The Chemistry of Explosives

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Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011 - 193 páginas
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The third edition of this popular book has been fully revised and updated and outlines the basic principles needed to understand the mechanism of explosions by chemical explosives. The history, theory and chemical types of explosives are introduced, providing the reader with information on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. Thermodynamics, enthalpy, free energy and gas equations are covered together with examples of calculations, leading to the power and temperature of explosions. The new generation of explosive compositions called Insensitive High Explosives (IHE) have been introduced in this third edition with details of their properties. The effect explosives have on the environment has also been introduced together with relevant legislations. The new edition contains information on polyphosphazenes, high nitrogen molecules and details on new explosives such as LLM-105, CL-20, FOX-7, FOX-12, and DADNE. More detailed information is also provided on safety and the EMTAP tests. The book will aid the understanding of the theory of hot spots and its relationship to detonation and provides details on the manufacturing process for explosive molecules containing nitro, nitrate esters and nitramines. This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive compositions. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject, such as the more experienced chemist in the explosives industry.
 

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Contenido

ONitration
138
Primary Explosives
151
Gasgenerating Propellants
170
Chapter
1
Chapter
2
Development of Military Explosives
8
8
24
Classification of Explosive Materials
27
Effect of Explosive Material on the Velocity
71
Ignition by Impact and Friction
77
Chapter 5
85
Modified KistiakowskyWilson Rules
90
Rocket Propellants 167
95
Volume of Gaseous Products of Explosion
100
Mixed Explosive Compositions
106
Chapter 6
116

Propellants
33
Chapter 3
40
The Chemistry of Explosives 3rd Edition
60
Kinetics of Explosive Reactions
124
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Acerca del autor (2011)

Professor Jacqueline Akhavan joined the academic staff at Cranfield University in 1987 after graduating from Southampton University with a PhD in polymer chemistry. In the early 1990s she was invited as a visiting research scientist to Akron University in Ohio to develop high energy rocket propellant for Norton Thiokol. In 2001 she was appointed Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies and in 2007 she was awarded a personal chair in explosive chemistry. Professor Akhavan is Head of the Centre for Defence Chemistry and is also leading the Synthesis and Formulations Group. Her main research activity is in the development of PBXs for insensitive munitions which contain inert and energetic polymers. Professor Akhavan is a Fellow of The Royal Society of Chemistry and a Chartered Chemist.

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