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only judge by generals ; it sees that opinions which now startle as well as those who pay considerable attention astonish, may be received hereafter as to minutiæ, seldom have their minds acknowledged axioms, and pass into occupied with great things. There ordinary practice. We cannot even are, it is true, exceptions ; but to ex- tell how far the sanguine theories of ceptions the world does not attend." certain philosophers deceive them,

Both for its intrinsic excellence, when they anticipate, for future ages, and because it illustrates the admira- a knowledge which shall bring perfecble character of Mordaunt, we select, tion to the mind, baffle the diseases of in conclusion, the ensuing passage. the body, and even protract, to a date

«« I believe,' answered Mordaunt, now utterly unknown, the final destithat it is from our ignorance that our nation of life : for Wisdom is a pacontentions flow; we debate with lace of which only the vestibule has strise and with wrath, with bickering been entered; nor can we guess what and with hatred ; but of the thing de- treasures are hid in those chambers, bated upon, we remain in the pro- of which the experience of the past foundest darkness. Like the laborers can afford us neither analogy or clue."" of Babel, while we endeavor in vain We could have wished to introto express our meaning to each other, duce that most exquisite picture of the fabric by which, for a common childhood, the daughter of Isabel St. end, we would have ascended to hea- Leger; some of Lord Aspeden's diven from the ills of earth, remains for- plomatic quotations and compliments ; ever unadvanced and incomplete. and some of Mr. Brown's presents : Let us hope that knowledge is the but our limits have already rather universal language which shall re-unite been devoted to the Disowned in a us. As, in their sublime allegory, the proportion due to its superior excelRomans signified, that only through lence, than according to our usual virtue we arrived at honor, so let us scale of novel reviewing. We must believe, that only through knowledge therefore content ourselves with pointcan we arrive at virtue!' · And yet,' ing attention to the admirable collosaid Clarence, that seems a melan- quies between Talbot and Clarence, choly truth for the mass of the people, and, above all, to those in which Alwho have no time for the researches gernon Mordaunt takes a part. The of wisdom. “Not so much so as at last scene in which the latter appears first we might imagine,' answered is almost a perfect specimen of imagiMordaunt: 'the few smooth all paths nation working up reality to the most

The precepts of know- intense pitch of interest. Such being ledge it is difficult to extricate from er the prorninent characteristics of this ror; but, once discovered, they gra- publication, it must command a far dually pass into maxims : and thus higher and wider scope of readers what the sage's life was consumed in than the ordinary class of novel deacquiring, become the acquisition of a vourers, though even for these it posmoment to posterity. Knowledge is sesses every possible attraction. In a like the atmosphere,-in order to dis- word, we have no hesitation in acpel the vapor and dislodge the frost, knowledging the author to be one of the our ancestors felled the forest, drained foremost writers of our day; and bis the marsh, and cultivated the waste; works to maintain not merely a very and we now breathe without an effort, elevated, but a very original station, in the purified air and the chastened as far removed from the class of fashclimate,—the result of the labor of ionable novels as they differ from generations and the progress of ages! those founded on historical data. As, to-day, the common mechanic may Altogether, if Pelham justly raisequal in science, however inferior in ed for its author a very high characgenius, the friar whom his contempo- ter, the Disowned will raise it far raries feared as a magician,--so the higher.

for the many

LETTERS FROM THE WEST.*

The author of this elegant and amus sures of retaliation."

