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No. II.

formation :-it is Protestantism and the Sometimes, however, old Gundy is evangelical faith which have so greatly doomed to meet with disappointment. It exalted this nation, and given it such in- was only the other morning that he fluence."

placed himself by my side, and no sooner had the train started, than he began to ask his usual string of questions, and the following colloquy occurred :

“ Anything stirring in the political

world this morning, sir?” ANYTHING stirring in the political world I am not aware that there is.” this morning? How are they getting on “How are they getting on in Spain in Spain and Portugal? How is the and Portugal ?” corn-market? How are the stocks ? Any “I have not heard." news from Mexico ? Has the Times “Do you know how the corn-markets anything about the potato disease? What were yesterday ?" news from Ireland ? And what was done “I really do not.” in parliament last night? These are a “ Have the stocks improved ?" few of the many questions which old “ And that I do not know.' Gundy is constantly putting to his fellow “Is there any news from Mexico?"' railway travellers, as he makes his tran “I am not aware that there is." sit from the country to the great metro “ Have you heard anything about the polis.

potato disease?” I know old Gundy well.

He is a Nothing that can be depended upon; man of substance; but though he could all I can say is, my own and my neighpurchase one or more daily papers, he bour's, thanks to a gracious Providence, prefers picking up news by the way, to promise to be most abundant." spending his money in purchasing “Do you know what was done in Parintelligence. I am not certain, how- liament last night?" ever, that he does not now and then “ I do not. take a railway ticket, in order that he By this time old Gundy seemed unmay obtain the news of what is passing comfortable. He had taken his seat by the world from his fellow-travellers. I my side that he might obtain some news, am not aware, indeed, that he has busi- and he found me ignorant as himself. ness in London more than twice in the His next question, however, I was able year, and that is when his dividends be- to answer satisfactorily. It was this: come due. If he has not, he certainly “Have you seen the paper

this mornspends more money in travelling to pick ing ?” up news, than would purchase a daily "I have not; and, to tell you the paper, by which he might obtain it in truth, I am not in the habit of reading his parlour. Men often pay dear for the daily papers. My time is so precitheir foibles, and I half suspect old ous, that I cannot spare any of it for Gundy is in this matter as the common

such a purpose." proverb says, “ Penny wise and pound Old Gundy saw his case was hopeless, foolish.”

and, after eyeing me all over, he sat It is curious to observe with what silent. There was no one on our side of pains old Gundy seeks the news of the the box likely to satisfy his curiosity, but world. If he sees a fellow-traveller with he determined not to be disappointed, if a paper in his hand, he is sure to follow possible. There was one at the other him into the box he enters, close at his side who might know something more heels, and to take his seat by his side. In than I did, and no sooner had the train such instances there is no doubt he ob- stopped, than he changed his seat and tains the intelligence he requires; but his companion. sometimes there is no paper to be seen at Whether old Gundy was now satisfied our station, and then he enters a box at I cannot say, as the clatter of the wheels hazard, and seats himself by the passen- and the snorting of the engine prevented ger most likely to be able to satisfy his my hearing. But thus much is certain, curiosity. But even then old Gundy that he seemed more at home with his shows his judgment, for he is sure to se new companion. They talked with anilect one whom he considers to be a gen- mation until we arrived at the terminus, tleman, thinking that such certainly reads while I sat ruminating on the fully of the paper before he leaves home.

How eager, I thought, are men to



them :

know what is passing in the world, and and selling and getting gain. If old how much time do they spend in talking Gundy has ever asked him how the cornabout that which brings them no profit. market went, he could tell him to a fracThe things of time and sense engage their tion. There is not a market-town within attention, to the utter neglect of those many miles of his residence where his which belong to their eternal interests. name is not known; and there is not a

It is rare, indeed, that one meets with farmer who brings corn to these markets, a companion, either by railway, or in the of whom he has not purchased. He has streets or highways, or by the fireside, gold at command for his purpose, and his who is half so earnest in inquiring the granaries are large enough to contain a way to heaven, or about the things which stock sufficient to astonish the beholder. belong to the salvation of the soul, as If one could peep in them even in this they are solicitous of knowing what is time of dearth, there is no doubt but sack passing in the world. With what zest after sack would be seen heaped up do men converse on passing, and even therein. But why does he not open his trifling events, but how coldly do they granary-doors, and send his stock to talk, at all, if they talk, on subjects con market ? Will he keep it till half of it is nected with religion. Well has it been consumed by the rats and the mice ? No, said that man is ignorant of his real great- no; Mr. P is too wise for that. He

