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degenerate tavern-goers of modern themselves into fashion with their long days. Falstaff and Prince Hal have cigars; while the literati confine themnot left their mantle to Eastcheap; selves within the walls of their own Sir Walter Raleigh's celebrated dwellings. The age is unquestiona« Mermaid Club” is unknown; John- bly altered; but we imagine that in son, and Garrick, and Goldsmith, fre- this respect, at least, matters have not quent Fleet-street no more ; and even altered for the worse. the Wittenagemot of our own days It is but justice to add, that the has ceased to enjoy " the feast of materials of this work are very well reason, and the flow of soul,” in their arranged, and only require, for referpeculiar box at the Chapter Coffee- ence, a comprehensive index, which house. Our taverns now-a-days are will probably appear at the close of filled with whiskered dandies torturing the whole publication.

SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY.

“ Serene Philosophy!
She springs aloft, with elevated pride,
Above the tangling mass of low desires,
That bind the fluttering crowd ; and, angel-wing'd,
The heights of Science and of Virtue gains,
Where all is calm and clear.”

PURE WATER.

in a close crucible, with a kind of SOME experiments have recently been chimney to allow the escape of the made in Paris to determine the com- gas. The water so filtered came out parative value of different modes of perfectly bright, entirely free from the filtration. The first experiment was odor and taste which it had possessed, made upon about six gallons of water and was more brisk and sparkling than taken from the Seine, into which, for the result of the first filtration ; no some days previously, a small portion chemical change beyond this, however, of animal matter had been allowed to seemed to have been produced. A become tainted, so as to give a disa- third experiment was then tried with greeable taste and smell to the water. the remaining portion of the water. A portion of this water was then pass- Into two gallons there was placed ed through a bed of charcoal, sand, about one drachm of powdered alum; and pebbles, according to the process the water, after being stirred up, was adopted at the establishment for the allowed to remain quiet for twentysupply of filtered water to the inhabi- four hours, at the expiration of which tants of Paris. It was found, when it was examined. This water, with filtered, to be perfectly free from the the exception of an inch from the botdirt which it had held suspended, and tom of the vessel, was found to be also very nearly deprived of the bad more clear and sparkling than the retaste which had been conveyed to it sult of the second filtration ; it was by the animal matter. Its chemical perfectly pure in taste and smell, and properties, however, seemed to remain was more brisk in the mouth than the unaltered ; and the gypsum, which the other. Towards the bottom was a water of the Seine holds in solution so thick, cloudy, and light sediment, inextensively, remained, (it being prov- dependent of the sand and other heaed on analysation,) almost as abun- vy particles which had been precipidant in the filtered as in the unfiltered tated. This sediment, on being anawater. After this experiment, ano- lysed, gave strong evidence of the ther portion of the water was filtered presence of putrid animal matter; through a thin bed of animal charcoal, whilst in the other precipitate were which was prepared by burning bones detected several grains of gypsum. It was then determined to ascertain to one-thirtieth of an inch in diameter, what degree of astringency had been the surface of which is marked with given to the water by the alum which twelve distinct patches, or nebulæ of had been introduced, and it was found dots of a brownish color, disposed in that at least one-third of the alum pairs, four pairs, or sixteen pairs, alhad been neutralised, and that the re- ternately composing one of the nebula. maining portion had not imparted to The body of the medusa is transpathe water any astringency which could rent. The fibrous or bair-like subat all interfere with its valuable pro- stances were more easily examined, perties, or become injurious to the being of a darker color. They varied consumers. An equal weight of car- in length from a point to one-tenth of bonate of soda, however, was subse- an inch, and, when highly magnised, quently introduced, so as entirely to were found to be beautifully monilineutralise any acidity which might be form. In the largest specimens these supposed to be in the water. The bead-like articulations were about introduction of this soda gave no taste thirty, and the diameter of each whatever to the liquid. The result of about the 8-300th part of an inch. this experiment being considered very The number of these animalculæ, parsatisfactory, a simple and cheap filter- ticularly medusæ, was found to be imer was constructed for domestic pur- mense, in olive-green sea-water being poses. It is thus described in the let- about one fourth of an inch asunder. ter from which we have taken the A cubic inch of water will, of course, above particulars. Into a wooden contain 64 ; a cubic foot, 110,592; cask, of any size, set upright upon a and a cubic mile, 23,888,000,000,stand, are placed two cocks, one close 000,000. Now, allowing that one to the bottom, and the other six inches person could count a million of these above it. The cask being filled with animalculæ in seven days, which is water, powdered alum, in the propor- barely within the reach of possibility, tion of something less than half a it would have required that 40,000 drachm to each gallon, is stirred into the persons should have started at the water. No water is drawn out for creation of the world to complete the twenty-four hours; at the end of that enumeration of those contained in a time it is taken as wanted from the cubic mile of sea-water. upper cock; and when no more remains except what is below the upper RECIPE FOR SALTING BEEF. cock, the water containing the sedi- Salt and water have a wonderful pentment is let off by the lower cock, and chant, chemically ycleped affinity, for the cask is then filled as before, for each other. Get, therefore, a tubof pure further use.

