Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES IN ITS MATERIAL INDUSTRIES.

[ocr errors]

The accompanying series of tables, entitled “Progress of the United States in its material indus has been prepared with the purpose of showing the development in the principal industries and bu enterprises of the United States during the century, and for the further purpose of providing a ready a to the numerous inquiries which reach the Bureau of Statistics upon this subject. The rapid progr production, manufacture, and distribution of the great articles entering into internal and foreign comr the large increase in the amount of money in circulation and deposits in banks of various classes, the increase in imports and exports of the principal articles which enter into our foreign commerce, and the enlargement of production in agriculture, manufacture, and mining have led to unexampled demands up Bureau for information upon these subjects. In the tables which follow the statistics of area, population, w public debt, and interest charge, gold and silver produced, coined, and in circulation, bank deposits, fo commerce, production of agriculture, farm animals, the principal cereals, minerals, and manufactures are sł at decennial periods from 1800 to 1900, and annually, where possible, from 1850 to 1903. These figures, cov the century by decades and the last half of the century by yearly statements regarding more than 100 ar or groups of articles, present to the eye a picture of the general development of the United States and ready facility for determining conditions in any of these great factors at any given date that may be desire

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

.do..

[blocks in formation]

.do....

[blocks in formation]

do.

Area a

.square miles.. Population Population per square mile Wealth).

.dollars. Wealth per capita .

do.. Public debt, less cash in the Treasurya

.do.... Debt per capita, less cash in Treasury

.do.... Interest-bearing debt..

.do.. Annual interest charge. Interest per capita..

.do. Gold coined.

.do.... Silver coined

.do.. Gold in circulation

.do. Gold certificates in circulation

do. Silver in circulation,

.do. Silver certificates in circulation

do. United States notes reet eks) in circulation

do.. National-bank notes in circulation (October 31)

.do. Miscellaneous currency in circulation

.do. Total money in circulation.

do.. Per capita...

..do. National banks reporting nearest June 30.

.number.. National banks-capital

..dollars.. Bank clearings-New York. Total United States..

.do.. Deposits- National banks (individual).

.do.. Savings banks

.do... Depositors in savings banks.

.number.. Farms and larm property, value of

dollars.. Farm products, value of.

...do.... Manufacturing establishments..

number.. Manufactures in United States, value of.

..dollars.. Receipts-Net ordinary

.do.... Customs

.do. Internal revenue

do. Expenditures--Net ordinary

.do... War...

.do.. Navy

.do... Pensions.

.do Interest on public debt.

.do. Imports of merchandise

.do. Per capita....

.do. Exports of merchandise.

.do.. Per capita..

.do Imports-Silk, raw.

.pounds.. Rubber, crude

.do.... Tin plates... Iron and steel, and manufactures of

dollars. Exports-Iron and steel, and manufactures of..

.do. Agricultural products..

..do. Manufactures. Farm animals, total value.

.do. Cattle

number.. Horses

.do.. Sheep

.do.. Mules

.do. Swine.

.do. Production of gold

.dollars.. Silver

.do. Coal..

.tons.. Petroleum

-gallons.. Pig iron

.tons.. Stel

.do Tin plates.

-pounds.. Copper

.tons..

pounds.. Wheat

bushels.. Corn

.do.... Cotton..

..bales. Cane sugar

tons.. Sugar consumed

do.. Cotton taken by mills.

..bales.. Cotton exported

pounds.. Value

..dollars.. Railways in operation

.miles.. Passengers carried

number.. Freight carried 1 mile.

tons.. Freight rates per ton per mile.

.cents.. Passenger cars...

number.. Freight cars...

.do. American vessels-Built.

.tons.. Engaged in foreign trade

.do.... Engaged in domestic trade

do... Engaged in commerce of Great Lakes.

.do. Vessels passing through the Sault Ste. Marie Canal.

tonnage.. Rates on wheat, Chicago-New York-Lake and canal..cts. per bu.. Lake and rail.

.do.. All rail.

do.... Commercial failures-Number Amount of liabilities

dollars.. Post-offices

number.. Receipts of Post-Oflice Department.

.dollars.. Telegraph messages sent..

number.. Newspapers and periodicals published

.do.... Public schools, salaries paid in.

dollars.. Patents issued...

..number.. Immigrants arrived.

[blocks in formation]

do....

[blocks in formation]

a Exclusive of Alaska and islands belonging to the United States. o True valuation of real and personal property. c Estimated. dTotal debt prior to 1850. e Total specie in circulation.

Includes silver in circulation on Pacific coast. g See note g on page 43. h Imports for consumption after 1860. i Domestic exports only after 1800. 3 Includes mules.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

3, 025, 600 3, 025, 600 3,025, 600 3, 025, 600
31, 443,321

3, 025, 600 3,025, 600 3,025, 600 Arena
38, 558, 371 50, 155, 783

62, 622, 250 10.39

76, 303, 387 12.74

79,003, 000 16.57

80, 372,000 | Population.

