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could not be brought to partake in the until he could get to Malta,--thinking execution of them: but their dread and he could get hands there. repugnance wore off by degrees; and “Feb. 2.-Sailed for the island of he confirmed that extraordinary re- Malta. mark in the Journal, that " in the end Feb 9.-Got in. our countrymen not only performed Feb. 11.-Got pratique. their parts, but became volunteers in Feb. 12.-Hauled the ship up, and the barbarities.”
noored her. We mended all our sails, Davidson deserted from the Niger at and made new nettings; and got small Portsmouth in 1794; and, it was re- arms on board, in number thirty, cutported, he was afterwards pressed on- lasses fifty, blunderbusses twenty-four, board the Royal George, and drowned pistols eighty ; but the grand master by accident.
would not allow us to take men, which Journal of a Voyage kept by Wil- made the English very discontented,
liam Davidson, seaman on board as they could not get their discharge. a Russian Privateer in the Year There came on-board us three slaves 1789.
on the 14th; they were assassins, that Dec. 3. 1788.-We sailed from had made their escape; but our capLeghorn, in a prosperous gale, on- tain protected them, as they had enterboard the St. Dinian Russian priva- ed with us. teer, bound to Messina, in Sicily, as a Feb. 16.--Sailed for the island of merchant-vessel. From thence she Zante, and we were obliged to go with was to get a clearance, and to go cruiz- them, as it was said we were there to ing.
man our ship. This frightened us, as Dec. 7.-We had not been long out, the inhabitants of that place are nothbefore the wind came to the eastward, ing but thieves, and mostly pirates. and, blowing very hard we were oblig. All this time we had a fair wind, and ed to bear away for Porto Ferajo, in clear weather, until we got as far as the island of Elba. Soon got in, and Solen. Then the wind came against moored. At that place, we were get- us, and, blowing hard, we were obliged ting the guns and shot from under the to bear away for Cephalonia, where we 'ballast, and fixing them on the carria- got safe in, and moored. We had not ges when, on their taking notice from been in many days before we got sixty the shore that we were fitting out as a of these pirates on-board. The carvessel of war, they sent an order on- penters cut two port-holes between board for us to sail immediately: if not, decks, in which we put two twelvethat they would stop the ship; as it is pounders, and then got every thing reanot allowed for a ship of war to fit-out dy for sea. ' in any port belonging to the Grand Sailed on the 7th of March for the Duke of Tuscany.
island of Prevesa, and on the 11th got Dec. 22.-Sailed for Messina with in, and moored ship. On the 13th, we a fair wind, and clear weather.
had not been in long, before we heard Dec. 25,– The wind coming a-head, there were some pirates in the mounand blowing hard, obliged us to bear tains. To them our captain wrote sevaway for Leghorn.
eral letters, inviting them to come onDec. 27. Got into Leghorn, and board ; and so they did. There came moored ship. Lay there thirteen down thirty-four of them, well armed; days; in which time we got all our and we took in every one of them, guns fixed, and every thing ready for sea. which made the Englishmen and Ita
Jån. 17, 1789.-We set sail for lians very discontented,-as they were Messina with a fair wind, and clear all pirates. weather.
March 16.-A boat came, and told Jan. 24.--Arrived safe at our intend- us there were four vessels in Cephaed port, where all the English would lonia with Turkish cargoes on-board. have left the ship if they could ; but but Greek sailors; on which we unthe captain would not allow them to go moored ship.
March 17.-Steered for that place. board; which he did, for he brought
March 18.-Spoke a Ragusa brig, in a vessel that had seven pipes of Cy. with Turkish passengers in from Can- prus wine; which we took out, and let dia, bound to Zea; who had a great the vessel go. She was a Greek settee quantity of dollars and silk, which we from Samos. took from them. The Turks we let April 11.-We righted ship, and go as they were taken under neutral took all the ballast. in. We hauled out colours.
fron the shore, bent all our sails, and March 19.–We shared the dollars, got the ship ready for sea. which came to forty-three per man. April 13.-Unmoored, and got all As for the silk, the captain kept it all the vessels' boats in the harbour to tow for bimself.