In spite of all the preacher has only waits till the markets are "up," and said, in spite of all that has been written depend upon it, he will send it away for the instruction of mankind, and again; and even to the


markets " In spite of all the truth the muse has sung,

from whence he purchased it. This is Are there who wrap the world so close about his mode of living, and you cannot be in

his company, even in a railway carriage, They see no farther than the clouds, and dance On heedless vanity's fartastic toe,

without discovering it. His one topic Till, stumbling at a straw in their career, of conversation is the corn-market, and Headlong they plunge where end both dance and

how happy have I seen him, on his return song? Are there on earth--let me not call them men from Mark-lane, when, by a fortunate Who lodge a soul immortal in their breasts; rise in the article of food, he has made Unconscious as the mountain of its ore, Or rock of its inestimable gem ?"

some few more hundreds of pounds. At

such seasons my fancy has left the railThere are, and I am afraid old Gundy is way-carriage with a speed swifter by far one of them. He loves this world, and than the train passed on, and has roamed thinks not of that which is to come; that among the dwellings of the poor, not only which should be uppermost in the in town, but in the country, and has thoughts, not only of himself, but of all seen faces on which want and sorrow mankind.

were indelibly stamped. What a conOld Gundy is not singular in his love trast between them and that of Mr. P-! of the world; he may display it in a dif- it would almost seem that the lines of ferent manner to many people, but the happiness once visible in their faces were world is sufficient for most It transferred to his : that the happiness of seems especially sufficient for my neigh many was concentrated into one, But I bour, Mr. P- for he displays his love of do not charge Mr. P- with cruelty ; it in a manner still more marked than old

trade is a legitimate pursuit, and if conGundy

ducted in an upright manner, may be Mr. P- is a constant traveller by the pursued without injury to character or railway, and he never enters the train our eternal interests. I have no doubt but for a specific purpose. He is going he pursues it in this manner. He does to London in order to seek an increase of not buy corn to throw away, or to keep wealth. Rich though he is, he still wants it from the mouths of the community; he

The heart, when set on riches, is buys and sells it to get gold. But can never so happy as when seeking it; all gold bring solid happiness to man? that is in the coffers of the rich man, who Wealth is vanity :has a love of money, does not give balf the satisfaction to the mind, as does a “ High-built abundance, heaps on heaps ! for what ? single guinea gained to add to the store To breed new wants, and beggar us the more;

Then make a richer scramble for the tlırong. possessed.

Soon as this feeble pulse, which leaps so long, Mr. P- is a large corn-factor, who is Almost by miracles, is tired with play,

Like rubbish from disploding engines thrown, engaged from morning to night, from the

Our magazines of hoarded trifles flyfirst to the last day of the year, in buying Fly diverse; fly to foreigners, to foes.




New masters court, and call the former fool, the sails we endeavoured to avoid collision (How justly!) for dependence on their stay; Wide scatter first our play-things, then our dust.

with the larger masses; but this was not Much learning shows how little mortals know; always possible. In the early part of the Much wealth how little mortals can enjoy : At best it babies us with endless toys,

storm, the rudder of the Erebus was so And keeps us children till we drop to dust." much damaged as to be no longer of any

YOUNG. use; and about the same time I was inReader, make a wiser choice than formed by signal that the Terror's was Mr. P “ Lay not up for yourselves completely destroyed, and nearly torn treasures upon earth, where moth and away from the stern-post. We had hoped rust doth corrupt, and where thieves that, as we drifted deeper into the pack, break through and steal : but lay up for

we should get beyond the reach of the yourselves treasures in heaven, where tempest; but in this we were mistaken. neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and Hour passed away after hour without the where thieves do not break through nor

least mitigation of the awful circumsteal,” Matt. vi. 19, 20.

E. F.

stances in which we were placed. Indeed, there seemed to be but little probability of our ships holding together much longer, so frequent and violent were the shocks

they sustained. The loud crashing noise PERILS OF THE SEA.

