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As the simple and primitive inhabi- else falls within the wide and varied tants of the Highlands of Scotland, scope of the parochial superintendence unchanged in their manners for cen- of a Scottish country parson. This turies, and having a literature and a Reverend Gentleman was, as one history of their own, blended with the would say, almost self-made; or, at singular but sublime superstition of least, it was difficult to say whence the Northmen, from whom they had came the means by which he received received their chiefs ; as they melted the rudiments of his education. His away from their mother country, and father was a poor shepherd, wholly were lost in the wastes of other lands, illiterate bimself, and, as one would a something which it would have been think, without any possibility of havnew and delightful for us to know, ing that ambition of bestowing instrucand of which we can now procure no tion upon his son which is so general knowledge, vanished along with them. among the cottagers in the southern That the change is or is not for the parts of Scotland. It is difficult inbetter, as far as physical wealth and deed to imagine how, in those times, comfort are concerned, is a question any notion at all of education could for others to settle; it is for us to exist in the glen. It lies upon a regret that many pages have thereby branch of a river in the very fastness been torn from the natural history of of the mountains, inaccessible on three man; and it is with the lost pages of sides, and can be entered only by two that history, as with a lost recollection narrow passes at the sides of a rocky in our train of thought, how trifling island which divides the stream at the soever it may be in reality, we prize fourth, and near the confluence of the it more than all that we remember. Donhuil with the larger river of which Regret is of no avail, however. It it is a branch. The rebellion had just were better, just as the antiquaries of closed, too, and the landing and final the present time do with the ruins of retreat of Prince Charles were tales those edifices which would yet have only of yesterday. Nay, the country been entire but for the labor of their was in an absolute state of hostility : own ancestors, to put together and the M.Kenzie, the great lord of these preserve the fragments in the best parts, had gone into exile ; and the manner we are able.

halls of Elan Donan were mouldering Of these fragments one was the in their decay; but the hearts of the Reverend Donald M-Cra, who, for clan Cuinich were true, and not one more than half a century, had ruled shilling of the rents ever found its and directed the inhabitants of Inver- way into the Exchequer, or a civil donhuil in all matters of faith, and officer or soldier dared come to distrain morals, and gossip, and whatsoever them. The moment that a party ap

51 ATHENEUM, vol. 1, 3d series.

proached within even a day's march, by the margin of the sea, which at the Beal fires blazed, first upon Tul- that place is as transparent as glass, loch-n'-Ard, and then upon the sum- as the breeze steals up the inlet, at mits of all the crags and sqůūrs in that the head of which the monument was most singularly formed of lands; and situated,—the waves murmur among ere the invading party had gained the the pebbles as if singing their solemn only pass (and it was a long and diffi- requiem for the repose of the hero. cult one) by which the country could Over the little mound, with which be entered, that pass was brown with time has nearly encased the stone targets and beaming with clayinores; coffin, two weeping birches used to while along the summit of the moun- bang their fragrant festoons, while, to tains, on each side, files of men stood give every finish to the enjoyment of ready with levers to swing the masses at least one sense, the woodroof and of granite, of two or three tons weight, the wild hyacinth vied in perfume from their beds on the steep, and send with each other—the one, in its living them booming into the ravine below scent, typical of the fame of the hero with a force against which no precau- when alive; the other, fragrant only tion of the wisest commander could when withered, as good a type of that have been of any avail. Alaster fame which cannot be made to perish. M'Cra, the father of our hero, (for But we must not allow ourselves to be he was a hero in his way,) was the seduced to linger at the grave of Diarfleetest foot that, within the range of mid; though, in sooth, if we wished tradition, had trodden the mountains for a mood of mind more touching of Kintail; and it was generally sup- than another, we know not whither posed that he was appointed collector we should go to find its equal. of the rents of the exiled M-Kenzie, It was conjectured that, in consewhich, when collected, were regularly quence of the service performed by carried abroad to their owner by a dar- old M Cra, the son received his eduing freeman of the sea, whose name, as cation at the expense of the exiled Donhuil Spainiel, is still cherished by family. At any rate, no sooner had the few remains of that gallant and un- Donald mastered the whole Jore of conquerable people, who are now left to the parish, which lore was then a deplore that the mansion of their chief portion of one of the books of the New is a habitation for the gannet and the Testament and some of the leading osprey ; that the property has passed questions in the Assembly's Cateinto new hands; and that a new peo- chism, written in Gaelic (these fragple have brought a new industry, ments of theology were pasted upon which, though it has quadrupled the the staves of a cask, which the sea productions of the district, has driven had drifted in), than he was remored the plough of ruin over every monu- to the capital of the Highlands, and, ment and trace of those who so long after due residence there, sent to dwelt there. Barrow after barrow King's College, Aberdeen, from which was scattered, sometimes in quest of sober seminary the essential instructhe rude urns of the Northmen, but ters of the Highlanders have emanated more frequently that the clay of the ever since it had a foundation, or, at old inhabitants might fatten the fields least, since they had such instructers. of the new. Cairn after cairn was of the extent of Donald's acquire, taken down; one « judgment circle” ments, whether at Inverness or at was removed after another; and, Aberdeen, there remains no evidence ; though they spared it for a little time, the only event at all worthy of being the reputed, and, in the belief of the remembered, with which bis name is natives, the indubitable grave of the coupled, was the celebrated slaugater mighty Diarmid himself yielded to the of Dauney, the janitor; who, after passion for change. It was lone, and, mock trial, was led to the block, laid amnong monuments, was lovely. Fast upon it, and killed in an instant by a

