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power, wisdom, and goodness; and in the to those of popery, are frequently talked hands of this great and gracious Being our over in places of public resort. There is happiness and even existence are placed. one spot, where last spring thirty youthful There is no diminution of his care from females expressed their determination to multiplicity of objects; the hinges in the take no part in the ball on the night of wings of an insect, and the joints of its Shrove Tuesday, and they kept their resoantennæ, are as highly wrought, and lution, which arose from their regard to maintained in their perfection as fully, the word of God. A converted Romish as if the Creator had executed no other priest, the Abbé B., without human work. Reconciled to him, we have no teaching, and solely through reading the cause for fear. Those who love him may Holy Scriptures, has been brought to a trust with confidence in God, and say, knowledge of the truth, and is now a “ He careth for us.”
F. S. W. minister of the Bible. His . Farewell to
Rome' has been already distributed in
and a new edition will shortly be ready. EFFECTS OF BIBLE DISTRIBUTION,
Another priest, Maurette, has also left the On August 21st, 1844, the fifth anni- church of Rome, and has made an open versary of the Bible and Missionary So- profession of his change in a printed pubciety of Berne, in Switzerland, was held. Iication, but for the last two months he Among the other speakers, was the presi- has been imprisoned in Paris, for his dent of the Evangelical Society of Geneva, faithful testimony. In one department, who observed:
from which the Protestants were driven “By the providence of God, I have by force of arms in the days of Louis been connected with a Society, which xiv., the good seed has been scattered in every year sends sixty Bible colporteurs at least twenty parishes; the principal into the kingdom of France. The London inhabitants have refused to attend mass, Society, in like manner, sends eighty and earnestly desire the preaching of the colporteurs, and by these and other in- gospel. Such is the blessing which acstitutions, during fifteen years, more than companies the reading of the word of a million of copies of the Holy Scriptures God. My friends, what a reproof this have been circulated in that country. gives to another nation, in which, for The seed has began richly to spring up. hundreds of years, this great treasure has At first, the colporteurs were the natives been within our reach, and yet is by of French Switzerland, but now, many of many families neglected, unread, and them, are Frenchmen, brought by the disregarded.” word of God from the errors of Romish Another visitor, from Basle, M. Hoffsuperstition to Jesus Christ, the only mann, next spoke, and chose for his suband complete Saviour of lost sinners. ject, the work of missions among the True, many Bibles and Testaments have heathen. He said, “ Our desire is to do been burned by the priests in France, the will of the Lord, who will have all because they know that their authority men to be saved, and come to the knowcannot stand against the pure word of ledge of the truth. Let us cast our eye God, when that finds entrance among the over the populous empire of China. Its people. Even in our own times, those 360,000,000 possess all the cultivation holy books have been burned by the hand which the things of this world can give, of the common executioner, while the as to agriculture, manufactures, and compriests cried aloud, “This is a plague ! merce; in many points, indeed, they are These are the devil's books !” but there far before us. Indeed, that scorn of reare many instances like the two follow- ligion, which treats it as fit only for the ing, which show how the two-edged lower classes, is seen in many among sword of God's word has touched the their mandarins, and only the poor are conscience in various parts of France. in some places found worshipping in the
“In one department, where formerly temples of Buddha, bringing their offerno protestant service was held, there are ings of gold paper, lest they should want now five churches, in which the gospel is gold in the wo to come, murmuring faithfully preached. In another district, their prayers to the Lamas, or filling the the labours of the colporteurs, and the air with the clouds of incense and sounds opposition made to them, united in draw- of cymbals and drums. The mandarins ing the attention of the public to the book and 'rulers laugh at all this as folly, or, if of God; and its doctrines, in opposition they appear on solemn occasions, it is to
OLD HUMPHREY ON BEGINNINGS AND
humour the weakness of the populace. They live here in splendour and luxury, and care not for a future state. There is not a more empty, heartless race of men
Some people gather where the grapes than the Chinese, who are rich in earthly are few, and glean where the ears of things, but wretched as to their spiritual corn are scanty; but at this moment condition. Dr. Abeel, an American phy- their case is not mine, for I have a whole sician and missionary among them, made vintage, a full harvest before me. Beginmany inquiries as to the practice of child nings and endings! what a prolific theme ! murder in the commercial district of what a field ! what a forest! what a conFu-hian, and there he found that, in every
tinent! nay, what a world to enter on ! hundred of female children, from ten to “In the beginning God made the heavens eighty are exposed to early death, and and the earth,”, but who shall speak of the average of survivors is not more than the end? Neither men nor angels can thirty-nine in a hundred. He asked the grasp the immeasurable. We must take state officers, he asked the parents, and
