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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
EMPLOYMENT AND MANPOWER

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 773, S. 1210, S. 1211, and S. 1937 BILLS RELATING TO EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

JULY 24, 25, 26, 29, 31; AUGUST 2 AND 20, 1963

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1963

22-287 O

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

LISTER HILL, Alabama, Chairman PAT MCNAMARA, Michigan

BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York RALPH YARBOROUGH, Texas

WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont
JOSEPH S. CLARK, Pennsylvania

JOHN G. TOWER, Texas
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia LEN B. JORDAN, Idaho
HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey
QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota*
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts

STEWART E. MCCLURE, Chief Clerk
JOHN S. FORSYTHE, General Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT AND MANPOWER

JOSEPH S. CLARK, Pennsylvania, Chairman JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont PAT MCNAMARA, Michigan

LEN B. JORDAN, Idaho
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York
QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota*
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts

EDWARD D. FRIEDMAN, Counsel
Dr. GARTH L. MANGUM, Research Director

RAYMOND D. HURLEY, Associate Minority Counsel *Senator Lee Metcalf was assigned to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare on August 26, 1963, pursuant to s. Res. 189, vice Senator Burdick.

CONTENTS

JULY 24, 1963

Henning, John F., Under Secretary of Labor; accompanied by Stanley C.

Ruttenberg, special assistant to the Secretary, and Kenneth Robertson,

Acting Deputy Solicitor...

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., U.S. Senator from the State of Minnesota

JULY 25, 1963

Meany, George, president, AFL-CIO, accompanied by Andrew Biemiller,

legislative department, Thomas Harris, counsel, and Boris Shishkin,

civil rights department...

Randolph, A. Philip, president, Negro America Labor Council, president,

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and vice president, AFL-CIO.---

Young, Whitney M., Jr., executive director, National Urban League -

Blank, Rabbi Irwin, Synagogue Council of America; accompanied by

Father John F. Cronin, National Catholic Welfare Conference, and

Dr. Eugene Carson Blake, National Council of the Churches of Christ..

JULY 26, 1963

Wilkins, Roy, executive director, National Association for the Advancement

of Colored People, chairman, Leadership Conference on Civil Rights...

Wheeler, Walter H., Jr., chairman of the board, Pitney-Bowes, Inc., Stam-

ford, Conn...

Farmer, James, national director, Congress of Racial Equality -

JULY 29, 1963

Male, Raymond, commissioner of labor, Trenton, NJ...

Spitz, Henry, general counsel, New York State Commission for Human

Rights.

Howden, Edward, chief, California State Fair Employment Practices

Commission

McDonald, James, executive director, State commission against discrimi-

nation, St. Paul, Minn..

Litvak, Milton, acting chairman, Missouri Commission on Human Rights..

JULY 31, 1963

McDonald, David J., president, United Steelworkers of America; accom-

panied by David Fuller, Grant Hoffmann, Francis Shane, Maurice

Moran, and Jerry Anker --

Ginzberg, Dr. Eli, professor of economics, Columbia University

Ross, Joseph, president, Davidson Bros., Inc.

, Detroit, Mich.

Miller, Herman P., special assistant, Office of the Director, Bureau of the

Census.

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487

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES-Continued

AUGUST 2, 1963

Wirtz, Hon. W. Willard, Secretary of Labor, Vice Chairman, President's

Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity; accompanied by

Charles Donahue, Solicitor of the Department of Labor; Thompson

Powers, Deputy Solicitor; and Robert Nagle, assistant to the Vice

Chairman of the President's Committee on Equal Opportunity.

Richardson, Roy, personnel manager, Honeywell-Aeronautical Division,

Minneapolis, Minn.

Dunbar, Leslie, executive director, Southern Regional Council, Atlanta,

Ga__

Sheinkman, Jacob, counsel, National Community Relations Advisory

Committee..

Collinson, Noyes, director, employment merit program, American Friends

Service Committee, and Miss Jean Fairfax, national representative for

southern programs, American Friends Service Committee...

AUGUST 20, 1963

Griswold, Hon. Erwin N., Commissioner, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

STATEMENTS

Blank, Rabbi Irwin, Synagogue Council of America; accompanied by

Father John F. Cronin, National Catholic Welfare Conference, and

Dr. Eugene Carson Blake, National Council of the Churches of Christ..

Collinson, Noyes, director, employment merit program, American Friends

Service Committee, and Miss Jean Fairfax, national representative for

southern programs, American Friends Service Committee...

Prepared statement..

Additional statements

Dunbar, Leslie, executive director, Southern Regional Council, Atlanta,

Ga..

Prepared statement-

Farmer, James, national director, Congress of Racial Equality.

