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in a place moderately warm, and near neighborhood. An establishment of to the light. A parlor window is a this kind is being formed at Stockvery common place for them, but is holm. It is said that the most rancid often too warm, and brings on the fish oils are made equal to the finest plants too early, and causes them to sperm oil by the use of this charcoal, be weakly.

and that in consequence of the profit THE MOLE.

resulting from its employment in that Does the mole see ? Aristotle, and way, the gas which the bones give out all the Greek philosophers, maintain in great abundance can be supplied at that it does not; Galen, on the contra- a much cheaper rate than the gas obry, maintains that it does. The ques- tained from coals. It is rather singution has been reagitated in modern lar that the experiment has not been days. Naturalists discovered the eye ; tried in this country. but as it was unprovided with an optic nerve, its capacity of vision was still IMPROVEMENT OF CANDLES. doubted. It has, however, since been Steep the cotton wick in lime waascertained that the mole actually ter, in which has been dissolved a sees, and that it is enabled to do so considerable quantity of nitrate of by the aid of a particular nerve, of potass, (chlorate of potass answers which it is exclusively possessed. better, but is too expensive for com

mon practice); and, by these means, ANIMAL CHARCOAL.

a purer flame and superior light is Some years ago the newspapers secured, a more perfect combustion is gave an account of an establishment at ensured, snuffing is rendered nearly Copenhagen, in which the charcoal as superfluous as in wax candles, and made from bones was used with great the candles thus treated do not success in the purification of common "run.” The wicks must be thooils, whilst the gas that was generated roughly dry before the tallow is put served to light a great part of the to them.

VARIETIES,

“ Come, let us stray Where Chance or Fancy leads our roving walk."

THE ALPINE HORN.

that succeeds, the shepherds bend The Alpine Horn is an instrument their knees, and pray in the open air, made of the bark of the cherry-tree, and then retire to their huts to rest. and like a speaking-trumpet, is used The sun-light gilding the tops of those to convey sounds to a great distance. stupendous mountains, upon which the When the last rays of the sun gild the blue vault of heaven seems to rest, the summit of the Alps, the shepherd who magnificent scenery around, and the inhabits the highest peak of those voices of the shepherds sounding from mountains, takes his born, and cries rock to rock the praise of the Almighwith a loud voice, “ Praised be the ty, must fill the mind of every travelLord.'* As soon as the neighboring ler with enthusiasm and awe. shepherds hear him they leave their huts and repeat these words. The

TALLEYRAND. sounds are prolonged many minutes. This veteran politician recently lost while the echoes of the mountains, and three millions of livres by the failgrottoes of the rocks, repeat the naine ure of a Paris banker. He has still, of God. Imagination cannot picture however, more than 20,0001. sterlin: any thing more solemn, or sublime, per annum lest, most of which he than this scene. During the silence spends in hospitality. In fact, his

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life is represented as one round of is the speech which, it is stated in pleasure and excitement. In his own Bertrand's History of Boulogne-surhotel at Paris, he is constantly sur Mer, was made by the prefect of the rounded by his satellites; and, when Pas-de-Calais to Napoleon, at the pehe sojourns at his princely palace at riod when the latter was projecting Valency, he is attended by a host of the invasion of England, and had colvisitors. Under these circumstances, lected all kinds of materials for the it can be no matter of surprise, that attempt, viz: “ God created Buonathe threatened « Memoirs of his parte, and then rested himself !” eventful life” proceed but slowly.

CRANIOLOGY.
TURKISH MEDALS.

Philosophy is a very pleasant thing, The Sultan Mohammed is resorting and has various uses ; one is, that it to a somewhat unusual mode of stimu- makes us laugh ; and certainly there lating the valor of his troops. He are no speculations in philosophy, that has ordered honorary medals to be excite the risible faculties more than conferred upon those who distinguish some of the serious stories related by themselves in the present war against fanciful philosophers. One man canthe Russians. These medals have for not think with the left side of his their device-" For valor.” The head ; another, with the sanity of the Turks have hitherto shown an aversion right side judges the insanity of the to such distinctions. The order of the left side of his head. Zimmerman, a Crescent, instituted by Selim III., and very grave man, used to draw concluconferred on Lord Nelson, could never sions as to a man's temperament, from be rendered popular in Turkey. his nose !--not froin the size or form

of it, but the peculiar sensibility of DANISH PERIODICALS.

the organ; while some have thought, The first periodical publication that the temperature of the atmosprinted in Denmark, was in the year phere might be accurately ascertained 1644, which was soon followed by by the state of its tip! and Cardan many others, one of which was always considered acuteness of the organ a in verse. There are now no less than sure proof of genius! eighty works of a similar nature, either daily, weekly, monthly, or quar

LYING. terly; and of these seventy are in the A Dutch ambassador, entertaining Danish language.