à more limited view of our subject, we no one attempted to deny the horrid deed, must go on with another part of the which the mothers constantly do with picture. their own hands, though the poor little
A grain of wheat is sown in the ones frequently struggle a long time for ground, that springs up again in a cluster their lives before they are quite exhausted. of goodly ears. In their
turn the grains Oh!' said a Chinese to a missionary, of these ears are cast into the soil, and 'had I known how wrong it was, I would bring forth fifty and a hundred fold; not have killed eight of my children! If which abundant produce being commitI had but heard you sooner, they would ted to the earth, year after year, fails now be alive.' Surely those who refuse not to multiply exceedingly, till a wideto help in the missionary work must be spreading harvest is seen to cover the enemies to the welfare of mankind. ground-small is the beginning, but the
“ What can we do for missions? Not end is very great. much, it is true. But we can pray for
Myriads of golden ears adorn the plain, the heathen, and for the missionaries too. The goodly produce of a single grain. The missionaries have many temptations as to their own souls, though I will not I took an acorn in my hand, and now bring forward any examples. Neither walked with it to a grassy field, where will I dwell upon their bodily wants—in lay a giant oak, that the woodman with sickness, weariness, and often early his axe had brought to the ground. Its death in a foreign land. Here is a letter bark had been stripped off for the tanner, from Basle; not Basle in Switzerland, but its leaves were collected for the dyer, its that new missionary station in South boughs bad been lopped for the carAfrica, where our brother Schreiner has penter and charcoal-burner, and its huge lately gone, among the lions of the wil- trunk, an enormous ruin, was intended derness, and the still wilder Dutch boors, for the use of the ship-builder. I looked those bitter enemies to missions. Does at the acorn—the beginning! I surveyed not he need our prayers? I have another the oak—the end! And did that, which letter in my hand, from a missionary in seemed a burden to the ground, really Mangalore, where, only last Christmas, spring from a light seed, similar to what the superstitious Mohammedans had de- I held in my hand ? Wonderful! wontermined to put to death all the Chris- derful ! tians, or Europeans, in that place, to In the morning of a summer's day I revenge themselves on the missionaries, visited a stream that trickled from a on account of the conversion and bap- mountain's side, and before the sun detism of some natives of high rank. This clined I sailed on a flowing river, which danger was mercifully averted. But here, poured its rushing waters into the mighty my friends, is another cause for earnest, deep. The trickling stream was the bebelieving prayer. The Lord will, in his ginning, the flowing river was the end ; own time, fulfil his promise, and bring for the former, fed by tributary currents, home his wandering sheep. Those who had formed the latter. How limited and believe and pray, will also seek to labour feeble was the one !-how expanded and for him. May his grace be with us, and powerful the other ! bring forth in us the fruits of righteous
From acorns springing, oaks arrest our eyes !
In the year 1666, London abounded in cap-stand—the cap, nay the bed-curtains, wealth. A part of the south side of Cheap- are on fire. The slumberer awakes half side, then called Goldsmiths’-row, was a suffocated, and hurries from the chamcomplete row of goldsmiths' shops, glitter- ber, unconscious that her own carelessing and sparkling with gold and silver ness occasioned the calamity. And now plate. The Strand was a street of large the flame rapidly spreads to the bedstead, mansions, or rather of goodly palaces of the table, the floor, and the windowthe nobility, with gardens stretching down frames. The glass panes fly, the fresh to the Thames. Great was the grandeur air feeds the fire-the ceiling falls, the and the wealth of London; but neither rafters are blazing—the adjoining houses, wealth nor grandeur could keep out the one by one, are involved in the catasplague! The beginning was small, but trophe, till the whole street is wrapped the end was great. At first one victim in a sheet of fire. Now the conflagration sickened, then another, and they were is fearful. As it gathers strength it runs carried quietly to their graves; little was down to the bridge, wrapping Magnus it supposed that the pestilence would Church in flames on its way. After spread as it did through the city, but so burning down the houses on the bridge, it was; and scores, hundreds, nay thou- it hurries back to the city, like a giant sands, died weekly. The doleful cry of tossing about firebrands in sport. Thames“ Bring out your dead," and the rum street is in a glow-people hurry to their bling carts laden with mortality, afflicted windows, and “Fire! fire! fire!" is the
Five thousand victims in one universal cry. On goes the flame, roarweek were carried to the grave. The shops ing like a hundred blast furnaces; houses, were closed; people shunned each other churches, and streets add to the general in the streets; grass grew on the Royal conflagration. Hour after hour, day after Exchange; and Whitechapel might have day, and night after night, hurries on been mistaken for green fields. When the relentless element, sparing nothing such wide-spread calamitous endings that it meets in its all-devouring course. proceed from such limited beginnings, Its beginning was a spark of fire—its well may we pray to be preserved from ending is the destruction of a city. Ten the arrow that flieth by day, and the millions of property is destroyed! Halls, pestilence that walketh in darkness," ancient edifices, hospitals, schools, liPsa. xci. 5, 6.