water, rain or river water is best, let GREEN COLOR OF THE SEA. it be nearly full, and put the tongs, or In the Greenland Seas, about one two pieces of thin wood across it, and part of the surface between the pa- set your beef on them, distant about rallels of 74 deg. and 80 deg. is of an an inch from the water; heap as olive, or grass-green color, which of- much salt as it will hold on your beef, ten occurs in long bands, or streams, let it stand for four-and-twenty bours, from a few miles to ten or fifteen you may then take it off and boil it, miles in breadth, and from two to and you will find it as salt as if it had three degrees of latitude in length. been in pickle for six weeks. These belts of green water are frequently separated as distinctly from

A SUCKING BUTTERFLY. the transparent blue water, as the wa- Few of the parts of insects are well ters of a large muddy river on enter- understood, on account of their miing the sea. This color has been as- nuteness, as well as from their want of certained to be caused by an animal of analogy with the parts of vertebrate the medusa kind, from one-twentieth animals. The organs of taste in in

sects are accordingly, for the most These mosses, which appear to be part, but imperfectly known. In some found in very great abundance, must classes, the mechanism of the appara- have been carried by the wind to the tus for tasting is more evident, and places where their sudden appearance exhibits a wise and wonderful contri- was remarked. A similar phenomenon vance. Reaumur, one of the best was noticed, in the same regions of naturalists the world ever produced, Persia, in the year 1824. observed a butterfly, which he had in his study, alight upon a piece of lump MONTAIGNE AND THE STONE. sugar, unwind its spiral tongue, (lin- It is believed, says Montaigne, that gua tubulosa, Kirby,) and begin to I derived the afliction of the stone feed on it. Now it was evident, that from my father, though I was born it could not draw up any sugar through above five-and-twenty years before the its long narrow tube, till it was dis- disease seized him, which happened in solved; and, by careful observation, the sixty-seventh year of his age, and he found that it actually discharged at last brought him to a very painful upon the sugar a drop of liquid, death. At my birth, he was in the which dissolved a portion of the su- most vigorous and healthful state of gar, and fitted it for being sucked up. body; and I was his third child. Now, We have observed the house -fly feed I would ask, where this tendency to upon sugar in a similar way; but we stone lurked all the while, and how it have not realised Reaumur's observa- could be so concealed as not to affect tion of the ejection of a liquid to dis- me before I was five-and-forty ? Besolve the sugar. M. Lamarck thinks sides, among so many brothers and that we cannot properly call this suck- sisters, I am the only one of the famiing, as insects do not breathe through ly, up to this hour, who has been afthe mouth (“ Animaux sans Verte- fected with the malady. He that can bres”'); but may they not, even in this satisfy me on this point, I will becase, have the power of exhausting lieve him in as many other miracles as the air in the tube, in a similar way he pleases, provided always he does as fish diminish the air in the swim- not, as usual, give me, for current pay, bladder, which certainly is not by a doctrine more intricate and fantastic breathing.

