Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][merged small]

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, BUREAU OF STATISTICS,

Washington, D. C., August 1, 190 Sir: I have the honor to submit to you, in accordance with the requirements of section 336 of the R Statutes, the following report upon the foreign commerce of the United States for the year ending June 30, Very respectfully,

0. P. AUSTIN,

Chief of Burear Hon. LESLIE M. SHAW,

Secretary of the Treasury.

ANNUAL REVIEW OF FOREIGN COMMERCE OF UNITED STATES, 19

The foreign commerce of the United States in the fiscal year 1903 was the largest in the history country. The imports and exports combined aggregated $2,445,860,916, against $2,285,010,349 in $2,310,937,156 in 1901, and $2,244,424,266 in 1900. Prior to 1900 the aggregate of imports and expo never reached two billions, and it was not until 1872 that the aggregate of imports and exports reac. much as one billion dollars.

[blocks in formation]

The following table shows the total imports and total exports of merchandise and the total of imports a exports combined at each decennial year from 1800 to 1900 and annually since that date:

[blocks in formation]

An especially striking feature of the foreign commerce of the year was a large increase in imports. Exports grew from $1,381,719,401 in 1902 to $1,420,141,679 in 1903, an increase of $38,422,278; imports grew from $903,320,948 in 1902 to $1,025,719,237 in 1903, an increase of $122,398,289. The total of imports in 1903 for the first time exceeded one billion dollars. The increase was chiefly in materials for use in manufacturing.

[ocr errors]

EXPORTS OF THE YEAR.

In exports agricultural products show an increase of $21,857,260, the total for 1903 being $873,322,882, against $851,465,622 in 1902; manufactures show an increase of $3,884,758, being $407,526,159 in 1903, against $403,641,401 in 1902; the products of the forest show an increase of $9,647,235, being for the year $57,835,896, against $48,188,661 in 1902. Agricultural exports were greater in value than in any preceding year except 1901, and manufactures were greater in value than in any preceding year except 1900 and 1901. The total value of manufactures exported falls $3,406,365 below that of 1901, and $26,325,597 below that of 1900.

This reduction in the exports of manufactures is evidently due to the increased home demand, since the records of domestic production in all the great articles entering into manufacturing and the activities in the various manufacturing industries indicate a greater home production of manufactures in the fiscal year 1903 than in any preceding year. The production of pig iron—a measure of activity in manufacturing-was, in the calendar year 1902, 17,821,307 tons, against 15,878,354 tons in 1901 and 13,782,242 tons in 1900, while in other lines of manufacturing and the production of the great articles used in manufacturing the records of the year indicated a greater activity than in any preceding year. The further fact that importations of materials for use in manufacturing in the fiscal year 1903 were much greater than in any preceding year indicates that the production of manufactures was much greater than in any former year, and the slight reduction in exports, therefore, is due to increased home consumption and not to any reduction of activity in the manufacturing industries.

The tables which follow present an analysis of the foreign commerce of the United States in 1903 compared with preceding years, viz:

IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION. The following table summarizes, by groups, and according to the material and uses, the imports for consumption from 1900 to 1903.

SUMMARY OF IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION, BY GROUPS, ACCORDING TO MATERIAL AND USES, DURING 1900, 1901, 1902, AND 1903.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

FREE OF DUTY:

Articles of food, and animals...
Articles in a crude condition which enter into the vari-

ous processes of domestic industry....
Articles wholly or partially manufactured for use as

materials in the manufactures and mechanic arts..... Articles manufactured ready for consumption Articles of voluntary use, luxuries, etc..

Total free of duty....
DUTIABLE:

Articles of food, and animals....
Articles in a crude condition which enter into the vari-

ous processes of domestic industry.....
Articles wholly or partially manufactured for use as

materials in the manufactures and mechanic arts. Articles manufactured ready for consumption Articles of voluntary use, luxuries, etc

Total dutiable.....
FREE AND DUTIABLE:

Articles of food, and animals....
Articles in a crude condition which enter into the vari-

ous processes of domestic industry.....
Articles wholly or partially manufactured for use as

materials in the manufactures and mechanic arts. Articles manufactured ready for consumption . Articles of voluntary use, luxuries, etc.

Total imports of merchandise

[blocks in formation]

Per cent of free....

[blocks in formation]

Duties collected on merchandisea..

228, 361, 556

232, 641, 500

250, 550, 428

279, 789,011

a The duty here given is exclusive of penal duties on account of undervaluations and duties equivalent to internal-revenue tax.