Fowler, Andrew, director, Washington Bureau of the National Fraternal

Council of Churches, U.S.A., Inc.

Ginzberg, Dr. Eli, professor of economics, Columbia University -

Griswold, Hon. Erwin N., Commissioner, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

Prepared statement...

Summary of prepared statement.-

Haggerty, C. J., president, Building and Construction Trades Department,

AFL-CIO, prepared statement...

Henning, John F., Under Secretary of Labor; accompanied by Stanley C.

Ruttenberg, special assistant to the Secretary, and Kenneth Robertson,

Acting Deputy Solicitor.

Prepared statement..

Howden, Edward, chief, California State Fair Employment Practices

Commission...

Prepared statement.

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., a U.S. Senator from the State of Minnesota -

Levering, Samuel R., chairman of the board, Christian Social Concerns,

The Five Years Meeting of Friends, prepared statement.-

Litvak, Milton, acting chairman, Missouri Commission on Human Rights..

Prepared statement...

Male, Raymond, commissioner of labor, Trenton, N.J.--

McDonald, David J., president, United Steelworkers of America; accom-

panied by David Fuller, Grant Hoffmann, Francis Shane, Maurice

Moran, and Jerry Anker --

Prepared statement.

McDonald, James, executive director, State commission against discrimi-

nation, St. Paul, Minn..

Prepared statement-

Meany, George, president, AFL-CI0; accompanied by Andrew Biemiller,

legislative department; Thomas Harris, counsel; and Boris Shishkin,
civil rights department...

150

208

Megel, Carl J., president, American Federation of Teachers, prepared Page
statement.

309

Miller, Herman P., special assistant, Office of the Director, Bureau of the

Census...

321

Press release..

386

Joseph J., vice president for administration, Pitney-Bowes, Inc.,

Stamford, Conn..

212

Peabody, Hon. Endicott, Governor, State of Massachusetts, prepared

statement..

281

Randolph, A. Philip, president, Negro America Labor Council, president,

Brotherhood of sleeping Car Porters, and vice president, AFL-CIO. 170

Reuther, Walter P., president, UAW, and Industrial Union Department,
AFL-CIO, prepared statement..

167
Richardson, Roy, personnel manager, Honeywell-Aeronautical Division,
Minneapolis, Minn...

420

Prepared statement.

418

Ross, Joseph, president, Davidson Bros., Inc., Detroit, Mich.

317

Prepared statement...

315

Sheinkman, Jacob, counsel, National Community Relations Advisory

Committee.

467

Prepared statement.-

463

Spitz, Henry, general counsel, New York State Commission for Human

Rights.

255

Prepared statement.

233

Wheeler, Walter H., Jr., chairman of the board, Pitney-Bowes, Inc.,

Stamford, Conn., presented by Joseph J. Morrow.

212

Prepared statement...

Wilkins, Roy, executive director, National Association for the Advance-

ment of Colored People; chairman, Leadership Conference on Civil

Rights..

196

Wirtz, Hon. W. Willard, Secretary of Labor, Vice Chairman, President's

Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity; accompanied by

Charles Don Avon, Solicitor of the Department of Labor; Thompson

Powers, Deputy Solicitor; and Robert Nagle, assistant to the Vice

Chairman of the President's Committee on Equal Opportunity----- 389

Prepared statement...

390

Young, Whitney M., Jr., executive director, National Urban League - 175

COMMUNICATIONS

Dunbar, Leslie W., executive director, Southern Regional Council, Inc.,

Atlanta, Ga., letters, dated:

March 20, 1963, to Hobart Taylor, Jr., Executive Vice Chairman,

President's Committee on Equal Opportunity.-

461

August 27, 1963, to Senator Javits..

462

Katzenbach, Nicholas de B., Deputy Attorney General, letter, dated

August 15, 1963, to Senator Clark pertaining to constitutionality of

certain fair employment practices bills.

485

McNamara, Robert S., Secretary of Defense, letter, dated April 26, 1963,
to the Vice President...

407
Yarmolinsky, Adam, special assistant to the Secretary of Defense, letter,

dated May 31, 1963, to Hobart Taylor explaining penciled notations in
Robert McNamara letter...

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Comparative complaint experiences under State fair employment practice
laws, compilation prepared by Department of Labor.

134
Constitutional basis for legislation before the 88th Congress to prohibit

discrimination in employrrent because of race, color, etc., memorandum
prepared by Department of Labor.

127
"Economic Costs of Racial Discrimination in Employment," study by
Council of Economic Advisers...

116
"Econorr ic Status of Negroes: In the Nation and in the South," pamphlet
by Prof. Vivian W. Henderson...

433
Memorandum to Senator Clark from AFL-CIO Department of Legislation
on removal of membership restrictions based on race, 1942–63..

150

407

53

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