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1 relevant information which the Commission deems appro
2 priate to effectuate the purposes of the Act. 3 (b) A willful violation of this section shall be punish4 able by a fine of not more than $500 for each separate
7 SEC. 12. Nothing contained in this Act shall be con8 strued to repeal or modify any Federal, State, territorial, or 9 local law creating special rights or preference for veterans.
RULES AND REGULATIONS
11 SEC. 13. The Commission shall have authority from 12 time to time to issue, amend, or rescind suitable regulations 13 to carry out the provisions of this Act. Regulations issued 14 under this section shall be in conformity with the standards
15 and limitations of the Administrative Procedure Act.
FORCIBLY RESISTING THE COMMISSION OR ITS
18 SEC. 14. Whoever shall forcibly resist, oppose, impede, 19 intimidate, or interfere with a member, agent, or employee 20 of the Commission while engaged in the performance of
21 duties under this Act, or because of such performance, shall 22 be punished by a fine of not more than $500 or by imprison23 ment for not more than one year, or by both.
2 SEC. 15. If any provision of this Act or the application 3 of such provision to any person or circumstance shall be held
4 invalid, the remainder of this Act or the application of such
5 provision to persons or circumstances other than those to
6 which it is held invalid shall not be affected thereby.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
MARCH 28, 1963 Mr. Case (for himself, Mr. Beall, Mr. Fong, Mr. Javits, Mr. KEATING, Mr.
KUCHEL, and Mr. Scott) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare
A BILL To prohibit discrimination in employment because of race, reli
gion, color, national origin, or ancestry. 1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Federal 5 Equality of Opportunity in Employment Act”.
FINDINGS AND DECLARATIONS OF POLICY
SEC. 2. (a) The Congress hereby finds that, despite 8 the continuing progress of our Nation, the practice of dis9 crimination in employment against properly qualified per10
sons because of their race, religion, color, national origin,
or ancestry is contrary to the American principles of liberty
1 and of equality of opportunity, is incompatible with the
2 Constitution, forces large segments of our population into 3 substandard conditions of living, foments industrial strife and 4 domestic unrest, deprives the United States of the fullest
5 utilization of its capacities for production, endangers the na
6 tional security and the general welfare, and adversely affects 7 the domestic and foreign cominerce of the United States.
(b) The right to employment without discrimination 9 because of race, religion, color, national origin, or ancestry 10 is hereby recognized as and declared to be a civil right of 11 all the people of the United States. 12
(c) The Congress further declares that the succeeding 13 provisions of this Act are necessary for the following 14
(1) To remove obstructions to the free flow of 16
commerce among the States and with foreign nations. 17
(2) To insure the more complete and full enjoy18
ment by all persons of the rights, privileges, and im19
munities secured and protected by the Constitution of 20
the United States.
(3) To advance toward fulfillment of the international treaty obligations imposed by the Charter of the United Nations upon the United States as a signa
tory thereof to promote "universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms
for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or
5 (a) The term “person” includes one or more indi6 viduals, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal repre7 sentatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, receivers, or any 8 organized group of persons and any agency or instrumen9 tality of the United States, including the District of Colum10 bia, or of any territory or possession thereof. 11 (b) The term "employer” means a person engaged in 12 commerce or in operations affecting commerce having in 13 his employ fifty or more individuals; any agency or instru14 mentality of the United States, including the District of 15 Columbia, or of any territory or possession thereof; and 16
any person acting in the interest of an employer, directly 17
or indirectly; but shall not include any State or municipality 18
or political subdivision thereof, or any religious, charitable, 19 fraternal, social, educational, or sectarian corporation or 20 association, if no part of the net earnings inures to the benefit 21 of any private shareholder or individual, other than a labor 22 organization. 23 (c) The term "employment agency" means any person 24 undertaking with or without compensation to procure em25 ployees or opportunities to work for an employer; but shall