of the straining and working of the timTo prevent the ships separating during bers and decks, as she was driven against the fog, says sir J. C. Ross, referring to some of the heavier pieces, which all the a cruise in the frozen waters, it was ne- activity and exertions of our people could cessary to keep fast to the heavy piece of not prevent, was sufficient to fill the ice which we had between them as a stoutest heart, that was not supported by fender, and with a reduced amount of trust in Him who controls all events, with sail on them, we made sorr.e way through dismay. . At 2 P.m. the storm gained the pack. As we advanced in this novel its height, when the barometer stood at mode to the south-west, we found the ice 28.40 inches, and after that time began became more open, and the westerly to rise. swell increasing as the wind veered to Although we had been forced many the n.w. at midnight, we found it im- miles deeper into the pack, we could not possible any longer to hold on by the perceive that the swell had at all subsidfloe piece. All our hawsers breaking in ed, our ships still rolling and groaning succession, we made sail on the ships, amidst the heavy fragments of crushing and kept company during the thick fog bergs, over which the ocean rolled its by firing guns, and by means of the usual mountainous waves, throwing huge masses signals. Under the shelter of a berg one upon another, and then again buryof nearly a mile in diameter, we dodged ing them deep beneath its foaming waters, about during the whole day, waiting for dashing and grinding them together with clear weather, that we might select the fearful violence. The awful grandeur of best lead through the dispersing pack; such a scene can neither be imagined but at 9 p.m. the wind suddenly freshened nor described; far less can the feelings to a violent gale from the northward, of those who witnessed it be understood. compelling us to reduce our sails to a Each of us secured our hold, waiting the close reefed main-top-sail and storm stay- issue with resignation to the will of Him sails. The sea quickly rising to a fearful who alone could preserve us, and bring height, breaking over the loftiest bergs, us safely through this extreme danger; we were unable any longer to hold our watching with breathless anxiety the efground, but were driven into the heavy fect of each succeeding collision, and the pack under our lee.

vibrations of the tottering masts, expectSoon after midnight our ships were ing every moment to see them give way involved in an ocean of rolling fragments without our having the power to make of ice, hard as floating rocks of granite, an effort to save them. Although the which were dashed against them by the force of the wind had somewhat diminwaves with so much violence that their ished by 4 P.M., yet the squalls came on masts quivered as if they should fall with unabated violence, laying the ship at every successive blow; and the over on her broadside, and threatening destruction of the ships seemed in- to blow the storm-sails to pieces : fortuevitable from the tremendous shocks nately they were quite new, or they never they received. By backing and filling could have withstood such terrific gusts.

At this time the Terror was so close to for the service, and to our having their us, that when she rose to the top of one holds so stowed as to form a solid mass wave, the Erebus was on the top of that throughout. next to leeward of her; the deep chasm between them filled with heavy rolling masses; and as the ships descended into

THE BENEFIT OF CHRIST'S DEATH. the hollow between the waves, the maintop-sail yard of each could be seen just

To the end that this point, wherein level with the crest of the intervening lieth and consisteth the whole mystery of wave, from the deck of the other: from our holy faith, may be understood the this, some idea may be formed of the better, let us put the case, that some good height of the waves, as well as of the and holy king cause the proclamation to perilous situation of our ships.

be made through his whole realm by the The night now began to draw in, and sound of a trumpet, that all rebels and cast its gloomy mantle over the appalling banished men shall safely return home to scene, rendering our condition, if pos- their houses, because that at the suit and şible, more hopeless and helpless than desert of some dear friend of theirs it before; but at midnight, the snow, which hath pleased him to pardon them; cerhad been falling thickly for several hours, tainly none of those rebels ought to doubt cleared away, as the wind suddenly shifted of the obtaining of true pardon of his reto the westward, and the swell began to bellion, but rather ought assuredly to resubside; and although the shocks our turn home to his house, to live under ships still sustained were such that must the shadow of that holy king. And, if be have destroyed any ordinary vessel in will not return, he shall bear the penalty less than five minutes, yet they were

of it, because that through his own unfeeble compared with those to which we

belief he dieth in exile, and in the dishad been exposed, and our minds became pleasure of his prince. But this good more at ease for their ultimate safety. King is the Lord of heaven and earth; During the darkness of the night, and who, for the obedience and desert of our the thick weather, we had been carried good brother, Jesus Christ, hath pardoned through a chain of bergs which were seen us all our sins, and, as we have said in the morning considerably to wind- afore, hath made open proclamation ward, and which served to keep off the through the whole world, that all of us heavy pressure of the pack, so that we may safely return into his kingdom. found the ice much more open, and I was

Wherefore he that believeth this proclaenabled to make my way in one of our

mation doth straightways return into boats to the Terror, about whose con God's kingdom (whereout we were driven dition I was most anxious, for I was aware by the offence of our first parents,) and that her damages were of a much more [is] blessedly governed by God's Holy serious nature than those of the Erebus, Spirit. And he that giveth no credit to the notwithstanding the skilful and seaman said proclamation shall never enjoy the like manner in which she had been ma said general pardon, but for his unbelief's naged, and by which she maintained her sake shall abide in banishment under the appointed station throughout the gale. tyranny of the devil, and live and die in I found that her rudder was completely extreme misery, living and dying in the broken to pieces, and the fastenings to displeasure of the King of heaven and the stern-posts so much strained and earth--and that justly. For we cannot twisted, that it would be very difficult to commit a greater offence against this get the spare rudder, with which we were good God, than to account him as a liar fortunately provided, fitted so as to be and deceiver; which verily we do, in not useful, and could only be done, if at all, giving credit to his promises. under very favourable circumstances. The Oh, how passing heavy is this deadly sin other damages she had sustained were of of unbelief! which, so far forth as is posless consequence; and was as great a sible, bereaveth God of his glory and satisfaction as it has ever been a source perfection ; besides the great harm that of astonishment to us to find that, after it doth to a man's self, which is his own so many hours of constant and violent damnation and the endless torment of thumping, both the vessels were nearly his soul, which the miserable conscience as tight as they were before the gale. We feeleth even in this life. But, on the can only ascribe this to the admirable contrary, he, that cometh unto God with manner in which they had been fortified assuredness of this faith, believing him