We should say ing, if not instructive, volume, has that all such prejudices as our author for some time possessed the flattering exhibits ought to be left solely to the opinion of the literary and ingenious vulgar; although we must confess, part of the North American Republic, that persons paramount in our periodiand bis pretensions to a successful cal literature, have shown themselves cultivation of classic and elegant lite by far more iniquitously vituperative rature have been acknowledged by against America, than Judge Hall is European critics. But Judge Hall's jocosely detractory of England. But acquirements and propensities are the much of what Judge Hall sets down, "very reverse of what we are accustom- is useful, sterling sense, though a cered to behold in English judges. He

tain part of John Bull's family may has contented himself with what is call it prejudice. Thus, speaking of elegant, and has not sacrificed his re the settlers in America, he says, pose, or injured his health in diving “ Here is no holy alliance, no trafinto the profound, or piercing the in- ficking in human blood, no sceptre to tricacies of study. An English judge, be obeyed, no mitre to be worshipped. moreover, is seldom seen to travel, Here they find not merely a shelter, except on the circuits, or from his but they become proprietors of the chambers to Westminster Hall, and soil, and citizens of the state. he looks the beau ideal of saturnine The following is the author's dewisdom. The American judge, on scription of the “ Scenery of the the contrary, is absolutely erratic and Ohio.”_" The heart must indeed be peregrinacious; he thinks no more of cold that would not glow among scenes a journey of a thousand miles over like these. Rightly did the French pools and swamps, and through wilds call this stream La Belle Rivière, (the and deserts, to the western country, beautiful river.) The sprightly Cathan an English judge thinks of his nadian, plying his oar in cadence with progress through the blind alleys and the wild notes of the boat-song, could crooked paths of his profession to a not fail to find his heart enlivened by peerage and a provision for his family. the beautiful symmetry of the Obio. Our author's style, to our sober Eng Its current is always graceful, and its lish tastes, is by far too flowery and shores every where romantic.

Everyornate. He luxuriates in tropes and thing here is on a large scale. The figures, and is as redundant of epithets eye of the traveller is continually reas honest Sancho was of his proverbs. galed with magnificent scenes. Here But Judge Hall is strongly embued are no pigmy mounds dignified with with innumerable transatlantic preju the name of mountains, no rivulets dices against the land of his sires. swelled into rivers. Nature has workHe is every inch an American. We ed with a rapid but masterly hand ; can partially forgive him his preju every touch is bold, and the whole is dices, because many of them have af grand as well as beautiful ; while room forded us much mirth ; and of the is left for art to embellish and fertilize whole of them we may say, what Mr. that which nature has created with a Rose said of the Orders in Council thousand capabilities. There is inuch which brought the two nations to hos- sameness in the character of the tility, “ that though unjust in them scenery; but that sameness is in itself selves, they were justifiable as mea- delightful, as it consists in the recur

* Letters from the West; Containing Sketches of Scenery, Manners, and Customs; and Anecdotes connected with the first Settlements of the Western Sections of the United States. By the Ilon. Judge Hall. 8vo. London, 1828.

rence of noble traits, which are too ed, gave to the whole more the appleasing ever to be viewed with indif- pearance of a permanent residence ference; like the regular features ihan of a caravan of adventurers seekwhich we sometimes find in the face ing a home. A respectable-looking of a lovely woman, their charm con- old lady, with spectacles on nose,' sists in their own intrinsic graceful- was seated on a chair at the door of ness, rather than in the variety of their one of the cabins, employed in knitexpressions. The Ohio has not the ting; another female was at the washsprightly fanciful wildness of the Nia- tub; the men were chewing their togara, the St. Lawrence, or the Sus- bacco; and the various family vocaquehanna, whose impetuous torrents, tions seemed to go on like clock-work. rushing over beds of rocks, or dashing In this manner these people travel at a against the jutting cliffs, arrest the ear slight expense. They bring their own by their murmurs, and delight the eye provisions ; their raft Aoats with the with their eccentric wanderings. Nei- stream, and honest Jonathan, surround? ther is it like the Hudson, margined ed with his scolding, grunting, squalling at one spot by the meadow and the and neighing dependants, floats to the village, and overhung at another by point proposed without leaving his own threatening precipices and stupendous fire-side. Our author thus describes mountains. It has a wild, solemn, his passage over the falls of the Ohio. silent sweetness, peculiar to itself. “The business of preparation creates a The noble stream, clear, smooth, and sense of impending danger; the pilot unruffled, sweeps onward with regular stationed on the deck, assumes commajestic force. Continually changing mand; a firm and skilful helmsman its course, as it rolls from vale to vale, guides the boat; the oars, strongly it always winds with dignity, and manned, are vigorously plied to give avoiding those acute angles, which are the vessel a momentum greater than observed in less powerful streams, that of the current, without which the sweeps round in graceful bends, as if helm would be inefficient. The utmost disdaining the opposition to which na- silence prevails among the crew; but ture forces it to submit. On each the ear is stunned with the sound of side rise the romantic hills, piled on rushing waters; and the sight of waves each other to a tremendous height; dashing and foaming and wbirling and between them, are deep, abrupt, among the rocks and eddies below, is silent glens, which at a distance seem grand and fearful. The boat adrances inaccessible to the human foot; while with inconceivable rapidity to the head the whole is covered with timber of a of the channel, takes the chute, and gigantic size, and a luxuriant foliage seems no longer manageable among the of the deepest hues. Sometimes the angry currents, whose foam dashes upon splashing of the oar is heard, and the her deck ; but, in a few moments, she boatman's song awakens the surround- emerges from their power, and rides ing echoes ; but the most usual music again in serene waters.” is that of the native songsters, whose Judge Hall's work is interspersed melody steals pleasingly on the ear, with amusing descriptions, characterwith every modulation, at all hours, istic anecdotes, narratives of incidents, and in every change of situation.” and reminiscences of local history and

