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No. VI.

mon, and altogether disappeared from the new dwellings.

ALAN QUINTIN'S INQUIRIES. The instances are numerous in which mortality and disease have been brought under immediate control and largely ARE YOU IN THE RIGHT ROAD? curtailed by the application of plans of

AGAIN let me question you, plainly, ventilation. In the year 1832, scrofula broke out in the pauper school at Nor- closely, and urgently, yet still kindly, Are wood, which then contained 600 children, you in the right road? If you are, every

movement is in your favour. If you are and great mortality occurred, which was ascribed to bad and insufficient food. not, every step is against you. You canUpon the case being examined by Dr. dering yourself—without doing yourself

not stir without helping yourself or hinArnott

, the food was found to be ample good, or doing yourself evil. in quantity and quality, and atmospheric impurity, through defective ventilation, still in the world, not for an hour, not

There is no such thing as standing was suspected to be the cause. Ventila

for a minute, no! not for a second. On! tion was therefore applied, and soon afterwards the disease disappeared ; and

on! on we must go, whatever be the road nearly double the number of children are

on which we travel. We may not believe now 'maintained in good health, where it; we may not know it; we may not so comparatively the few were sickly and much as think of it, yet on we go. The scrofulous. The managers of the Zoolo

world itself is turning round at the rate gical Gardens have had similar expe- do not perceive it. And we are hurrying

of a thousand miles an hour, though we rience. At the commencement of that establishment, a large number of the

to eternity quite as rapidly, whether we animals died, which was attributed to the perceive it or not. cold, the damp, the soil, and the general that is not what I mean. That is a serious

We are all hastening to the tomb, but climate; but it was ascertained to arise from the closeness of their dens, for the

thing, an important thing, a solemn effect was remedied by giving a proper

thing, an awful thing; but there is somesupply of air to them. Science has been thing much more serious, important,

solemn, and awful. We are all hastening called in to preserve the health of our legislators from suffering injury through renders my question, are you in the right

to eternal life, or to eternal death! This an impure atmosphere in the House of road? doubly serious, doubly important, Commons, and large sums of the public doubly solemn, and doubly awful. money have been expended to secure the object; but there are several cheap and

“There is a way which seemeth right simple modes of ventilation which might unto a man, but the end thereof are the be applied to the workshops and resi

ways of death,” Prov. xiv. 12. Nay, dences of the labouring population with

there are many ways of this description, signal benefit, thousands of which are

smooth ways, green ways, flowery ways, now the active producers of physical suf- pleasant ways, delightful ways ; but then fering and of moral disorder, through and lively at their beginning, but dan

they are deceitful ways. They are safe preventing the change and circulation of the fluid upon which life and health de- gerous and deadly at their end. There is pend. Mr. Toynbee mentions having

a right way, and a wrong way; a narrow introduced with success the simple ex

way, and a broad way. Many move in pedient of a very finely perforated zinc

the one, many miss the other :plate, fixed in the window-pane farthest

“ For why? Alas! the gate of life from the fire or the bed, the expense of Is narrow, low, and small; which, including the fixing, only amounted

The way so prest, and close, and straight,

There seems no way at all. to two shillings. Some effective arrangement to prevent the exclusion of the “ This narrow way, found out by few, bounteous goodness of Heaven from the

To turn the seeker's steps aside, dwellings of the people, and to banish

And trap the traveller's feet." the diseases which are spontaneously engendered in consequence, is a proper Are

you in the right road? Is there a object to enforce by law; for as well doubt about the matter? Can you eat tolerate a butcher in vending a putrid your food, walk abroad, retire to rest, and carcass, as alandlord in letting a poisonous sleep, in doubt whether you are in the tenement,-Rev. T. Milner.

road to life or death, joy or sorrow, end

Ten thousand snares beset,

less bliss, or endless woe? This is not | are sure to follow; and so it is with manan affair for next year, or next month; kind—they will follow one another. Sad this moment the case should be inquired thing to set a bad example. What! would into, this moment the question should be you lead those you love from right to asked, and this moment the point should wrong, from light to darkness, and from be decided.

