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AURORA BOREALIS.

the middle of the 10th of January, any fears of a charge of cruelty, he 1829, it will arrive at the perihelion. cut away portion after portion of the It is hoped that the observations on poor moths, till he traced the origin this comet will tend to resolve the im- of the sound to the interior of the portant question as to the resistance of head, in which he discovered a cavity the ether to the movements of celes- at the passage into which muscles are tial bodies.

placed for impelling and expelling air, HYPOCHONDRIACS.

the cause, as he thinks, of the sound In cases of hypochondriasm, the in question. M. Dumeril has since sense of touch is sometimes affected discovered a sort of tympanum stretchwith singular aberrations. One be- ed over this cavity, like, as he says, lieves himself made of glass or chaff ; to the head of a drum, (tendue comme some think they have no head; oth- la peau d'un tambour). ers, that they are so light, that they fear the wind will blow them away : another will make oath that he dis Though the origin of Auroræ is tinctly feels his nose immeasurably generally ascribed to electricity in a long. Some think they perceive odors rarified atmosphere, yet the following or sounds agreeable or disagreeable. ingenious hypothesis from a writer in M. Cabanis tells us, that he knew a a late number of the " Philosophical man, otherwise very ingenious and Magazine,” is worthy of notice :rational, who felt himself alternately “ It is generally at or near the time extended and diminished to infinity, of the equinoxes that these lights though his other senses were sound, make their appearance in our latitudes, and his judgment correct.

at which time the sun's rays would be

tangents to the poles of the earth, SQUARING THE CIRCLE.

were they not disturbed by the refracThe Dublin Evening Mail affirms, tive power of the atmosphere. By that a boy of thirteen years of age, this refraction, it is obvious that the named James Graham, and residing rays will extend to a certain point at Mountcharles, in Donnegal, has de- beyond the pole, on the side opposite monstrated the famous problem of the to the sun, when they must of course quadrature of the circle.

fall on the immense accumulation of

ice within the polar circle, which will CRY OF THE DEATH'S HEAD MOTH. be reflected with great brilliancy to

The sounds produced by insects, wards the darkened hemisphere, undersuch as the chirping of crickets, the going in their course another refrachumming of bees, &c., are not pro- tion, which bends them still more duced as in the vertebrated animals, southward ; and as the atmosphere by the mouth, nor even by the aid of possesses the power of reflecting light, the air which is respired, but by some these rays will finally fall back on the external apparatus designed, it would earth, and will at a certain angle, and appear, for that particular purpose. in certain limits, be visible to its inOne of the most singular sounds, how- habitants.” We consider this theory ever, produced by any insect, is that to be equally rational with the wellof the death's head moth, (Acherontia known theory of double refraction and Atropos,) which has been variously reflection in the formation of the iris, explained. We do not find that it is or rainbow. mentioned by Kirby and Spence, though they take notice of the electriclike crack produced by the larva ; but Mountains precipitate the moisture M. Passerini, curator of the Museum contained in the air, not so much by of Natural History at Florence, has attracting it to their summits, as in lately investigated the subject anato- consequence of their rocky and grassy mically, and not having before his eyes sides, when acted on by the sun, heat

EFFECT OF MOUNTAINS ON THE

ATMOSPHERE.

ing large masses of air in the cold up- the top of a mountain, and close to per regions of the atmosphere, which, the surface of the ground than at a streaming upwards, come in contact distance from it. with cold currents, moving laterally, or otherwise generate circumstances

MOUNTAIN ECHO. that will cause precipitation. A small Among the glaciers above the village increase of elevation compensates in of Maglan are echoes which repeat the adding to the quantity of rain for a same sound a great number of times ; great distance from the sea. At Ge- and, when once such a sound is proneva, the annual fall of rain is 40 inch- duced, it is propagated and repeated es ; while at Paris, (300 miles nearer from rock to rock, producing a prothe sea,) it is only 19 inches. In longed rétentissement like that of a England, it is found that Keswick and trumpet when it is blown loud and Kendal, situated among the mountains, long. (" Saussure Voyage dans les have 67 or 69 inches of rain annually, Alpes.") Lord Byron talks of such while places in the level country, and Alpine sounds leaping as if instinct on the sea coast, have only 24 inches. with animation, when But, although more rain falls in mountainous than in level countries, the

From cliff to cliff

Leaps the live thunder. depth is greater at the bottom than at

Childe Harold.

