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applicable : "Let us, therefore," he says, sult, it becomes morbid; stimulants are

as many as be perfect, be thus minded; then needed; and these must be inand if in anything ye be otherwise creased in proportion to their use. It minded, God shall reveal even this unto has therefore been well said, that "the you. Nevertheless, whereto we have only way to keep up the freshness of the already attained, let us walk by the affections, and the youth of the heart, is same rule, let us mind the same thing," to let them flow freely over the activities Phil. iii. 15, 16. Here the fact is still of life, and from action to circulate back apparent, that there are considerable dif- to their fountain-head, that the stream of ferences among the truly pious, both as benevolence may issue and re-issue from to the understanding of religious doc- the heart in a ceaseless circle." There trines, and their application as practical is an express command, “Do good unto principles.

all men, especially to them who are of Some are described as “perfect,” that the household of faith.” As a properly is, comparatively so, in accordance with regulated mind will find repose only in the use of the term in other instances. the persevering discharge of appropriate How far those who are described as duties, in so doing, the most efficient “ otherwise minded" fell short of this means of strengthening principle will be perfection, it is difficult accurately to employed. determine; but there is reason to con Association with others, for the promoclude that there is a reference to things tion of the cause of God, though in all collateral to the essential verities of the points they may not accord with ourgospel. With these the younger or selves, is most important. To quote the weaker converts might hope, in the use words of Mr. Bickersteth : " I think that of appointed means, to become so far the scriptural rule, “Whereto we have acquainted as was necessary to the due already attained, let us walk by the same elevation of their characters, and all the rule, let us mind the same thing,’ furpurposes contemplated by the Divine nishes me with a clear and sufficient dispensations.

warrant. That universal union, which is The promise of a revelation of what the object of our hopes, prayers, and was necessary, in its fullest extent, must labours, when God's will shall be done be limited to apostolic times, but it may on earth as it is in heaven, is, it is clear, apply, more restrictedly, to those in more likely to be attained by cordial coafter days, who, yielding themselves to operation in those things in which we the clear light of the word of God, will can walk by the same rule, and mind the be likely to draw similar conclusions, and same thing, than by keeping at a disto approximate, in matters of the highest tance. For the very end, then, of gainmoment, to conformity of opinion. The ing my brother over to what I see to be course thus opened to the Philippians is truth, I will unite with him in those as clear, and imperative to the specified things, which we both see to be truth; he, extent, on professing Christians now. for his part, acting on the same principle, The young are to aspire after the rank of till God shall reveal even this unto us. fathers in Christ; the weak are to aim A general and cordial concurrence after the vigour of the strong; and all among the pious, on the great principles are to walk together, so far as they are of Christianity, would produce, unquesagreed, according to the only and infal- tionably, incalculable good. To any in. lible rule, for the promotion of individual dividual member the loss would be imaand relative piety, and for the advance- ginary rather than real, but the gain to ment of the glory of God in the midst of the body of Christ would be immense. the earth.

The aggregate would form a more preThere is great want, not only of cious and grateful peace-offering than thought and feeling, but of distinct and was ever presented on the altar of Jepersevering effort, so important in the hovah. formation of character:

What a contrast would at once be

palpable ! The tongue would cease to “Thoughts pent up want air, and spoil employ the words of uncharitableness. Like bales unopened to the sun."

The pen would refuse to lacerate the

mind, and to impugn or destroy the chaEmotion is healthy when it issues in ap- racter. The deportment would be free propriate exertion, but, with no such re from the haughtiness of pride, and the

apathy of selfishness. The “ unclean mind, glowing intensely with true benebirds,” which have nestled in the heart, volence. Formidable difficulties, it is would be gone, for want of their usual true, may exist. Prior to the coming aliment. We should become familiar forth of Luther, the aspect of the church with the aspect, the sounds, the actions of Rome was that of strength, yet a of pure and lofty benevolence.

