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" whose disc
HE IS AROUSED TO REFLECTION.
volve in elliptical, and not in circular | 7,925 English miles, and the polar diaorbits. The primary planets are divided meter about 7,898 miles.
The mean into the superior and inferior : the supe- radius of the earth being 3,956 miles, rior including those which are at a greater supposing it to be a sphere, its whole distance from the sun than the earth, surface would contain about 196,663,000 and the inferior, those whose distance from square miles. the sun is less than that of the earth, To the moon it has been said, as Mercury and Venus.
“ Enthroned amid the cloudless blue, Mercury,
Majestic, silent, and alone,
Above the fountains of the dew, Can scarce be caught by philosophic eye,
Thou glidest on, and glidest on, Lost in the near effulgence of his blaze,"
To shoreless seas, and lands unknown.
Thy presence of thy face appears, is situated at a distance of 36,000,000
Thou eldest born of Beauty's daughters,
A spirit traversing the spheres, of miles from the sun. Its diameter is And ruling o'er the pathless waters." only 3,140 miles, and it revolves on its axis in 24 hours and five minutes. It its motions, revolving round her own
The moon accompanies the earth in may be occasionally seen in the form axis, in 27 days 8 hours, at a distance of of a round black spot, passing across the 237,000 miles from this planet. Her sun's disc, as will occur on the 9th of diameter is 2,160 miles. November, 1848, the 11th of November, 1861, and the 4th of November, 1863. Venus revolves round the sun at the
THE YOUNG NAVAL OFFICER. distance of 68,000,000 miles, in 224 days 16 hours, performing his daily revolution about its own axis, in 23 hours 21 minutes. Its diameter is 7,700 miles, or a reader to trace the manner in which God
It is very interesting to the Christian little less than that of the earth. This brings a sinner out of the darkness of planet is well known as the splendid nature into the light of the gospel ; to morning and evening star, occasionally
see how all are led, it may be by different preceding the rising and setting of the orb of day.
ways, yet to the same end. But this
should be interesting, also, to those who “More distant still our globe terraqueous turns, Nor chills intense, nor fiercely heated burns ;
are not the disciples of Christ; for they, Around her rolls the lunar orb of light,
too, must be led by God's Spirit into the Trailing her silver glories through the night." way of salvation, or a terrible day of
Between the orbits of Mars and the judgment awaits them. The whole world earth there have been discovered, within is divided into two great classes, to one the present century, four very small of which every individual belongs. Every planetary bodies, sometimes called Asa man is either the child of God or the teroids. The earth is endowed with a child of sin. For the former is prepared double motion: first, a motion of rotation a glorious and eternal happiness, when about its axis, passing through its centre; God shall take him to himself. On the and, secondly, a motion of revolution latter, if he die without faith in Christ, a about the sun.
The first of these move- grief and anguish are denounced, so inments produces the phenomena of day and tolerable, that we shrink as we contemnight, and the apparent diurnal 'revo- plate the awful details which the Scriplution of the celestial bodies. The time ture presents of its eternal woe. It is in which the earth's rotation is per- not the word of man, but the solemn formed is measured by the interval which truth of God's word, which says, elapses between two transits of the same cept ye be converted, and become as fixed star over the meridian of any place, little children, ye shall not enter into the and this interval is always precisely the kingdom of heaven,” Matt. xviii
. 3. same : for astronomers have proved that The subject of the following narrative it cannot have varied the three-thou- was, a few years since, a thoughtless but sandth part of a second since the date brave young officer. One of his messof the first astronomical observation, mates declared that he had “a good which is two thousand years ago. This heart.” But had Robert a good heart? perfectly uniform lapse of time is deno- What says the Scripture of the natural minated the sidereal day.