Of the emigration to the back coun personal adventures. There are also try, the author says, “ Each raft (on facts of a nature to awaken serious rethe Ohio) was eighty or ninety feet flections in the European politician; and long, with a small house on it, and on Judge Hall's nationality, though often each was a stack of hay, round which ridiculous, is never offensive ; for it is several horses and cows were feeding, accompanied with much truth, an biwhile the ploughs, wagons, pigs, child- larity of spirits, a vivacious manhood, ren, and poultry, carelessly distribut- and it is without personal rancor.

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SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY.

“ Serene Philosophy!
She springs aloft, with elevated pride,
Above the tangling mass of low desires,
That bind the fluttering crowd ; and, angel-wing’d,
The heights of Science and of Virtue gains,
Where all is calm and clear."

in each year.

THE AURORA BOREALIS, AS IT AP light, like a succession of sparks from PEARS IN RUSSIA.

an electric jar, flew off and disappearThe northern hemisphere has its de- ed; while the streaks changed their lights as well as the southern. One form frequently and rapidly, and broke of these arises from the contemplation out in places where none were seen of that beautiful phenomenon called before, shooting along the heavens, the Aurora Borealis, or Northern and then disappearing in an instant. Lights. Such a phenomenon is of the sky in various places became frequent occurrence at St. Petersburgh. tinged with a deep purple, the stars According to the meteorological tables shone very brilliantly, the separate of twenty years, northern lights ap- lights gradually merged into one anopeared on an average twenty-one times ther, when the auroral resplendence

In the year 1774, they of the horizon increased and became appeared forty-eight times. From magnificent. This phenomenon lasted 1782 to 1786 they decreased, having nearly four hours ; and at one time a been seen only one hundred and ten large triangle of the strongest light octimes during that period, and only cupied the horizon, illuminating in the thirty-nine times from 1787 to 1791. most magnificent manner nearly the This diminution in the yearly number entire vault of heaven. From six to of northern lights has continued more seven falling stars were observed at or less ever since; and looking for il- the time, leaving in their train a very lustration at the tables of the same brilliant light. two years nearer us, which has supplied us with other data, namely, 1818 and 1819, I find that in the former The elephant has larger nasal oryear northern lights occurred only six, gans than any other animal, the.proand in the latter twelve times. At boscis or trunk having a cavity sithe close of last autumn, this curious milar to the nostrils, running its whole phenomenon appeared on one occasion, length, and terminating in very large magnificently bright. The sky was cells in the head and face. Cuvier, illuminated from the horizon to the however, thinks that the lower part of zenith, extending east and west to a the cavity does not possess the sense considerable distance. Masses of fire of smell, but it is intended merely to in the form of columns, and as bril- pump up the water it uses in drinking. liant the brightest phosphorus, It is not clear, indeed, that, in other danced in the air, and streaks of a quadrupeds, the outer nostril possessdeeper light, .of various sizes, rose es much, if any, sensibility to odors, from the horizon and flashed between the sense being most requisite in the them. The brightness of the former upper part of the roof of the nose. seemed at times to grow faint and The trunk of the elephant is capable dim. At this conjuncture the broad of being moved in any direction; and streaks would suddenly shoot with at the very point of it, just above the great velocity up to the zenith with an nostrils, there is an extension of the undulating motion and a pyramidal skin, formed like a finger, and, indeed, forn. From the columns, Nashes of answering all the purposes of one; for,