VARIETIES.

“ Come, let us stray Where Chance or Fancy leads our roving walk."

DR. PARR's WRITING MATERIALS,

ble skcets of pigmy letter paper, with The beau-ideal of a dandy penman all its roughness preserved. There would shrug his shoulders to contem was no occasion for paper-cutters, or plate Parr's writing apparatus and ma- penknives. The inkstand was en suite : terials. In that library he could meet it was, I think, of tin; but so batwith no splendid writing-table, no desk tered and grim from age and service, of satin wood inlaid with silver and that its original composition was ivory, no tortoise-shell inkstand with doubtful. The stumps it usually burnished appendages : Parr contemn- contained were sacred to the Doctor's ed every thing of the sort. He never hieroglyphics ; few beside could use wrote upon any kind of desk; he al- them. A bundle of pens was mostly ways laid his paper flat on the table ; thrown down for any other writer's there was no preparation. Upon a long use, and a box of wafers and a waferdeal table, whose site was between the seal, a stick of wax, and Parr's own windows, commonly stood a supply of armorial signet, were at your option. ragged edged foolscap, and which Parr could convert, with the dexterity of a juggler, into the pabulum proprium Milton's opinions were the result penne. The mode of operation was of earnest independent thought, carthis :—when he himself was to be the ried on in the depths of his own mind, scribe, this foolscap was transferred to without heed to the dogmas of any the round table which stood in the cen- sect, established or recusant. And, tre of the room. He would then de as they were not formed from a comtach a sheet, pass it neatly and lightly parison of the opinions of any sect, so between his lips, divide it, fold up each neither can they be pressed into the leaf double, and thus you had in a service of any. Sever and sectarianmoment the sheet of foolscap trans- ize them, and you give them another formed into something like two passa- meaning from the meaning which they

JOHN MILTON.

DANTE

had in his mind. It is mean and pal- exclaimed he, “ that my father was try to say that you use his words. enabled to provide for me, and to What signify the words ? Do you portion your wife, and with the exerreally believe that the men who have cise of common prudence it would strained Scripture to support cruelty have furnished you with the means of and crime, and did not change a let- providing handsomely for

your

childter, but merely took away the feeling ren and grand-children.” and sense of the original, are one whit better than those who thought themselves at liberty to omit and interpo When this distinguished poet was late whenever it suited their conveni- in banishment at Verona, he had for ence ?

his patron Candella Scala, the prince If it is base to give a false impres- of that country. At his court were sion of a single passage by wrenching several strolling players, one of whom, it from its context, how much baser, distinguished for his ribaldry, was if rightly considered, is it to give a much caressed beyond the others. false impression of a mind like Mil- The prince, on one occasion, when this ton’s, in which all the truths inter man and Dante were both present, penetrate and nourish each other, and highly extolled the former, and, turncan no more be divided, without los- ing to the poet, said, “I wonder that ing their efficacy and virtue, than an this foolish fellow should have found artery can be divided from the body, out the secret of pleasing us all, and and yet continue to perform its func- making himself admired; while you, tions. The truth is, that no sect can who are a man of great sense, are in compel Milton into its wooden walls little esteem :” to which Dante reand mud enclosures. It is not possi- plied, “ You would cease to wonder ble that he should be holden of them. at this, if you knew how much the They may, if they please, fight around conformity of characters is the source his body; they may tear him limb of friendship.” from limb; and each, having carried some portion of him into its own den, may boast that it possesses Milton ; The company of stationers have but it is false. The living spirit is not in China the honor of gulling the not with any of them. He whose people as they have in England. The sect was the universe, cannot dwell good people of the Celestial Empire with those whose universe is their are annually cheated by the authority sect. While they are endeavoring of the Emperor himself.