than the thing itself. I also inherit NATURAL PHENOMENON. from my father, an antipathy to the A substance was recently presented art of physicians. He lived seventyto the French Academy of Sciences, four years ; my grandfather, sixtywhich had been forwarded to the go- nine ; and my great-grandfather, alvernment, as having fallen from the most four-score years,—without ever sky in Persia, at the commencement tasting any sort of physic. I may, of this year. This species of celestial however, fall into such phrenzy that I manna was found in such great quan- dare not be responsible for my future tities, that the earth for a considerable conduct; but then, if any one ask me distance was entirely covered with it. how I do, I may answer as Pericles In some places it was five or six inch- did, “ Judge by this,” showing my es in depth. The cattle, and particu- hands clutched up with six drachmus of larly the sheep, eagerly fed upon this opium. singular production, which was also

RUSSIAN SURVEY. converted into bread for the support A s a proof of the great interest of the inhabitants. Such was the in- which the Emperor Nicholas attaches formation which a Russian general, to the advancement of science throughwho had witnessed the phenomenon, out his immense territories, a grand communicated to the French consul Topographical, Mineralogical, and in Persia. Upon examination, this Statistical Survey of the whole empire substance was found to be a sort of is now in progress on a uniform and lichen, already described by botanists. large scale, under the superintendence of Lieut.-General Schubart. This positive with reference to the metals survey will enable the Russian Gov- which precede it, and negative with ernment to avail itself of the resources reference to the metals which follow of the country to an extent which may it. perhaps afford a valuable lesson to

VESUVIUS. more ancient governments.

An eruption took place on the mom

ing of last March 22d. An eye-witness ELECTRICITY.

writes, “ the cone of the mountain puts By various experiments recently you in mind of an immense piece of made to ascertain the electrical effects artillery, firing red-hot stones, and ashwhich result from the friction of me- es, and smoke, into the atmosphere; tals with one another, it appears, that or, of a huge animal in pain, groaning, in the following order, viz.—bismuth, crying, and vomiting; or, like an imnickel, cobalt, palladium, platina, lead, mense whale in the arctic circle, blowtin, gold, silver, copper, zinc, iron, ing after it has been struck with serecadmium,- antimony,-each metal is ral harpoons.

VARIETIES.

Come, let us stray
Where Chance or Fancy leads our roving walk.”

INTEMPERANCE.

doned vulgar. On the subject of tipUNDER the most elegant mansions in pling, it may be added, that nothing is Hamburg are to be found wine-cellars; more destructive to the health or inwhile apartments for drinking, baccha- dustry of the poor : it charms the innalian carousing, and the sale of all active, the desperate, and the crazy of kinds of spirits, are to be seen in every either sex, and makes the starring direction; and some of them are re- look on his rags with stupid indolence. sorted to by the very lowest of the In a word, such a propensity falls untippling tribe. It has been reinarked der the description of a fiery lake, that somewhere, in reference to these pet- sets the very brain in flames, burns up ty traders in this Stygian comfort, that the entrails, scorches every internal there is not a more miserable shift for part, and is at the same time a Lethe a livelihood than their calling. Who- of oblivion, in which the wretch drowns ever would be successful in the exer- his cares. Moreover, this liquid poicise of it, must, indeed, be of a watch- son makes him quarrelsome, renders ful and suspicious, as well as of a bold him a perfect savage,—and, alas! it and resolute temper, that he may nei- has often been the cause of his shedther be imposed on by sharpers, nor ding the blood of his fellow-creatures! bullied by the oaths of coachmen and Would that we could say that this desoldiers. He ought to be a dabbler grading and immoral practice-one in jokes and loud laughter, and have that entails such a train of distress and all the winning “ways and means” to misery on the lower orders and their allure customers, and be well versed families—pernicious alike to both body in sallies the mob make use of to ban- and mind—were confined to the city ter prudence and frugality ; be obse- of Hamburg. It is absolutely idle for quious to the most despicable; be able us to talk of the spread of intelligence to endure with patience and good hu- among society, while so great a portion mor the vilest language of drabs; and of the population abandon themselves without a frown bear with all the squa- to a habit that is not only highly perlid noise and impertinence that the ut- nicious and destructive in itself, but most indigence and laziness can pro- the propagator of wretchedness and duce in the most shameless and aban- crime.

