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education and examinations than exists at present in that the senate shall from time to time direct the payrespect of the Council of Legal Education, and that ment of such fees as they shall think fit by the students the inns might be united in a university*, still pre- towards the expenses of the university, and shall transserving their independence respectively as distinct mit tables of such fees to the inns of court; and any societies, with respect to their property and internal further funds that may be requisite shall be provided arrangements.
by the inns of court. Such a university might not only regulate the exa- 8. That the meetings of the senate be in the hall of minations to which we have adverted, but might like one of the inns of court. wise confer degrees in law.
9. That the government of the university be in the Except in the Ecclesiastical and Admiralty Courts, chancellor and senate. degrees in law at our universities are at present little 10. That there shall be regarded by the Profession. We think, however, that First, a preliminary examination of candidates for similar distinctions given in London, and in public, by admission as students at the inns of court. the great legal bodies, or by a combination of them,
Secondly, an examination in law of students desirous for proved merit, might be of considerable professional of being called to the bar, or taking a degree of master value. We are all aware that an industrious and ac- in laws. That there shall be two of each of such exacomplished barrister is, under the present system, sure minations respectively held every year, the one shortly of ultimate success. Early opportunities of practice before Michaelmas Term, and the other shortly before are nevertheless of great value to the barrister in sti- Easter Term. mulating his industry, and in the timely development
11. That no person shall be examined for admission of his talents. Such opportunities might more fre
as a student at an inn of court unless he shall produce quently arise if the solicitor had any such grounds to his conditional admission by the inn, subject only to justify his selection of a young barrister as might be his passing such examination. afforded by degrees or other distinctions granted to
12. To pass such preliminary examination such perstudents in respect of their examinations. Country sons must possess a competent knowledge of English gentlemen also, who are not desirous of practising as history and Latin. barristers, may nevertheless be glad to avail themselves
13. No person shall be admitted as a student into any of the opportunity of legal study afforded by such an inn of court unless he shall have passed the preliminary university From the foregoing considerations, we deem it ad- arts, or inceptor or bachelor in law, at some university
examination, or have obtained the degree of bachelor of visable that there shall be established a preliminary within the British dominions. examination for admission to the inns of court of per
14. The subjects for the examination of students desons who have not taken a university degree, and that sirous of being called to the bar, or of taking a degree there shall be examinations, the passing of which shall in laws, shall be divided into two branches, consisting be requisite for the call to the bar; and that the four of the following subjects :inns of court shall be united in one university for the
First branch : purpose of these examinations, and of conferring de
a. Constitutional Law and Legal History. grees; and we propose the following heads of a scheme
b. Jurisprudence. for that purpose :
c. The Roman Civil Law. 1. That a university be constituted, with a power of
Second branch: conferring degrees in law, of which the constituent members shall be “the chancellor, barristers-at-law,
a. Common Law. and masters of laws.”
b. Equity. 2. The chancellor of the university to be elected for
c. The Law of Real Property. life, the electors being all barristers (including serjeants) 15. That no person shall be called to the bar unless and masters of laws.
he shall receive a certificate from the senate of having 3. That a senate, consisting of thirty-two members, passed a satisfactory examination in at least one subshall be elected in manner following, viz. eight mem- ject in each of the above branches. bers shall be elected by each inn of court, five of them 16. That students may present themselves as candibeing benchers of the inn, and elected by the benchers, dates for honours at the examination in such branches; and three of them being barristers (including serjeants) and if they shall be deemed by the examiners to have of any inn, but elected by the barristers (exclusive of passed a creditable examination in all the subjects of the benchers) of the inn to which they belong.
either branch, they shall be entitled to a certificate of 4. That one-fourth of the senate shall retire annually, honour in respect of such examination; and if they but the retiring members to be re-eligible.
shall have passed a like examination in all the subjects 5. That a vice-chancellor shall be elected by the of both branches, they shall be entitled to the degree senate from their own body, and upon his ceasing to be of master of laws. The senate to make regulations in a member a fresh election shall take place. The vice- respect of the classification of the students for honours. chancellor shall preside at the meetings of the senate,
17. That at each examination a studentship of fifty with the privilege of a casting vote. [The details, as to guineas per annum, to be held for four years, be awarded convening meetings, a quorum, and the like, will be to the master in laws who shall have passed the best provided for in any charter or act of incorporation.] examination.