power was actually being developed, As Christians proceeded together on which eventually overturned that huge their heavenly course, the space, on which fabric. their fellowship was first formed, would No anticipations of Luther could have gradually enlarge. Those who imagined grasped what he was destined to accomthat they should only be able to advance plish. Slow and gradual was his own proone mile, would discover that they could gress in the discovery of each succeeding easily traverse two; the path would then truth; yet no sooner had a great doctrine extend to five; and it might be still fur- currency, than it was embraced. Conther lengthened, until the greatest sur viction followed the voice of the Reprise was felt that they should ever have former; he came, he saw,

he conquered; been separated. Great mountains would and not only did he triumph for his own become plains, as they did before Zerub- age, but for all that are to come. On babel. When a desert was anticipated, whose brow, then, shall rest the honour scenes of surpassing beauty and fruitful- of a second Reformation-a triumph over ness would be disclosed. A day for the enormous evils of anti-christian which they expected to wait long, would strife-a state inore replete with moral suddenly dawn, with the promise of a excellence, and attractive with moral glorious meridian. The sensible dis- beauty, than angels have yet witnessed tance between earth and heaven would in this world ? Myriads of hearts are be diminished. The celestial state would ready to unite in the loftiest burst of be contemplated chiefly in its locality, praise that has ever yet ascended to for its spirit would pervade this lower the skies; but what master-hand shall world. Faith would not have to rise so strike the key-note of this transporting high, nor love to soar so far. Some melody? beamings of the city which “has no need Of the nearest possible approach to of the sun,” would fall on the eye, while such a destination, let all—let each one, the ear caught the melody of heavenly be emulous. To be so, would cast a songs. It would seem as if the church purer splendour over the highest earthly on earth were separated only from the honours. In the light of Christian phichurch in heaven by a thin veil

, and as if lanthropy their brightness fades, as the the glories of Gud, of attendant angels, satellites of the planets when they catch and of the spirits of the just " made per- the beams of the ruling orb. It might fect,” might in a moment break upon be well were the shackles, by which multhe soul.

titudes are held in bondage, to be cast off A great cause has commonly embalmed by those who occupy the highest stations ; the memory of some individual, foremost but those of inferior grade must not in its promotion-who, then, will become linger for them. It is incumbent on the apostle of unity? He may now have every disciple of Christ to seek for himno thought of such a distinction. Elisha self the spirit of charity, and to exemwas fully intent on his ordinary duties plify its influence every day and every when the mantle of Elijah was cast upon hour. him ; but as this significant and symbolic No obscurity of station, no feebleness act was performed, a new light fell on of

power, can avert or diminish the oblihis mind, and unwonted desires arose in gation. The many—the communities, his bosom. Nor was this all; special the masses—are needed in this cause ; but communications were afterwards made; these are formed of individuals, of whom and who can imagine the exultation of each one is an important item. Though his heart when, as he smote the waters leaders are wanted, their influence will of Jordan, and " they parted hither and depend on the state of those on whom thither," it was fully demonstrated that they act, and with whom they are assothe Lord God of Elijah was as certainly ciated. The corn which would perish if his own?

cast on the hard and untilled earth, when A joy, as unexpected and transcendant, sown on the well-ploughed field, promay yet await the movements of one duces its golden crops. All the followers

THE MIND.

of Christ require to be apprized of the character, importance, and claims of

By the mind of a man, we understand scriptural unity. For are they not one that in him which thinks, remembers, body? Syınpathy is dependent on the

reasons, wills. The essence both of body feeblest, as well as on the noblest parts. and mind is unknown to us.

We know The full power of the ear or the eye is certain properties of the first, and certain wanting, unless there be health and vi- operations of the last; and by these only gour in the nerves.

we can define or describe them. We de. With these views and principles of ac fine body to be that which is extended, tion let us, then, give ourselves to prayer. solid, movable, divisible. In like manner, Most appropriate are the expressions of we define mind to be that which thinks. the Collect for Unity : "O God, the We are conscious that we think, and that Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, our only Saviour, the Prince of Peace; give kinds—such as seeing, hearing, remem

we have a variety of thoughts of different us grace seriously to lay to heart the bering, deliberating, resolving, loving, great dangers we are in by our unhappy hating, and many other kinds of thought divisions. Take away all hatred and all which we are taught by nature to prejudice, and whatever else may hinder attribute to one internal principle; and us from godly union and concord: that this principle of thought we call the mind as there is but one body, and one spirit, or soul of a man. Dr. Reid. and one hope of our calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of us all, so we may henceforth be all of one heart, and one soul, united in one holy bond of truth and peace, of

THE PERFECTION OF NATURE. faith and charity, and may, with one mind and one mouth, glorify thee, through that, if Mr. P--, or any other painter

I am quite sure, says a recent writer, Jesus Christ our Lord.”