us out; but, before we went out, the March 22.-We saw a vessel going merchants belonging to these vessels down along shore. We hauled up the gave our captain 15,000 hard dollars, long-boat, put three swivels and thirty- for not troubling them any longer; on five armed men in it, and sent her after which our captain told them, he would the vessel. It was calm, and we soon give them three days to get away, and came up with her. We fired two guns, no longer. We had a fair wind at four which she returned, and both sides fired o'clock, and came to an anchor on the for the space of forty minutes. Our Turkish shore; where we sent the lieutenant being wounded, and five long-boat and yawl, armed for stock, men killed, our boat was obliged to re- of which they killed five bullocks, and turn on board.
thirty-four sheep, besides leaving a April 1.-We saw a sail a-head, and number which the boats could not gave chace, and soon came up with bring off. her. She was laden with wine and April 14.- We saw a pirate, which brandy; which we took out, and sunk came on-board us, and told our capthe ship, first killing nine Turks that tain, that if he lay here he would capwere on-board ; but the Greeks epler- ture plenty of small vessels belonging ed with us.
to Cyprus; but they carried only fireApril 2.--We sailed for Silere ; and wood, and our captain said it was not that same day got in, and moored ship. worth his time to go after them. This Some vesssels made an attempt to get pirate had in the harbour a Ragusan away ; but we armed the long-boat, and three Venetians, which he had and sent her out in the night, to lay taken two days before, and was removin wait for them as they went out ; ing the best of every thing out of them, but, taking notice of this, they never to sink them. As for the crews, they moved. In the mean time, the long- had killed them when they were taken. boat fell in with a vessel under Jeru. Instead of our detaining this pirate, we salem colours, but Turkish property, gave him powder, shot, and arms; and consisting of nine bales of silk, and let him go because he was one of our honey and soap. The rest we sunk captain's old acquaintance. We saw in the vessel, -people and all toge- two ships coming towards us, when we ther ; fifteen Turks in number. That got all hands to quarters, and every same night we took another ; but she thing ready for engaging; as we took had nothing but ballast; so we let her them to be Turkish men-of-war: but,
as they came within gun-shot, they April 6.-We got all our sails and hoisted Russian colours; which we lumber on-shore, and all the ballast out were glad to see. They were two priof the hold.
vateers bound to Zante. On the 8th and 9th we were work- April 15.-We sailed for the island ing very hard, and had but little wine of Zante; and, the next day, got in and on-board, when the captain ordered the moored. The captain went on shore, second lieutenant to go out in the little thinking to get pratique ; but could boat; and gave him orders to take the not,as we had been on the Turkish shore. first vessel he met with, let her be April 22.-We got all our provisions wliat she would, if she had wine on- and water on-board.
April 23.-Employed setting the to our colours, and neither give nor rigging fore and aft; and got every take quarter, but burn and destroy all thing ready for sea.
that came in our way; and the more April 24.-There was a Ragusa we should take, the more we should ship lying in Zante, that had Turkish have for ourselves, besides doing so passengers on-board for Smyrna, and much good for the Russian empress. had 2,500 dollars belonging to these All bands gave him three cheers, and Turks. . Our captain was resolved to said there was no fear. At night we follow her.
sailed for the Archipelago. April 25.—She sailed about ten May 3.-We hailed a Venetian ship, o'clock in the morning, and was about bound for Smyrna; overhauled her, six leagues off when we got under and took her.. weigh, and gave her chace : but she May 4.-Saw a ship; gave chace ; escaped.
and at five o'clock got alongside her. April 26.—This morning stood-in She proved to be a Turkish cruizer of for the Turkish shore, where we saw a fourteen guns; and, after engaging her vessel at anchor, and, seeing us com- half an hour, she struck : on which we ing in, she got under-way as fast as she put the prisoners to death, (173 in could. We soon followed, and, com- number,) took the best of every thing ing within gun-shot, fired twenty-three out of the ship, and sunk her. guns at her before she hove-to. We May 5.-Saw a small vessel from plundered her of every thing she had the mast-head, and, it being calm, we on-board; and one of our men killed armed the long-boat, and sent her after their captain and two men, for asking her. She took her, and brought her him to return a small chest of turbans alongside: she proved to be a Turk, and sashes.
loaded with wine and brandy. We April 28.-Saw several vessels, yet put the prisoners to death, took what did not go after them; but went into wine and brandy we wanted out of her. an harbour in the island of Cerigo, and set her on fire. In the mean time, where we came to anchor.
there was another coming round the April 29.--A vessel came in under island; which our long-boat boarded Jerusalem colours : was a good prize without any defence. She proved to for us if at sea ; but, as we were under be a good prize, loaded with cotton, a Venetian fort, we could not take silk, and honey. In the afternoon it her. This same day the captain went came on to blow and rain. At ten on-shore, to see if he could get any o'clock we lost sight of our prize. bands.