6. That the senate and vice-chancellor shall not re- 18. That all persons desirous of being called to the ceive any emolument, but shall have power to appoint bar, and all candidates for honours other than candia treasurer, a secretary or registrar, and other proper dates for the studentship, may, as they think fit, pass officers.
their examination in each branch either at the same 7. That the existing arrangements for the payment time or at separate times; but the candidates for the of the readers by the inns of court be continued, and studentship must be examined in both branches at the
same time. * It may be suggested that the word " university" has been
19. That the examiners be appointed by the senate. commonly applied to a course of general or universal instruc
20. That readers be appointed, as at present, by the tion in letters and science; but the word in its earlier import inns of court, the senate appointing the fifth reader, simply implies a corporate body, and, notwithstanding late now appointed by the Council of Legal Education, usage, may not inaptly be applied to a course of instruction with power for each bench, (if it think fit), subject to in every department of law.
the approbation of the senate, or for the senate on the joint application of all the benches of all the inns, to form of a “blue book," and we propose to transfer the appoint additional readers.
most interesting portions of it to our pages. 21. The inns of court not to be compelled to call to the bar those who shall have passed an examination,
Lord Brougham's Evidence. but to retain their present powers with reference to the Lord Brougham was the first witness examined. He calling of students to the bar, and the disbarring of said–The first great evil which I think exists at present persons after their call, subject to the appeal to the is the ineffectual provision made for the prosecution of judges.
offences. Nothing can be more ineffectual than the We have not thought it to be within the scope of our provision which the law, and the practice under it, commission to consider whether it would be expedient now make for it. An individual is injured by either to associate the advocates of Doctors' Commons with his person being attacked or by his property being in, the great body of the Profession who are members of vaded, and he is called upon himself to prosecute, and the inns of court; but there would, as it appears to us, he is in some cases compelled to prosecute; though, be
very little difficulty in rendering them constituent generally speaking, I believe one may say, that what is members of the university, if it were thought desirable. called “ binding over to prosecute” rather means bind
With regard to Serjeants’-inn, it must be remem- ing over to give evidence than to do anything more; it bered that the judges are all members of that inn; and possibly comes to that practically. There is no doubt as they exercise an appellate jurisdiction over the inns that a magistrate has the power where he pleases, in the of court in regard to the call to the bar, with which we alternative, to bind over to prosecute, or to bind over to do not propose to interfere, it does not seem to us de- give evidence; and sometimes, though I believe rarely, sirable to introduce that inn as part of the university.
he binds over to prosecute. ...: There is some hardWe would venture to suggest, in conclusion, that the ship even in that, in being bound over to give evidence; several universities of the realm will, in our judgment, for though a person's expenses are paid, yet they are co-operate more effectually in advancing legal educa- paid after the trial, and upon the Court being of opition by a sound and liberal training for the students nion that there was a ground for the prosecution, where intending afterwards to enter upon the profession of the he was not bound over. Where he is bound over, it law—& training limited, in respect to that study, to would be very hard indeed to refuse to give him his general principles—than by increasing the amount of expenses. But then, I believe, there is this differencespecial instruction which the inns of court give should at least, the statutes take that distinction—that he may properly supply. We feel assured that there is no more have his fair and reasonable expenses; but unless he is important part of the solid preparation for entering upon a poor person, he has, as I apprehend, no consideration any of the learned professions than the discipline and given to him for his trouble and loss of time; if he is the cultivation of an enlightened university education; a poor person he has, but that is of modern date. I and looking to the increased facility of such prepara- take it that that is really only since the 18 Geo. 3. tion, and the probable effect of the improved system in Mr. Phillimore.—Does your Lordship think that we the inns of court, which we humbly recommend for might add to the list of the evils the danger of a poor their adoption, we anticipate with hope and confidence prosecutor being induced to compromise, and to waive the maintenance of an educated and enlightened Bar, the injury done to the public altogether?– It is possible, upon whose integrity, independence, and learning the no doubt, that this might happen; but under that head, pure administration of justice, and the security of civil of the escape of the offender, there is a much wider society, must, under the blessing of Divine Providence, door open than that to which you refer; for it is a largely and permanently depend.
thing which constantly happens, that a wealthy person Witness our hands and seals this 10th day of Au- under prosecution buys off the witness. If the witness gust, 1855.
is under recognisances to prosecute, or to appear and WILLIAM PAGE WOOD.
give evidence, the forfeiture of the recognisances is by JOHN TAYLOR COLERIDGE. a wealthy party very easily settled for, and there is no Joseph NAPIER.