20.70
16, 159, 616,000 30,068,518, 000 42, 642,000,000

25. 22
26.11

26.56 Population per square mile.
65,037,091,000 94,300,000,000
513. 93
779.83

Wealth.b
830.20
1,038,57

1, 235, 86
59,964, 102,01 2,331,169,936. 21 1,919,326,747.75 890, 781, 370.53 1,107,711,257. 89 969, 457, 241.04 925,011, 637. 31

Wealth per capita.
1.91
60.16

Public debt, less cash in the Treasury.
38. 27
14. 22

14.52 64, 640, 838

12. 27 2,016, 455, 722

11.51
1, 723,993, 100

Debt per capita, less cash in Treasury.
723, 313, 110
3, 443, 687

1,023, 478, 860 931,070, 310
118, 781,900

914,511, 410 Interest-bearing debt. 79,633, 981

29, 417, 603 11

33, 515, 130 27,512, 916 25,511, 573

Annual interest charge.
3.08
1.59
.47

35
23, 173, 654

. 32 Interest per capita.
23, 194, 788 62, 308, 279 20, 467, 183 99, 272, 913
2, 259, 390

47, 184, 933
1,378, 266

Gold coined,
27, 411,691 39, 202, 908 36, 315, 321 30,028, 167
€228, 301,775 $ 25,000,000

Silver coined.
225, 695, 779 374, 258, 923 610, 806, 472 632, 391, 289 617, 260, 789 Gold in circulation.

7,963, 900 130, $30, $59 200, 733, 019 306, 399, 009 377, 258, 559 Gold certificates in circulation.
68, 622, 315 110,311, 336 142, 050, 331 151, 468, 577 165, 117, 934 Silver in circulation.

5,789, 569 297,556, 238 408, 405, 574 446, 557, 602
321,962, 638

45+, 733, 013 Silver certificates in circulation.
327.895, 457 331, 688, 977 313, 971, 515 331, 291,722 331,218, 567
288, 618,081

United Sintes notes (greenbacks) in circulation
337, 415, 178 181, 601, 937 300, 115, 112
207, 102, 477

345, 476,516 399, 996, 709 National-bank notes in circulation. 36,602, 075

79, 008, 912 29, 802,776 435, 407, 252

19,076, 618 675, 212, 791

Miscellaneous currency in circulation.
973, 382, 228 1, 429, 251, 270 2,055, 150, 998
13. 85
17.50

2,249, 390,551 2,367,692, 169 Total money in circulation.
19.41
22.82
26.94
28. 43

29. 12
1,612

Per capita.
2,076
3,184
3,732

4,535
427, 235, 701

4,939 National banks reporting nearest June 30.
455, 909, 365 642, 073, 676 621,536, 461
7, 231, 143,057 27, 801,539, 406 37, 182, 128, 621

701, 990,554 743, 506,048 National banks-capital.
37, 660, 686,572 51,961, 55, 561 | 74, 753, 189, 136 70, 833, 655, 940 Bank clearings-New York.

58,815, 279, 505 81,582, 450, 0$1 115, 892, 198, 634 114,068, 837, 569
542, 261,563

Total United States.
833, 701, 031 1,521, 745, 665 2, 158, 092, 758 3,098, 875,772 3, 200,993,09
149, 277, 504 519, 874,358

Deposists-National banks (individual).
819, 106, 973 1,521, 814,506 2, 119, 517, 885
693, S70

2, 750, 177, 290
1,630, 816

2,935, 201, 845 Savings banks.
2, 335, 582 4, 238, 393 6, 107,083
7,980, 193,060

6,666, 672
8,914, 557,719 12,180, 501, 538 | 16, 082, 267, 689 20,511,001,88

7,305, 228 | Depositors in savings banks.
1,958, 030, 927 2,212, 510, 927

Farms and farm property, value of.
2, 160, 107, 434
140, 133

3,764,177, 706
252, 148

Farm products, value of.
203, 852
355, 115

512,731
1,885, 861,676 4, 232, 325, 412 5, 369, 579, 191

Manuacturing establishments.
9, 372, 137, 283
56,051, 600

13, 039, 279, 566
395, 959, 834

Manufactures in United States, value of. 333,526,501 403, 080, 983 567, 210, 832 53, 187,512

502, 478,233 191,539, 374

560, 396, 674 Receipts--Net ordinary. 180,522, 065

229,609,585 233, 161, 871
181, 899,756

251, 144, 705 284, 179, 582 Customs.
1244,009,374 142, 606, 706 295, 327,927 271, 820, 122 230, 810, 124 Internal revenue.
60,056, 755 161, 421, 507 119,090, 002 261, 637, 203 417,5 3, 158 412,082, 813
16, 472, 203 57, 655, 675

477,512, 658 Expenditures-Net ordinary.
38, 116, 916 41,582, 838 134,774, 768 112,272, 216
11,514, 650