IMPORTS OF MANUFACTURERS' MATERIALS.

a

The tables which follow show the importation of articles for use in manufacturing in 1903 compared w earlier years, showing, where practicable, quantities as well as values. It will be seen that while the figures value show a marked increase in practically all cases, those of quantities show in many cases a much grea increase, owing to the fact that prices are in many cases much less than in earlier years. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL ARTICLES INCLUDED IN THE CLASS “ARTICLES IN A CRUDE CONDITION WHICH ENTER INTO

VARIOUS PROCESSES OF DOMESTIC INDUSTRY,” AT QUINQUENNIAL PERIODS FROM 1880 to 1900, AND IN 1901, 1902, AND 1903.

[blocks in formation]

spounds.. 873, 526 Bristles.

788, 904 1,036, 603 1,506,503 2,468,328 1,593, 908 2,031, 853

dollars.. 923, 024 941, 039 1,061, 531 1,436, 424 2, 109, 994 1,634,546 2,011, 267 Chemicals, drugs, and dyes

..dollars.. 17,371, 370 14,724, 605 17, 461, 942 16, 137, 509 18,544, 347 17,519, 779 19,818, 689
(tong...

484, 409 845,914 Coal and coke

a 980,798 a 1, 360, 959 1,767, 775 2,046, 825 2,022, 594 Idollars.. 1,627, 245 2,717, 781 3, 331, 483 4,141,004 4,696, 856 5,682, 470 5,660, 174

spounds.. 5,301, 036 4,037, 124 4,577,765 22, 746, 156 225, 617,831 Copper, unmanufactured ......

238, 722, 913 291,540, 286 dollars.. 808, 266 372, 910

316, 621

709, 946 15, 107, 714 20, 223, 611 24,865, 301 Cork wood, or cork bark, unmanufactured. dollars.. 658, 830 879, 243 1,213,876 1,049, 073 1,416, 423 1, 727,921 1, 815, 723 Cotton, unmanufactured and waste......

{pounds.. 3,580, 433 5,660, 541 8, 407, 160 52, 219, 740 75,536,863 62, 837, 811 112, 724, 449
Idollars.. 591, 886 979, 861 1, 393,071 4,820, 252 8,205,552 6,974, 159 12, 277, 900

stons..... (b) Fertilizers

143,370 126, 979 157, 308 253, 554

288, 703

366, 465 dollars..

616, 128 1, 488,094 1,249, 727 1,092, 146 1,687, 661 2,092, 195 2, 402, 221

(tons..... 118, 024 168, 213 149, 129 Fibers, vegetable, and textile grasses.....

237, 467 242,963 239, 991 305, 681 Idollars.. 9,004, 140 12, 312, 306 20,179,543 13, 312, 171 26,336,591 22, 914, 665 31,526, 674 Furs and fur skins, undressed

..dollars..

2, 601, 514 1,854, 503 2, 158, 462 3,316, 923 6,651, 647 6,240, 085 9,772, 174 Spounds..

04,714, 281 c9, 204,000 c 19, 889, 554 Hair

c 9,403, 254 c 18,624, 451 c 14, 111, 069 16,653, 175 Idollars .. 1,617, 324 1,675, 166 2,954, 859 1, 195, 728 2,534, 663 1, 643, 933 2,011,884 Hide cuttings, raw, and other glue stock....dollars.. 302, 929 321, 137 318, 600 266, 813 1,207,572 1,055, 788 682, 414

(pounds.. ()

(b)

(0) d 232, 555, 870 0 337,966, 271 a 272,980, 370 Hides and skins, other than fur skins

327, 463,597 dollars.. 29,885, 178 20,599, 132 21, 801, 140 26, 238,897 56, 709, 784 48, 474,243 58, 250, 838

spounds.. 16,844, 929 24, 213, 140 33, 832, 932 India rubber and gutta-percha, crude....

43,063, 943 77,534, 432 80,037, 885 90,686, 558 Idollars.. 9,608,533 9, 105, 256 14, 854,512 18,537, 722 33,011, 534 29, 825, 235 27,094, 622

(pounds.. (5) 1, 335, 987, 520 3,007, 427, 942 Iron and steel, unmanufactured..