the king of Siam with an account of

Holland, about which his majesty was IMPORTANT TO THE STUDIOUS. very inquisitive, amongst other things

Edmund Castell, one of the scholars told him, that water in his country of the seventeenth century, of whom would sometimes get so hard that men England may be most justly proud, walked upon it; and that it would devoted his whole time and his eye- bear an elephant with the utmost ease. sight to complete his Lexicon Hepta- To which the king replied, “ Hitherglotton-a most extraordinary monu- to I have believed the strange things ment of learning and industry. It is you have told me, because I looked important, however, for scholars to upon you as a sober, fair man ; but know, that the regular application of now I am sure you lie.eighteen hours a day, for seventeen years, did not so far impair his consti ORIENTAL RHODOMONTADE. tution as to prevent his reaching the When his innumerable armies advanced age of seventy-nine.

marched, the heavens were so filled

with the dust of their feet, that ADULATION.

the birds of the air could rest Perhaps one of the finest specimens thereupon. His elephants moved like of base and impious servility on record, walking mountains; and the earth, oppressed by their weight, mouldered how came we to forget to bend our into dust, and found refuge in the old top-sail ? They will quite ruin peaceful heaven.

that new one : it will never be worth

a farthing again.” CHINESE PRIDE. The Chinese are said to divide the

NEW WORKS. human race into men, women, and Tales of Woman, designed to exhiChinese.

bit the female character in its brightROSINI's Moïs E.

est points of view, are announced for Dr. Cottugno, the principal physi- immediate publication. It is said to cian at Naples, told me, at the time of be a work peculiarly worthy of female the extraordinary success of Rosini's - acceptation. Moïse, that he had more than forty The Garrick Correspondence has, cases of brain fever, or of violent con- it is said, been placed in the hands of vulsions, with which young females an experienced literary character and dotingly fond of music were seized, dramatic amateur, to be prepared for chiefly caused by the superb change publication. of tone in the prayer of the Hebrews In the Press.-The Life and Times in the third act.

of Daniel De Foe, containing a review

of his writings, and his opinions upon HUBERT POOT, THE DUTCH POET. a variety of important matters, civil

Hubert Poot, of Delft, was the son and ecclesiastical. Also an account of a peasant, who, although he had no of many contemporary Writers. By education, and little or no reading, Walter Wilson. became the author of Dutch Pastoral An elegant volume of a novel chaand Elegy. He never allowed his racter, devoted to the most elegant passion for making verses to interrupt recreations and pursuits of young lahis duty as a day-laborer, and is said dies. to have sold his watch, shoe-buckles, Memoirs of Paul Jones; compiled and ring, to purchase books, deeming from his Original Journals, Corresthe former luxuries—the latter, neces- pondence, and other Papers, brought saries.

from Paris by his heirs at the time of SILVER BOOKS.

his death, in 1792. In the library of Upsal, in Sweden, The Life and Adventures of Alesthere is preserved a translation of the ander Selkirk, who died in 1723; conFour Gospels, printed with hot metal taining the real Incidents upon which types, upon violet-colored vellum. the Romance of Robinson Crusoe is The letters are silver, and hence it founded. has received the name of Codex Ar- Scenes of War, and other Poems, gentea. The initial letters are in by John Malcolm. gold. It is supposed that the whole The Trials of Life, a Novel, by the was printed in the same manner as Author of De Lisle, or the Sensitive bookbinders letter the titles of books Man. on the backs. It was a very near ap- Conversations on Intellectual Philoproach to the discovery of the art of sophy, or a familiar explanation of the printing ; but it is not known how old Nature and Operations of the Human it is.

Mind.
NAVAL ECONOMY.

A New Year's Eve; and other At the battle of St. Vincent, the Poems. By Bernard Barton. Excellent, shortly before the action, The Interpositions of Divine Prohad bent a new fore-top-sail, and vidence, selected exclusively from the when she was closely engaged with Holy Scriptures. In one volume, 12 the St. Isidro, Captain (afterwards mo. By Joseph Fincher, Esq. Lord) Collingwood called out to his The Last Supper. By the author boatswain, “Bless me! Mr. Peffers, of Farewell to Time.

