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arbutus, whose branches bent down to dying along the distant mountains, until the surface of the water, and were kissed it melted a way, in a low, delicious caby the tiny waves which the rapid pro- dence, of the most ravishing melody. It gress of our boat created. After rowing was as if a band of glorious angels, floatfor about two miles we came to a place ing there, were hymning on their barps called “Coleman's Eye,” the commence the anthems of heaven; and these marment of the narrow passage along which vellous sounds were as the last faintlythe waters of the Upper Lake rush to the breathed notes of that spirit-train. We lower. It is about thirty feet in width, sat spell-bound: the heart heaving with and as the force of the current here is deep, unutterable emotions. Again the necessarily very great, much care is re bugle spoke, and its three or four notes quisite in rounding the jutting promon were again repeated, sweeter, softer, more tory. Our boatmen were very alert, and subduing, as they receded in the distance ; we passed in safety. On this rock they mournfully musical, as if they sorrowed pointed out to us some gigantic footmarks, to pass away. The very remembrance said to have been formed by the person of that hour, as it rises on the mind while whose name is given to the spot, who I write, is most exciting. Then, all I once leaped over the stream. With what could do was to weep. Those echoes ever superstitious veneration such objects spoke of the spirit-land afar off, where may have been regarded, and in many every sound is melodious, and all the air parts of Ireland they are so still by the is love; and the heart longed for the most ignorant of the peasantry, our guides hour when all its evil and unquiet pasthought very little of them, save as ob sions would be hushed in an everlasting jects of curiosity.

sleep, and when the soul, purified by the After rowing for another mile along precious blood of Christ, and sanctified this contracted part of the lake, we by the Divine Spirit, should rise to share reached a bend in the stream, and at in the blessedness of the family of God. length suddenly stopped. The boatmen If there be such sweetness in nature's laid on their oars, and their leader rose harmonies; and if such the delight of from his seat and leaped ashore. In listening to them, who shall describe the answer to our inquiry, why they did not rapture of those who hear and join in the proceed? the men requested us to sit still universal song of the kingdom of grace for a while, and the cause would be ex

and glory,

Worthy is ihe Lamb that plained. A huge perpendicular rock rose was slain to receive power, and riches, on our left in shape like a pyramid, covered and wisdom, and strength, and honour, with moss, and ivy, and branches of trees, and glory, and blessing.' whose roots lay hidden deep within its After we had been permitted for some fissures. On the opposite bank was a

time to sit in silence, abandoning oursmall rising ground, broken and wild. selves to the influence of the hour, a Behind this the boatman disappeared ; cannon was fired from the bank. If the and the visitors sat looking at each other, effect of the bugle was subduing, this half expectant, half wondering. We was most rousing. Its deep reverberpointed to the lofty cliff, to ask its name, ations, as they rolled along, were answered —for almost all the rocks have some by a thousand voices on all sides; now designation, - but an expressive, low- apparently from the very depths of the breathed “ Hush!” silenced the ques- mountain, and then from the loftiest tioner, and filled all with eager curiosity. peaks; rattling, rolling; now loud, now Suddenly, a mellow sound rose on the low; at one moment with a solitary echo, air-a bugle note blown by our unseen and then in a rushing confused reply of guide. So sweet, so plaintive was it, that a host of echoes. The Eagle Rock took it fell soothingly on the spirit. Before up the chorus peal, and Torc mountain an exclamation could be uttered, another hurled it back; Glena and Purple and sound was heard, but — surely not of Tomies repeated the thunder tones, and earth! We started. Another! and an old Mangerton sullenly replied, as if other! Whence came those aerial voices, angry at the invasion of his dreary soliso thrilling, so exquisitely soft, so rich, tude: then, when we thought had so subduing, dissolving the soul into ceased, far, far away, as if from another ecstasy, making our very being feel a sphere, came the repeat once more. It bliss ? One other yet! and yet more was as though all the thunder clouds of musical, but less distinct;

the region had burst in a series of tre" In linked sweetness long drawn out;"

mendous crashes, with a violence enough


to rend the mountains, or shake them to which is the commencement of the Upper their solid base. Such an accumulation Lake. On our left, embosomed in trees, of deafening peals I never heard. The was the pretty cottage of lady Kenmare, roaring of artillery was feeble in com- and in front of that, a lawn of the most parison. And these were the far-famed exquisite green I ever beheld. Justly as echoes of the Eagle's Nest! Fame had Ireland is designated the Emerald Isle, not exaggerated here. No language can in the whole course of my wanderings in be extravagant in the description. that country I never met with anything