without any mistrust or doubt of his pro- | be otherwise, than it is possible that a mises, and warranting himself for a cer faggot should be set on fire, and not cast tainty, that God will perform all that light immediately. ever he hath promised him, giveth all This is the holy faith, “without the the glory unto God,* and liveth continu which it is unpossible that any man ally in rest and endless joy, evermore should please God,"* and whereby all the praising and thanking the Lord God, for holy men, (as well of the Old Testament choosing him to the glory of the eternal as of the New,) have been saved, aclife.

cording as St. Paul witnesseth of AbraAnd hereof they have an assured ham; concerning whom the Scripture earnest-penny and gage, that is to wit, saith, that “ Abraham believed God, and the Son of God, whom they take for their it was reckoned to him for righteousmost loving Bridegroom, the blood of ness.”+ And therefore he saith a litile whom hath made their hearts so drunken, / before : “ We believe that a man is justithat, through this passing holy belief, fied by faith without the deeds of the there is in the Christian heart engen- | law.” And in another place he saith : dered so lively a hope, and so certain a 6 So then in that time shall the remnant trust of God's mercy towards us, and be saved, according to the election of such an operation is wrought in us, as grace; and, if they be saved by grace, we rest ourselves wholly upon God, then is it not by works; for then were leaving the whole care of us unto him in grace no grace."|| And to the Galasuch wise, that, being thoroughly assured tians he saith : “ It is a manifest matter of God's good will, we are not afraid, that no man becometh righteous before neither of the devil, nor of his ministers, God by the law; because the righteous nor of death. Which holy and stedfast | liveth by faith. And the law consisteth trust of God's mercy enlargeth our not in belief, but he that performeth the heart, cheereth it up, and with certain things that the law commandeth shall marvellous sweet affections directeth it live by that performance.”s And further unto God, filling it and setting it on fire he saith, that "a man cannot become with an exceeding fervent love. And righteous by the deeds of the law, but therefore Paul encourageth us to " go only by believing in Jesus Christ." with all boldness to the throne of grace;" Again, a little after he saith that, " If a and he counselleth us that we should not man can become righteous by the law, shake it off, nor "make light of our trust, Jesus Christ died in vain.”T Moreover which hath great recompence and re to the Romans, making comparison beward."*

tween the righteousness of the law and But this so holy and Divine affiance is the righteousness of the gospel, he saith gendered in our hearts by the working of that the one consisteth in the doing of the Holy Ghost, who is communicated works, and the other in believing : “ For, unto us by faith, which never goeth if thou confess our Lord Jesus Christ without the love of God. And hereof it with thy mouth, and believe in thy heart cometh that we be provoked to do good that God hatlı raised him up

from death, works with a certain liveliness and effec thou shalt be saved. For the belief of tual cheerfulness; whereby we gather the heart maketh a man righteous; and such a strength and inclination to do the confession of the mouth maketh him them, as we be throughly ready and for- | safe.' Lo! how this good teacher St. ward to do and suffer all intolerable Paul showeth evidently, that faith maketh things for the love and glory of our most a man righteous without any works.gracious and merciful Father; who hath Paleario's Benefit of Christ's Death, (in enriched us with so abundant grace the press.) through Jesus Christ, and of his enemies made us his most dear children. This

PRINCIPLES. true faith is no sooner given a man, but he is by and by endued and imprinted actions ; our actions, the springs of our

Our principles are the springs of our with a certain violent love of good works, to yield right sweet and amiable fruits happiness and misery. Too much care, both unto God, and likewise to his neigh-therefore, cannot be employed in forming bour, as a very good and fruitful tree.

our principles.- Skelton. And it is no more possible that he should

+ Rom. iv. 3.
I Rom, iji. 28. || Rom. xi. 5, 6.
§ Gal, iii, 11, 12.

[ Gal. ii 16, 21. I Heb. x. 35.

** Rom. x. 9, 10,


# Heb. xi, 6.

Gen, xv. 6.

Habak. ii. 4.

* 1 Cor. i. 31.

# Heb. iv. 16.

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