118, 619,520 War.
21,780, 230 13, 536, 985 22,006, 206 55,953, 078
1, 100, 802

67,803, 128 82, 618,031
28, 310, 202

Navy.
56,777, 174 106,934, 855 140, 877, 316
3, 114, 121

138, 45*, 500 138, 425, C16 Pensions.
129, 237, 498 95, 757, 575 36,099, 281 40, 160,333
353, 616, 119

29, 108, 045 28,556, 319
435, 958, 408

Interest on public debt.
667,951, 716
789, 310, 409

849, 941, 184
11.25

903, 320,918
111.06

1,025, 719, 237 Imports of merchandise.
12. 51
12. 35
10. AS
11.39

12.51
333, 576,057 392, 771, 768

Per capita 835, 638, 658

857, 828,684 1,391, 183, 082 10.61

1,381, 719, 101
i 9.77

1, 420, 141, 679 | Exports of merchandise.
16.43
13.50
17. 96
17.16

17.32
583, 589 2,562, 236

Per capita.
7,347, 909 13,013, 714 14, 230, 708
9, 621,098

15, 270,600 Imports--Silk, raw.
16,826, 099 33, 842, 374 49, 377, 138 50, 413, 481 55, 010, 571
150, 932, 768

Rubber, crude.
379, 902, 880 680,060, 925 147, 963, 804 198, 996, 066 109, 913, 293
26, 158, 235 40, 273, 682

Tin plates.
71, 266, 699 41, 679, 591
5,703, 024

20, 478,728 27, 180, 247 51, 617, 312 Iron and steel, and manufactures of.
11,002, 902 12, 605,576 25, 512, 208 121, 913, 548
256, 560, 972

S8, 552, 562 96, 612, 467 361, 189, 183

Exports--Iron and steel, and manufactures of.
685, 961, 091 629, 820, SOS 835, 858, 123 851, 165, 622 873,322, 882
40,315, 982 68, 279,764

Agricultural products.
102, 856, 015 151, 102, 376 433, 851, 756 403, 611, 401 407,526, 159
1,089, 329, 915

Manufactures.
1, 822, 327, 377 1,576, 917,556 2, 418, 766,028
25, 616,019

2, 228, 123, 134 2,989, 170, 150 3, 102,515, 510
25,481, 100

Farm animals, total value.
33, 259,000 52, 801, 907 43, 902, 414
6, 219, 174

61, 124,599 61,761, 433 Cattle.
8, 248, 800 11, 201, 800 14, 213, 837
22, 471,275

13, 537, 524 16,531, 224
40, 853,000

16, 557, 373 Horses,
40, 765, 900 44,336, 072 41,883, 065
1, 151, 148

62, 039, 091
1,179,500

63,961, 876 1,729,500

Sheep. 2, 331, 027

2,086, 027 2, 757, 017
33, 512, 867

2, 728, 088 Mules.
26,751, 400 31,031, 100 51, 602, 780 37,079, 356 48,698, 890
46,000,000 50,000,000

46, 922, 624 Swine.
36,000,000

32, 845,000 79, 171,000 150,000

80,000,000
16,000,000

Production of gold.
39, 200,000 70, 465,000 74,533, 19.5
18,513, 123

71, 757, 575

Silver,
32, 863,000 63,822, 830 140, 866,931
m 21,000,000

240, 788, 238 269, 180, 668

Coal,
220,951, 290 1, 101,017, 166 1, 924, 552, 224 2,661, 233,568
821, 223

3,707,617, 020

Petroleum,
1,665, 179
3,835, 191
9, 202, 703 13,789, 242 17,821, 307

Pig iron.
68, 750
1, 247, 335 4,277,071 10,188, 329 14,917, 250

Steel
7,200

677,909, 600 819, 810,000

Tin plates.
12,600

27,000
115, 966
270,588

291, 423
60, 264, 913 162,000,000 232,500,000

Copper.
276,000,000 288, 636, 621 316,341,032
173, 101, 924

287, 450,000 Wool.
235, 884, 700 498, 519, 868 399,262,000 5292, 229,505
838, 792, 740

670,063, 008

Wheat. 1,091, 2.5, 000

637, 821, 835 1,717, 131, 513 1,489, 970,000 2, 105, 102, 516 2,523, 618, 312

Corn.
4,961, 292

2, 244, 176, 925
3, 114, 592
5,761, 252
7,311, 322
9,436, 416

10, 650, 680 10, 727, 559 Cotton.
190,010
46, 800
92, 802
136, 503
149, 191
310, 614

293, 397

Cane sugar. 956, 781

1,476, 377 2, 219, 817 979, 000

2,566, 108
857,000

2,519, 643 Sugar consumed.
1, 795,000 2, 325,000 3, 614,000
1,767, 686,338 958, 558, 523

4,083, 000

Cotton taken by mills.
1, 822,061, 114 2, 471, 799, 553 3, 100, 583, 188 3, 500, 778, 763 3,513, 043, 022 Cotton exported.
191, 806,555 227,074,624