heart of man? " The heart is deceitful The figure of the earth is that of an above all things, and desperately wicked : oblate spheroid of revolution, the diameter who can know it?" Jer. xvii. 9. “The of the earth at the equator being nearly | Lord looked down from heaven upon the
children of men, to see if there were any | cepted the invitation of his friends. He that did understand and seek God. They was to accompany the party to church in are all gone aside, they are altogether the morning, while the remaining part become filthy: there is none that doeth of the day would doubtless have been good, no, not one,” Psa. xiv. 2, 3. “If spent in such recreation as must have we say we have no sin, we deceive our- been deemed sabbath-breaking. selves, and the truth is not in us." 1 John As the friends of the young man left i. 8. This is the estimate of the human the house, Ellen again attempted to offer heart, made by Him who is described as some remonstrance against the proposed a Discerner of the thoughts. But though manner of spending a day set apart by we cannot admit that Robert had na God for his own worship. Finding, howturally a good heart, yet there was much ever, that her remarks were met with in his character fitted to win the love some warmth of feeling, she considered it and esteem of his companions. He was prudent to desist, and said, “Well, Roattentive to the duties of his station, had bert, I shall say little more, but this one an ardent love of his country, and, like thing I must say, if you die in the state most sailors, was frank and sincere, and in which you now are, where you wish to warm-hearted and generous. He would go you never will go." Robert's dishave scorned an act of dishonour, and pleasure was now roused into a mohis outward conduct was such as the mentary fury. Looking angrily at his world would have pronounced blameless friend, he said, " Ah, that is just like in morals; yet his was not a Christian the charity of you all! I will never go morality. God's holy day, his holy word, again to hear one of your psalm-singing had no charms for him. He was proud ministers—I wish such people were all of his country, proud of his ship, proud burnt.” of his character as a fearless British Ah, it is a strange idea of charity sailor, but he had never seen himself a which the worldly man has, when he sinner in the sight of God; and the sin- calls him uncharitable who tells him of cere prayer of a contrite heart had never his danger. Would it be uncharitable passed his lip, when he joined occasion to waken a man from his dream, when ally with the great assembly, in the out the house in which he slept was falling ? ward act of prayer and praise.
Would that be a want of charity or love During the time when Robert's vessel which should induce one to drag an came into port, after a long absence from intoxicated person from the edge of a England, he went to spend some weeks precipice? No, the man whose eyes are with his family. There was one in that opened to the truths of the Bible-who family who had, while he was at sea, sees the dreadful destiny to which his experienced a great change in character. I friend is exposed if he do not repent—he Ellen had been taught in the school of whose heart is filled with the love of Christ, and as the Scripture represents Christ and the love of souls—how can he that change, “old things had passed be silent? how can he dare to let him away, and all had become new." 'Ellen pursue unwarned, his course danger? had been one evening speaking to her Ellen might have said, with the eastern relative with much earnestness, on the princes, mentioned in Scripturè, “How necessity of a change of heart. She had can I bear to see the destruction of my been remarking, too, on the duty of ob- kindred ?” serving the sabbath, when she was inter Robert yielded only for a few moments rupted by the entrance of some young to this uncontrolled burst of passion, but friends who came to visit Robert. They his cordiality towards his relative was, had come to invite him to spend the both now and for some time after, confollowing Sunday with thein in a very siderably lessened. It was not exactly beautiful village, which lay at a little that she was less dear to him, yet he felt distance. Robert had lately come from his heart somewhat estranged. She, sea; and none but those who have been whose feelings had hitherto been so like long absent from the woods and fields of his own, was now influenced by sentitheir native land, know how dear they ments and feelings which he could not seem to the sailor on his return. On understand, and which with the dislike these very places his mind had often to spiritual religion, so common to the pondered when he was sailing over the unconverted heart of man, he quite hated. silent waters, or roaming among the For as the apostle says, "The carnal distant forests-and Robert eagerly ac- mind is enmity against God : for it is
not subject to the law of God, neither | Then he said, in an emphatic manner, indeed can be," Rom. viii. 7.
Perhaps some young man who is now But the evening on which the earnest present, may be about to depart for a conversation alluded to had taken place, foreign land; oh that he may prove a now closed on the family circle, and all missionary for God!” Robert evidently were soon gathered to their nightly re- listened with great emotion; he covered pose. No sleep, however, awaited the his face with his hand, and never moved young sailor. Agitated by restless and from that position until the close of the angry emotions, he lay tossing restlessly service—when every man went to his on his bed all the night, hearing every own home. sound of the clock, as it told the hours, The effect of Robert's feelings became till the morning's dawn found him in a in some measure apparent in his habits state of mental excitement and bodily and manners. He now attended reguillness, which demanded immediate re- larly the ministry of the gospel, and medies, and his medical attendant found seemed to listen earnestly to its imit necessary to bleed him. His condition portant topics. So far from avoiding distressed Ellen, but she endeavoured to ihose whom he had designated as saints console herself by the remembrance that and psalm-singers, he seemed to seek she had acted froin a sense of duty, and their society, became more thoughtful, by the hope, that strong impressions, now and was willing to discourse on religion. received, might indeed be the awakening But Robert had one great snare; he influences of God's Spirit on the heart of was unwilling to renounce his gay comher relative. She feared that Robert panions, or to declare to them that he would think she had been unkind, or disapproved of their pursuits. The fasthat he was less dear to her, yet never cinations of worldly society still enchained had she regarded him before with so him. The very amiableness and warmth deep, so true an interest; for never of his affections seemed to estrange him before had she felt the value of his im- from the God to whom he owed his whole mortal soul.