After lingering for some time, we at that could bear a comparison with this length reluctantly departed. The channel spot for its glorious verdure. It reminded still continued narrow, until we reached of Watts' beautiful lines on the Dinis island. - Just before we came to better country,” where this beautiful spot, we had to disembark,

“ Everlasting spring abides, that the boat might the better shoot And never withering flowers ;" through the old Weir Bridge, which, with its two arches, here spans the stream.

and where the fields There is some danger in this passage on “ Stand dress'd in living green." account of the great force and rapidity of the current; for through this confined The view from this cottage is most magchannel the whole of the waters of the nificent. We had it now before us. The Upper Lake pour themselves into Torc whole expanse of the lower lake stretched lake, and there are rocks on either side itself out like a silver mirror, with islands just beyond the bridge, against which it in all directions, diversifying its surface, requires great skill and coolness on the part and rocks of all shapes and sizes; some of the boatmen to guard ; for, at the rate of them bearing the name of the celethe water bears them along, to strike would brated chieftain, O'Donoghue, who once be instantly to capsize the boat. We inhabited this part of Ireland, and from were requested to get out, because the fancied resemblances are called his horse, depth of water was not now sufficient for his library, his table, prison, etc. This a heavily laden bark. One of our com chief is a prime personage in the legends panion boats with two ladies and as many and tales that abound among the pearowers, the former evidently desirous to santry, some of them partaking very dare the danger, passed us as we were largely of the marvellous. Our boatinen disembarking; and getting into the cur- repeated several of them, but evidently rent, shot through in gallant style and believed them as little as we did.

, we towards the part of visitors is to sit still : the men Ross Island, and on our way thither found are so used to their employment, that an that the wind, which at first had scarcely accident rarely, if ever, happens. They ruffled the surface of the lake, had much stand at the head of the boat with a risen. It very often comes down the boathook to keep clear of the rocks, and mountains with great violence

, and lashes the stream itself bears them along.

the waves into white foam-it did so Dinis island is at the very entrance to Our boat soon began to rock and Torc lake, and divides the waters into plunge, and a little alarm was depicted two channels. Its eastern shore forms upon the countenance of some lady voyone boundary to the Middle lake, and agers. Presently a large wave dashed with Brikeen island almost disjoins it over the bows of the boat, near which I

On Dinis island is was sitting, and completely saturated me. a small coriage, where parties dine, who Instead of being commiserated, the boathave taken the precaution either to order men were profuse in their congratuladinners there from the hotel, or who tions, assuring me of good fortune, as I have brought provision with them. Our had just received “O'Donoghue's blesscourageous lady companions with their ing." In about a quarter of an hour friends had done this, but we had not we reached Innisfallen, the low arch of been so provident and therefore went on. whose ancient chapel was dimly seen We rowed along the narrow passage be- through

the thick foliage that covers this tween Dinis island and Glena mountain, beautiful island. All that has been said not visiting Torc lake at all, although or sung in praise of this charming spot we had subsequently a fine view of it is by no means exaggerated. Nature from the mountain of the same name, and art have combined to invest it with and in a few minutes were in Glena bay, a loveliness, that affects the mind like a



from the Upper one.