May 6.—This morning we stood in April 30.-Came in that same yes. for a small island belonging to the sel which engaged our long-boat on the Greeks. All hands went on-shore, 22d of March, and our captain resolv- and plundered them of every thing they ed to be revenged; so at night we arm- had on the island. ed the boats and sent them out to Nay 8.-We heard that our people lay wait for her, if she should come in our late prize were prisoners in the out About eleven o'clock at night island of Medras, 10 which the vessel she got under weigh, and was going belonged : this so enraged our captain. out, when our boats fell in with ber, that he swore he would have them out, and killed all hands on-board, except or put every man, woman and child, to two boys, whom we put on shore at death in the island. Thiona.
May 9.-We sailed for Medras, but May 2.-- There came on-board the next morning we saw a sail, to twenty-three sailors, which made our which we gave chace, and soon got complement 215. In the afternoon alongside : she proved to be a privaour captain came on-board, and order- teer belonging to Tunis. She engaged ed all hands aft, and read his commis.. us an hour before she struck. We sion, which was, that we were going took all the prisoners on board in numagainst the Turks; and, as they were ber 123 ; and one of them told our a cruel enemy, that we must stand true captain they would have struck sooner, only they expected us to board of the island, was going to plunder them, and they would then bave blown them in the night. At one o'clock we the ship up; on which our captain or- sent the tender after her, and at three dered them all back. We then took in the morning she took her, without some of their small arms, and made the least defence. She had on-board this man we kept on-board, go and set eighty-five hands, which we took onthe ship on fire,-- people and all toge- board us, and confined them in the sher. It was a dreadful sight. We for- hold until the next day; when they gave the man, and put him ashore on were called up one by one, and had one of the Greek islands.
their heads cut off, in the same manner May 12.-At ten o'clock at night as we cut duck's heads off at home, the wind came in our favour.
and we then threw them overboard. May 13.-We got into Medras, and This was the first time we were obliged fired several guns into the town, which to take it by turns to put them to death : knocked down some of the houses, and the English, when called upon, at first killed several of the people. The go- refused it ; but when the captain told vernor came off to know why we be them they were cowards, or people haved in this manner, when our cap- that were afraid of their enemies, and tain made answer, that if he did not de- that he could not believe they were liver his people up, and the vessel he Englishmen, they went, and did the took, he would put every one in the same as the rest ; and, afterwards were place to death. The governor made even worse than the others, for they answer, that he had never seen or always were first when such work was heard from her since she sailed from going on; and, at last, got quite used thence. The governor now went on- to it. Sometimes we had three or four shore, and sent us in provisions and in a day to put to death for each man's 500 sequins. That night we sailed share. again, and the next morning spoke a May 24.-Our tender brought in a French brig, who told us our prize was good prize, loaded with honey, soap, ; gone down to Cerigo. We then steer- and tobacco ; which we sent to Malta. ed for that place, and the next day May 25.- About four o'clock saw took a small vessel with Cyprus wine ; a sail in the ofling, which we took to from which we took what we wanted, be a Turkish man of-war ; we slipped and sunk the vessel. The Turks we our cables and went after her, and got put to death on board our own ship,-- every thing ready for engaging her. fifteen in number.