gentle stroke of a wet towel across many can procure from the best furhis throat.

nished library. Nor was this study One thing is certain ; the experience wholly unproductive of fruit. It is which the Minister had of the world proved by the history both of nations at these places, neither enlisted him and of individuals, that if there be in its pleasures nor allured him to its intellect which cannot come in the imitation; for, though it was believed way of science and ordinary literature, in his native glen, that the power of it will spontaneously burst forth in the M-Kenzie (who had then just been poetry. The earliest mental producrestored, and had swung, as most of tions of all nations, of which any trace the chieftains swung, from the ac- remains, are poetical, and may in getiveness of rebellion to the passiveness neral be considered as songs ; poetry of worshipping royalty) was second is the first to be found and the first to only, if not, indeed, superior to that ripen in the revivals of literature ; and of the king himself, and could have whenever what is called a genius procured for Mr. MCra the very springs up in pastoral countries, where foremost appointment in the island, he there are no marvels of art and mawas contented to return to his native chinery to attract the attention, it glen immediately when the period of invariably appears in poetry. With his study expired; nor did he again our hero the general principle was not leave it except to attend the meetings broken; and before he had settled of the Presbytery and Synod, and the twelve months in his native place, the latter he frequented as seldom as he lads on the hill and the lasses in the could. During his absence, too, he valley were carolling blithely the bad attended so closely to his books, strains of Donald M Cra. or, at least, had been so incurious in One step of renown leads to anoall the matters that he might have ther; and when mental improvement learned respecting the manners of is once in any way hegun, there is a men, that he returned to the glen al- native impetus, which it requires very tered in nothing but in years and in- considerable resistance to stop. Acformation, the latter consisting of two cordingly, the elevation of Donald to portions—some half-acquired Latin, the dignity of poet to the glen was which he was gradually to forget, and soon followed by his elevation to the a great deal of mystical theology, more important office of schoolmaster; which was destined to increase at a and the love of song among the people greater ratio than the other diminished. was succeeded by a love for informa