W.

who has hitherto been very careful in his choice of subject, will go into the next turnpike-road, and taking the first four

trees that he comes to in the hedge, give At a meeting of the Royal Institute them a day each, drawing them leaf for of Architects, on the 11th inst., a very leaf, as far as may be, and even their interesting communication from Mr. Lay- smallest boughs, with as much care as if ard, addressed to Mr. Mair, from Nim- they were rivers, or an important map of roud, was read, relating to further exca a newly-surveyed country, he will find, vations recently made. In illustration of when he has brought them all home, that it, drawings of some of the bas-reliefs at least three out of the four are better already sent home by Mr. Layard, and than the best he ever invented.”Modern now to be seen in the British Museum, Painters. were exhibited, and led to some interesting conversation. The dean of Westminster said the material in which these extraordinary sculptures are worked, is mot marble but gypsum, and is so soft that the nail will scratch it.

He thought

Divine philosophy begins with the this an important fact. As this material idea of God, and has been eloquently could be obtained in large quantities, and,

described as capable of continual exwas extremely easy to work, it was im. pansion, which transforms into its own portant to know of its power of retaining likeness the mind that receives it, grows forms given to it for thousands of

more refulgent by having transferred

years. It is identical with the alabaster of work- upon it new perceptions of beauty and men, not oriental alabaster, and may be goodness-attracting to itself as a centre had in slabs of large size in Italy. Mar- whatever bears the impress of dignity

, ble exposed to alteration of temperature order, or happiness; which borrows splen

fair, subordinates to would not last so long. He would not conclude without stating his opinion that itself all that is great, and sits enthroned Mr. Layard's were the most marvellous in the riches of the universe. --Hall. discoveries that had been made for many years.

DISCOVERIES AT NIMROUD.

DIVINE PHILOSOPHY.

[graphic][merged small]

PATMOS.

ciple saw two visions of God; the spot,

too, where the Saviour was seen, and his Patmos is an island of the Ægean Sea, voice heard, for the last time till he come belonging to the Sporades, and situated again. John's eye often rested on the about thirty miles south of Samos. The mountains and the islands among which name Sporades is derived from the Greek, we were passing, and on the shores and and signifies to sow, from the scattered waves of this great sea; and often, after position of the islands forming this group. the vision was passed, these natural feaPatmos is of a very irregular shape, tures of his place of exile would refresh about ten miles long, five in breadih, his spirit.” and, according to the best authority, As the coast is approached from the about eighteen in circumference, though sea, it is found to be high, and comthis has been much disputed. Tournefort prising many promontories and bays, describes it as the most barren rock which give to the whole a very irregular méchant éceuil—of the Archipelago; and, appearance. The only, port, however, probably, on this account it was chosen, that is used is a deep bay, sheltered by by the rulers of the Roman empire, as a high mountains on every side but one, place of banishment, and for the exile of where it is protected by a projecting the apostle John, who was confined here, cape, called La Scala. Above the land“ for the testimony of Jesus," Rev. i. 9. ing-place is a small village, comprising It is this circumstance which has attached above fifty habitations, and on the edge to the island so much of its scriptural of a vast crater, sloping off on either side, interest; apart from which it would be like the roof of a tiled house. Perry has little regarded.

compared it to “an ass's back," upon When viewed from a distance, and in the highest ridge of which stands the connexion with the associations which monastery. The inhabitants, therefore, crowd upon the mind, the island pre have no space to exercise, either on foot sents a very

ing appearance. A or on horseback; they can only descend writer says: We saw the peaks of its and ascend by the rugged, ill-paved, and two prominent hills, but our course did very narrow path, that leads to the harnot lie very near it. Still it was intensely bour. The village comprises about four interesting to get even a glance of that hundred substantial stone houses. memorable spot, where the beloved dis Though deficient in wood, the island NOVEMBER, 1847.