safety to destruction ? When coachYou have seen a bubble carried onward horses run away, they take the coach by the stream. No pause, no resting with them; and where the coach goes, place, no cessation ; on with the current, the passengers go, so that horses, coach, on without end. So is it with you, whether and passengers are in equal danger; it is you are in the right road or in the wrong. just the same if you lead your companions On! on! on with the current of time, astray. You and they may share alike laughing or weeping, running or creep- the folly, the sin, the danger, and the ing, waking or sleeping, towards a happy ruin. or a miserable eternity. The world can Turn aside from the idle, the careless, not stop you, neither can you stop your- the dishonest, the proud, the cruel, the self. Remember this, and remember, sceptical, and the self-righteous, for they too,

are none of them in the right road, and

all of them in the wrong. The right way That all which the world has to give is a breathA bubble that bursts on the dark stream of death. grows better as you go on, but the wrong

way grows worse; its smoothness becomes It may seem to matter but little, now, rugged, and its verdure blasted; its whether you are in the right road or the flowers change to flint stones, and its wrong ; but it will matter much by-and- gladness to gloom; the song of the lark bye. It may now be nothing; it may | dies away, and the croak of the raven then be everything. Remember the con- afflicts the ear; the green trees are no sequences of taking the wrong path with longer seen, and the threatening rock out God's blessing. Solomon was wise, hangs frowningly over the path; the rill and Sampson was strong, but they both and the sunny slope are transformed into fell into folly and sin. Riches will not the torrent and the precipice, and all is keep you from the wrong road; much dreary, and dark, and dangerous. Again, more likely to lead you into it. Where I ask, Are you sure that you are in the the treasure is the heart is, and there it right road? will be.

Some there are who are discontented

in the midst of all their mercies, and reAs soon shall the feeble be famed for their might; The sun shine abroad in the depth of the night;

pine and despond. This is indeed taking Through the eye of a needle the camel be driven, the wrong road ; the road to sin and As a rich man, unhumbled, shall seek after heaven.

Would you fling back sunshine Many think they can go on a little and sunbeams in the face of the Eternal? way, or a long way, just as they like, and Would you cast aside, as worthless, the turn into a better path when it suits means of grace and the hope of glory? them. Sad mistake, wretched mistake, Is the word of God to be disbelieved, the miserable mistake ! By-and-by athere will of God to be resisted, and the gift of may be deep ditches, too broad to cross, God, even of eternal life, to be despised? and fences too high to climb. Their way Oh, it is a fearful thing to give way to may be hedged in with thorns, so that despondency :they cannot leave the road they have the road of despondency, shrouded with gloom, chosen. Our first parents were dis- Is dark as the shadows that hang o'er the tomb; obedient. They got into a wrong road, No fruit is e'er gather'd ; no bud blossoms there';

'T is the darkest of pathways that lead to despair. and it led them out of Paradise. Pharaoh was hardhearted; he, too, took a wrong If you would quit the wrong road, and road, and it brought him and his host keep in the right road for ever, fling into the Red Sea. Have a care! Be on away desponding thoughts, and encourage the watch! Take warning !

hopefulness and

faith. Look to that great Are you in the right road? the right and gracious Saviour, who took our road to peace? the right road to heaven? nature upon him, though equal with the the right way to God? For, if you are not, Father, and groaned, and bled, and died you are not only going astray, but lead- for man. Set your face towards the city ing others astray too. When a sheep with the golden gates! Fix your eyes pushes through a gap in the hedge, others on the hills whence cometh your help!





Look homewards ! Look heavenwards ! | which are quickly and easily provided Be watchful! be diligent! be urgent! for, and then all that follows is a load Pray, praise, and strive humbly yet ar- and an oppression. Every morsel to a dently, and give heed to Him who hath satisfied hunger is only a new labour to said, “I am the way, the truth, and the a tired digestion. Every draught to him life,” John xiv. 6. Then will your heart that has quenched his thirst is but a fartake comfort. Then will the Sun of ther quenching of nature, a provision for righteousness shine upon you by day, and rheum and diseases, a drowning of the even in the dark night of death, quickness and activity of the spirits. * *

Those that are so fond of applause, while A light from above, and a guide will be given, And the right road be yours to the kingdom of they pursue it, how little do they taste it

when they have it! Like lightning, it only flashes upon the face, and it is gone;

and it is well if it does not hurt the man. CONSCIENCE.

