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No. IV.

cause your house is mean, and not mansion-like; your form ungraceful and not comely, and your lot lowly and not high ?

Is your diet plain, your speech simple, WHAT TROUBLES YOU?

your coat threadbare; and do these things What troubles you? This is a short trouble you? Are you moping, while question, do not give me a long reply. others are merry-making; poor, when Are you ill, crossed, disappointed, mor- they have full purses; weak, while they tified, or unhappy? Does your trouble are powerful-and does this afflict you ? spring from yourself, or from another ? | If so, then are you making your own Is it a passing, or an enduring grief ? Is troubles, setting thorns in your path, and it increasing, or growing less ? Can you putting stumbling-blocks in your own fling it away at night, or does it compel road. You shut your eyes to the sunyou to groan in your weariness, and to shine, and see not the mercies that surwater your couch with your tears ? round you : yours is the sorrow that

What troubles you? Is it a light afflic-worketh death ! tion, or a heavy grief? Does it affect the What troubles you? Do you grieve body, the mind, or the estate? Does it that you are proud, and not humble ; refer to the past, the present, or the indolent, and not active; lukewarm, and future? Trouble one kind or other we not zealous ? Do you mourn your heart's are sure to have. None are exempt! hardness, your soul's sinfulness, and the None can escape affliction !—“Man is faults and backslidings that hinder you in born unto trouble, as the sparks fly up- your Christian course? This is good—this ward,” Job v. 7.

is excellent; this is that “ sorrow which We should not try to deceive our worketh repentance to salvation not to selves; we are not made for pleasure be repented of: but the sorrow of the only. Lowering days must be lived world worketh death.” through, stormy skies endured, and rug Some sorrows are ready-made for usged paths trodden, ere we reach the some we make for ourselves--some come grave !-"There the wicked cease from to us without calling, while to others we troubling; and there the weary be at give an invitation. Sorrows are of all rest,” Job. iii. 17.

grades and shades. They are like clothes If we had no troubles, we should fall made to order, for they fit every back into strange mistakes; we should forget and every bosom, every head and every ourselves, and forget God. We should heart. It is a sorrow to lose a friend, to call weakness strength, and folly wis- lose property, and to be visited with a dom ; grow proud, stiff-necked, hard- bodily affliction. How do you bear these hearted, and presumptuous. We should sorrows; patiently, profitably, bravely ? have high minds, lofty looks, and seared Are you fretful, repining, and angry? or consciences. It would never do! It do you bow beneath your chastisements, never could do! As continual sunshine show meekness under trials, and call upon oppresses the body, so would constant | Him, who “is our refuge and strength, a happiness enervate the soul.

very present help in trouble ?" If you What troubles you—for you may mis- do the latter, be sure that you will not take your

case? Trouble often comes as sink under your sorrows, but rather be a sharp remedy for the soul's sins; as a enabled to say, with the apostle, "For rod that makes us feel our faults; and as our light affliction, which is but for a a hook and bridle, that brings us back moment, worketh for us a far more exto the path of safety. Trouble may be a ceeding and eternal weight of glory.” friend, and not an enemy; it may humble

For the last time let me ask, and put us, instruet is, make us better, drive us to yourself the same question, What from evil, and draw us to good; such a

troubles you? "Act humbly, confidingly, trouble is not a curse, but a blessing : and fear nothing; the water shall not

overwhelm, nor the fire consume you : Welcome that axe, though sharp its edge may be, That lops the ailing branch, and saves the tree.

Though fiercely strong the raging flood may flow, What troubles you? Do you grieve

In meek submission to thy Saviour go;

His mercy supplicate, his grace pursue, because you have not your neighbour's And he shall hear thee, and thy trouble too. health, strength, wealth, or learning? Do you break the law that