The Attorney-General.— The difficulty which I feel
is this—I do not quite see "how the appointment of a Joun GEORGE SHAW LEFEVRE.
public prosecutor would prevent that result. If the HENRY S. KEATING.
prosecution were altogether vested in a private indiTHOMAS GREENWOOD,
vidual, you might buy off the private individual. Put
the case where there is a public prosecutor: the public GERMAIN LAVIE.
prosecutor would seek to procure the attendance of the witnesses, so as to accomplish in the end a conviction.
So far as I see, it would still be as easy to buy off the PUBLIC PROSECUTORS.
witnesses as it is now to buy off the prosecutor; and I have never seen quite clearly how the appointment of
a public prosecutor would prevent that mischief which In May last the Public Prosecutors Bill was referred arises of getting rid of the testimony?-I do not see to a select committee of the House of Commons, con- that any provision which you could make would absosisting of the following members:-Sir George Grey, lutely prevent, in all cases, that very great mischief to Lord Stanley, the Attorney-General, Sir Frederick which we are adverting; but there is a great difference Thesiger, the Solicitor-General for Ireland, the Lord between the case of a single witness bound over to proAdvocate, Mr. Watson, Mr, J. G. Phillimore, Mr. secute and give evidence, and he alone, therefore, being Walpole, Mr. Napier, Mr. Miles, Mr. Ewart, and Mr. certain to appear, and all the witnesses who may be Philipps.
competent to prove the case, and whom the public proIn August last the committee reported to the House secutor could cast his net over and bring. that they thought it most expedient for them, at that
All the witnesses are bound over now ?-All those advanced period of the session, merely to present the who are before the magistrate, no doubt. evidence they had collected, and they recommended Mr. Phillimore. - Your Lordship thinks that it would that they should be permitted to resume their labours diminish, but that it would not prevent?-No doubt it at the commencement of next session. The evidence has now made its appearance in the i solutely preventing.
would very greatly diminish, without wholly and ab
Would not your Lordship think that a person in the think, in the course of this session and the last in the rank of a public prosecutor, instead of a policeman, House of Lords, also felt the great want of a public would have a very considerable moral effect ? --I should prosecutor, but was staggered by the difficulties in supthink so. I gave one or two instances as to the moral plying a remedy; and I cannot help feeling that there operation when I was examined here before, and also are very great difficulties. But perhaps I might menlately in my statement in the House of Lords. One tion, which I did upon that occasion, that an arrangevery remarkable instance was a case which happened ment had been made in 1834, just before the Governat Plymouth. I think the person engaged was an an- ment was changed, for taking a step in that direction chor smith in a large way of business—a very wealthy without at all introducing a legislative measure, which man. Under the pressure of temporary embarrassment should give not only a public prosecutor, but what I he had committed forgery to a large amount. He was am afraid must be a part of it, namely, a system of arrested, in prisoned, and the person was bound over to public prosecutors, because that is one great difficulty, prosecute in the usual way. There was no appearance that you must have not only one public prosecutor at the trial. The recognisances were of course forfeited. generally to superintend, but you must have locally his The man had been bought off, and there was no prose- deputies, or in some sort his representatives. That was cution of that offender at all. That would have been certainly one very great difficulty in the case,
Our & very difficult thing in Scotland, or where there is a plan then was this:- I was Chancellor, and Lord Dunpublic prosecutor; for the person who forfeits his recog- cannon, afterwards Lord Besborough, was Secretary for nisance is perfectly known, and unless not only the the Home Department; we had arranged everything at recognisance had been satisfied by the person under ac- that time, namely, about October and November, 1834, cusation, but the party who had been forged upon had for making the experiment in this way: to take the been got out of the country, the prosecution must have Central Criminal Court, which has a very large jurisgone on: there could have been no mode of preventing diction, now extending over more than 2,000,000; and the prosecution by merely providing for the recog. at that time it had not quite so great, but certainly a very nisance being forfeited, because the party would have large jurisdiction; and we proposed that in the Central been in some degree under the jurisdiction of the Criminal Court the Treasury should employ one or more Court, and liable to be called upon. The public prose- counsel, and always the same, and should give them the cutor would not have cared a rush for the recognisance preparation and superintendence of prosecutions. This being forfeited; he would not have cared a rush even plan was formed upon the precedent which we had set us