21

has an abundance of plants and shrubs. | author, having obtained permission to Walnuts and other fruits are produced; execute his plan from Alexius, towards and the wine of this isle is considered the end of the tenth century, when he the best of any of those around. Maize retired to Patmos, to avoid the persecuand barley are cultivated, but not in a tion of the Turks. On one of the towers quantity sufficient for the use of the a look-out is maintained for piratical inhabitants, and for the supply of their vessels, the view from hence being so own vessels and others, which put in for extensive that no vessel can approach the provisions. For this purpose, they are island without being perceived. “We furnished with corn from Samos, Smyra, returned,” says a visitor, “ to enjoy the and the Black Sea. The island now prospect of this place. The sight was bears the name of Patino and Palmosa, extremely magnificent, as may be conand the inhabitants do not exceed four ceived by any reader who will judge from or five thousand, many of whom are the appearance exhibited by the island emigrants from the neighbouring conti- itself, and by this monastery, at the disnent.

tance of six leagues at sea.

We comThe male inhabitants are chiefly sea- manded the whole island of Amorgos, men, and, from their intercourse with dif- which is nearly forty miles from the ferent European nations, they are more nearest point of Patmos ;" while many enlightened than the generality of the of the grandest objects in the ArchipeGreeks. The women are much disfigured lago were spread over the various points by their strange costume ; their principal to which the eye might be turned. employment is the knitting of cotton Dr. Clarke states, that, having requested stockings, which are very durable, and to see the library of the monastery, he obtain a very high price. The cotton is entered a small, oblong chamber, having obtained from the neighbouring continent a vaulted stone roof, and found it to be of Anatolia. Tournefort mentions, that, nearly filled with books of all sizes, in a for every man on the island there are at most neglected condition-some lying on least twenty women; but this dispro- the floor, destroyed by damp and worms, portion is probably in consequence of the and others standing on the shelves, but men being principally at sea.

without any pretensions to orderly arThe famous grotto, or cavern, covered rangement. The books upon the shelves by a chapel, where the apostle John is consisted of printed volumes; for these, said to have written the Apocalypse under being more modern, were regarded as the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, is situ- the more valuable, and had a better staated on the face of the hill, about half tion assigned them than the rest, many way between the town and the port of which were only regarded as rubbish. Some have said that it is not sufficiently Some of them were tolerably well bound, spacious to have afforded habitation and in good condition. The Superior said even for a hermit; but the monks show they were his favourites; but when some some crevices in the rock, through which, of them were taken down, in order to as they allege, the Divine commands examine their contents, it was discovered were communicated to the apostle. In that neither the Superior nor his colleague point of fact, there is no evidence in were able to read, and all their intellithe writings of John, that they were gence consisted in a very confused knowproduced in any cave; and if they had ledge of some of their names. At the been, any other cave in the island would end of the room a considerable number have answered the purpose equally well. of old parchment volumes, some with The fault, however, of regarding state and some without covers, were heaped ments as correct, when the truth has on the floor, in the utmost disorder; never been proved, is unhappily not and there were evident proofs that these confined to the monks of Patmos.

had been laid aside and condemned, to The monastery of St. John, as it is styled, answer any purpose for which the parchin memory of the apostle, has several

ment might be required; and upon

the towers and thick lofty walls, which, if Superior being asked what they were, he duly mounted with guns, might be easily replied, with an expression of indifference converted into a military post of some and contempt, that they were mere manustrength. It is said to have been founded scripts. It was a moment in which the by Alexius Comnenus, in consequence of wonder of the visitors was excited in a the persuasions of Christodulus; but high degree,--for the whole of this conDapper states that the latter was the real temned heap consisted of Greek manu

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