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Lo! 'tis the Druid pomp, whose lengthening line.
"Tis gone! e'en now the mystic horrors fade
SKETCES OF SOCIETY.
GREENWICH HOSPITAL. I paint from life, though with a tar brush. caboose, make an interjection in his " COAST of Africa, Sir? Why hammock, form a conjunction between
U aye I've been there too, and his mouth and a doughboy; and for once knew a little about it-but 'tis pronouns, aye, aye, he'll soon get hold many years since. Poverty is no dis- of them, for our service is the worst in grace, Sir, and so I'll tell you what the world for swearing ;' and so I took me there. My father was a dis- found it. I parted with my mother, senting minister-a worthy, pious man and never saw her afterward-but we -had his peculiarities, to be sure; but shall meet again. I shall forbear tellthere's few warm hearts that have cool ing about my first entry on board-the heads. He taught me bits of Greek many privations and cruelties I sufand Latin, and them there sort offered, as often getting thrash'd for not things, and he used to praise me for my doing wrong, as for committing a fault; progress; but, bless you, I knows but there's little compassion in a slavenothing about it now. I've been near- ship. I should have sunk under it but ly all over the world, so I mingles for the conviction that there was a Dutch, Italian, German, Spanish, Hin- Power aloft that kept watch for poor dostanee, French, Portoguese, all to- Jack; and my good father used often gether, and makes a confusion of to tell me, 'Boy, bear this always in tongues. " 'Tis true I can remember mind : he who eyes a Providence will Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and some- never want a providence to eye.' Well thing about Tupto, but there I sticks Sir, we arrived on the coast, and all fast. Then there was hic, hæc, hoc, my troubles were awhile forgot. Oh and Amo Amas, but I knows nothing what a scene for a young enthusiastic about 'em now. I was left an orphan mind! It was all enchantment to me. at eleven years of age, and mother's Well, we brought up at --, near Congo, brother--that's my uncle-was Cap- and alongside comes several canoes tain of a Guinea-man, and so he offer. full of natives; the decks were soon ed to take me with him to sea; though cover'd with 'em. "Haugh, Captain, says he, I suppose his larning has how he do, eh? Look dere, you see spoiled him. However he'll have my King-King Tom-he tan upon plenty of opportunity to practise his de beash. Haugh, Captain, fire one humanities in a slave ship, and as for salute for my King." The salute was his grammar, he'll meet with some rum fired, and fresh demands made. «Haugh articles, and no doubt often decline his Captain, what he got for my King ? duty, take apa preposition in the cook's “I've got some fine chintz,” replied
the Skipper. Ha, chintz, eh!'— head as if it was scorch'd and the burn66 Some cotton and other articles.” – ing anguish had dried up the source of • Ha, good dat! What hab got a bran- tears; but she sigb’d-no, 'twas not a dy ? -_No..-- Rum ?!“ No.”- sigh, but a groan, as if her heart was 5 Rack ?'-—“ No."— What for dat, bursting. What she was, or where eh ? Haugh! hear him-Captain bring she came from, I couldn't learn ; but chintz, bring cotton-no bring brandy, on the passage her baby died. Well, no bring rum. What for bring tuff for she conceald it for some time, but it de back and no bring tuff for de belly!' was discover'd at last, taken from her, Well, Sir, we began to trade, and ihe a shot tied round its middle, and thrown poor creatures were brought aboard in overboard before her face. I got anothdroves. Oh it would have melted a er taste of the tarr'd gingerbread for heart of stone to have seen them stowed snivelling; but I'm sure, Sir, you away below-many of them in irons! couldn't help'd it yourself if you had and then I thought of their father's seen the poor unfriended mother. Af curse, and pitied the poor descendants ter she lost her child she refused her alof Ham. And so I crept out on the lowance, and would sit huddled togethbowsprit into the fore-stay-sail netting, er in one spot, nor could any persuaand pretended to be asleep, that I sion move ber; so the lasb was applied, might ease the anguish of my heart in and in a day or two she grew more secret; but when I came in again they calm, and would look over the side, found me out, and so I got a rope's-end. for the hour together, on the dark ing for being a lubberly sniveller—but waters that entomb'd her babe. One indeed I couldn't help it. In about morning, on mustering, she was misse three weeks our cargo was complete ing and couldn't be found. There two hundred and forty, and we left the was no doubt but she had gone overcoast in a hurry. I fancy my uncle board in the dark, though no one could had cheated some of the