for the recognisance; in all probability there would by the practice in some counties in England, chiefly the have been no recognisance in the case of there being a West Riding of Yorkshire and the counties of Durham public prosecutor; he would have subpænaed the wit- and Northumberland. When this was mentioned in the ness, and that witness must have appeared; and the only House of Lords lately, the present Chancellor added way of getting rid of that witness would have been by the county of Chester also; he stated that there was an removing him from the country which one has known arrangement of the same sort there. The clerk of the in certain cases; but then they were not the cases of peace singles out one counsel, and gives him the general persons of a certain rank or station, but very inferior superintendence of prosecutions—the preparation of the persons, who were by the parties under accusation indictinent, the examination of the evidence previously, spirited away, or induced to go abroad by the payment settling whether it is a case fit to be prosecuted or not, of a large sum-nay, by the payment of an annuity for and then superintending it, and, generally speaking, life to those individuals.
being the counsel at the trial; not always, and not The Attorney-General.—No doubt that does occur in of necessity, but generally being one of the counsel. certain cases ?-One has known cases of that sort. That has been found exceedingly advantageous; and
I quite agree that the appointment of a public prose- there is a great difference as respects the mode of concutor would tend, in many points of view, to improve ducting the trials and the results; the proportions of the administration of justice, but I do not quite see acquittals to convictions in those counties are exceedhow getting witnesses out of the way could be altoge- ingly different, I believe, from what they are generally ther prevented ?—No doubt we must go by steps. Let speaking. I think I may include the West Riding of me just put another case, which refers to parties who Yorkshire ; but I am more clear about Durham and are incapable of being bought off in any way. There Northumberland. Mr. Losh used to be the person are members of the Society of Friends, Quakers, who always employed. I ought to mention, in continuance are exceedingly hostile to the penal law as it now of my answer to your first question as to the advanstands, and would have been much more hostile to it at tages of a public prosecutor, that not only does the the time I mention, when forgery was a capital offence. want of a public prosecutor enable the guilty to escape, They are bound over to prosecute, and they forfeit their but it in many cases puts persons who are not guilty recognisance, without the party paying a farthing for upon their trial when they ought not to be so put, I it; even if there was no recognisance they would have consider that the responsible character of an individual a great reluctance to come forward; but they would be public prosecutor is the best possible security against compelled to come forward. I know one case in which that; and that this happens, and happens very freone of the great bill-brokers in this city had a forged quently, I can have no manner of doubt. There is the bill in his possession; he refused to come forward; check of the grand jury, to be sure; but that check has there was nobody except another party who had an in- been found in many cases exceedingly insufficient, from terest in prosecuting that individual; if there had been there being no individual responsibility in the grand a public prosecutor it would have made a case past all jury, from no one knowing who finds the bill. Here doubt. . :.. I think a very misplaced humanity, and are twenty-three persons; one cannot tell which of very often a personal delicacy towards parties, has the those twenty-three constitute the twelve who have effect of preventing a prosecution; whereas a public pro- found the bill. The case which I am stating has ocsecutor would be bound to have no such feelings, and curred. I shall not easily forget a case which I menwould have none. ... I wish to be guarded, in all the tioned in my evidence many years ago in this House, evidence which I am giving upon this subject, against its and which I stated lately in the House of Lords-a being supposed that I consider it at all an easy matter. case which happened at Lancaster. Mr. Blundell, of I consider that it is surrounded with very great difficul- Ince, was put upon his trial for murder, and held up ties-I only hope not insuperable difficulties; but I have his hand in the dock charged with murder. The muralways felt the difficulty very strongly indeed. Lord der which the grand jury in this instance conceived to Campbell, when the case was broached once or twice, I have been committed by him was this: there was a