* If it be a pleasure to be envied and Religion is a pleasure to the mind as shot at, to be maligned standing, and to be it respects practice, and so sustains the despised falling, to endeavour that which name of conscience. And conscience, is impossible, which is to please all, and undoubtedly, is the great repository and to suffer for not doing, it then is a pleamagazine of all those pleasures that can

sure to be great, and to be able to disafford any solid refreshment to the soul. pose of men's fortunes and preferments. For when this is calm, and serene, and . And then, lastly, for company: absolving, then, properly, a man enjoys though it may reprieve a man from his all things—and, what is more, himself; melancholy, yet it cannot secure him for that he must do before he can enjoy from his conscience, nor from sometimes anything else. But it is only a pious life, being alone. And what is all that a man led exactly by the ruler of a severe reli- enjoys, from a week's, a month's, or a gion, that can authorise a man's consci- year's converse, comparable to what he ence to speak comfortably to him. It is feels for one hour, when his conscience this that must word the sentence before shall take him aside and rate him by the conscience can pronounce it, and himself ?-South. then it will do it with majesty and authority : it will not whisper, but proclaim a jubilee to the mind; it will not drop,

THE FLOWER OF FAITH. but pour in oil upon the wounded heart.

Believers are called heirs of promise. And is there any pleasure comparable to that which springs from hence? The They lost their inheritance in Adam, and pleasures of conscience are not only the assurance of having regained this

it is restored to them in Christ; and it is greater than all other pleasures, but may also serve instead of them; for they only paradise that they are constantly seeking

to obtain. This assurance is the flower please and affect the mind in transitu, in of faith; and though not necessary, to the pitiful narrow compass of actual

the life of the plant, it is to its maturity. fruition; whereas, that of conscience en

--Marsh. tertains and feeds it a long time after with durable, lasting reflections.

The second ennobling property of it is, that it is such a pleasure as never satiates SPEAKING of the fretfulness and impanor wearies; for it properly affects the tience which some Christians manifest, spirits, and a spirit feels no weariness, as

even in a concern so trifling as that of the being privileged from the causes of it. weather, the Rev. Thomas Adam, author But can the epicure say so of any of the of the “ Private Thoughts,” once said, pleasures that he so much doats upon? “I am continually looking at the clouds, Do they not expire while they satisfy, to know whether I should be pleased and, after a few minutes' refreshment, with God.” determine in loathing and unquietness ? How short is the interval between a plea

IMITATE WHAT IS GOOD. sure and a burden--how indiscernible the transition from one to the other ! No failure or infirmities in good men Pleasure dwells no longer upon the ap- should prevent our imitating that which petite than the necessities of nature, is good in them.-Dr. Grosvenor.


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its summits, which do not rise in pointed

peaks, but form either cones or cupolas. The central ridges the Alps are All those parts of the numerous ridges composed of primitive rocks, especially which rise above the line of congelation, of granite and gneiss, and are distin are of course covered with snow all the guished by their pointed peaks. On the year round. In many places the snow north side of this formation extends a occupies a considerable space on the slate formation of considerable width. upper parts and summits of the rocky This does not appear to accompany the masses; and from these reservoirs of range on the south, except along the snow the glaciers are derived. The sides east Alps, where it has been observed to of the rocky mass are usually furrowed extend from Brixen on the Eisach to by long narrow valleys; and in these, Marburg on the Drave, skirting that masses of snow, descending from the river on the south. Beyond the slate upper parts under the form of ice, exformation, the chalk occupies a consider- tend the farther downward the greater able space. It is found to occupy the the mass and height of the snow from greatest extent on the south-east of the which they are derived. These accumumountain system, the whole Julian Alpslations of snow and ice form glaciers, being composed of it. On the opposite, many of which are from fifteen to twenty or north-west side, the sandstone forma- miles long. Near the upper part, or at tion extends from the lake of Geneva as their origin, they are generally narrow, far as the south boundary of Bavaria. sometimes not much more than a hunThe chalk formation is distinguished by dred yards across; but as the valleys

