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UNDER THE GENERAL PROVISIONS OF SECTION 332, TITLE III, PART II,

TARIFF ACT OF 1930, IN COMPLIANCE WITH SENATE

RESOLUTION 200, DATED AUGUST 24, 1935

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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION

RAYMOND B. STEVENS, Chairman
HENRY F. GRADY, Vice Chairman
EDGAR B. BROSSARD

OSCAR B. RYDER

E. DANA DURAND

A. MANUEL FOX

SIDNEY MORGAN, Secretary

Address All Communications

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D. C.

II

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT In the preparation of this report the following members of the Commission's staff have rendered especially valuable services: Loyle A. Morrison, Assistant Chief of the Economics Division; Joseph M. P. Donohoe, of the Lumber and Paper Division; and Albert L. Morgan, of the Accounting Division. Also contributing to the report were Franklin H. Smith, Chief of the Lumber and Paper Division, and Norman S. Meese of that Division; and Howard F. Barker, Chief of the Accounting Division, and the following members of the Accounting Division: John M. Jacobs, Thomas H. Joyce, Edward T. Welch, William J. Dedicott, J. Wells Jones, Walter L. Sanders, Jr., Carl M. Bauman, and Francis R. Claurini; and others.

Many of the data contained in this report were obtained through the active participation of pulp producing, consuming, and importing concerns from whom information was requested. The Commission wishes to acknowledge their cooperation.

The Commission is also indebted to the United States Pulp Producers Association, the American Paper and Pulp Association, the Soda Pulp Manufacturers Association, the Association of American Wood Pulp Importers, and others, for their assistance and cooperation in this investigation.

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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY

Introduction:

Former report of Tariff Commission on wood pulp and pulpwood..--

Occasion for present report.-

Scope of the investigation and methods of obtaining information....

Form of this report...

Summary:

Wood pulp-General:

Tariff treatment of wood pulp and of principal related imports..

Description and uses.-

United States production, imports, exports---

Wood pulp and pulpwood requirements of the United States---

Factors affecting United States trade in wood pulp-..

United States wood-pulp producing and consuming industries -

Consumption of wood pulp and other fibrous materials in the

production of paper and other products..

Integration and affiliation of pulp and paper plants.

Ownership and control of domestic pulp mills

Labor and wages.

Cost of producing wood pulp, by regions-

Prices of pulp---

Foreign wood-pulp industry and international trade in wood pulp.

Sulphite pulp:

Classes of sulphite pulp--

Production, imports, exports, and consumption:

Unbleached.

Bleached...

Trends of production in the several regions--

Utilization and sales by pulp-producing concerns in different

regions.--

Imports into the United States_

Transportation.--

Marketing and prices.

Net realization at mill on sales compared with cost..

Sulphate pulp----

Mechanical pulp---

Pulpwood:

Production, imports, exports, and apparent consumption...

Regional consumption.-

Methods by which mills obtain pulpwood..

Timberland holdings.-

Cost of pulpwood to the consuming mills.-

Restrictions on Canadian pulpwood exports..

Competitive conditions.---

Possible future developments in the pulp and paper situation...

PART I. WOOD PULP

Section 1.-General aspects:

Tariff history ---

Description, uses, and processes of production:

Main kinds of pulp-

Preparation of wood.

Mechanical pulp-

Sulphite pulp.

Sulphate pulp-

Soda pulp..

Recovery of chemicals in sulphate and soda processes.

Semichemical pulp

Drying and storing -

World production and consumption.

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World capacity of wood-pulp mills..

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