the Reviewers, to be immortal in a museum. seated on their lofty thrones, weighed To quote again from Mr. Vandyke, the pretentions of all new-comers “The critics of a great poet are often into their realm with adamantine like a man coming upon what appears severity. In those days of Herod the to be a dead lion in the forest. He King, it was either accolade or de. may prove to be not dead, but only capitation. Many an innocent had sleeping. Many an unwary critic the terrible Gifford slaughtered, and has thus been unexpectedly surprised, many more like, Willson, Croker and notably Drs. Johnson and Bentley, Lochart, well understood the art of who, roaring over Milton's mistakes, speedy dispatch.
while the merits are often partially These bull-dog critics did their concealed. best to worry the life out of timid Few men did more to supersede hares like Kirke White, and if the old and cynical criticism with the
new and more genial type than the ficiencies, dwelling solely upon these Rev. George Giltillan, a Scotch coun- with evident gusto. One may carry try parson, yet a of broad this temper of displacency into the insight and keen, poetic appreciation. walks of nature, and so find only He had the good luck, or good judg- reasons for objection and contempt ment, to discover and introduce to amid all the magniticence of the the world of letters a number of world. Instead of realizing nature young writers who have since become as a paradise of picturesque views, famous in their way-Alexander laughing brooks, flowery paths, the Smith, Sydney Dobell, Philip James superfine find only rain, gnats, dirt, Bailey, Arthur Clough, and others of and toil. And many take this unthe minor poets.
gracious spirit into society, sneering In this democratic age the people at most things, and often picking are the true critics, and they pass holes in gold and purple robes as if their verdicts with serene indiffer- they were shoddy. They ostracize ence as to the judgment of the great and vilify right and left; they gods of Olympus. A young writer, resemble the dragon-flies, which if he have merit, will find his way chase and pull down every fly, moth, into the magazines and literary or butterfly they come across, someorgans in the country. If he hare times rending the delicate creatures merit, he wins name and fame and and eating them, but frequently fortune, too, and can snap his fingers killing for killing's sake. at the critic, before whom the poor “How truly desirable it is that we poets of Grub Street used to tremble. should chasten our disposition toward
fault-finding, and cultivate SYMPATHY ESSENTIAL TO INTELLIGENT
warm and catholic sympathies. We CRITICISM.
feel persuaded that the progress of Referring to these captious critics, civilization will discourage hyperthe Methodist Recorder says :
criticism, and more and more show “Their view is so partial, their that sympathy is in all directions the spirit so carping, their language so secret of life. Sympathy gives to cavilling, that things of considerable our nature largeness and nobleness ; and indisputable excellence fail to springing from what is best in us, in secure their commendation. They turn it confirms and develops the seem quite incapable of sympathy and best. If we desire to secure for our praise; they find spots in the sun, and soul the most liberal education, we reprobate most other things as spots must beware of coldness, narrowness, only. Literature is dealt with in this bitterness. We must know how to morbid mood. Mr. Kipling tells us admire ; we must know how to wonthat the monkey has a passion for der ; we must know how to praise ; picking things to pieces. A power and we must be free to discover and or a fragile toy will amuse a monkey appreciate truth, beauty, greatness, for a long time. The bird that falls goodness, wherever they may be into its hands will not be released found. How greatly will this entill the monkey has plucked off every hance the joy of life! Catholic feather. Many critics of literature, tastes, cordial sympathies, hearty with their endless exceptions and benisons, are signs of a superior strictures, remind us of the long. soul, and
of boundless tailed analyzer dissecting sweet pleasure. Adolescence, ignorance, flower, or lovely bird! They "cut Îittleness,
pride, up' what, in fact, they are ludicrous- grudging in sympathy, wonder, and ly incapable of appreciating and homage, and so miss the deepest, enjoying.
fullest and most delicate satisfactions * Multitudes oi art critics must of life." be placed in the same category.
A picture is often admirable in spite of
PAGAN POETRY. great defects, it is great and valuable It is grandly true that the greatest by virtue of positive qualities clear poets of the English language, to the discerning eye, but the super- Milton, Wordsworth, Browning, cilious discover its faults and de- Tennyson, Bryant, Longfellow and