traders, and give any account of the matter. I was glad to be off. A limited number didn't cry this time, for I began to get of slaves were permitted to be on deck insensible, and now can readily account at a time, and there was one, a youth for the hardness and depravity of heart of interesting countenance, rather sick- evinced by the crew,-they had been ly. Ah! I shall never forget his looks, brought up to it from childhood. But as his native land receded from his this was not all : both officers and men view! At first it was calm dejection, were so rejoiced on nearing Barbadoes, mingled with a melancholy idea that he that they indulged too freely in soaking should always keep it in sight; but still their biscuits, and got completely grogit sunk' lower and lower. He could gy, excepting the second mate, the cara not account for it, though his sudden penter, the two apprentices, and mystarts express'd his anger and astonish- self. The negroes discover'd it by ment; but when it lessened to a dim some means, seiz'd and kill'd the sentry speck just darkening in the horizon, over the hatchway without noise, and be burst out in all the agony of bitter got possession of the arm-chest. They despair, raised his clench'd hands above rush'd on the deck, some descending to his head, shook them at his oppressors, the cabin ; my poor uncle fell first, but and utter'd a yell that fill'd me with not till he had laid two at his feet to horror. He was answered by the lash rise no more. The chief mate, after across his bare back, to keep him quiet. a hard struggle, was thrown overboard: I see you shudder, Sir, and well you he was a good swimmer, and though may—'tis all as true as gospel. There severely wounded, got hold of the mizen was a young mother, too, with her in- channels; here he clung some time, fant at the breast : she look'd at the but was seen at last, when a Black shore, and then at her babe, and then made a blow at him with a cutlass, at the shore again, but she shed no which separated his hand from his tear. Her forehead was wrinkled up, wrist, and he dropp'd again, shriek d, and her eyes red and swoll'n and every and sunk! A sudden shock will some now and then she press'd her hand to her times rouse a man from drunkenness; this was the case now : several of the our success was a box of-of-I forget crew concealed themselves, and were now what they call 'em, but they resaved; the others were easily destroy- semble a bullet, only instead of being ed. On the first alarm the second smooth, are cover'd all over with spikes mate and myself got into the main-top like a hedge-hog, or like the ball one and the carpenter and two apprentices of the giants holds in Guildhall.* On into the fore-top. Here we remained such occasions as these they are strew'd for some time undiscovered, while the over the decks, and the poor wretches, negroes, who had broken open the stew- with their bare feet, unable to step ard's room and got at the liquor, were without treading on them, are easily tearing about the decks with all the fury overcome. A box full was in the stern of wild beasts seeking their prey. At sheets of the long-boat; the carpenter last they caught sight of us, and several knew it, got 'em out, and spread them mounted the shrouds. The mate kept around; and oh how the slaves shriek'd encouraging me to persevere to the last as they pierced their feet. After sestruggle. There was an old case of curing them all below, we found the empty bottles stowed away in the top, Captain, chief mate, seven a hites, and and, armed with one in each band, we about twenty blacks, killed and a great waited their attack. The first whose many wounded. Among the latter head appear'd above the top-brim was was the youth, who died shortly after ; instantly knock'd overboard by the indeed few of the hurt survived. We toate; the second grappled him, but were now reduced to the second mate, as quickly follow'd his companion, on who took command, and 14 hands; a blow from a quart bottle which I gave and after a toilsome passage, in which him on his head with all my might. we were obliged to be on deck night God forgive me, Sir; but life's prec- and day, armed, and burying upwards ious! In the same manner five, one after of sixty slaves, we arrived at the West the other, follow'd their leader; and Indies, Here, Sir, I could give you the two apprentices joining us by the such a horrid picture of misery as would top-mast-stay, they gave over the at- harrow up your soul; but I forbear, tack. The lads knew nothing of the Sir, I forbear] can see your heart is carpenter, and so we concluded he suffering severely already at the recital. was massacred. The slaves now ran- But to witness it ! God bless Mr. Willsack'd every place for powder and ball; be-force! he made a noble stand for and though there were several cases of Humanity,and deserves