WANTS A WIFE.

bee's wing," and the several other The following is a good joke upon criterions of the epicure, are but so Matrimonial Advertising.

many proofs of the decomposition and She must bee middel eaged and good departure of some of the best qualities tempered widdow, or a Maid, and pur- of the wine. Had the man that first sest of propertey, and I wood far rea- filled the celebrated Heidleburg tun ther have a Wife that is ever so plain been placed as sentinel, to see that no then a fine Lady that think herself other wine was put into it, he would hansom; the Advertiser is not rich have found it much better at twentynor young, old nor poor, and in a very five or thirty years old, than at one hunfew years he will have a good incumb. dred, had he lived so long, and been Can be hiley reckamended for onestey, permitted now and then to taste it. sobrieaty, and good temperd, and has A t Bremen there is a wine-cellar, no in combranc, is very actif, but not called the Store, where five hogsheads a treadesman, have been as Butler and of Rhenish wine have been preserved Bailiff for meney years in most res- since 1625. These five hogsheads pectable families, and shood I not be cost 1,200 francs. Had this sum been 80 luckey as to get me a wife, wood put out to compound interest, each be most willing to take a sitteyeashan hogshead would now be worth above once moor, wood prefer living in the a thousand millions of money; a bottle countrey, under stands Brewing fea- of this precious wine would cost mosley, is well adapted for a inn or 21,799,480 francs, or about 908,3111., public hous. Please to derect W. W., and a single wine-glass 2,723,808 268, Berwick-street, Oxforde-roade, francs, or about 113,4921. or aney Ladey may call and have a interview with the widdow that keeps STATUE TO THE KING. the hous, and say wher and when we Chantrey is now at Brighton, supercan meet each other. All letters intending the erection of the public must be pd, no Ofice-keeper to ap- statue of his Majesty. The figure, plygh. My fameley ar verey well off which is of heroic size, looks to the and welthey, far above the midling sea; one foot is in advance, the right order.

hand held gently out, and over the WRITING DOWN A FACE. whole is thrown a robe, which reach“I once," says a late traveller in es to the pedestal. The statue is of Italy, “ asked a Neapolitan fisherman bronze, a clean solid cast, which seems to sit for me to paint him. He did to have come perfect from the mould, not in the least understand the nature and is the first work which the artist of my proposition ; but after some dif- has executed in metal. Mr. Chanficulties on his side, and many assur: trey is said to have several other ances on inine that I would not hurt bronze statues in progress, all of hehim, he consented, and followed me. roic dimensions : one of his Majesty, When I had finished, his astonishment for Edinburgh ; one of Pitt, for Lonat beholding his portrait was amusing; don ; one of Watt, for Glasgow ; one and, descending with me to the street, of Canning, for Liverpool ; and one I heard him exclaim to his comrades, of Sir Thomas Monro, for the East

that Signore has written down my Indies. face.' So high is their idea of writ

FRENCH PERIODICALS. ing, that they can imagine no superior The circulation of newspapers in or more lofty name, for what appears France since the peace has increased to them a similar sort of conjuration." at least two-fold; and in some of the

provinces the number of political and OLD WINE.

scientific journals is in the proportion The passion for old wines has some- of five to one of what it used to be. times been carried to a very ridiculous An official return is preparing of all excess, for the " thick crust,” the the periodical works now published in

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