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SIR WALTER MEYNELL was born in mother had been dead some years; the last year of the seventeenth centu- and he came and settled at Arlescot, ry, and was an only son, although he retaining his eldest sister at the head had several sisters. He went through of his household, as she had been in the education which was then becom- their father's time, and all the others reing fixed as the course proper for the maining exactly as they had then been. Meynells, and which, in fact, has de- Sir Walter was not the man to put scended as regularly as the family- forth his sisters because they ceased plate ever since. Eton, Oxford, and to be daughters of the house-he lovthe Grand Tour formed this system of ed them all dearly, and delighted to training, which was continued unre- have them around him. “ Arlescot,” mittingly till the French revolution, said he, in answer to his man of busitogether with one or two other slight ness, who spoke to him on the subject, changes that it wrought, took away "shall ever be their home till they from the rising Meynell of the day the marry. I wish, in every respect, to power of travelling with a bear-leader fill my poor father's place as much as through the principal parts of Europe. possible.” And, indeed, if it had not

But no such naughty doings existed been that the face at the head of the in the days of Sir Walter's adoles- table was some thirty years younger cence. He was accordingly present- than that which had been there so ed at the court of the Regent, Duke lately, one would scarcely have known of Orleans, where nothing naughty that any change had taken place at was ever heard of, and thence duly Arlescot-hall. performed the whole of that itinerary There was a very considerable difwhich has been named the Grand ference between the age of the eldest Tour, from the circumstance, I sup- and the youngest of Sir Walter's five pose, of the traveller going straight on sisters, so that he continued to have a end, and returning almost precisely lady-house (_and the word, though I the way he came. Sir Walter, how- coin it for the purpose, carries with it ever, brought but little of foreign a most comprehensive signification-) fashions back with him to England. for many years. There was none He returned the same hearty, bright- of that loneliness, which so often spirited fellow he went with some sheds a chill over a bachelor's dwelladditional cultivation indeed for his ing. There were always smiling mental qualities were keen and sound faces and merry voices, to welcome -but in no degree warped or made his return home ;--and all those eleforeign by his residence abroad. gances and amenities, which exist in

Not long after his return, he suc- no society among which there are not ceeded to his title and estate. His women, constantly graced, and at the

36 ATHENEUM, vol. 1, 3d series.

same time gave added animation to, tracted the attention of the neighborthe circle that congregated within the hood towards him. His constaat walls of Arlescot. Indeed, celebrat- good humor as a companion-his exed as that venerable pile has always treme hospitality—the delightful footbeen for its hospitality and joyous so- ing upon which the society at Arlescot ciety, the days of Sir Walter and his was placed-his readiness to perform sisters have come down in tradition as a friendly office, and the excessive rethe most brilliant and festive of all. luctance with which he refused a faThe numerous Christmas party seldoin vor,-all combined to make the gentry broke up till it belied its naine, and adopt the language of the poor, and was treading on the heels of Lent; say—-- they have given him the right and the beautiful woods of green name—he is, indeed, Good Sir WalArlescot, as they waved in the full pride ter.” of summer, ever saw bright and happy One very natural consequence of groups beneath their shade, and echo- the position in which Sir Walter was ed to the sounds of springing voices placed, was that he remained a bachand young laughter.

elor. The smile of woman constantly In a word, Sir Walter lived during cheered his home, while her acconthese years a most happy life. He plishments gave to it all the advanhad around him those whom he loved tages of refinement and taste. In short, best in the world: he not only saw even the most manœuvring mammas ia them happy, but he helped to make shire had given up the matter them so. Indeed, so thoroughly did as a bad job—and set Sir Walter the milk of human kindness pervade down as a man that would nerer his heart, that he drew his own chief marry. enjoyment from conferring it. To the The youngest of his sisters was poor, he was, indeed, a benefactor. very much younger than any of the Not contented with an alms hastily family; and, indeed, there was algiven, or a dole regularly ineted out at most twenty years between his age the gate, he would personally enter and her's. At the time this sister, into their interests-assist the begin- whose name was Elizabeth, was about ner, encourage the rising man, and ten years old, there was only one of protect and provide for the destitute, the others left unmarried, and Sir the aged, and the sick. He would Walter began to feel, with sorrow, give his attention to their representa- how much their happy family circle tions, and deal to them a merciful was diminished. This circumstance justice. He would speak a kind drew his affections most vividly toword, as the flower of that beautiful wards the little Elizabeth. He felt tree of charity of which the kind ac- that she was his last stay-that when tion was the fruit. Before he was she left him, he would be widowed thirty years old, he had acquired, quite—and, accordingly, his kindness among the peasantry around Arlescot, towards her increased so greatly, that the epithet of " Good Sir Walter.” she would have gone near to become a If any one met with injustice-_“ Go to spoiled child-if it had not been that good Sir Walter, and be will see you , her nature was of a most excellent righted;" if any one fellinto distress, disposition, and that that nature had “Go to yood Sir Walter, and he will been directed, originally, by her eldest set you on your legs again.”

sister, towards the best and most beauAnd among persons of his own sta- tiful issues. Accordingly, when, at tion, Sir Walter was equally popular. about ten years old, her brother beHe had, shortly after his coming into gan to be over-indulgent towards her, the country, been the means of recon- the effect produced upon her was ciling a most distressing quarrel be- scarcely more than to render her althan two of his neighbors of the fection for him every day stronger and highest consideration--and this at- more fond, while it left untouched the

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