road in repair upon his estate, and his bailiff had omitted, been convicted. And I ought to observe, that in disin throwing a rope across the road in order to prevent cussing the question of a public prosecutor with several access, to put a lantern, and an old woman, coming from of the judges particularly, their great objection to dismarket at night in a donkey cart, tripped over this rope pensing with the grand jury, and to having a public for want of a light, and broke her neck, and unfortu- prosecutor, which might virtually dispense with the nately was killed.' The grand jury were pleased to grand jury, was the taking away from private parties consider, in the first place, that this was murder; and their right of prosecuting, and vesting it in the Crown. in the next place, that it was murder by Mr. Blundell, I also know that many persons other than judges had a perpetrated by the negligence of his bailiff. The case great objection to the alteration of the law with respect was opened before Wood, B.; the counsel had some dif- to appeal of felony and appeal of murder. I remember ficulty in keeping his countenance long enough to open Sir Francis Burdett very much objected to it, preferring the case; however, he did get through a statement of even the possibility of the plea of wager of battle to the facts pretty nearly as I have inentioned them. abolishing it altogether, because it would be taking Wood, B., immediately said, “ Are the grand jury dis- away the remedy of the public. But I do not see at charged ? Go and see." The grand jury were discharged, all why that remedy should be taken away. I do not and could not be found. “ I am very sorry for it,” he see the incompatibility of the two; they are not found said ; this is a most shameful case." Mr. Blundell, of incompatible in Scotland, though it very rarely happens course, was immediately acquitted, but he went down that a private party prosecutes in Scotland. to the grave with the stigma of having held up his hand Lord Stanley.--Even leaving the right of private proon a charge of murder, in the dock among felons at Lan- secution, and retaining the grand jury on its present caster assizes. He was a Roman Catholic, and there footing, would not the decision of a public prosecutor, were very great religious prejudices and controversies whom you assume to be an experienced lawyer, reprevailing in that county; and I have no doubt that fusing to take up the case after hearing the statement that was not the last time that he heard of this charge of the aggrieved party, virtually supersede the functions having been made against him. Now, I say no public of the grand jury, and throw out of court the case which prosecutor durst have put Mr. Blundell upon his trial. he had refused to take up ?-1t might sometimes do
Mr. Philipps.-Had a magistrate committed in that that; but then there would be this security, that supcase ?-It is possible Mr. Blundell may have been com- posing the public prosecutor is the servant of the Crown, mitted; he was not in gaol at the time; if he had been the other side of the question is to be considered, of a committed, he was out upon bail.
prosecution being instituted which ought not to be The Attorney-General.-Would your Lordship deem instituted; the grand jury in that case is a protection it desirable, with the view of preventing such a case of to the party. For instance, supposing in the heat of public outrage as that, that the public prosecutor should political discussion, or political controversy, violent intervene prior to the finding of the bill by the grand times were to recur—which God forbid! but which jury, or after it?-I should greatly prefer the public some of us are old enough unhappily to rememberprosecutor interfering in the first instance.
there might be prosecutions where a grand jury would So that only such cases should be sent to the grand be a salutary check. However, this is to be said, and jury as the public prosecutor was of opinion ought to it may be considered no doubt as for a public prosebe submitted to them?-Yes; I have the greatest re- cutor and against a grand jury, that in times of that verence for the institution of the grand jury, but at the sort the grand jury always have a very great chance of same time I consider that in the great majority of cases being under the influence of the popular excitement at it might be most conveniently and advantageously dis- the moment. pensed with.
The Attorney-General. — Has it occurred to your The Lord Advocate.-If there was a public prose- Lordship to consider the question with reference to a cutor, would it not be better to do away with the grand distinction between political and other cases, whether, jury altogether?-I can hardly say that.
supposing it were thought expedient to dispense with Mr. Phillimore. Would your Lordship be disposed to the intervention of the grand juries in ordinary cases, take this view of the case : supposing the public prose- they might be reserved for cases of a particular descripcutor refuses his sanction to a prosecution, would you tion ?-It would be very difficult to draw the line, by allow the complaining party, at his own risk and ex- any legislative enactment, between political and other pense, to take it before the grand jury; because other cases. For example, in the very case to which I have wise does not it appear to your Lordship that you give referred, where in Scotland, the Lord Advocate having to the public prosecutor, supposing him appointed, ab- refused to prosecute, a relation prosecuted the parties solute power?-I would by no means take away the with his concourse, it was for murder, and the question power of the individual or the grand jury.