When we got within gun-shot of her, May 15.-We got into Cerigo, and we fired a gun and she did the same, found our prize there and another and hoisted her colours : she was a which she had taken ; but we could French frigate, looking out for pirates. not make a prize of her, as she be- They sent their boat on-board to know longed to some Greek merchants. where we fitted-out, and what we were We took all the silk and cotton, and doing ; but our captain would only tell most of the honey, out of our prize, then he was a Russian cruizer, and and, getting ten six pounders from the that his commission was as good as shore, put them on board our prize, their's: when the French captain told with sixty hands, as a tender to go us to mind what we were about, and with us.
stood out to sea; and we into harMay 19.-We sailed for the Arches; bour for our anchors and cables. that same day we saw seven sail, tó May 26.–We sailed in the afterwhich we gave chase, and soon came noon, and fell in with the French up with them. These proved to be frigate again; but she said nothing to prizes to a Russian privateer, bound to us. Trieste, under her own convoy, and all May 30.--Boarded a French ship richly laden.
from Smyrna, bound to Algiers, with May 21.–Anchored in Theans, Turkish passengers on-board. We where they were glad to see us come in, took their goods from them, and le! as a Turkish galley, on the other side them go.
May 31,–Came to an anchor at the in and spoke them. They were Turks: island of Cashio, and plundered it of one had three bales of silk, and nine every thing we could ; besides burning bales of turbans ; in the other was nothe town, and all the vessels in the thing but ballast. place.
June 14.-We took the silk and turJune 2.-Sailed for the island of Nar- bans out, put the people on shore, and ris; which we plundered of silk, and set the vessels on fire. Next morning burnt the Turkish governor's palace, we saw three more vessels at anchor, and and a new frigate on the stocks; besides went in after them. They were Turk killing twenty Turks, that had no time ish ships loading for Alexandria. We to make their escape.
took all the prisoners on board, and June 4.–Spoke a polacca, which burnt their ships. At four o'clock we told us there was a Turkish xebec in put them all to death. Scandaroon, bound to Smyrna, with June 15.–We steered for Castle R, money to pay the soldiers, besides and hoisted Venetian colours. Here coffee and rice; and that she would was a large town, without any appearsail the first fair wind. We now haul-' ance of guns; and, as soon as we came ed up for the north end of Cyprus, within gun-shot, we fired in among the where we knew the xebec must pass. houses, hauled down the Venetian co
June 7.-Saw her, and gave chace; lours, and hoisted Russian. All hands and, at four in the afternoon, got along. went on-shore, and plundered them of side. She engaged us an hour and a every thing they had, besides burning half, and then struck. She had on- one-half of the town, and killing all the board twenty-four guns, and 250 men. Turks who could not get away. As We took all the prisoners on-board, for plunder no one could tell the aand sent the prize to Malta. Our mount, as we took much gold and silship's company was now reduced to ver out of their churches ; such as imasixty-five.
ges and candlesticks. June 8.-At two o'clock we put all June 16.-Went out, and spoke a the prisoners to death. We fell in with French brig from Smyrna, bound to several merchant-vessels of all nations, Marseilles, loaded with wool and hemp. and took out of them as many as madé June 17.-In the morning spoke a our ship's company 115; so that we Venetian polacca, that told us there were ready for a fresh cruize.
were three Turkish ships in AlexanJune 12.–Spoke a Venetian ship, dria, laden with coffee and rice for that came from Jaffa, bound to Con- Constantinople; on which we bore stantinople. She told us there was a away for Rhodes, as they must pass Turkish vessel there, bound for Rhodes, there. loaded with coffee and rice; with twelve June 18.-At day-light we saw five guns, and sixty men on-board. At sail close in with the land, which we four o'clock in the afternoon we were went in after, thinking they were good alongside of her: she engaged us half prizes ; but, to our great misfortune, an hour, and then struck. We took all found them to be Turkish men-of-war, the prisoners on-board, and sent the of fifty guns, of forty-four guns, and prize to Leghorn.
three of forty guns each. They gave us June 13.-We put all the prisoners chace, and at seven the frigate came to death. At six in the afternoon we alongside. The captain wanted to ensaw a sail to leeward ; to which we gage, but the lieutenant would not ungave chace, and soon came up with til the others should be farther astern of her : she was a Greek ship laden with us. In the mean time, the frigate kept wood for the Turks. We took the continually firing at us. At half past men out of her, and set her on fire; ten we hauled down the French coand then we steered for Syria. We lours and engaged her; and shot away had not sailed above three leagues be- her fore-topsail yard. She then tried fore the man at the mast-head saw two to go down to the others; but, before vessels at anchor, and our tender went she had got from under our guns, we
26 ATHENEUM VOL. 14.