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calculated to afford the comforts of life, sponsibility might attend it, and proat a moderate expense, to ladies of re- posed to give two hundred pounds a spectability and small fortune, agreed year for a furnished house in Derbyto form an association for the purpose shire. Lady Willoughby was of opinof promoting establishments of that na- ion that it would be better to have the ture.” Lady Isabella King is the per- institution in the immediate vicinity of son to whom the merit of having origi- Bath, and offered to pay the difference nated this association is due, and the of rent which this arrangement would still higher merit of having hitherto su- occasion. Accordingly a lease of perintended the institution which by Bra ybrook House, near that city, was her means was formed. The most fre taken for three years, at a rent of four quent objection which she had heard hundred pounds a year. advanced against her favourite object It had originally been designed that was, that a society of women-of Eng. for each fifty pounds accruing yearlish women belonging to the Church of ly to the institution, from the interest England could never be expected to of the collected fund, one lady should live together in peace. With the fer- be admitted, paying on her part fifty vent hope of proving that such reflec- pounds annually for her apartment and tions on her sex, her country, and her board. But the first step taken by the religion were unfounded, Lady Isabella , residing managers was to make known quitted a life more congenial with her their determination of not drawing uptaste and inclinations, and engaged in on the fund, but leaving it to accumuthis undertaking. It was agreed that late for three years, during which time a sum from ten to filteen thousand the society engaged to defray every expounds should be raised by the associa- pense of the establishment; rent and tion, as an endowment for the primary taxes included. establishment; and that, as an addi- The three years devoted to the extional support, a limited number of periment have elapsed; and to those apartments should be allotted to such who consider the formation of such inladies, friends of the undertaking, as stitutions desirable, it will be gratifying would agree to reside there, paying a to learn, that all who are personally high yearly rent for their rooms, and concerned in promoting this undertakconforming equally with the other in- ing, all who have actually visited the mates to the rules of the institution. establishment, and made themselves The Queen contributed three hundred thoroughly acquainted with its arrangepounds, and signified her intention to ments, are cordially desirous of its consubscribe annually one hundred pounds; tinuance. The experiment was fairly the late Princess Charlotte, and the tried, and it has perfectly succeeded. It other Princesses, contributed fifty has been proved that such a society of pounds each. But notwithstanding ladies may live in harmony; that they this distinguished patronage, the whole consider themselves fixed, though sum which could be collected in the bound by no vows ; and that they are course of a year fell considerably short contented and happy in their retireof five thousand pounds, whereas it had ment, though not upon compulsion. been hoped that from ten to fifteen The late Queen inspected the estabthousand might be raised, and less lishment in person during the last year could not suffice for putting the institu- of her life. She expressed the most tion upon a permanent establishment. unqualified approbation of its princiAnxious, however, that the institution ples and rules, and emphatically proshould no longer be delayed, and hop- nounced it "a blessed asylum." ing that, when its practicability should Though nothing was drawn from the have been tried and proved, ihe good fund, eight lady associates had been re- . would be so manifest as to ensure suc- ceived on the original plan. The escess in a future appeal for public sup- tablishment was enabled to afford this, port, Lady Isabella King offered to by the ladies president and vice presitake upon herself whatever risk or re- dent residing in it at considerable ex
16 ATHENEUM VOL. 14.
pense; but it is observed, that such a ciples, and manners, they would have mode of upholding it cannot be rested been inmates peculiarly desirable ; a upon as permanent; and it was soon few official situations in the establishfound that many ladies looked with an ment were therefore instituted, withio anxious but hopeless eye to this retreat, the last year, for ladies thus circumbecause their total want of fortune pre- stanced, and they were admitted gracluded their admission, though, for all tuitously. circumstances of birth, education, prin
BY MRS. CORNWALL BARON WILSON.
Lond. Mag. I shed no tear, I heave no sigh,
What is our life ? a fever'd dreamThough lonely I am left again ;
Few are its hours of real bliss ; My heart is still, my cheek is dry,
And distant far our footsteps seem And none have heard my lips complain! From calo domestic happiness ; But buried in this bleeding breast,
Oh would that on some lonely wild, And deep within this burning brain,
Where no intruding feet could stray, Exist the thoughts that ne'er can rest, Where none but love and nature smild, Till thou return'st to me again !
That we might dream our days away! Perchance, e'en now, as on my bed,
Far from this crowded, busy scene, Restless, with anxious care I lie,
Far from a world of storm and strife; In these dark hours of storm and dread, Where blighted hopes still intervene, . Perchance thou bray'st the inclement Like clouds, to damp the sun of life; sky,
There, like those placid streams that run, Far from thy much-lov’d, peaceful home, Where never ocean ebbs or flows,
Far from the heart that holds thee dear; Our days should gently glide in oneThro' inidnight. wilds thou’rt doom'd to One peaceful scene of calm repose ! roam,
Sept. 1823. With none to gladden, or to cheer!