What to do with the student fresh tion. Thus an arena was opened for from college in a place where nobody Donald to win laurels in the sight of could read English but the minister, all those who constituted the world to and he was scarcely in possession of his care or even to his knowledge ; a book, would have been a puzzle to and, from the state in which he found many; and in these times, when read- matters, the conquest was an easy ing constitutes so much of the business one. We have mentioned the extent and pleasure of all who can find lei- of the school books, at the time of his sure for it, it would have been difficult own initiatory instruction; and as his to imagine how the life of MCra aged predecessor had, for several could at all be borne. There is, years, lost his sight and nearly his however, a voice in every object in senses, the system had fallen off. nature; and in a romantic and lovely The boards were abandoned, and had land that voice is pleasant as well as become obliterated by the smoke loud. We are not sure but our reve- that filled the hovel which was callrend anch orite derived more exquisite ed the school-house ; so that the whole pleasure, with occasional glimpses of instruction the old schoolmaster gave, a finer philosophy, from the volume of consisted of small scraps on reliuncultivated nature around him, than gious subjects, neither very well put proached within even a day's march, by the margin of the sea, which at the Beal fires blazed, first upon Tul- that place is as transparent as glass, loch-n'-Ard, and then upon the sum- as the breeze steals up the inlet, at mits of all the crags and squŭrs in that the head of which the monument was most singularly formed of lands; and situated,-the waves murmur among ere the invading party had gained the the pebbles as if singing their solema only pass (and it was a long and diffi- requiem for the repose of the hero. cult one) by which the country could Over the little mound, with which be entered, that pass was brown with time has nearly encased the stone targets and beaming with clayınores; coffin, two weeping birches used to while along the summit of the moun- hang their fragrant festoons, while, to tains, on each side, files of men stood give every finish to the enjoyment of ready with levers to swing the masses at least one sense, the woodroof and of granite, of two or three tons weight, the wild hyacinth vied in perfume from their beds on the steep, and send with each other—the one, in its living thein booming into the ravine below scent, typical of the fame of the bero with a force against which no precau- when alive; the other, fragrant only tion of the wisest commander could when withered, as good a type of that have been of any avail. Alaster fame which cannot be made to perish. M'Cra, the father of our hero, (for But we must not allow ourselves to be he was a hero in his way,) was the seduced to linger at the grave of Diarfleetest foot that, within the range of mid; though, in sooth, if we wished tradition, had trodden the mountains for a mood of mind more touching of Kintail; and it was generally sup- than another, we know not whither posed that he was appointed collector we should go to find its equal. of the rents of the exiled M Kenzie, It was conjectured that, in consewhich, when collected, were regularly quence of the service performed by carried abroad to their owner by a dar- old M.Cra, the son received his edaing freeman of the sea, whose name, as cation at the expense of the exiled Donhuil Spainiel, is still cherished by family. At any rate, no sooner had the few remains of that gallant and un- Donald mastered the whole Jore of conquerable people, who are now left to the parish, which lore was then a deplore that the mansion of their chief portion of one of the books of the Net is a habitation for the gannet and the Testament and some of the leading osprey ; that the property has passed questions in the Assembly's Cateinto new hands; and that a new peo- chism, written in Gaelic (these fragple have brought a new industry, ments of theology were pasted upon which, though it has quadrupled the the staves of a cask, which the sea productions of the district, has driven had drifted in), than he was remored the plough of ruin over every monu- to the capital of the Highlands, and, ment and trace of those who so long after due residence there, sent to dwelt there. Barrow after barrow King's College, Aberdeen, from which was scattered, sometimes in quest of sober seminary the essential instructhe rude urns of the Northmen, but ters of the Highlanders have emanated more frequently that the clay of the ever since it had a foundation, or, at old inhabitants might fatten the fields least, since they had such instructers. of the new, Cairn after cairn was Of the extent of Donald's acquiretaken down ; one « judgment circle” ments, whether at Inverness or at was removed after another; and, Aberdeen, there remains no evidence; though they spared it for a little time, the only event at all worthy of being the reputed, and, in the belief of the remembered, with which his name is natives, the indubitable grave of the coupled, was the celebrated slaughter mighty Diarmid himself yielded to the of Dauney, the janitor; who, after a passion for change. It was lone, and, mock trial, was led to the block, laid among monuments, was lovely. Fast upon it, and killed in an instant by a

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