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An approximate exhibit of the extent, progress, and other peculiari. ties connected with grape culture and wine production has been a longfelt want. Many vague and loose statements, with reference to extent of land planted, and amount of crop, have been put in circulation.
Equally unsatisfactory and conflicting opinions are held as to the comparative value of certain soils and locations, the best varieties of the fruit, and the adaptability of certain kinds to particular soils, climates, and localities.
With a view to the collection of statistical information, copies of a circular containing the following list of questions were distributed among the correspondents of this Department and to the principal grapegrowers throughout the country :
1. How many acres of vineyard in your county? 2. How many acres actually in bearing? 3. How many tops of grapes were produced the present season ! 4. How many pounds were sold or shipped for table use? 5. How many gallons of wine were manufactured ? 6. What variety is most popular as a table fruit ? 7. What variety is in highest repute as a wine grape ? 8. What variety is principally grown? 9. What variety gives the heaviest must on the sugar scale ? 10. Wbat varieties are most subject to leaf diseases, and to what extent are they injured ? 11. What varieties are most subject to rot, and to what extent? 12. What effect has shelter or protection, of any kind, in preventing leaf diseases ? 13. What effect has soil in reference to rot in the berry ?
14. What soils, chemically considered, are most favorable to health and vigor of plant, and perfection of fruit ?
15. What effects have been observed from mechanical conditions of soils, such as draining, subsoiling, aud other cultural operations ?
16. Wbat effect has elevation upon the bealth of the vine? Give results of observations, and opinion as to the proper height above valleys.
17. Has any variety of the foreign grape proved remunerative in vineyard culture ? 18. What is the effect of summer pruning, and what method of winter pruning is best?
19. What is the average cost per acre of a vineyard three years old, exclusive of the value of the land?
20. Average yield per acre ?
22. What insects are most injurious to the vine, and what is the extent of the injury, and what remedies have proved efficient ?
The collated information from these returns is herewith presented. It is fragmentary, furnishing only contributions toward a complete collection of vineyard statistics; but perhaps as full as could be expected, from the difficulty of obtaining accurate aggregates of figures never officially collected either by national or State authorities, and the necessity of dependiug mainly upou professional vineyardists instead of our regular corps of correspondents. More complete returns may be obtained bereafter.
From some States the reports are meager, and California, the heaviest producer of all, is not represented. It was considered expedient, however, to include all that have been received, even to those States where only one county has sent returns. The annexed table embraces the an. swers to questions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 19, 20, and 21 :
The returns to questions 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, and 22, are in substance as follows:
Question 6. What rarieties are most popular as table fruit?-Arkansas: *Catawba, Delaware.-Connecticut: Concord, Delaware. — Delaware: Concord.-Georgia : Herbemont, Scuppernong:-Illinois : Concord, Delaware, Catawba, Iona, Hartford Prolific, Isabella, Diana.-Indiana : Concord, Catawba, Delaware, Lartford Prolific, Isabella, Diana.-Iowa: Concord, Delaware, Hartford Prolific, Clinton, Creveling:-Kentucky: Concord, Ires, Delaware.-Kansas: Delaware.—Missouri: Concord, Catawba, Delaware, Hartford Prolific, Isabella, Diana, Iona.-Minnesota: Delaware.—Michigan: Concord, Delaware.—Massachusetts: Concord, Delaware.- New Jersey: Concord, Isabella, Delaware.-North Carolina: Scuppernong, Catawba.—New York: Delaware, Iona, Catawba, Isabella, Concord, Salem, Diana, Adirondack, Hartford Prolific, Rebecca, Max
* The varieties are named in order according to their estimated value.