low plaintive melody, stealing on the ear mingled magnificence and loveliness of in the twilight of a summer's eve. The this enchanting spot. Equally impossirichness and softness of the verdure; the ble is it for any pictorial representation luxuriance of the trees; the venerable- to convey, to one who has not visited it, ness of the abbey's shattered walls; the a just idea of the place. I had made stillness of the place, broken only by the myself familiar with the splendid ensweet notes of birds hidden in a "spray gravings of Mrs. Hall's “ Ireland," and of leaves;" or the humming of insects read and re-read the admirable descripfloating on the straggling sunbeams, that tions—which are almost as perfect as it found their way through the dense thicket is possible to be--yet, when I saw Kilof boughs and branches, and gilded the larney, in the summer gorgeousness, and green sward beneath them; conspired to pomp and pride of its majestic beauty, I produce a state of feeling in harmony felt, as any one acquainted with the lakes with all that is peaceful, beautiful, divine. will feel, who reads these lines, that they

Passing by Mouse Island, we rowed had been, and ever must be, imperfectly along the northern shores of Ross, which set before us, no matter what the skill at every few yards presented some na of the artist, or how elaborate soever tural object of attention, and at length the attempts of the most practised pen. disembarked in safety under the walls of Of all the celebrated scenes, it has been the castle. Our boatmen, who were to a my pleasant lot to visit on either side of man tee-totallers of the stricter sort, re St. George's Channel, this is the only quested an extra shilling to drink " their place that has exceeded my expectahonours' health in a cup of coffee ;” an tions. My preference to it, above all appeal that was very readily responded other spots, I found was by no means to, and which response met with a most singular. Many of the tourists whom I profuse acknowledgment.

met in Ireland and this


I Ross Castle is a very interesting feature informed their number was greater than in the scenery of the lakes, whether seen

ever—were unanimous in their suffrages from the water or from the land. To- in favour of Killarney, above all other wards the west, its square embattled places in the British Isles. Within a year tower is covered with ivy; and on either or two, the facilities for reaching it will side of it there is sufficient ruin to give be so greatly increased, that I doubt not the place a very venerable air. It be- many more, who are able to enjoy a few longed to the O'Donoghues; and from weeks of relaxation away from home, its windows, the peasants say, the cele- will embrace the opportunity of judging brated chieftain leaped into the lake, for themselves, whether the language beneath whose waters he resides, in a employed in describing these scenes has splendid palace, revisiting the scenes of any taint of exaggeration, or whether his former sway at stated periods. But these are but the words of truth and all these legends are fast passing away soberness."

T. A. from among the people. This island, which is the largest of the lakes, is formed into a kind of half park, half THE LIGHT OF SALVATION. garden, with gravel walks running in all The mind may be illumined without directions towards the shores, where are the heart being changed; but that light obtained diversified views of the glorious is only the light of the moon, though scenery around. There are copper mines sometimes beautifully clear, it is always here, but the owners have long ceased to without warmth; but the light of salwork them. After wandering about until vation resembles the light of the sun, we were fairly tired-again and again re- it warms and influences the heart, and turning to the borders of the lake to take causes it to bring forth fruit; its benefia parting look—we at length found our cial influences are seen and felt in the way back to the town of Killarney, which walk and conversation of all those who is about a mile from Ross Castle.

are thus savingly enlightened by the And thus ended this exciting day. Holy Spirit.--Marsh. Within its short compass, I had seen and heard more that was marvellous, than in any previous day of my existence. As I now read over what I have written, I God is a witness in his omniscience, am forcibly struck with the utter incom- that he may be a Judge in his righteouspetency of words fully to describe the



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goes forth to him; he asks for water, and The traveller is struck to this day with what is the reply? “O stranger! our the unalterable character of Ishmaelitish encampment affords no water, but milk manners. It is, for instance, nearly sun we freely offer to you." She immediately set, and he is in the midst of an Arab returns to the tent, and though it may encampment. Sheep, asses, and cattle deprive her own family of the evening approach it from afar, under the guard- meal, she again appears, and gracefully ianship of young boys, and the maidens presents the bowl to the traveller. He go forth to milk. Meanwhile the more drinks, and with the usual and approaged females prepare the evening meal, priate phrase, “May safety be with you!" consisting of heaps of rice, having butter he returns the vessel and resumes his thinly poured upon them, piled upon cir- journey. How little aid from fancy is cular wooden dishes; while the young required in such circumstances to transand old men are prostrate on the floor, port the mind to the days of the patripouring forth their prayers, with their archs, when Ishmael roamed over the unsheathed swords sying before them. same spot, or when the tents of Judah With the murmur of their petitions, the were spread about these plains, and Moses bellowing of camels, the braying of asses, tended the flocks of Jethro! the bleating of sheep and goats, and Could we listen to their language, exthe deep bark of the shepherd dog are amine their garments, partake of their mingled.