would have arisen, was it a political case or not? It Lord Stanley.—But in such event, would not the was a murder connected with a riot, no doubt; but it person whose case the public prosecutor had refused to might not have been so connected in such a way as to send before the grand jury have undergone what would come within the scope of a provision of that sort. probably be regarded by the grand jury as a virtual
(To be continued). acquittal beforehand ?-No doubt it would have that effect; the refusal of the public prosecutor would always The Queen has been pleased to appoint Alexander be taken into account. In Scotland the course is this: Heslop, Esq., to be Attorney-General for the Island of the Lord Advocate, who is the public prosecutor there, Jamaica. may refuse to prosecute; but the private party, with COMMISSIONER TO ADMINISTER OATHS IN CHANCERY.what is called the concourse of the Lord Advocate, may The Lord Chancellor has appointed William Rowe, prosecute; and it was always in my time a moot point Gent., of Stratton, Cornwall, to be a Commissioner to whether the Lord Advocate had the right to refuse his administer oaths in the High Court of Chancery in concourse; I think the more general opinion was, that England. he had not the right to refuse his concourse.
The Right Hon. Sir John Jervis, Knt., Lord Chief The Lord Advocate.—I think it is now fixed that he Justice of her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas at has not the right?-I have seen a prosecution (it was a Westminster, has appointed Charles Bettesworth Hel. case of military riot) in which several persons were lard, Gent., of Portsmouth, Hampshire, to be one of tried, the prosecution being carried on, with the con- the Perpetual Commissioners for taking the acknowcourse of the Lord Advocate, by a private prosecutor; ledgments of deeds to be executed by married women, they were acquitted, no doubt, but they might havel in and for the county of Hants.
lodge, Battersea-fields, Surrey, tailor.--James Norris, Can- JOHN STEPHENSON, Hogsthorpe, Lincolnshire, joiner, den-lodge, Peckham, Surrey, and Upper Thames-st., London, Jan. 9 and Feb. 6 at 12, Kingston-upon-Hull: Off. Ass. wholesale stationer.- Thomas Wayland, Battersea, beer-shop Carrick ; Sol. Farrow, Alford.-Pet. d. Dec. 7. keeper.- Wm. Wooldridge, Wickham, Southampton, tanner. FRANK JAQUES, Droylsden, Lancashire, silk dyer, Dec. - Wm. Watson, York-terrace, Regent's-park, hotel keeper. 21 and Jan. 11 at 12, Manchester : Off. Ass. Hernaman ;
- George Selby, Ironmonger-lane and Upper Thames-street, Sol. Partington, Manchester.— Pet. f. Dec. 10. London, and Birmingham, iron enameller.- Thomas Tyler,
MEETINGS. Wood-street, Cheapside, warehouseman.- Wm. Broadhurst and W. M. Broadhurst, Sheffield, table-knife manufacturers. London,
last ex. - Frederick Gadd, Chichester, Sussex, grocer,
John Laker the elder, Maidstone, builder, Dec. 21 at 11, - Benjamin Gregory, Sheffield, builder.
Dec. 21 at 11, London, last ex. - Wm. A. Edwards and Tho. PARTNERSHIPS DissOLVED.
mas Whitlock, Upper Thames-street, bottle merchants, Dec. Thomas Baker, Wm. Ruck, and Wm. Jennings, Lime-st., 21 at 12, London, aụd. ac.- - George Pell, Welford, Northattornies and solicitors.- Richard Rose, Wm. Parrott, and amptonshire, scrivener, Dec. 22 at 11, London, aud. ac.- -W. Joseph Parrott, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, attornies and Edwards, Cross-street, Finsbury, porter merchant, Dec. 31 at solicitors.
half-past 11, London, aud. ac. - Arthur Greenhill, Harrow
on-the-Hill, baker, Dec. 31 at 2, London, and, ac.-William TUESDAY, Dec. 11.
Dent, Newcastle-street, Strand, lead merchant, Dec. 21 at 11, BANKRUPTS.