JUNE, 1847.



grow wider as they proceed downwards ; | charms to the scenery of the Alps, by the glaciers also extend in width, taking the beauty of their colour, and their the shape of a fan, and in some places contrast with the surrounding country; are two miles across. The thickness of their lower extremities being commonly the ice-masses varies from one hundred contiguous to meadows covered with the to perhaps six hundred feet. Though finest grass, and the most beautiful the snow-line in the Alps is found at an flowers; and the declivities of the mounelevation of about 8,000 feet above the tains which inclose them, exhibiting large level of the sea,

some of the glaciers tracts clothed with magnificent trees, descend so far downward, that their especially firs.--Macculloch. lower extremity is not more than 3,500 feet above it. The ice of the glaciers does not resemble that with which our

APPEARANCES OF NATURE. rivers are covered in winter; it consists of a great number of crystals, measuring from half an inch to two inches in length, The“ manhood" of the year has now and something less in width, united by arrived, for during this month the vigorhaving been pressed strongly together. ous growth of spring is followed by the It is difficult to remove one of these serenity of summer; the first flush of crystals without breaking it; but, when beauty is consummated in the majestic the first has been removed, the others grandeur of maturity. Surely there canmay be easily taken up. The surface of not be those of the human family who do the glaciers is very various, and depends not in some degree appreciate the return on the degree of inclination with which of summer. Even animals, according to the valley descends. Where the descent their various powers, testify their joy. is gradual, the surface of the glacier is The blessings of heaven are now descendnearly level, and offers few crevices; but ing upon nature in their richest abundwhere the declivity is rapid and uneven, ance, as the garden, the wood, and the the glacier is rent with numerous chasms, field abundantly prove. The trees are and covered with elevations, rising from heavy with fruit and foliage, and the shade one hundred to two hundred feet, having of the outstretched boughs refreshes man the aspect of a sea agitated by a hurri- and beast. Diversity meets us on every

The chasms are frequently many hand. There is the majestic oak, and the feet wide, and more than one hundred lowly sprig of moss. The eye glances feet deep.

Their formation, which from beauty to beauty; and whether the never takes place in winter, but is fre- steep mountain is climbed, or the valley quent during summer, is accompanied entered, or we seek the friendly shade of with a loud noise, resembling thun- the wood, we everywhere find new and der, and a shock, which makes the adja- varying objects of delight, yet each one cent mountains tremble. These chasms possessing charms sufficient to engage our are subject to change every day, and attention and call forth our admiration. almost every hour; and it is this cir Here innumerable wild flowers, diffusing cumstance that renders the ascent of the their sweetness through the air; and glaciers so dangerous to travellers. Some there, the innocent gambols of the animals times there are found in the glaciers around please and improve us. We look pyramids of ice of a considerable eleva- up, and the clear blue sky presents ittion and regular form, on the tops of self; we survey the ground, and the fresh which are placed large pieces of rocks. verdure smiles. Our eyes are delighted At the lower extremity of the glaciers by the beauteous scenes before us; our is an excavation in the form of a grotto, ears are charmed with the tuneful notes frequently a hundred feet high, and from of the feathered songsters, while we are sixty to eighty wide, whence issues a

soothed by the silver waves of the clear small river, bringing down a bluish stream, gently gliding beneath the willow water. Though every single crystal of and the ash. Showers fall to refresh the the ice of the glaciers seems perfectly earth, opening new springs of blessings ; white, the whole mass is of a blue or smiling groves and tufted trees invite colour, passing through every shade, from us to seek their shelter from the sun's the most feeble sky-blue to that of the fervid beams. Beauty, variety, and harlapis lazuli; it is most pure and beau- mony are everywhere apparent. tiful in the lower parts of the chasms.

“ Thus cometh welcome summer with great The glaciers impart one of the greatest strength,


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