« Thou shalt not covet ?" Are you fretful be


SAVAGE LIFE AND SCENES.. they travelled with us all day. When

we encamped at our old resting-place,

near Lake Hawden, they, by signs, reMr. Angas says: We fell in with a quested permission to remain by our small party of the natives from the Tat- fires; which we allowed them to do, and tayarra country a tribe unknown to gave them, for supper, the head and reEuropeans, and dreaded by the natives fuse of a sheep that was just killed and upon the river, who describe them as hung up to a tree near the tents. They cannibals. These people make periodical showed great surprise on seeing our vavisits to the Murray, bringing with them rious utensils and articles of cookery. various articles of barter, the production So modest and well-behaved did these of their district in the interior beyond artful gentlemen appear, that they would the desert. Their baskets are of exquisite not touch the slightest article of food workmanship. From their fine figures and without first asking permission by signs; superior physical appearance, I should and they so far gained our confidence be led to judge that they occupy a fertile that one of them was adorned with a tin country; only making excursions into plate, suspended round his neck by a the desert at certain seasons of the year string, on which was inscribed, " Good in search of kangaroos, roots, or the native.” In the dead of the night we sweet manna of the shrub. One of the were all roused by the unusual barking men we saw was an individual of noble of the dogs ; at first it was supposed the bearing: he trod the soil as though he wild dogs were “rushing" the sheep ; were its possessor. There was no fear-but, as the tumult increased, the sergeantno begging for flour or tobacco - no major unwrapped his oppossum rug, and crouching to the white man: he stood looked around for his hat, to go and before us in all the dignity of the savage ascertain the cause of the disturbance. -tall, erect, and strong. Tchadkai, a To his surprise he found that his hat had fine youth, was at his side, with his long vanished. The hat of his companion who black hair streaming in the wind, and lay next him near the fire, was also nohis neck surrounded with ornaments of where to be found; and casting his eyes reeds strung upon the sinews of the kan- to the spot where the sheep hung susgaroo. This child of the desert looked pended from the tree, he saw in a moiat us with wonder. He put his wild dog ment that our fond hopes for the moracross his shoulder, and pointed with his row's repast were blighted, for the sheep sspear towards the east, signifying that too had disappeared. The whole camp his home was there. The Tattayarras was roused, when it was ascertained that speak of a “great water" to the east- forks, spoons, and the contents of the ward, and of bark canoes upon a lake, governor's canteen-pannikins, and other which is probably Lake Hindmarsh. As articles, were likewise missing, and that to their being cannibals occasionally, there our two remarkably docile natives had appears to be but little doubt. Accord- left us under cover of the night. A ing to the people of the Murray-who council of war was held : black Jimmy themselves kill boys for the sake of their protested that it was useless to follow fat, with which to bait their fish-hooks! their tracks till the morning, and that

_these natives devour their children in from the nature of the country they had, "times of scarcity. One man was pointed doubtless, taken to the swampe, walking out as having destroyed two children for in the water, so that pursuit was in vain. that purpose ; and none of them deny We had been completely duped by these having recourse to so dreadful an alter- artful and clever fellows; who probably inative when pressed with hunger. had a large party of their colleagues

lying in ambush amidst the surrounding

swamps, ready to assist in conveying Leaving Rivoli Bay, we fell in with two away the stolen property. Retaliation wery droll natives, the only ones who was useless; and we contented ourselves had made bold to approach our camp; by giving utterance to our imprecations, both were in a state of nudity. One of and commenting on the audacity and these fellows was a perfect supplejack; cunning of the rogues until daybreak. he danced and capered about as though he were filled with quicksilver. mounted them on horses, from which Close to Pipitea is a ware karakia, or they were continually tumbling off, and chapel, belonging to the Christian natives,


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which is built of raupo and tohi-tohi common with many others, is comprised grass, according to the native fashion. in the great assemblage of tribes usually A small bell was struck outside the build- called Ngapuis. The residence of this ing, and it was an interesting sight to celebrated man is near the Wesleyan watch the effect it had upon the dwellers mission station, on the banks of the river of the pah: one by one they came out of Hokianga, where he fully established his their houses, or crossed the little stiles character as the friend and protector of dividing one court-yard from another, Europeans, long before the regular coand, wrapping their mats and blankets lonization of the country. In common around them, slowly and silently wended with most of his countrymen, Nene was, their way to the place of worship. On in his younger days, celebrated for his entering, each individual squatted upon expertness in acts of petty pilfering; and the ground, which was strewn with reeds, he himself will now laugh heartily, if reand, with their faces buried in their minded of his youthful tricks. On one blankets, they appeared to be engaged in occasion, when on a visit to one of the prayer; they then opened their Maori missionaries at Waimate, a fine gander Testaments, and a native teacher com attracted his attention, and he secretly menced the sacred service. It would ordered it to be seized, and prepared for have been a lesson to of our his dinner in a native oven; but, to prethoughtless and fashionable congrega- vent detection, the bird was cooked in its tions, to witness the devout and serious feathers. However, it was soon missed, aspect and demeanour of these tattooed and a rigorous inquiry instituted by its men, who, without the assistance of a owner, but without success; until certain European, were performing Christian savoury steams arising from Nene's camp worship with decorous simplicity and excited suspicion. To tax him with the reverential feeling.