London, aud. ac.--Edward Weatherby, Newmarket, CamWILLIAM THOMAS, Catherine-street, Strand, publisher, bridgeshire, James Hilton Ford, Bodlondet, Carnarvonshire,
Dec. 21 at 11, and Jan. 25 at half-past 1, London: Of. Wm. Legh Hilton, Holywell, Flintshire, Richard Addison, Ass. Whitmore; Sol. Gregory, 101, Guildford-street, Rus- Preston, and Robert Gibson, Bolton-le-Sands, Lancashire, sell-square.— Pet. f. Dec. 7.
cotton spinners, Dec. 21 at 12, Manchester, aud. ac.-James JOHN BOND, Ludgate-hill, shawlman, Dec. 21 and Jan. Sims, Blakeney, Gloucestershire, tailor, Dec. 27 at 11, Bris
25 at 1, London: Off. Ass. Whitmore; Sol. Dale, 8, Fur- tol, aud. ac.—David Davies the younger, Neath, Glamorgannival's-inn.- Pet, f. Dec. 7.
shire, railway contractor, Jan. 10 at 11, Bristol, aud. ac.THOMAS BENNETT, Margaret-street, Cavendish-square, Henry Cowie, Liverpool, shipowner, Dec. 21 at 11, Liver
tailor, Dec. 18 at 2, and Jan. 22 at 12, London: Of. Ass. pool, aud. ac.- George Havelock and Matthew Benjamin Stansfeld; Sol. Braddon, 6, Gray's-inn-place, Holborn.- Robson, Monk wearmouth, Durham, ship builders, Dec. 21 at Pet. f. Dec. 7.
11, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, aud. ac.- Titus Gaukroger and RICHARD HUDSON, Church-street, Hackney, fancy wool James Gaukroger, New Bridge and Lord Holme Mills, near
warehouseman, Dec. 19 and Jan. 22 at 1, London: Off. Hebdenbridge, Halifax, cotton spinners, Jan. 8 at 11, Leeds, Ass. Graham ; Sol. Stubbs, 46, Moorgate-street. Pet. f. aud. ac. and div.-James Gaukroger, Titus Gaukroger, and Dec. 10.
Wm. Slater, Hebble End Mill, near Hebdenbridge, Halifax, THOMAS VARTY and ELWIN HENRY OWEN, Strand, cotton spiners, Jan. 8 at 11, Leeds, aud. ac. and div.- Wm.
publishers, Dec. 26 at 12, and Jan. 23 at 1, London : Of. Ashton, Loughborough-road, Brixton, builder, Jan. 3 at 11, Ass. Stansfeld ; Sols. Bower & Co., 46, Chancery-lane - London, div.-David Edwards the younger, Landport, PortPet. f. Oct. 12.
sea, flour factor, Jan. 1 at 1, London, div.-Thomas Edward JOHN JAMESON, Honey-lane, Milk-street, shawl ware
Shales, Brighton, linendraper, Jan. 1 at 12, London, div.houseman, Dec. 19 and Jan. 22 at 2, London: Of. Ass. John Burrel Morgan and John Lewis, Ystalyfera Graig, GlaStansfeld; Sols. J. & J. H. Linklater & Co., 17, Sise-lane, morganshire, drapers, Jan. 10 at 11, Bristol, div.-Thomas City.- Pet. f. Dec. 8.
Dixon, Crook, Durham, grocer, Jan. 8 at half-past 11, New. JOHN HENRY HODD, Brighton, licensed victualler, Dec. castle-upon-Tyne, first and fin. div - Thomas Kitts, Bolton,
21 at 2, and Jan. 21 at 1, London: Off. Ass. Lee; Sol. Lancashire, cotton spinner, Jan. 3 at 12, Manchester, div. Adams, 12, Cloak-lane, Dowgate-hill, Cannon-street.--Pet.