211, 535, 905 250,968, 792 211, 832, 737
30, 626

290, 651, 819
52, 922

316, 180, 129 Value.
93, 262
166, 703
194, 334
203, 132

Railways in operation.
520, 439, 082 581,695, 935 655, 130, 236

Passengers carried.
79, 192, 985, 125 141, 162, 109, 113 156, 624, 166,021

Freight carried i mile.
93
75
76

Freight rates per ton per mile.
12, 788
21, 664
26,786
27, 364

Passenger cars.
544, 185 1, 099, 205

1,350, 258 1,503, 919
214,798

Freight cars.
276,953
157, 410
291, 122
393, 790

468, 833
2,516, 237

436, 132 American vessels-Built.
1,516, 800 1, 352, 810

916, 695
826, 691

882, 555
2, 807, 631

888, 776 Engaged in foreign trade.
2,729, 707
2,715, 221

3,477, 802
467, 774

4,338, 145 4,915, 347 5, 198, 569 Engaged in domestic trade.
684, 704
605, 102 1,063, 063 1,565, 587 1,816,511

1, 902, 698
403, 657

Engaged in commerce of Great Lakes. 690, 826 1,731, 890

8, 151, 435 22, 315, 831 24,83

31, 955, 582 27,736, 444 Vessels passing through the Sauit Ste. Marie Caaa 17.11 12.27 5.85 4.42

5.25 22

Rates on wheat, Chicago-N. York--Lake and cana.
15.7
8.5
5. 05
5.78

Lake and rail.
33.3
19.9
14.31
P9.98

10.60
3,676

All rail.
3, 516
4,735
10, 907

10,774
79, 807,000

11, 615

12,069
88, 242.000

Commercial failures-Number.
65,752, 000 189, 856, 964 138, 195, 673 117,476, 769
28, 198

155, 444, 185 Amount of liabilities.
28, 192
42, 989
62, 101

76, 688
8,518, 067

75, 924
19,772, 221

74, 169 Post-offices.
33, 315, 179 60, 882, 097 102, 351, 579 121, 818, 047
9. 157, 646

134, 224, 443 Receipts of Post-Office Department.
29, 215, 509

63, 258, 762 4,051

79, 696, 227 89, 461, 813
$5,871

Telegraph messages sent.
9,723
16,918
20, 806

20, 156
37, $32, 566 59,942, 972

20, 485 Newspapers and periodicals published.
4,778

91, 836, 484
137,687, 746
150,013, 734

Public schools, salaries paid in.
13, 333
13, 917
26, 292
26, 499

27, 886
150, 237

Patents issued.
u 387, 203

457, 257
455, 302
448, 572
618, 743

857,016 | Immigrants arrived.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

k Dr. Soetbeers' estimate averaged for the period.

i Pennsylvania anthracite shipments, 1820 to 1860. Entire coal product 1870 to 1901.

m In addition to this it is estimated that 10,000,000 barrels ran to waste in and
prior to 1862 for want of a market.

n 1845.
0 Andrew's Colonial and Lake Trade.

p For domestic consumption; local rate for export, 9.08 cents.
9 1810 to 1860, inclusive from census of 1880.
r 1828.
8 1870 to 1903, from Rowell's Newspaper Directory.
t 18:20 to 1850, total alien passengers arrived year ending Sept. 30.
u Years ending June 30 to date.

[blocks in formation]

1800... 1810.

..53

. 15

1820. 1830. 1810 1850. 1851. 1852. 1853.

15.68 15.77 15.62 15. 82 15. 62 15.70 15. 46 15.59 15. 33 15. 33 15. 38 15. 38 15. 27 15.38 15. 19

. 14

1851. 1855. 1856. 1857. 1858. 1859.

.06

15.29

. 16

15. 50

1860.. 1861. 1862. 1803. 1861. 1865.

1866.

1867. 1868. 1869 1870..

15.35 15.37 15.37 15. 44 15. 43 15.57 15. 59 15. 60 15.57 15. 57 15, 63 15. 93

1871.. 1872.

1873. 1874. 1875. 1876..

Sq. miles.

Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dolls.
827, 811 5, 308, 483
6.41

82,976, 294.35 15. 63
1,999, 775 7, 239, 881 3. 62

53, 173, 217.52 7.31
2,059, 013 9,658, 453
4.68

91,015, 566. 15 9.42
2,059, 013 12, 866, 020 6. 25

48, 565, 406.50 3. 77 2,059.013 17,069, 453 8. 29

3, 573, 343.82 .21 2,980, 959 23, 191, 876 7.78 7,135,780,000 307.69 63, 452, 773.55 2.74 2,980, 969 23, 995,000 8.05