theft, however, would have been contrary to all the rules of New Zealand etiquette;

and the mystery of its disappearance was During my stay in Auckland, Pomare, not unravelled until the morning after he the chief from the Bay of Islands, who had taken his departure, when the illwas accompanied by his fighting-general, fated gander was found concealed among had pitched his tent close to the entrance the bushes, it having been found too gate of Government-house; and both tough for even a New Zealander's powers himself and Nene lunched with his ex of mastication. cellency captain Fitzroy on the following Some years after this, a chief of East day. These two distinguished chiefs sat Cape killed a relation of Nene's; and, to me for their portraits, in their native full according to the customary law in New costume, wearing the topuni, or war-mat Zealand of “blood for blood,” Nene of dog's skin. Pomare, in keeping with went in a vessel, accompanied by only his usual turbulent and offensive manners, one attendant, to seek revenge. Landing was restless, and spoke very abusively of near the spot where the chief resided, the queen; while Nene, who is all ami- Nene entered his pah, called the murability and good humour, after stepping derer by name, and, after accusing him into the garden to gather a flower, with of the crime, deliberately levelled his which he decorated his hair before the gun and shot him dead at his feet, and glass, stood with the utmost composure then coolly walked away. Though in and politeness. After the sittings were the midst of his enemies, none dared to over the chiefs drank wine with me, touch the avenger: all were paralysed at when Pomare again exhibited one of his his sudden appearance and determined leading characteristics, by emptying the bravery. decanters. Since my interview with Nene But Nene is no longer the thoughtless, he has become one of the leading actors in mischievous New Zealander; for many the late war; and during the whole period years he has been playing a nobler part of the rebellion, he has remained the in the great drama of life; and his confirm friend and ally of the British troops ; duct has deservedly gained for him a affording an example of nobleness of cha- lasting reputation. Some traits may be racter seldom to be met with.

mentioned to his honour. About the Nene, or--as he is now more generally year 1839, the body of a European was known by his baptized name Thomas discovered on the banks of one of the Walker, (Tamati Waka), is the principal tributary streams of Hokianga, under chief of the Ngatibao tribe, which, in circumstances which led to the suspicion


that he had been murdered by a native | safety in the town of Auckland; and called Kete, one of Nene's slaves. A such would most probably have been the large meeting was convened on the sub- universal fate of the out-settlers, but for ject, and the guilt of Kete being estab the courage and loyalty of this brave and lished, Nene condemned him to die; the noble chief. murderer was accordingly taken to a small island in the river called Motiti, and there shot! So rigid were Nene's It was several hours after sunset beideas of justice!

fore we reached the church missionary When captain Hobson arrived, and station of Otawhao, where I was most assembled the chiefs at Waitangi, in order hospitably received by the Rev. J. Morto obtain their acquiescence in the sove gan and his excellent wife. Nothing reignty of the queen over the islands of could exceed the kindness I received New Zealand, the governor was received whilst staying under their roof; and durwith doubt, and his proposals were at ing the few days I passed at Otawhao first rejected; but when Nene and his my natives recruited their strength, restfriends made their appearance, the

aspect ing with their friends at one of the of affairs was changed : Nene, by his neighbouring pahs. eloquence, and by the wisdom of his The mission premises at Otawhao are counsel, turned the current of feeling, very comfortable, and there is an appearand the dissentients were silent. In ance of peace and happiness amidst the short, Nene stood recognised as the prime native population around, that speaks agent in effecting the treaty of Waitangi. well for the worthy missionary's labours. On another occasion his intervention was Whilst attending to their spiritual inof great service to the British authorities. terests, Mr. Morgan has not neglected After the flag-staff at the Bay was cut the temporal amelioration of those about down by Heki, governor Fitzroy pro him; the sick are cared and provided ceeded to the disaffected district with a for, and medicine is administered to those considerable body of military, thinking, that need it; whilst Mrs. Morgan, who by a show of force, to overawe the re is called “mother," both by young and bellious natives. A large concourse of old, is unceasing in her kindness and atchiefs was gathered together, and many tention to the women and children: her speeches were made ; but amongst them aid and advice are continually sought for. all the words of Nene were conspicuous A steady course of persevering industry for their energy. “If,” said he, “another for a series of years has enabled Mr. flag-staff is cut down, I shall take up the Morgan to have around him all the little quarrel ;" and nobly has he redeemed comforts of life; so that, after undergoing his pledge. During the whole course of toils and dangers of the most fearful dethe rebellion, up to the present period, scription, and living for a long period at he has steadily adhered to his purpose, the mercy of two belligerent and cannibal and has on numerous occasions rendered tribes, he is now enabled to dwell at the most essential assistance to the mili- peace, enjoying the fruits of his labours, tary. He fought in several engagements and witnessing the beneficent effects of with the rebels, and each time has proved Christianity amongst a people who, only himself as superior in courage and con eight years ago, held their banquets of duct in the field as he is in wisdom and human flesh at the door of the missionsagacity in the council. The settlers in ary's hut, and shook the severed and the northern parts of New Zealand are bloody heads and limbs of their enemies under the greatest obligations to this in the very face of his terrified wife. chief. But for him and his people, many One of the most interesting individuals a hearth, at present the scene of peace