(Ertracted from Smiles for all Seasons, a new work.)
THE CLEVER IDIOT.
A Boy, as Nursery records tell,
Now this, indeed, was what the cook
And all the servants of the place
Were search'd, and held in much disgrace. Silly (tho' silly from his cradle)
The boy now call'd out, “ Cook, hereTook from the shelf a silver ladle,
Nell; And in the water down it goes,
What's this so shining in the well ?" After the drum-stick, I suppose.
This was enough to give a hint The thing was miss'd, the servants blamed, That the lost treasures might be in't; But in a week, no longer named ;
So for a man with speed they sent, Now this not suiting his designs,
Who down the well directly went. A silver cup he next purloins, (To aid his plan, he never stopp'd)
They listen with expectant ear, And in the water down it droppid.
At lust these joyful words they hear,
60, here's the Ladle, and the Cup, This caused some words, and much in And Waiter too-so draw me up."
quiry, And made his parents rather iry :
“ Hold," quoth the boy; "a moment Both for a week were vex'd and cross,
stay, And then submitted to the loss.
Bring something else that's in your way." At length, to follow up his plan,
Adding (with self-approving grin,) Our little, clever, idiot man
“ My Ďrum-stick, now your hand is in." His father's fav'rite silver waiter
August 16, 1823. Next cast into the wat'ry crater.
My thoughts being much employed Having taken in your very superior upon the subject, it occurred to me that Miscellany, from its earliest day to the every ear-trumpet which had been sent present, I know you as the friend of to me conveyed the collected sound man. Upon this ground, I am confi- through a very small tube, the orifice of dent that you will grant the request which was inserted in the ear; and I make, of inserting the short notice I now a prospect opened which afforded now send in your very first Number, hope. I immediately ordered an inthat those labouring under deafness may strument to be constructed, of the finest reap, from the improvement which I block-tin, one end of which included have made upon the Ear Trumpet, the the whole external ear, and the other, advantages which I so unexpectedly (circular also,) of larger diameter, colenjoy..
lected the sound, which was conveyed Many years ago, in consequence of by a straight tube, of some capacity, a cough of most uncommon severity, an into the ear. injury was done to some part of the in- The result was most gratifying, in. ternal structure of my left ear, which deed, beyond my most sanguine expeccompletely robbed me of hearing thro’tation, enabling me to carry on a conthat organ. Immediately after this ac- versation with a friend, with the utmost cident, I was seized with a tinnitus au- ease to myself, and without exertion to rium, which held out the dismal pros- the person addressing me. pect of entire deafness. For this mal. It is the establishment of the princi- • ady, I had recourse to snuff, and its ef- ple of this improvement upon the Ear. fects upon the tinnitus were soon per- Trumpet to which I ain solicitous to ceptible. Still, however, the hearing give publicity, leaving to younger men upon the right ear remained obtuse,and to make experiments upon the length extremely contracted my social enjoy- and diameter of the tube, and of other ments. I applied in every quarter, in- parts of the instrument. cluding his Majesty's Aurist, for the The only attempt towards improvemost approved ear-trumpet. From ment which I made, was the makica none of these instruments was the most transverse section of the smaller circle, trivial benefit derived.
so as to approach nearly to the shape
of the ear; and, by a little manage a handful of flour of sulphur on the coais ment, it answers my expectation.
below. With this I send a sketch of the in- Preserration of Fish, P.--for ensuring
the sweetness of fish conveyed by land-carstrument I use.
riage, the belly of the fish should be openI remain, Mr. Editor,
ed, and the internal parts sprinkled with with much esteem,
powdered charcoal.- The same material your very obedient servant,
will restore impure or even putrescent waThos. Morison, M. D.
ter to a state of perfect freshness. The in
habitants of Cadiz, who are necessitated to Disblair Cottage, Aberdeen,
keep in tanks the water for culinary uses, 10th July, 1823.
were first indebted to our informant, during
the late Peninsular war, for the foregoing Ingenious and useful Inrention.--- Among
simple yet efficacious remedy of an evil the new inventions for which Pauis is fa- which they had long endured, mous, is a coffee-pot constructed of three
Dandy Looms.---A hand-loom, op a new pieces: the first is a plain boiler: over that
construction, and which has received the is a double filterer; and at the top is an in- appellation Dandy Loom, has recently been verted coffee-pot, which fits on exactly.