heart. Alas! “ the friendship of the The Sunday.came round on which the world is enmity with God,” and Robert promised visit was to be paid, and the found himself often led into scenes of sun shone brightly on the waving corn- gaiety which his awakened conscience fields and grassy hills which lay between condemned. So far as we can judge of his home and the village, and gilded the his feelings at this period, he was in that broad river which flowed through the painful state of indecision when he felt landscape. Robert could see the beauti- sin to be a great evil, and the claims of ful country from his window, and as God as urgent and right, yet he could he had been quite silent upon all that not resolve to give up the world, and had passed, Ellen expected that he would, seek first the kingdom of God. To him in the course of the morning, walk in that might have been addressed those words direction. Instead of this, however, he of the prophet, “How long halt ye became to accompany her to hear the very tween two opinions?” But the work of minister whom he had included among God had commenced on his heart, and those of whom he spoke with so much was gradually carried forward by the disgust. As they sate side by side in the Holy Spirit. It was at this period of house of God, the heart of Ellen often Robert's history that those warlike prerose in silent prayer, that her heavenly parations were commencing, which terFather would direct his servant to some minated in the well-remembered siege of passage of Scripture, or some suitable Acre. A fleet was about to sail for reflections, which might fall with power Syria, and in one of its vessels the naval on the heart of Robert, and be remem officers embarked. It was a cold gloomy bered by him in future days, when he morning in winter when his ship left her should be far away, among them that native shore, but many persons crowded
go down to the sea in ships, and do on the beach, some to assist in making business in great waters.” God heard the final preparations for its departure; that prayer. The minister was directed some to bid farewell to friends, and to dwell especially on the very themes on others to gaze on the vessels sailing on which Ellen had spoken. He confirmed an important expedition. And as the by Scripture all which she had advanced, ships glided proudly out of harbour, they and earnestly besought his hearers to were followed by the shouts of the specremember, that they must be born again. tators. Some looked quietly on, and felt
a pleasure and a pride, as they marked on board, and I among the rest, received the skill and science which had built and while there about twenty invitations of now guided the warlike vessels; and different descriptions. Sunday is the were but too prompt to say, as did the principal gala day there, as the chief Assyrian king, “ By the strength of my part of the people are papists, and on hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; this day we were visited more than on for I am prudent,”. Isa. X. 13. While any other. Added to this, I experienced perhaps no thought entered the mind of a great change in the conduct of my broOne who bade the tree of the forest to ther officers towards me for the better, grow for its timbers, or gave to man the which, causing an elevation of spirits, intellect to fashion and direct them suit- led me again into the world; so that. ably to the element on which they were to when I left the place I was as bad as I float. And women were there, looking ever was before. I have not, since leavtearfully onwards, as the vessel which ing Plymouth, been into a place of worbore away the father, husband, son, or ship, excepting to hear our chaplain read brother, gradually disappeared in the prayers.
Since that time I have redistance, till it became a speck in the mained in a state as dark, if not darker, horizon; while they thought that perhaps than any heathen. Darker, because I some voices, which still seemed speaking know the path and have shunned it.” their farewell in their ears, might never He adds, that he is likely to change his again sound on their native shores. And ship, in consequence of a prospect of the thoughtless sailor lad, who might be promotion, and says, “It will be a sailing away, full of hope and energy, smaller vessel, where there less riot was, perhaps, at that moment committed, and excess, and more privacy; so that, in simple faith and humble prayer, to the instead of being continually annoyed by guidance of Him whom the prophet de- the sinful and reckless, I may at least scribes, as measuring “ the waters in the have time to reflect.”