at the mission station of Otawhao is and happiness, would have been dese- Horomona Marahau, or “ Blind Solocrated and defiled with blood-many a mon, who has for some years acted family, now occupying their ancient very efficiently as a native catechist and homes, would have been driven away teacher in connexion with the Church from their abodes, exposed to misery and Missionary Society. The account of the privation. Those settlers who were living early life and exploits of this once celenear the disaffected districts, but remote brated warrior, and his subsequent change from the influence and out of the reach to Christianity, as narrated to me from of the protecting arm of Nene, have been his own lips and translated by Mr. Mordriven as houseless wanderers to seek gan, affords a fair example of the troubled

life of many of the New Zealand chiefs. I mata, the father of Tarapipipi, the preFrom a boy Horomona accompanied his sent chief of that place, went to their father on all his fighting expeditions. At rescue with a large party; they were, the taking of a pah at Waingaroa, he however, all beaten off by Rauparaha, saw great numbers captured as slaves; and twenty of their number killed; but be then went to Hanga, where many the Waikatos again rallied, renewed the were slain and eaten; and at the taking attack, rescued their friends, beat back of the great pah at Maungataritari forty Rauparaha, and returned home in trimen were killed, besides women and umph. After this, the Nga Puis from children, and all eaten. At a second the Bay of Islands, headed by the famous fight at Maungataritari, whither Horo- E Hongi (Shongi), who had just then mona accompanied his father, sixty men returned from England with fire-arms were killed and eaten. After this, an and gunpowder, came down upon them attack was made by the Nga ti Raukawa like a host, and made an attack upon the tribe upon the pah in which Horomona great Waikato pah, called Makutetuke; resided; the assailants retreated, and the Waikatos had only native weapons were pursued by Horomona and his party, with which to beat off their enemies, and but the Nga ti Raukawas rallied again, with so unequal an advantage the Nga turned back upon their pursuers, and Puis took the pah in a few minutes. slew upwards of one hundred of them, Ho-Horomona and Te Whero Whero were romona himself narrowly escaping. At amongst the captured inmates. At this Kawhia fight, sixty were killed and eaten. dreadful carnage two thousand were slain; At Mokau, Horomona's party were beaten feasts were held upon the dead bodies on off

, and two hundred of them killed : the spot where they lay, and all manner here the chief met with another hair- of savage and dreadful rites were held in breadth escape. Returning to Mokau, unrestrained licentiousness to commemoHoromona succeeded in taking the pah, rate this great victory of the Nga Puis. when two hundred were killed and eaten, The bones of two thousand still lie whitenand numbers of women and children ing on the plains, and the ovens remain taken as slaves. During the engagement in which the flesh of the slaughtered was Horomona took the principal chief pri- cooked for their horrible banquets. So soner, but finding that on a former occa numerous were the slaves taken during sion his own brother had been saved by this attack, that the Nga Puis killed this chief, Horomona, as an act of grati- many of them on their way to the Bay of tude, led his captive to the mountains, to Islands, merely to get them out of the enable him to get clear of his enemies, way. The escape of Horomona from the and then let him go. The next expe- general slaughter was almost miraculous: dition of Horomona was to Poverty Bay, he fled to the mountains, and after the where two hundred men were killed and retreat of their northern enemies, his eaten, or taken as slaves. He then went tribe once more collected together and to Kapiti, and from thence to Wanganui; marched to Poverty Bay, where the pah the inhabitants of both pahs flying at his was taken by them, and six hundred approach. After this, Taranaki became were killed, and eaten after the fight was the seat of war, great numbers being over. Not long subsequent to the attack continually killed on both sides, and can on the inhabitants of Poverty Bay, Horonibal feasts held almost daily. At Waitara, mona became blind at Otawhao, where Horomona and his tribe were attacked he first met with the missionaries; at by Rauparaha's party, and ten of their Matamata he heard the Rev. H. Williams number killed; they then fled to Pouki- preach, and at length became a convert rangiora, where they were surrounded by to Christianity. For the last four years Rauparaha and his followers, and remain- Horomona has been a native teacher ed besieged for several months. When under the Rev. J. Morgan; and may be at length their supplies of food were com seen every Sabbath-day with his class, pletely exhausted, they contrived to send instructing them in the truths of the out a spy by night, who passed through Scriptures with an earnestness and energy the enemies' encampment, and reached truly admirable. He is now about to the mountains in safety; travelling along start on a journey of ninety miles, to the forest ranges until he reached the preach Christianity to a tribe that have Waikato district, where he gave informa- not yet received it. The memory of tion of the condition of the besieged. Horomona is quite wonderful: he knows Te Whero Whero and Waharo of Mata- the whole of the church service by heart,

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