Besides asto make him repeat their Shibboleths, tronomical calculations, &c., the Chihe is joining in the “ myriad harpings nese almanacs contain the days and and seven-fold hallelujahs around the hours divided into lucky and unlucky, throne of God.”

by judicial astrology : the time is marked when to let blood ; nay, the

lucky minute when to ask a favor of The son-in-law of a chancery bar- the Emperor, to honor the dead, offer rister having succeeded to the lucra- sacrifice, marry, build, invite friends, tive practice of the latter, came one and every thing relating to public or morning in breathless ecstasy to inform private affairs. These works are in him that he had succeeded in bringing everybody's hand, and are regarded nearly to its termination, a

as oracles. which had been pending in the court

LADIES' DRESSES. of scruples for several years. Instead In the time of Henry VIII. the of obtaining the expected congratula- gown, composed of silk or velvet, was tions of the retired veteran of the law, shortened or lengthened according to his intelligence was received with in- the rank of the wearer. The coundignation. “ It was hy this suit,” tess was obliged, hy rules of etiquette,

CHINESE ALMANACS.

THE FAMILY SUIT.

cause

THE LAST VERY BAD PUNS.

to have a train both behind and before,

SNUFF. which she hung upon her arm, or fas Even among the rudest and poorest tened upon her girdle; the baroness, of the inhabitants of Scotland, and at and all under her degree, were prohi- a period when their daily meal must bited from assuming that badge of dis- have been always scanty, and fretinction. The matron was distinguish- quently precarious, one luxury seems ed from the unmarried woman, by the to have established itself, which has different mode of her head attire: the unaccountably found its way

into

every hood of the former had been recently part of the world. We mean tobacco. superseded by a coif or close bonnet, The inhabitants of Scotland, and esof which the pictures of Holbein give pecially of the Highlands, are notoria representation ; while the youthful ous for their fondness for snuff; and and the single, with characteristic sim- many were the contrivances by which plicity, wore the hair braided with knots they formely reduced the tobacco into of ribbon.

powder. Dr. Jamieson, the etymolo

gist, defines a mill to be the vulgar This being what is called the dull name for a snuff-box, one especially season, it is uncommonly pleasant to of a cylindrical form, or resembling an mark the effect it has upon the human inverted cone. “ No other name," mind, in producing such abominable says he, “was formerly in use. The puns as the following :

reason assigned for this designation is, Why are washer-women, busily en- that when tobaceo was introduced into gaged, like Adam and Eve in Para- this country, those who wished to dise ? Because they are so-apy (so have snuff were wont to toast the happy.)

leaves before the fire, and then bruise Why is a widower, going to be them with a bit of wood in the box; married, like Eau de Cologne ? Be- which was therefore called a mill, cause he is re-wiving.

from the snuff being ground in it.” Why is a vine like a soldier ? Be- This, however, is said to be not quite cause it is listed and trained, has ten- correct; the old snuff-machine being drills, and shoots.

like a nutmeg-grater, which made Why is a sailor when at sea, not a snuff as often as a pinch was required. sailor ? Because he's a-board.

Why is a city gentleman, taken poorly in Grosvenor Square, like a A constant frequenter of city feasts recluse ? Because he is sick-west- having grown enormously fat, it was ward (sequestered).

proposed to write on his back, “ WidWhy is it better for a man to have ened at the expense of the Corporation two losses than one ? Because the of London.first is a loss, and the second is a-gain.

- If Britannia rules the waves, PARTY RAGE IN THE 15TH CENTURY. said a qualmish writing master, going Party rage ran so high in 1403, that to Margate last week in a storm, “I an act of parliament was found neceswish she'd rule 'em straighter."

sary to declare

Pulling out of eyes

and cutting out of tongues to be feIn the Netherlands it is the custom lony." to mix coffee with a little chicorée, which is cultivated in the fields ; it is To complain that life has no joys, an agreeable bitter, and when prepar- while there is a single creature whom ed, sells at four sous per pound. Ser we can relieve by our bounty, assist vants object to their café being too by our counsels, or enliven by our highly saturated with this weed ; and presence, is to lament the loss of that when settling for wages, they frequent- which we possess ; and is just as raly ask, “ Mais, Madame, combien de tional as to die for thirst with the cup chicorée dus ls café ?

in our hands.

A MOTTO.

HUMAN ENJOYMENTS.

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