68, 304, 796.02 2. 85 2,980, 959 24, 802, 000 8. 32

66, 199, 341.71 2.67 2,980,959 25, 615,000 8.59

59, 803, 117.70 2. 33 2,980, 959 26, 433,000 8.87

4:2, 242, 222.42 1.60 2,980, 959 27, 256, 000 9. 14

35, 586, 956.56 1.31 2,980,959 23,083, 000 9. 42

10,965, 953.01

1.14
2,980, 959 28,916,000 9. 70

9,998, 621.76 .99
2,980,959 29, 758,000
9.98

37,900,191. 72 1.51
2,980, 959 30,596,000 10. 26

53, 405, 234. 19 1.91 3,025, 600 31, 443,321 10.39

16,159,616,000 513.93 59,964, 402.01 1.91 3,025, 600 32,064,000 10.60

87, 718, 660.80 2.74 3,025, 600 32, 704,000 10.81

505, 312, 752. 17 15. 45 3, 025, 600 33, 365,000 11.03

1,111, 350, 737.41 33. 31 3, 025, 600 31,016,000 11.25

1, 709, 452, 277.04 50.21 3,025, 600 31,748,000 11.48

2,674, 815, 856.76 76.98 3,025.600 35, 469,000 11.72

2,636, 036, 163. 81 74.32 3,025, 600 36,211,000 11.97

2, 508, 151,211.69 69. 26 3,025, 600 36, 973,000 12. 22

2, 480. 853, 413. 23 67.10 3,025,000 37,756, 000 12. 48

2, 432, 771, 873,09 61. 43 3,025, 600 38,558, 371 12. 74 36,068,518,000 779.83 2,331, 169, 906. 21 60. 46 3,025, 600 39, 555, 000 13.07

2, 246, 994,068.67 56.81 3,025, 600 40, 596,000 13.00

2, 149, 780,530.35 52.96 3,025, 600 41, 677,000 13. 77

2, 105, 462, 060.75 50.52 3, 025, 600 42, 796, 000 14.14

2, 104, 119, 153.60 49.17 3,025, 600 43, 931,000 11.53

2,090,011, 170.13 47.53
3, 025, 600 45, 137,000 14.92

2,060, 925, 340.45 45. 66
3,025, 600 46, 353,000
15. 32

2,019, 275, 431.37 43.56
3, 025, 600 | 47,598,000 | 15.73

1,999, 382, 280.45 42.01 3,025, 600 48,856, 000 16.15

1,996, 414,905. 03 40.85 3, 025, 600 50 155, 783 16.57 42, 612,000,

000 850. 20

1,919, 326, 747.75 38, 27 3,025, 600 50, 316,000 16.96

1,819, 650, 151.23 35. 46 3,025, 600 52, 195,000 17.35

1,675, 623, 474. 25 31.91 3, 025, 600 53,693, 000 17.75

1,538, 781, 825. 15 28. 66 3,025, 600 54,911,000 18.15

1, 438, 512, 995. 39

26, 20 3,025, 600 56, 148,000 18.56

1, 375, 352, 443.91 21.50 3, 025, 600 57,401,000 18.97

1, 282, 145, 810.44 22. 34 3, 025, 600 58, 680,000 19. 39

1, 175, 168, 675. 42 20. 03
3,025, 600 59, 974,000 19.82

1,063,001,894. 73 17.72
3,025, 600 61, 289,000
20.26

975, 939, 750.22 15. 92
3,025, 600 62,622, 250
20.70 65,037,091,000 1,038. 57

890, 784, 370.53 14.22
3,025, 600 63, 814,000 21.10

851, 912, 751.78 13. 34
3,025, 600
65, 086,000 21.51

841, 526, 403.60 12.93
3,025, 600 66, 319,000 21.92

838, 969, 475.75

12. 64 3,025, 600 67, 632,000 22. 35

899, 313, 380.55 13. 30 3,025, 600 68,931, 000 22.78 177,000,000,000 1,117.01 901,672,966.74 13. 08 3, 025, 600 70, 254,000 23. 22

955, 297, 253. 70 13. 60 3,025, 600 71,392,000 23. 66

986, 656, 086.14 13.78 3,025, 600 72, 947,000 21.11

1,027, 085, 492. 14 14.08 3, 025, 600 | 74,318,000 24.56

1, 155, 320, 235, 19 15. 55 3, 025, 600 76, 303, 387

25. 22 194,300,000,000 1,235. 86 1, 107, 711, 257.89 14.52 3,025, 600 77,617,000 25. 66

1,014,739, 119.97 13. 45 3, 025, 600 79, 003, 000 26.11

969, 457, 241.04 12.27 3,025, 600 80, 372,000 26. 56

925,011, 637.31 11.51

Dollars. Dollars. Dolls.
82,976, 294 3, 402, 601 .64
53, 173, 218 3,163, 671
91,015, 566 5, 151, 004
48,565, 406 1,912, 575

3,573, 344 174, 598 01
63, 452, 774 3,782, 393 .16
68, 304, 796 3,696, 761 . 15
66, 199, 342 4,000, 298 .16
59, 803, 118 3,665, 833
42, 242, 222 3,070, 927 .12
35, 586, 957 2, 314, 465 .08
31, 762, 762 1,869, 446 .07
28, 460, 959 1,672, 768
44, 700, 838 2, 446, 670 .08
58, 290, 738 3, 126, 166 . 10
64, 640, 838 3,4-13, 687 .11
90, 380, 874 5,092, 630
365, 304, 827 22, 018, 510