her thanks,aye, cartridges in the arm-chest which they & the thanks of every lover of freedom. must have handled, yet providentially But why can't the trade be abolished their contents were passed over. All altogether? only because in other counat once we heard the most dismal yells, tries, as Corporal Trim says, “ they and saw the carpenter and two of the have nobody to stand up for them." men, each with a bayonet in one hand But oh, Sir, could the nobles of the and a cutlas in the other, driving the land see the poor African as I have howling slaves along the deck, and seen him-pinioned on his back withcutting all down before 'em. We out sufficient room to turn little food joined as quick as possible, and had the to eat-brought on deck, and, though satisfaction of seeing our numbers in- weak and exhausted, compellid by the crease, so that we soon retook the ship. whip to run, and dance, and submit to The carpenter had watch'd an oppor- the caprice of his cruel masters--could tunity-got down the fore-stay on to they see this, every nerve would be the bowsprit. Here he found the two straip'd to prevent the inhuman traffic. meo stowed away under the stay-sail; Arn't they flesh and blood, Sir ? and they descended the bobstay, and got sha'nt we all have to appear together along outside of the ship to the gang- at the last great day before the same way, without being noticed. Cutlases unerring tribunal ? God is no respecter and bayonets were lying on all parts of of persons; and so the heart be right, the deck, so they were arm'd in an in- no matter if the skin be black, white, stant. But what most contributed to
isn't thalome story; sic have been
or copper colour. I have been telling give you another about it. I am sure you a long story, Sir but bless you it you'll not value it the less for coming isn't half what I could tell you; and from
AN OLD SAILOR." some other time, if you pleases, I'll
BIOGRAPHY OF ECCENTRIC CHARACTERS.
Lond. Mag. Sept. WALKING STEWART. is entitled The Apocalypse of Nature. M R. Stewart the traveller, common- I had been greatly impressed by the II ly called “ Walking Stewart," sound and original views which in the was a man of very extraordinary ge- first volume he had taken of the nanius. He has generally been treated tional characters throughout Europe. by those who have spoken of him in In particular he was the first, and so print as a madman. But this is a mis far as I know the only writer who had take; and must have been founded noticed the profound error of ascribing chiefly on the titles of his books. He a phlegmatic character to the English was a man of fervid mind and of sub- nation. “English phlegm” is the conlime aspirations : but he was no mad- stant expression of authors when conman; or, if he was, then I say that it trasting the English with the French. is so far desirable to be a madman. In Now the truth is, that, beyond that of 1798 or 1799, when I must have been all other nations, it has a substratum of about thirteen years old, Walking profound passion: and, if we are to reStewart was in Bath-where my fami- cur to the old doctrine of temperaly at that time resided. He frequented ments, the English character must be the pump-room, and I believe all pub- classed not under the phlegmatic but lic places-walking up and down, and under the melancholic temperament; dispersing his philosophic opinions to and the French under the sanguine. the right and the left, like a Grecian The character of a nation may judged philosopher. The first time I saw him of in this particular by examining its was at a concert in the Upper Rooms : idiomatic language. The French, in he was pointed out to me by one of my whom the lower forms of passion are party, as a very eccentric man who had constantly bubbling up from the superwalked over the habitable globe. I re- ficial character of their feelings,have apmember that Madame Mara was at propriated all the phrases of passion to that moment singing: and Walking the service of trivial & ordinary life : and Stewart, who was a true lover of music hence they have no language of passion (as I afterwards came to know), was for the service of poetry or of occasions hanging upon her notes like a bee up- really demanding it: for it has been alon a jessamine flower. His counte- ready enfeebled by continual associanance was striking, and expressed the tion with cases of an unimpassioned orunion of benignity with philosophic ha- der. But a character of deeper pasbits of thought. In such health had sion has a perpetual standard in itself, his pedestrian exercises preserved him, by which as by an instinct it tries all connected with his abstemious mode of cases, and rejects the language of pasliving, that though he must at that time sion as disproportionate and ludicrous have been considerably above forty, he where it is not fully justified. “ Ah did not look older than twenty-eight; at Heavens !” or “Oh my God !” are least the face which remained upon my exclamations with us so exclusively rerecollection for some years was that of served for cases of profound interest, a young man. Nearly ten years after that on hearing a woman even (i. e. wards I became acgainted with him. a person of the sex most easily excited) During the interval I had picked up utter such words, we look round exone of his works in Bristol, - viz. his pecting to see her child in some situaTravels to discover the Source of Mor. tion of danger. But, in France,“ Ciel!" al Motion, the second volume of which and “Oh mon Dieu !" are uttered by every woman if a mouse does but run himself the most eloquent of men in across the floor. The ignorant and conversation, had been equally struck the thoughtless however will continue when he had met him at Paris between to class the English character under the years 1790 and 1792, during the the phlegmatic temperament, whilst the early storms of the French revolution. philosopher will perceive that it is the In Sherrard-street I visited him repeatexact polar antithesis to a phlegmatic edly, and took notes of the conversacharacter. In this conclusion, though tions I had with him on various otherwise expressed and illustrated, subjects. These I must have someWalking Stewart's view of the Eng. where or other; and I wish I could lish character will be found to termi- introduce them here, as they would inDate: and his opinion is especially val. terest the reader. Occasionally in uable- first and chiefly, because he these conversations, as in his books, he was a philosopher; secondly, because introduced a few notices of his private his acquaintance with man civilized history : in particular I remember his and uncivilized, under all national dis- telling me that in the East Indies he tinctions, was absolutely unrivalled. had been a prisoner of Ilyder's; that Meantime, this and others of his opin- he had escaped with some difficulty; ions were expressed in language that if and that, in the service of one of the literally construed would often appear native princes as secretary or interpreinsane or absurd. The truth is, bis ter, he had accumulated a small forlong intercourse with foreign nations tune. This must have been too small, had given something of a hybrid tinc. I fear, at that time to allow him even a ture to his diction : in some of his philosopher's comforts: for some part works for instance he uses the French of it, invested in the French funds, had word hélas! uniformly for the Eng. been confiscated. I was grieved to see lish alas! and apparently with no con- a man of so much ability, of gentlescioasness of his mistake. He had al- manly manners, and refined habits, so this singularity about him that he and with the infirmity of deafness, sufwas everlastingly metaphysicizing a- fering under such obvious privations; gainst metaphysics. To me, who was and I once took the liberty, on a fit ocburied in metaphysical reveries from casion presenting itself, of requesting my earliest days, this was not likely to that he would allow me to send him be an attraction; any more than the some books which he had been casually vicious structure of his diction was like. regretting that he did not possess; for ly to please my scholar-like taste. All I was at that time in the hey-day of my grounds of disgust however gave way worldly prosperity. This offer bowbefore my sense of his powerful merits; ever he declined with firmness and dig, and, as I have said, I sought his ac. nity, though not unkindly. And I now quaiotance. Coming up to London mention it, because I have seen him from Oxford about 1807 or 1808 I charged in print with a selfish regard made inquiries about him; and found to his own pecuniary interest. On the that he usually read the papers at a contrary, he appeared to me a very licoffee-room in Piccadilly : understand- beral and generous man: and I well ing that he was poor, it struck me that remember that, whilst he refused to he miglit not wish to receive visits at accept any thing from me, he compellhis lodgings, and therefore I soughted me to receive as presents all the him at the coffee-room. Here I took books which he published during my the liberty of introducing myself to him. acquaintance with him : two of these, He received me courteously, and invite corrected with his own hand, viz. the ed me to his rooms—which at that Lyre of Apollo and the Sophiometer, time were in Sherrard-street. Golden. I have lately found amongst other square-a street already memorable to books left in London; and others he me. I was much struck with the elo forwarded to me in Westmoreland. In quence of his conversation : and after. 1812 it was I think that I saw him for wards I found that Mr. Wordsworth, the last time: and by the way, on the