A Theologico-Political Treatise, and a Political Treatise

Portada
Cosimo, Inc., 2005 M12 1 - 428 páginas
If men's minds were as easily controlled as their tongues, every king would sit safely on his throne, and government by compulsion would cease; for every subject would shape his life according to the intentions of his rulers, and would esteem a thing as true or false, good or evil, just or unjust, in obedience with their dictates.-from "That in a Free State Every Man May Thing What He Likes, and Say What He Thinks"An early voice calling for reason as the ruler of the human mind, and a man with, at best, a Deistic outlook on religion, Spinoza is perhaps the first truly modern philosopher. He is certainly the first modern critic of the Bible. His devoted adherents include many great names of 19th-century literature: Goethe, Coleridge, Shelley, and George Eliot were deeply swayed by his writing; in the 20th century, Albert Einstein claimed Spinoza's deterministic outlook as an abiding influence; understanding the writings of all these figures is greatly enhanced by an appreciation of Spinoza. In Theologico-Political Treatise, first published anonymously in 1670, Spinoza rails against religious intolerance and calls for governments to be entirely secular. His Political Treatise, unfinished at his death, was published only posthumously, and deals with democratic government. Dutch philosopher BENEDICT DE SPINOZA (1632-1677), alternately and paradoxically known as "the best Jew" and "the best atheist," is best known for his Ethics.
 

Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario

LibraryThing Review

Crítica de los usuarios  - iSatyajeet - LibraryThing

One quote review. An excerpt from the book: "The affirmations and the negations of 'God' always involve necessity or truth; so that, for example, if God said to Adam that He did not wish him to eat of ... Leer comentario completo

LibraryThing Review

Crítica de los usuarios  - iSatyajeet - LibraryThing

One quote review. An excerpt from the book: "The affirmations and the negations of 'God' always involve necessity or truth; so that, for example, if God said to Adam that He did not wish him to eat of ... Leer comentario completo

Páginas seleccionadas

Contenido

XVII
13
XVIII
27
XIX
43
XX
57
XXI
69
XXII
81
XXIII
98
XXIV
120
XXXV
245
XXXVI
257
XXXVII
267
XXXVIII
279
XXXIX
281
XL
287
XLI
291
XLII
301

XXV
133
XXVI
146
XXVII
157
XXVIII
165
XXIX
175
XXX
182
XXXI
190
XXXII
200
XXXIII
214
XXXIV
237
XLIII
309
XLIV
313
XLV
316
XLVI
327
XLVII
345
XLVIII
370
XLIX
378
L
385
Derechos de autor

Otras ediciones - Ver todas

Términos y frases comunes

Pasajes populares

Página 40 - And at what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it ; if it do evil in my sight, that it obey not my voice, then I will repent of the good, wherewith I said I would benefit them.
Página 15 - And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Página 35 - And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous, I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.
Página 52 - For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight : is it not in that thou goest with us ? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.
Página 53 - Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the Oracles of God.
Página 18 - If there be a prophet among you, I the Lord will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house. With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches ; and the similitude of the Lord shall he behold ; wherefore, then, were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?
Página 51 - For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.

Acerca del autor (2005)

Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous.

Información bibliográfica