.67
707,531, 634 41, 851, 148 1.25
1,359, 930, 764 78,853, 487 2. 32
2, 221, 311, 918 137, 742,617 3.96
2,332, 331, 208 146, 068, 196 4. 12
2, 248,067,388 | 138, 892, 451 3. 84
2, 202, 088, 728 128, 459,598 3. 48
2, 162,060,522 125,523,998 3.32
2,046, 455, 7:22 | 118,784, 960 3.08
1,934, 696,750 | 111,949, 331 2.83
1,814, 794, 100 103, 988, 403 2.56
1, 710, 483, 950 98,019, 801 2. 35
1, 738, 930, 750 98, 796, 005 2.31
1,722,676, 300 96,855, 691 2. 20
1,710, 685, 450 96, 104, 269 2. 11
1,711, 688,500 93, 160, 614 2.01
1, 791, 735, 650

473 1.99
1, 797, 613,700 89, 773, 779 1.71
1,723,993, 100 79, 633, 981 1.59
1,639,567, 750 75,018, 696 | 1.46
1,463, 810,400 57, 360,111 1.09
1,338, 229, 150 51, 436, 710
1, 226,563, 850 47,926, 433 .87
1, 196, 150,950 47,014, 133 .81
1, 146,014, 100 45,510,098 .79
1,021, 692, 350 41,780, 530 .71

950, 522,500 38,991, 935 .65
829, 853,990 33, 752, 355
725, 313, 110 29, 417, 603 . 47
610,529, 120 23, 615, 736 .37
585, 029, 330 22, 893,883 .35
585, 037, 100 22, 894, 194 .35
635,011, 890 25, 391, 386

.38
716, 202,060 29, 140, 792 .42
847, 363, 890 31, 387, 266 . 49
847, 365, 130 31, 387, 315

847, 367, 470 31,387, 409 .47
1,016,018, 750 40,317, 873 .54
1,023, 478, 860 33, 515, 130

987, 141,010 29,789, 153 .38
931,070, 310 27,512, 916 .35
914,541, 410 25,541, 573 .32

Dollars. Dollars.

317,760 224, 296

501, 435 638, 774 1,319, 030 501, 681

643, 105 2, 495, 400 1,675, 483 1, 726, 703 31, 981, 739 1,866, 100 62, 614, 493 774, 397 56, 816, 188 999, 410 39, 377, 909 9,077,571 25, 915, 963 8,619, 270 29, 387, 968 3, 501, 245 36, 857, 769 5, 142, 240 32, 214, 040 5, 478, 760 22, 938, 414 8, 495, 370 14,780,570 3, 284, 450 23, 473, 654 2, 259, 390 83, 395, 530 3,783, 740 20, 875, 998 1, 252, 517 22, 445, 482 809, 268 20,081, 415 609, 917 28, 295, 108 691, 005 31, 435, 945 982, 409 23, 828,625 908, 876 19, 371, 388 1,074, 343 17,582,988 1, 266, 143 23, 198, 788 1,378, 256 21, 032, 685 3, 104, 038 21, 812, 615 2, 501, 489 57,022, 748 4,024, 748 35, 254, 630 6,851,777 32, 951,940 15, 347, 893 46, 579, 453 | 24,503, 308 43, 999,861 28, 393, 046 49, 786, 052 28,518, 850 39,080, 080 27,569, 776 62, 308, 279 27, 111, 694 96, 850, 890 27,940,164 65, 887,685 27,973, 132 29, 241, 990 29, 246, 968 23, 991,757 28,534, 866 27,773, 013 | 28,962, 176 28,915, 512 32,086, 710 23, 972, 383 33, 191,081 31, 380, 808 33, 025, 606 21, 413, 931 35, 496,683 20, 467, 183 39, 202, 908 29, 222,005 27,518,857 31,787, 223 12, 611, 078 56, 997,020 8, 802, 797 79,516, 160 9, 200, 351 59,616, 358 5, 698, 010 47,053, 060 23,089, 899 76,028, 485 | 18, 487, 297 77,985, 757 23, 034, 033 111,311, 220 26,061, 520

99, 272, 943 36, 345, 321 101,735,188 30, 838, 461 47,184, 933 30,028, 167

1877.

94, 651,

. 96

1878. 1879. 1880. 1891. 1882. 1883. 1881. 1885. 1886. 1887. 1889. 1889. 1890.

16, 16 16.64 17.75 17.20 17.92 18. 39 18.03 18.25 18. 20 18.64 18.61 19.41 20.78 21.10 22.00 22.10 19.75 20.92 23, 72 26. 49 32.56 31. 60 30.59 31. 20 35. 03 34. 36 33. 33 31. 68 39. 15

.53

[blocks in formation]

* Estimated for other than census years.
a Exclusive of Alaska and islands belonging to the United States.
b True valuation of real and personal property..
c 1800 to 1840, outstanding principal of the public debt January 1; 1850 to 1855, outstanding principal of the public debt July 1.
d Figures for the years 1800 to 1855 include the total public debt.
e Gold coin became available for circulation January 1, 1879.

