The American Fruit Culturist: Containing Directions for the Propagation and Culture of Fruit Trees, in the Nursery, Orchard, and Garden, with Descriptions of the Principal American and Foreign Varieties, Cultivated in the United States

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Derby, Miller, 1849 - 410 páginas
 

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Página 288 - ... of the leaves. The r'eniform glands grow also on the footstalks of the leaves, but those on the leaves are placed within the serratures, connecting, as it were, the upper and lower teeth of the serratures together ; their leaves, when taken from a branch of a vigorous growth, have more glands than the leaves of the globose varieties. It will, however, sometimes happen that glands are not discernible on some of the leaves, especially on those produced on weak branches ; in this case, other branches...
Página 395 - At least three or four times every week, they should be well syringed with water, which, when the weather is cool, should always be done in the morning. And every day the vine border should be duly supplied with water. During the time when the vines are in blossom, and while the fruit is setting, all sprinkling or syringing over the leaves must be suspended, and the house should be kept a little more closed and warm than usual, and should any indications of mildew appear on any of the branches, it...
Página 383 - ... other strip being kept bare by continually destroying all runners upon it, the whole patch being kept free of all weeds. The occupied strip or bed of runners* will now give a heavy crop of strawberries, and the open strip of three feet will serve as an alley from which to gather the fruit.
Página 383 - ... occupancy of the new runners for the next season's crop. The runners from the old strip will now speedily cover the new space allotted to them, and will perhaps require a partial thinning out to have them evenly distributed. As soon as this. is the case, say about the middle of August, dig under the whole of the old plants with a light coat of manure. The surface may be then sown with turnips or spinage, which will come off before the next season of fruits.
Página 392 - of all that can be said in grape culture respecting soil, is that it be dry and light. deep and rich." A dry bottom is highly essential; hence a bed of stones, shells and bones, eighteen inches beneath the surface, has been very useful. The manure must be in some degree adapted to the nature of the soil, but generally, vegetable mould or muck, with a portion of ashes intermixed , is one of the very best. PRUNING AND TRAINING. A well pruned vine will not only produce earlier fruit, but it will be...
Página 55 - In these latter cases, the food absorbed from the earth by the root of the stock is communicated slowly and unwillingly to the scion ; under no circumstances is the communication between the one and the other as free and perfect as if their natures had been more nearly the same ; the sap is impeded in its ascent, and the proper juices are impeded in their descent, whence arises that accumulation of secretion which is sure to be attended by increased fertility.
Página 318 - On shaking it well, I caught five curculios , on jarring it with the hand, I caught twelve more ; and on striking the tree with a stone, eight more dropped on the sheets. I was now convinced that I had been in an error ; and calling in the necessary assistance, and using a hammer to jar the tree violently, we caught in less than an hour, more than two hundred and sixty of these insects.
Página 288 - as well as their position, is perfectly distinct; they are fully developed in the month of May, and they continue to the last, permanent in their character, and are not affected by cultivation. The globose glands are situated, one, two, or more, on the foot-stalks, and one, two, or more on the tips or points of the serratures of the leaves. The reniform glands grow also on the footstalks of the leaves, but those on the leaves are placed within the serratures, connecting, as it were, the upper and...
Página 55 - Nor is the influence of the stock of an essentially different nature. In proportion as the scion and the stock approach each other closely in constitution, the less effect is produced by the latter ; and, on the contrary, in proportion to the constitutional difference between the stock and the scion, is the effect of the former important. Thus, when Pears are grafted or budded on the wild species, Apples upon Crabs, Plums upon Plums, and Peaches upon Peaches or Almonds, the scion is, in regard to...
Página 288 - The form of the glands," observes Lindley, "as well as their position, is perfectly distinct; they are fully developed in the month of May, and they continue to the last, permanent in their character, and are not affected by cultivation. The globose glands are situated, one, two, or more, on the foot-stalks, and one, two, or more on the tips or points of the serratures of the leaves. The reniform glands grow also on the footstalks of the leaves, but those on the leaves are placed...

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