THE PROBOSCIS OF THE ELEPHANT.

as

with the rest of the extremity of the years of age, coming from school, fell trunk, it is capable of assuming diffe- and broke her arm : an English surrent forms, and, consequently, of be- geon was immediately sent for, but be ing adapted to the minutest objects. being unfortunately from home, a PorBy means of this, the elephant can tuguese one was called in, who, to take a pin from the ground, untie the make assurance trebly sure, called in knots of a rope, unlock a door, and two others. This happy trio, pereven write with a pen.

ceiving that, from the fall, the flesh

was turned blackish, determined that LITHOGRAPHY.

a mortification had already taken Several important improvements in place, (in less than an hour, on a the art of lithography having been healthy young subject!) and, without communicated to the French Academy any further ceremony, cut off the poor by Messrs. Chevalier and Langlumé, child's arın. The English surgeon, the members of the Academy to who had been sent for in the first inwhom the consideration of the subject stance, now attended, but only in tine was referred, have reported that these to lament his being from home when improvements appear to them to ap- the accident happened; as he assured proximate the art as nearly to perfec- me there was not the least occasion tion as it is capable of arriving. for amputation, the fracture and bruise

being no more than is usual in such CONSUMPTION.

accidents. Though I have here only A number of experiments has been cited one case, yet the practice is inmade in France on ducks and chick- variably the same. Of with the limb, ens, by M. Flourens ; from which he in all fractures, is, with them, what draws the following conclusions : bleeding and hot water were with Dr. first, that cold exercises a constant Sangrado-a universal cure. I know and decided action on the lungs of several persons who would have lost a animals ; secondly, that the effect of limb, which they now enjoy the use of, that action is more rapid and serious but from the interposition of the gentlein proportion to the youth of the ani- man above mentioned, or from their mal; thirdly, that when cold does not own resolution, which the Portuguese produce an acute pulmonary inflamma- faculty call English obstinacy. tion, speedily mortal, it produces a chronic inflammation, which is in fact pul

GLASS. monary consumption ; fourthly, that The commission of the French heat constantly prevents the inroad of Academy, to which the specimens of pulmonary consumption, that when it crown and flint glass presented to the has actually commenced, heat suspends Academy by Messrs. Thibaudeau and its progress, and that sometimes heat Bontemps had been reserred, has adeven leads to a perfect cure; fifthly, journed its report until it receives adthat to whatever height it may have ditional specimens, in which the flint arrived, this malady is never contagious. glass is to possess greater density, and

the crown glass to be of larger dimenPORTUGUESE SKILL IN SURGERY. sions. M. Arago, in order to show

The Portuguese surgeons are con- still more how unfounded is the genesidered to rank very low, when com- ral opinion of the case with which pared with those of other nations ; crown glass can be fabricated, inbut they cannot be expected to excel formed the Academy that he knew in so difficult an art, while they are an optician in Paris who was stopped deprived of the means of acquirement; in the construction of an important hospitals, schools for anatomny, and dis- instrument by the impossibility of sections, being unknown in the country. procuring for it pieces of crown glass

One day, a very fine girl of eight of sufficient size.

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