introduced. Its principal advantage over Cold water is placed in the first vessel, and
d the common hand-loom consists in its bethe coffee in the filtering-box. Under the ing much smaller, and in the application of whole is a spirit lamp, which in the course
a crank, by which, as in steam-looms, the
a cra of five or six minutes causes the water to
number of picks of west in an inch is reguboil, the vapour arising from which com
lated, and the cloth cousequently made pletely saturates the coffee. When the wa
more even. We understand also that the ter boils which is ascertained by the dis new hand-loom weaves the yarn without charge of the vapour from the spout of the
dressing, which is an expensive process; inverted coffee-pot, the whole machine is
whilst, by the use of a cop-shuttle, the nelisted from the lamp, and completely inverte cessity of winding the weft is superseded. ed; so that the pot, which was uppermost,
The loom measures only about thirty inchis at the bottom, and the boiling water, which es in depth, from the cloth to the yara had saturated the coffee, flows through the
beam, and its cost in wood is not more than filterer, clear, into what was before the in
35s, or 36s, or in iron than 52s. 6d. A fair verted coffee.pot, where in the space of two weaver, with tolerable exertion, will weave minutes it is ready for use. This mode of a piece of twenty-five yards in eight or nine preparing coffee is a saving of at least hours. By many manufacturers, we under. 25 per cent., and it secures the fine flavour
stand, the improvement is considered of of the berry. In another part of the ser
some importance. Indeed, it is conceived vice is a coffee-roaster, of glass, over anoth
that it will ultimately supersede the haoder lamp of a long wide flame. The pro
loom on the old construction; and perhaps cess of roasting requires about three min
on some particular goods, successfully conutes, and even so small a quantity as an
test the farther progress of power-looms. ounce may be thus prepared.
The length of streets pow lighted with Prerention of Firc.-.-M. Cadet Vaux, con gas in London extends over 215 miles; the sidering that fires in dwelling-houses begin,
main pipes belonging to the four Gas Light in numerous instances, in the chimney, and
Companies in London reaching to this althat means camiot always be applied in
most incredible distance, from which rami. time to extinguish the fire at its commence fy the smaller pipes conveying the light to ment, turned his thoughis to the discovery shops, alleys, and private dwellings, and of some method for effecting this purpose. which may be calculated at a distance He refiected that combustion cannot be greater than that of the mains. 1. The carried on without the presence of vital air, London Gas Light Company have their and consequently if the air in a chimney on works in Peter street, Westminster, Brickfire could be rendered mephitic, the fire lane, and Curtain-road; they supply 125 must go out. This object he obtained by miles of main pipes, and consume annually the siinple means of throwing flour of sul. 20,078 chaldrons of coals : this company phur on the fire in the grate, the mephitic lights 27,635 lamps. 2. The City Gas Light exhalation of which extingnished the fire, Company, in Dorset-street, supply fifty as it would suffocate any living creature. miies of maio : they consume 8840 chaldA Roman noblemav has not only repeated ren of coals annually, and light 7836 this experiment with entire success, but, be- lamps. 3. The South London Company ing desirous of ascertaining whether anig. at Bankside, supply pear forty miles of nited body suspended in the chimney would mains, consume 3640 chaldrons of coals, be extinguished in the same manver, he and light 4038 public lamps. 4. The Imcaused a faggot to be suspended in a chim- perial Gas Light Company, in Hackney. Dev, nearly at the summit, and set on fire: road, is recently established. though by its situation it was nearly in cone tact with the exterial air, the flames were ERRATUM.-In the lines, Go dig you a tomb," in instantancously extinguished by throwing onr last Number, for luxury pants read luxury faints. ORIGINAL ANECDOTES, LITERARY NEWS, INCIDENTS, &c. The property of the Morning Chronicle £7.78. ; large paper, £10 10s. History of has been transferred within the month to Alexander's Successors, 2 vols. 12mo. 88.Mr. Clement, for the unparalleled price of Memoirs of Boys as they are, 18mo. 2s.-40,0001. The amount sounds high"; but it Memoirs of Philip de Comines, 2 vols. post is the honestest and best conducted paper 8vo. 215.-Hooper's Memoirs of the Rev. in London ; and, preserving its integrity, W.Evans, 12mo.3s.6d.