braries, eighty-nine churches, four hunIt was on the 2nd of September, in the dred and thirty streets, thirteen thousand same year, 1666, when midnight had two hundred dwelling-houses! From the shrouded the great city, and slumber had Tower by the Thames side to the Temple sealed up the senses of its inhabitants, Church, and from the north-east part of that a fire broke out, near the spot where the city wall to Holborn, all is a fiery, the Monument now stands. Every one smoking ruin. Think of this, ye careless was made acquainted with its ending, ones! and reflect on beginnings and though no one could describe its begin- endings. ning. It might be that a spar in some The beginnings of sin are often too chimney took fire, or that a half-smoked small for the powers of the magnifying pipe, with the tobacco burning, was glass to discover. The seeds of selfishthoughtlessly thrown among shavings, or ness, covetousness, ambition, and cruelty, that some negligent master or mistress, are smaller even than the mustard-seed, or servant girl, put out a candle care- spoken of in holy writ as the smallest of lessly. I can fancy that I see the extin- all seeds, and yet these brought forth the guished taper standing on the little table unholy Inquisition, the cruel slave-trade, of a close room, near the bed-curtains. and the greater part of the murderous A small portion of the snuff of the candle wars that have wasted the world. How has fallen on the table-cover, and a much of unmitigated misery-how much spark, a mere spark of fire, is seen in of anger, hatred, malice, and all unthe midst of it. The spark is almost charitableness—how much of sin and gone out, nay it must go out, if it does sorrow is contained in the words inquinot catch one of the fine threads of the sition, slavery, and war! It has been table-cover. The spark runs along a computed, if the seeds of an elm-tree thread, and in its course sets other were sown, every seed bringing forth a threads on fire; a piece of curl-paper is tree, and the seeds of all the trees again now lighted at its edge—it flares upward sown in succession, that in the third or —it has caught the cap, hanging on the fourth generations there would be elms
Have evil actions hurl'd !
enough to cover the superficies of the of your charge! Be quick to discern the earth and the whole planetary system. beginnings of evil in their hearts, guide What an elm-seed is sin! what trees of them by precept and example, and shield evil spring from it! and what innumer- them with your prayers. able scions of iniquity branch out on The beginnings of contention often every hand! He who has not yet re- lead to frightful endings. Who is there flected on the beginnings and endings that has not witnessed a quarrel, in of sin, has a suitable subject for his which the taunting expression has been meditations !
followed by the gust of passion. “The What endless griefs on human hearts
beginning of strife is as when one letteth
out water: therefore leave off contention, What shadows, plagues, and poisoned darts before it be meddled with,” Prov. xvii. Has sin flung on the world!
14. How rapidly one hard word calls forth Hateful are the beginnings of cruelty, another! the rushing stream becomes a whether practised against mankind, or torrent; the rising blast becomes a whirlagainst the unoffending creatures of the wind; angry thoughts are succeeded by lower creation. How subtly they spread bitter words, and bitter words by fearful their odious influence on the heart of a actions. At the moment I am writing child, and set his hands to work in these lines, a heart is beating with shame doing evil! The fly is caught on the and remorse within the massy walls of window-pane, and torn to pieces. The Newgate for a deed of blood. Angry painted butterfly is pursued and crushed; debate ran high, the knife was ready in the frog and toad are stoned to death; the grasp of the wretched malefactor ; the cat and dog are tormented; in he sprang upon his opponent, and took course of time the fish-hook and the the precious life. What would he not fowling-piece become favourites. The now give to recal his words and his love of war follows; and thus he who deeds! but it is too late! no created began by impaling a fly, is able to end being can cleanse him of his crimson by helping to sack a city. Sad are transgression. A word was the beginning both the beginnings and the endings of of his wrath, and it led him on to murder. cruelty !