P. hollow of his hand.
The following extract is taken from a letter written by Robert from Beyrout,
A RAMBLE IN IRELAND. which was at that time the scene of hostilities, and is dated July 20th, 1840, The gap of Dunloe is a huge mounIn apologising to his relative for his long tain pass, about four miles long; and silence, he says, “I could not make up of different degrees of width ; in some my mind to give you a letter, the con- places, opening, so as to give a lake-like tents of which must have been distress- form to the stream that rushes through ing. I had often detected myself, even it; in others, the walls of rock approach while at home, in paying deference to so near to each other, that it seems as if the opinion of the world, instead of con- they were about to arch over the valley scientiously serving God in all things; at their feet into a gigantic cavern, and from this feeling I have been silent through which there is room only for the to you, until gratitude for your continued brawling torrent, and the foot of the interest in my welfare, constrains me to startled and adventurous traveller. When throw aside every other feeling but affec we reached the entrance, the summits of tion, and open my heart to you—and the mountains that form the sides of this thus will I begin. The feelings with gloomy pass were lost in the clouds; and which I left you continued strong and when, after ascending a winding path by uninterrupted until I left Plymouth; the side of precipices for about half a when, on arrival at that place, I found mile, we came to the spot where our car that from jeers and ungenerous remarks, was to leave us, the scene that presented it spread to something worse. Even the itself was one of the most terrific and higher powers, by their conduct, made savage I ever beheld. Salvator Rosa me truly miserable. I could scarcely even might have luxuriated here with intense get leave to go ashore while I remained enjoyment. As if to deepen the emotion there. From this we went to the Cove of awe that this spot is calculated to of Cork, and then, I may say, I first awaken, dark clouds swept along the slackened, and forgot Zion. The people sides of the mountain, and finging their there are the most hospitable of any I broad shadows over the waters of the ever visited : we were continually full. Loe, which here gather themselves into At times we had about 2,000 people on a capacious basin, gave to the whole spot board in a day. The captain gave parties such an air of death-like gloom and de
solation, that a feeling of sadness began | kaleidoscopic views of this glorious reto creep over the mind. We were, how- | gion burst upon us. This was the Coom ever, soon roused from our reveries by Dhuv, “the black valley," that lay the rich notes of a bugle, which a young stretched out at our feet. On the right, guide was playing, opposite to a part of it was shut in by the Magillicuddy reeks, the mountain where Echo, that sweet frowning and cloud-capped; and at the "daughter of the voice," as the Jews extreme end of the valley, a thin, silver phrase it, was known to dwell. And line hung down the sides of the rocky most musical, most melancholy,” were barrier, like a veil of gauze, floating in her replies, as they floated around us; mid air. This was the cataract that reproducing the pensiveness which had leaps from a great height, after coursing before been awakened by the wild and its way along the gullies and chasms of solemn scene.
This was followed by the the mountains, and falling in millions of firing of a cannon by a volunteer attend- glittering diamonds, forms the stream ant on the visitors. The reverberations that flows through the valley to the were very grand; but they were not like Upper Lake. While we were gazing on those at the Eagle Rock.
this marvellous combination of the beauThe different parties who had met here tiful and the sublime, the clouds rolled without concert, now moved on through back for a few moments from the sumthe pass, a stout guide carrying all the mit of Carran Tuel, "the inverted cloaks, coats, and umbrellas he could sickle,” so called from its supposed recollect, which were willingly surrendered semblance to that instrument, and the when it was discovered that the road in monarch of Erin's mountains stood before some places was very steep and on the us in his proud and majestic pre-emiascent all the way. Some distance from
The sunlight fell upon his hoary the entrance the torrent is crossed by an head, and gilded it with a golden radiarched bridge, which forms a most pic- ance, which seemed to remain and to turesque object in the view. A solitary penetrate the clouds that, the next mohouse or two betokened life in the midst ment encircled it. These appeared on of what might not be deemed an inap- fire from their catching and reflecting propriate representation of “the valley of the rays of light that rushed forth in a the shadow of death ;” and here and perfect blaze, when the sun flung from there, high up the sides of the mountain him a superincumbent mass of thick and on the left, were a few goats, apparently heavy vapour, and shone forth with a
scarce half so gross as beetles," tended dazzling splendour, as he continued to by a ragged urchin, whose proper duties do all the rest of that day. did not prevent him gratifying his curiosity, by having a peep at “ the quality,” scene, and traversing an easy footpath on whose visits to that wild and dreary scene the side of the mountain, for about a must agreeably break in upon the mo mile, we reached the Upper Lake. Our notony of his existence. We halted two road to the southern shore was through or three times, both for rest and to feast some pleasant grounds, forming part of our eyes with the grandeur and sublimity a nobleman's demesne. Here, in a small of the way we had traversed. But here, creek, we found several boats waiting for as when riding along the splendid road the different parties who had accompanied round the bay at Glenarm, we found that us through the pass; and in a few moall minds were not alike affected by the ments we were gliding along the smooth spirit of the scene. A lady of the party, surface of the lake, whose crystal waters whom by her conversation we found to reflected most clearly the deep, blue, be a public singer, and who was to regale glorious sky above us. On our left, the the ears of the visitors at Killarney that mountains shut us in ; their grey sides, evening at a concert, either by way of in some places, presenting tufts of green inducing an attendance, by an exhibition foliage, from a solitary tree that had of her vocal powers, or, as the plough- found a lodgment there. On the right, boy, who “whistled as he went, for want | the hills receded to a greater distance, of thought,” broke in most inopportunely and were less rugged in their appearance, with snatches of song, which were about more verdant, and diversified with groups as much in keeping with the occasion of forest trees. It is from one of these and the spot, as dancing at a funeral. mountains the Derricunnihy cascade falls, At length the summit of the pass was
and flows into the lake.
We shot by reached, and another of the wondrous several small islands, covered with the
is do Turning at length from this bewitching