-Beauties of Dwight, yields, as it deserves, from 7 to 8,0001. per 4 vols.18mo, 128.-Reason and Revelation, annum. Twenty-fourth shares in the Cou- 12mo. 48.- An Inquiry into the Accordancy rier fetch nearly 2,0001.; and the Times of War with Christianity, 8vo.58.-Burgess' yields about 20,0001. per annum for adver- Three Catechisms, 12mo. 68-Lockhart's tisements only. The increase of readers Idioms of the Greek Language, 12mo. 38. has rendered all standard literary property The British Essayists, (new edit.) 38 vols. of higher certain value, and must tend to royal 18mo. £8 88.-Hunter's Memoirs of improve literature by heightening the re- a Captivity among the North American Incompence of successful exertion. We have dians, with a powrait, Svo 128.-The Fire recently experienced this in our own con- Eater, 12mo.8s.-Court of Oberon, or Temcerns ; having within the month obtained pie of the Fairies, 12mo. 6s. plain : 78. 6d. 20,0001. for a third of the interest in the col.—Hooke's History of Rome, (new edit.) books connected with the Interrogative 6 vols. 8vo.---£3 35.---Choice Pleasures for System of Education. We therefore consi. Youth, 12mo 43.---Hirsch's Integral Tables, der Mr. Clement as having made a pru. 8vo 10s.6d..--Fellinger's Dictionary of Idident bargain, while his liberal views entitle oms, 8vo. 10s.6d.---Harris's Church Fellowhim to special praise, from their tendency ship, 18mo. 2s.6d..--Zouch's Life of Walton, to exalt the value of literary property. small 12mo. 12s. ; 8vo. 185.---Reid on Ner
Mr. Dallas, the author of Perceval and vons Affections, new edit, 8vo. 12s. other popular Novels, has a tragedy in the press, founded on the history of Adrastus, Memoirs of the Marchioness de Bona young Phrygian prince.
Lady Morgan has, we are told, a work champs on La Vendée; edited by in preparation : a Life of Salvator Rosa. the Countess de Genlis. TranslatThe continuation of Mr Booth's Analyti.
ed from the French. · 12mo. 5s. cal Dictionary of the English Language, with the first specimen of which we expres Whoever has read the Memoirs of sed ourselves well satisfied, is now in the Madame de la Rochejaquelin, which press, and the several parts are announeed to be published, successively, at short in
appeared some years ago, cannot fail to tervals.
feel an interest in this little publication, A circumstance has transpired before the which contains the history of another Commissioners of government respecting Vendean heroine. Madame de Genlis, Ireland, which in this age of mental illumi- who has brought forward the French
i who has brought forward the French nation can scarcely be believed, but which fully explains all the follies of Orangeism
m edition of these Memoirs, asserts that
antion of these memoirs, asserts that and Catholicism, and the backwardness of no romance exists whose perusal can knowledge, in that unhappy country,-it is, be so attractive. This character is that in eleven counties there is not a single rather hyperbolical; for in fact the bookseller's shop!
greater portion of the pages before us NEW WORKS. Malcolm's Memoir of Central India. 2 are occupied with details of military vols. 8vo. 32s.-Prince on the Exchanges of proceedings. The part which relates Bengal, 8vo. 58. 6d.-Memoirs of Baron de more particularly to the personal sufKolli, and the Queen of Etruria, Svo. 10s.6d. ferings of Madame de Bonchamps cer-Guthrie on the Eye, 8vo. 215.--Hemet's Abridgement of Sturm, 12mo. 48. 6d. -Hol. tainly possesses a very deep interest. den on Fall of Man, 8vo. 10s. 60.--History After the death of her husband she of Moses, 18mo. 38.—Bible Atlas, 8vo. 12$. continued to follow the Royal army, plain ; 163.col.-Memoirs of the Wernerian with her two children, by the advice Natural History Society, Vol.4, Part 2, 8vo. of Pochoisavolin 10s 6d.-Mortimer's Commercial Dictiona
..of Rochejaquelin; but being at last ry, a new edit. revised by W. Dickinson, compelled to provide for her own safcEsq. 8vo. 308.--Warner's Old Church of ty, she wandered about the country England Principles, (new ed.) 3 vols. 12mo. disguised as a peasant and sustaining 208. – Whittingham's French Classics, vol. the extremity of hardship. When 2, 2s.6d.-Sketches of the Lives of Corregio and Parmegiapo, 8vo. 10s. 60.-TheHermit
concealed in a barn, she and her little Abroad, 3 & 4, 12mo. 165,-Lizar's Views son' were attacked by the small pos, of Edinburgh, No. 2, 4to. 58. ; Ind. proofs, which destroyed the boy, and before 108. 6d.—The Rivers of England, No. 1, the mother was recovered, she and her royal 4to. 10s. Proofs 148.--Estimates of
por daughter were forced to retreat into a Household Expenses, 12mo. 2.--Home's daughter Comparative Anatomy, Vols. 3 & 4, 4to. hollow tree, where it was impossible to