[blocks in formation]

....1

Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars.

Dollars. Dollars. h 16,000,000

10,500,000 26,500,000 5.00 27,000,000

28,000,000 55,000,000 7.59 22,300,000

44, 800,000 67,100,000 6.94 26,344, 295

61,000,000 87, 344, 295

6.79 79, 336, 916

106, 968, 572 186, 305, 488 10.91 147, 395, 456

131, 366, 526 278, 761, 982 12.02 175,088, 354

155, 165, 251 330, 253, 605 13. 76 189, 367, 864

171, 673,000 361,040, 864 14.56 214,067, 107

188, 181, 000 402, 238, 107 15.70 220, 862, 033

204,689, 207 425, 551, 240 16.10 231,068,024

186,952, 223 418, 020, 247 15. 34 230,098, 675

195,747, 950 425, 846, 625 15. 16 242, 289, 886

214,778, 822 457,068, 708 15. 81 253, 601, 684

155, 208,344 408, 810, 028 13.74 245, 660, 724

193, 306, 818 438, 967,542 14.35
228, 304, 775

207, 102, 477 435, 407, 2 13. 85
246, 400,000
202,005, 767 448, 405, 767 13.98

] 25,000,000

72, 865, 665
236, 832, 079 334, 697, 744 10.23

1 25,000,000

312, 481, 418

257, 912, 620 595, 394, 038 17.84 66 7, 188, 393 5, 466, 088 1 25,000,000 415, 115, 990 31, 235, 270 198, 290, 218 669, 641, 478 19. 67 467 75, 213, 945 70, 746,513

1 25,000,000

378,916, 742 146, 137, 860 164, 648, 393 714, 702, 995 20.57 1, 294 325, 834, 558 362, 442,743 1 25,000,000

327,792, 305 276,012, 713 44,683, 226 673, 488, 244 18.99 1, 634 414, 270, 493 550, 353,094 1 25,000,000

319, 437, 702 | 286,763, 961 30, 790, 406 661, 992, 069 18.28 1,636 418, 558, 148 588, 450, 396 11 25,000,000

328, 571, 665 294, 368, 873 32, 163, 123 680, 103, 661 18. 39 1,640 420, 105, 011 6:55, 729, 546 11 25,000,000 314, 702, 094 291, 749,684 33,001,113 661, 452, 891 17.60

1, 619 422, 659, 260 686, 347, 756 1 25,000,000

324,962, 638 288, 618,081 36,602,075 675, 212, 794 17.50 1, 612 427, 235, 701 719, 341, 186 25,000,000 343,068,970 311, 405, 672 36, 414, 363 715, 889, 005 18. 10

1,723 450, 330, 841 789, 416,568 1 25,000,000

316, 168, 680 329, 037, 005 38, 103, 864 738, 309, 549 18. 19 1,853 470, 543, 301 871, 531, 419 18 25,000,000

348, 464, 145 338,962, 475 39, 455, 189 751, 881, 809 18.04 1, 968 490, 109, 801 925, 557, 682 18 25,000,000

371, 421, 452 310, 265, 544 39, 396, 035 776,088, 031 18. 13 1,983 491, 003, 711 926, 195, 672 18 25,000,000 319, 686, 335 340,546,545 38, 869, 067 754, 101, 947 17. 16 2,076 501, 568, 564

972, 926,532 18 25,000,000 21,055, 128

331, 447, 378 316, 120, 702 33,986, 180 727, 609,388 16.12 2,091 500, 393,796 933, 686, 530 18 25,000,000 37,881, 853

337, 899, 344 301, 289, 025 20, 241, 661 722, 314, 883 15.58 2,078 481, 044, 771 901,731, 416 18 25,000,000 55, 127,573 7,080 320, 905, 895 311, 724, 361 16, 367, 725 729, 132, 634 15. 32 2,056

470, 393, 366 835, 078, 133 18 110,505, 362 69, 383,023 15, 279, 820 414, 480 301, 614, 112 321, 401, 996

818, 031,793 16.75 2,048 455, 244, 415 835, 875, 012 18 225,695, 779 68,622, 345 7,963, 900 5,789, 569 327, 895, 457 337, 415, 178

973, 382, 228 19. 41 2,076 455, 909, 565 994, 712, 616 18 315, 312, 877 76, 181, 776 5,759, 520 39, 110, 729 328, 126, 924 349, 746, 293

1, 114, 238, 119 21.71 2,115 460, 227, 835 1, 144,988, 919 188 358, 251, 325 78, 783, 769 5,029, 020 54,506,090 325, 255, 427 352, 464, 788

1,174, 290, 419 22.37 2,239 477, 181, 390 1, 208, 932, 656 18€ 344, 653, 495 82, 125, 749 59,807, 370 72,620, 686 323, 242, 177 347,856, 219