CERTIFICATES. f. Dec. 8. JOHN HAYWARD COLBORNE, Poole, draper, Dec. 22 at
To be allowed, unless Cause be shewn to the contrary on or
before the Day of Meeting. 11, and Jan. 25 at half-past 11, London: Off. Ass. Pennell; Sols. Mardon & Prichard, Christchurch-chambers, 99, New Jan. 2 at half-past 2, London.-Ebenezer Laurance, East
William Dixey, Bradwell-near-the-Sea, Essex, innkeeper, gate-street.-Pet. f. Dec. 8. GÉORGE BUTCHER,
, London, and Northern- Barnet, Hertfordshire, builder, Jan. 2 at 12, London. - Philip wharf, King's-cross, Middlesex, and Raardean, Gloucester Jan. 2 at half-past 12, London.-W. Ashton, Loughborough
Slatter, Woodstock and Kidlington, Oxfordshire, innkeeper, shire, coal merchant, (late of Skinner-street, Snow-bill, road, Brixton, builder, Jan. 3 at 11, London. London, Regent-street, and Belmont-wharf, King's-cross, Keating, St. Paul's-churchyard, druggist, Jan. 1 at 12, Lon.
Thomas Middlesex). Dec. 21 at half past 1, and Feb. 2 at 11; don.-D. Pratt, Birmingham, thimble manufacturer, Jan. 10 London : Off, Ass. Pennell; Sols. Hind & Sons.-Pet. f. Dec. 10.
at half. past 12, Birmingham.- Edward Squire, KingstonJOHN FULLER SHALLIS, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, upon-Hull
, iron merchant, Jan. 9 at 12, Kingston-upon-Hull. straw plait dealer, Dec. 22 and Jan. 26 at half.past 12,
To be granted, unless an Appeal be duly entered. London: Off. Ass. Nicholson ; Sols. Sole & Co., 18, Alder- Wm. Jesse Waller, Herbert-street, New North-road, printmanbury.- Pet. f. Dec. 4.
seller.- Peter Leicester, Birchin. Jane, Cornhill, iron merWILLIAM BOURNE, Barnes-place, Mile-end-road, cabinet chant.---Samuel Mayer, Elijah Boulton, and Spencer Boulton,
maker, Dec. 20 at 2, and Jan. 21 at 12, London : Off. Ass. Baptist Mills, Bristol; Nailzea, Somersetsbire; and City.basin, Edwards ; Sols. Clutton & Ade, 48, High-street, South Middlesex, potters.-- Thomas Williamson, Truro, Cornwall, wark.- Pet. d. Dec. 8.
draper.-John Winspeare, Middleton, Stranton, Durham, SAMUEL WELLER, Giltspur-street, leather dealer, Dec. shipbuilder.—Thomas Younger the elder, Sunderland, Dur.
20 at 11, and Jan. 24 at 1, London: Off. Ass. Johnson ; ham, builder.- Thomas Macbeth, Fishergate in Preston, LanSols. Bothamley & Freeman, 39, Coleman-street.-Pet. f. cashire, tailor.-Samuel Lewin Walter, Manchester, coal Sept. 20.
merchant.-Samuel Bridge, Manchester, builder.-Jacob A. SAMUEL DAVIS and THOMAS BRYAN, Birmingham, Jaques, Liverpool, trader.-George Stanton, Birmingham,
engineers, Dec. 27 at 11, and Jan. 17 at half-past 12, Bir retail brewer. - Isaiah Belcher, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, mingham: Off. Ass. Whitmore ; Sols. Hodgson & Allen, augur manufacturer.—Henry Thomas, Walsall, Staffordshire, Birmingham.---Pet. d. Dec. 6.
saddler.- Joseph Whitehouse, West Bromwich, and William HENRY ABIJAH SHILTON, Coventry, trimming manu. Jefferies, Compton, Kinver, Staffordshire, ironmasters.-T.
facturer, Dec. 28 and Jan. 18 at 11, Birmingham : Off. Hemingsley, Willenhall, Staffordshire, cut-nail manufacturer. Ass. Christie ; Sols. Davis, Coventry; Hodgson & Allen, - George Hancock, Fenton, Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, Birmingham.-Pet. d. Dec. 7.
builder. WILLIAM SWEET, Stoke, Devonport, house carpenter,
PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED. Dec. 17 at 1, Hall of Commerce, Plymouth, and Jan. 14 at Henry Seymour Westmacott, Francis Blake, and Francis 1, St. George's-hall, East Stonehouse : Off. Ass. Hirtzel; Wm. Blake, John-street, Bedford-row, attornies and soli. Sols. Beer & Rundle, Devonport.-- Pet. f. Dec. 6.
citors, (so far as regards Francis Blake).