Ye slaves of hasty temper and sudden It is a universal error to undervalue, passion, pause for a moment, and think if not altogether to overlook beginnings, on the beginnings and endings of anger! when they are small. The stealing of a The good things, as well as the evil pin may be the beginning of dishonesty;— things of the world, are oftentimes very we cannot tell from what trifling causes small in their beginnings. Who would roguery and ruffianism may take their have supposed that an unseen and unrise ; but from whatever source dis- known benevolent thought, cherished in honesty may spring, both fact and fiction a human heart, would ever be the means, hold forth the warning moral, that he in heavenly hands, of calling forth mywho will cheat another of a penny, will riads of Sunday-school scholars? or that soon be led on to defraud him of a the same agency, under other circumpound. The boy who began his guilty stances, should spread abroad millions career by stealing a hornbook, ended it and millions of Bibles and religious tracts by expiring on the gallows. There is in the world? Look, ye lovers of mannot a thief nor a highwayman, whose kind, at the beginning and the ending in daring deeds are recorded in the New- these cases, and let it strengthen your gate Calendar, who was not once hands and animate your hearts. The unconscious, guileless infant in his mo- love of mankind is a lovely thing. Oh ther's arms. Men no more become rogues that it may take root, as a mighty tree, at once, than acorns become oak trees; and spread forth its branches to the ends there is a beginning and a growth in of the earth! He who is in earnest in each of them. Jonathan Wild, Jack his desire, to the extent of his ability, to Shepherd, and Dick Turpin the high- discountenance vice and encourage virtue, wayman, may have been at one period of to restrain evil and to do good, will do their lives as free from intentional evil to well to cherish the smallest beginnings mankind as Howard the philanthropist, of humanity and kindness. bishop Jewel, and John Wesley. Parents, But all beginnings are not small, neglect not your lisping children !-no, neither are all endings great. How nor even before they lisp. Instructors of many bright bubbles do we blow, that youth, have your eyes on the youngest burst into empty air! How many painted
balloons we send up in the skies, that low. Death is a sad leveller, for he suddenly descend, and fall into the mire ! steals from the monarch his crown, from How princely we sometimes begin in the bishop his mitre, from the soldier his the purposes of our benevolence, and scarlet coat and gilt epaulets, from the how pauper-like is the ending of the scholar his books, and from the miser his same undertakings! Our pounds dwin- money - bags. The judgment-day will dle down to pence, and our warm hearts make the mighty mean, bring down the grow cold. In holy things, too, we begin haughty look, affliet the cruel, unmask largely, driving on furiously, like Jehu deceit, and make oppression tremble. the son of Nimshi, and, like him, saying, What then is our hope ? and what will be as it were, to those around us,
our end? with me, and see my zeal for the Lord,” 2 Kings x. 16. But what does it end in ? Alas! alas ! we can condemn all THE VALLEY OF THE GRINDEVALDE. sinners but ourselves—we can slay all sins but our own. Jehu smote even to
The valley of the Grindevalde is situdeath those who walked unworthily, but ated in the heart of the Bernese Oberhe took no heed to walk in the law of midable rival of that famous locality
land, and may be regarded as the forthe Lord God of Israel with all his heart." He "destroyed Baal out of upon which the immense masses of the Israel; howbeit from the sins of Jero- monarch of all European mountains raise boam 'the son of Nebat, who made Is- bounded, on the south by three moun
their gigantic forms. This valley is rael to sin, Jehu departed not from after tains (the highest of the whole chain of them,” 2 Kings x. 28, 29. How many Bernese Alps, excepting Finisteracehorn,) begin by determining never to forsake the ways of righteousness, and end by Giant; in the centre are situate the Mit
on the right, by the Eiger, or Great denying the Lord of life and glory!
Though I have but touched on my sub- tenburgh; and on its left the Wetterhorn ject, I must leave it to your considera (weather peak.) The first of the three, tion—it is worthy your deepest regard. Second, 13,291 ; and the last,
13, 194 feet
the Eiger, is 12,000 feet in height; the And now comes a question that may above the level of the sea. Seen from well call up the energies of our intellect, and all the resources of our souls ! That the village of the Grindevalde, they apquestion is not what will be the end of pear like a wonderful succession of rocks, the high, or of the mighty, or of the raising their lofty crests almost perpenearth, or of the heavens ; not what will dicularly to an elevation of several thou
sand feet. These immense black masses be the end of others, but what will our end be? To answer this inquiry we
of mountain are crowned with plains of must examine our hope. Is the house of the peaks themselves, whilst the two seas
snow and ice, which are overtopped by our expectation built on a rock, or on the shifting sands of the sea-shore ? Have of ice known by the names of the Lower we done the will of our heavenly Father? tillate at the boundary of the pasture
and Higher Glaciers of Grindevalde scinHave we fled for refuge to the hope set before us of eternal life in Jesus Christ lands, and in the wide intermediate valour Lord ?
leys which separate the three mountains.
Until late years it was generally thought, What will be our end? Let us not evade the inquiry, for why should we be
even in the vicinity of these mountains,
that these summits were inaccessible exenemies to ourselves ? In the end, station, and standing, and acquirements,
cept as to Schreckhorn, (terror peak,) and worldly reputation, will avail us no
which had been ascended by a few Swiss thing—for God is no respecter of per
naturalists, and who had there planted a In the end, the great will be little flag seen through a telescope.
T. in their own eyes, and heroes will be things of small concern. Czars and Cæsars will be reft of their tiaras, and emperors and kings will be lightly We daily call a great many things by esteemed. The Diveses of all nations will their names, without ever inquiring into be stripped of their purple, and the lowly their nature and properties ; so that, in Lazaruses clad in goodly raiment. The reality, it is only the names, and not the humble in heart will then be exalted, things themselves, with which we are acand the proud in spirit will be brought quainted.—Dr. Aikin.