food, enter their tents, attend the cereThe traveller now approaches; a female monies of their marriage feasts, and preFEBRUARY, 1847.


sent ourselves before the chief, we should a rare display of kindness of spirit and of find that still all is the same. The aged zeal to diffuse useful information. men sit in dignity; at the wells the The exact date of Caxton's apprenticepeople water their flocks; they are found ship to Robert Large, a member of the at the door of the tent in the cool of the Mercers' Company, is uncertain, but it is day; they place the calf which they have generally supposed to have been about dressed before the stranger; they move 1428, in the reign of Henry the Sixth. onward to some distant place, and pitch At first sight it seems a strange position their tent nearer richer pasturage; and for William Caxton to fill, whose delight all the treasures they possess are in was in literary pursuits, but the business camels, kine, sheep, and goats, men-ser- arrangements of those days rendered it vants and women-servants, and changes not ineligible to the acquirement of knowof raiment. “As we look on,” says a ledge, since in the way of his daily octraveller, we are almost ready to ask if cupations some degree of practical acsuch an one be not Abraham, or Lot, or quaintance with books was attainable. Jacob, or Job, or Bildad the Shuhite, or The mercers of those days were essenRebekah, or Rachael, or the daughter of tially merchants, and dealt in almost Jethro the Midianite; we seem to know every commodity, books not excepted. them all. The mountains, and valleys, Caxton, therefore, whose tastes and enerand streams partake of the same un- gies were thrown largely into one scale changeableness; not a stone has been would naturally avail himself of every removed, not a barrier has been raised, opportunity for gratifying his favourite not a tree has been planted, not a village inclination, and, with his abilities, profit has been called together. Could Ishmael beyond youth of his age; and we find that come again to the earth, he would recog- he did so. After the death of his masnise without effort his own people and ter, Caxton went abroad, and collected his own land.”— From The Arab, just all the information within his reach relapublished by the Religious Tract Society. tive to printing, and it is supposed, that

about the year 1470, he came to London,

set up his presses, and carried on his CAXTON, THE PRINTER.

operations in the Alinonry of Westminster Abbey, where, considering the in

fancy of the typographic art, he printed a The art of printing was brought into great number of books. England by William Caxton, and while The types with which this eminent : we would give all due praise to its man printed were peculiar, being that originators, yet for him should be re- mixture of the Secretary and Gothic served a higher guerdon who brought shape; the size now known among his own genius to bear upon the materials printers as Great Primer. Caxton had, already in existence and thus to carry as assistants, several excellent workout to a much farther extent the great men. Wynkin de Woorde, a Dutchdesign of his predecessors.

man, whose indefatigable perseverance This remarkable man was born in the would have made him master any difweald of Kent, which at that period was ficulty, however mountainous; Richard more like a barren waste than many Pynson, of an equally zealous, but spots so denominated in our days. Who less hopeful and courageous disposiwould have looked for such a man tion; and William Machlinai, timid and William Caxton among a herd of un- calculating spirit, although not less lettered men in an all but barbarous fondly attached to his master, or the art region? and yet this was his birth-place, in which he was engaged. The two and his first seminary, if we may so de- former, after Caxton's death, became signate the tutorship he here received, printers in London, of some reputation. which was not so much from teachers as It has been conjectured that the Scriptofrom the musings of his own precocious rium of Westminster abbey, where books mind. He had no sooner profited him- formerly were transcribed, was assigned to self by the acquisition of knowledge than Caxton to carry on the art, and although he sought to communicate to others the many were the difficulties he had to conblessing which he so prized, and he did tend with, yet he met with considerable so by simplifying what he wrote so as to encouragement from many religious somake it intelligible and easy to those cieties. As early as 1480, books were who had not received equal advantages_printed at St. Albans, and in 1525, there

No. I.


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