1, 230, 305, 696 22.91 2, 417 500, 298, 312 1, 285, 591, 902 188 340, 624, 203 86, 351, 008 71, 146,640 96,427,011 318,687, 214 330,689, 893

1,243, 925, 969 22. 65 2, 625 522, 515, 996 1, 269, 862, 936 189 341, 668, 411 82,789, 890 126,729, 730 101,530, 946 331, 218,637 308,631, 001

1, 292,568, 615 23.02 2,689 526, 273, 602 1, 257, 655, 548 189 358, 219, 575 98,842,613 76,044, 375 88, 116, 225 323, 812, 699 307,665, 038

1, 252, 700, 525 21.82 2, 809 539, 109, 292 1,421, 547, 199 188 376,540,681 104, 132, 586 91, 225, 437 | 142, 118, 017 326, 667, 219 276,855, 203

1, 317,539, 143 22.45 3,014 571, 648, 811 1,560, 371,741 188 391, 114,033 105, 889, 710 121,094, 650 200, 759,657 308,000, 040 245, 312, 780

1,372, 170, 870 22.88 3, 120 588, 381, 018 1,628, 124, 565 188 376, 481,568 105, 934, 463 117, 130, 229 257, 155, 565 316, 439, 191 207, 220,633

1,380, 361, 649 22.52 3, 239 605, 851, 641 1,779, 051, 528

188 374, 258, 923 110, 311, 336 130, 830, 859 297,556, 238 334, 688, 977 181, 604, 937

1,429, 251, 270 22.82

3,484 642, 073, 676 1,933, 509, 333 189 407, 319, 163 117,045, 399 120,063,069 307, 235, 966 343, 207, 360 162, 221,046 40,348, 704 1, 497, 440, 707 23.42

3,652

672, 903,597 1,963, 704, 948 189 408,568, 824 120, 111, 166 141,093, 619 326,693, 465 309, 559, 904 167, 221,517 128,098, 692 1, 601, 317, 187 24.56 3,759 684, 678, 203 2, 127, 757, 191 189 408, 535, 663 122, 399, 539 92,642, 189 | 326, 823, 848 319,059, 426 | 174, 669, 966 152,570, 614 1,596, 701, 245 24.03 3,807 685, 786, 719 2,020,483, 671 495, 976,730 111,075, 619 66, 339, 849 326, 990, 736 266,589, 602 200, 219, 743 193, 616, 429 1,660, 808, 708 24. 52 3, 770 671, 091, 165 1,944, 441, 315 189: 479, 637, 961 | 112, 336, 057 48,381, 309 319, 622, 941 263, 648, 985 206,953, 051 171, 388, 169 1, 601, 968, 473 23. 20 3,715 658, 224, 180 2,016, 639,536 -... 1893 454, 905, 064 112,321, 355 42, 198, 119 330, 657, 191 224, 249,868 215, 168, 122 126, 935, 247 1,506, 434, 966 21.41 3,689 651, 144, 855 1,971, 612,012 1896 517,589, 688 111,556, 690 37, 285, 339 357, 849, 312 245, 954, 622 225,544, 351 144, 429, 517 1,640, 209,519 22.87 3, 610 632, 153, 012 1,977, 553, 711 1897 657, 950, 463 122,539, 886 35, 811, 589 390, 126,510 281,569, 022 222, 990, 988 123, 871, 437 1, 837, 859, 895 25.15 3,582 622, 016, 745 2, 163, 681, 938 1898 679,738, 050 130,547, 250 32,655, 919 402, 136, 617 308, 351, 842 237, 805, 439 112,836, 764 1,904,071, 881 25.58

3,583 604, 865, 327 2, 492, 230,585 1899 610, 806, 472 142, 050, 334 200,733, 019 408, 465, 574 313, 971, 545 300, 115, 112 79,008, 942 2,055, 150, 998 26.94

3,732

621, 536, 461 2, 623, 512, 201 1900 629, 790, 765 146, 156,537 | 247, 036, 359 429, 643,556 330, 0-15, 406 345, 110, 801 47,521, 538 2,175, 307, 962 27.98 4,165 645, 719, 099 2, 956, 906, 376 1901 632, 394, 289 154, 168,577 306, 399, 009 446, 557, 662 334, 291, 722 345, 476,516 29, 802, 776 2,249, 390, 551 28. 43

4,535

701, 990,554 3, 221,859, 631 1902 617, 260, 739 165, 117, 934 377,258, 559 | 454, 733,013 334, 248, 567 399,996, 709 19, 076, 648 2, 367, 692, 169 29. 42

4,939

743, 506, 048 3, 415,045, 751 1903

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

s Includes subsidiary silver in circulation on Pacific coast, 1874 to 1878.

Includes notes of Bank of United States, State bank notes, demand notes of 1862 and 1863; fractional currency 1863 to 1878; Treasury notes of 1890, 1891 to 1903, and currency certificates, act of June 8, 1872, 1892 to 1900.

h Total specie in circulation. Gold and silver were not separately stated prior to 1876. i Estimated.

« AnteriorContinuar »