745, 143, 873 2, 342, 924, 531 1,838, 460, 445 3,414, 142, 795
(dollars..
26,951, 282 4, 903, 675 8,091, 317 1,976, 229 5,468, 157

3, 802,584 9,966, 618
Spounds.. (6)

8, 458,013 5, 265, 331 8, 309, 488 Ivory, not sawed, animal and vegetable...

16,389, 812 13,958, 116 15, 137, 315
(dollars.. 1, 181, 964 692, 862 909,582 859, 153 1,049, 034 1,021, 968 1, 151, 836
(tons....

(6)
(6)
(0)

(e) Manganese, ore and oxide of ......

333, 970
134,582

208, 634
dollars.. (1)

(b)
(6)

(e)

2,695, 211 1, 163, 971 1,784, 120
(tons.....

(6)
(0)

(1) Ores: Emery, nickel, sulphur,andchromic.

198, 490 389, 373 421,171 493, 271
dollars..

353, 139
524,211 8,041, 086

1,380, 499 2,818,798 3,025, 682 3, 660, 966
spounds.. | 242, 140, 791 | 271, 931, 435 1 269, 343, 414 $ 225, 038, 058 142,011, 162
Paper stock, crude.....

134,596, 507 157,012, 357 dollars.. 7,151, 657 5,812,028 5, 259, 545 3,830, 123 3, 261, 407 2, 186,647 2,756, 659 Plants, trees, shrubs, and vines (nursery stock)....

..dollars..

129, 382

202, 109 359,567 863, 463 971, 004 1,143, 315 1, 163, 317 Spounds..

2, 612

5,649 Platinum, unmanufactured

4,036
7,547
6,760

6,823
dollars.. 217, 141 285, 239

707, 343

522, 621 1,769, 502 1,646, 215 1,884, 227 Seeds

dollars.. 3,241, 328 4,427,548 4,025, 410 6, 282, 171 1,782,573 4,071, 828 3,052,838

spounds.. 92,562, 246 Silk, unmanufactured...

04, 317, 871 7, 227, 915 9, 331, 867 13,088, 314 10,496, 636 14, 126, 228 (dollars.. 13, 810, 847 12, 925, 362 24, 385, 907 22,630, 859 45, 329, 408 30,051, 937 42, 631, 615

(pounds.. 32,480, 784 Tin in bars, blocks, pigs, etc.

23, 947,523 34,993, 090

49, 873, 534 70, 191, 131 73,094, 487 79, 411, 502 dollars.. 6,153, 006 4,263, 447 6,898, 909 7, 152, 590 19, 111, 491 19, 806, 192 19, 463, 736 Wood

.dollars.. 2, 631, 307 3,092, 280 3,545, 370 4,518, 267 8,329, 651 8,441, 161 9,528, 390

(pounds.. 100,661,586 Wool, hair of the camel, goat, alpaca, etc..

68,935, 692 114,887, 371 279, 754, 341 128,566, 400 125, 313, 012 160, 724, 881 dollars..

18, 194,569 9,797, 786 18, 202, 773 34,658, 349 15, 112, 203 16, 148, 940 18, 466, 122 All other articles in crude condition .dollars.. 4, 390, 884 4,681, 729 9,677, 336 11, 313, 586 13, 372, 256 12, 182, 441 14,776, 182 Total crude........

160,055, 876 119, 609, 342 178, 435, 512 187, 482, 743 299, 351, 033 270,952, 266 328, 506,597

2,96€ 2,580 23,349

4,077 12,518 721, 19 20,81

1,73 98,689 11,778

457 3,081

298 34,433

8,798 c 18,590 2,743

837 318,070 58,001 94,001

32,52 5,622,590

30,92 17,733 1,390

175 1,523

3,319 189, 220

3,009

1,373

(b)

1,962 2,816 15, 172 50,012 35,017 23,618 11,710 129,982 21, 355 17, 274

383, 631,

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The value of “articles in a crude condition which enter into the various processes of domestic industry imported in the fiscal year 1903 was $383,634,293, against $328,506,597 in 1902, the year of the largest imports this class of materials prior to 1903. The increase in importation of “ articles in a crude condition for use manufacturing” has been very rapid in recent years. Prior to 1893 the total of this class of importations h: never reached as much as $200,000,000, and had never reached $300,000,000 until 1902, when the total, as abo indicated, was $328,506,597. In 1903 the total was $383,634,293, an increase of $55,127,696 over 1902. T

T “articles wholly or partially manufactured for use as materials in the manufactures and mechanic arts” in 1903 ai.

« AnteriorContinuar »