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• They have lately discovered here their complete success ; and may we a circular basso-relievo in a private not hope that two of our greatest geohouse, covered with grease and dirt. graphical desiderata in the nerthern It has been cleaned and carried to the aid southern hemispheres will ere long, Gallery, and I think bears strong, be supplied by means of the intellialmost indisputable, marks of M. An- gence and enterprise of Englishmen. gelo's vigorous fist. It is a companion, in size and execution, (for it is un- ACTION OF FLOWERS ON AIR. finished,) to the one Vicar had, and Some interesting experiments have which Sir G. Beaumont bought in been lately performed on this subject Rome. I don't know what to call it; by Saussure. The flowers even of but the group consists of a woman and aquatic vegetables do not develope two children, one of whom appears to themselves in media deprived of oxybe learning to read, and a very wry gen gas ; they require for their support face the urchin is making." --- a greater proportion of this than the
other parts of the plant. Some flowMISSION TO THE INTERIOR OF AFRICA, ers, as roses, preserve their corolla for
TO DISCOVER THE NIGER'S COURSE. a shorter time in air than in vacuo, or
We have the greatest satisfaction in in azote ; but when removed, their petannouncing that our three enterprising als exhale an offensive odour, so that countrymen, Dr. Oudenoy, Major Den- though apparently in full vigour, they ham and Lieutenant Clapperton, who have actually undergone decay. When left London on the above interests a flower is placed under a receiver full ing and hazardous expedition, under of air confined by mercury, the volume the authority of government, in 1821. of air is very little if at all altered. arrived in Bornou in February last, and Oxygen is however absorbed, which is were exceedingly well received by the replaced by its own volume of carbonsultan of that kingdom. It may be ic acid. Saussure has not been able recollected that the Doctor, an eminent to detect any hydrogen in the air in professor from one of the Scotch uni- which the plants were confined, nor versities, was to remain at Bornou as does there seem to be any alteration in British vice-consul, and that the others the volume of nitrogen. The followwould thence pursue their inquiries as ing are a few of the results of his experito the course of this long-sought river: ments with respect to the difference in but it is obvious that the plans and in the quantity of oxygen consumed by the structions laid down at home for the flowers and by the leaves. The experprosecution of objects where our local iments were performed in summer and knowledge is so extremely imperfect, in the shade, and only when the flowmust be liable to many alterations, and ers were fully developed. that much, very much, must be left to
Flowers. consumed consumed the discretion of the travellers them
by flowers. by leaves. selves, and be governed by the circum
Single gilliflower ...... 11 .......4 stances in which they are placed.
Passiflora serratifolia ... 18-5...... 8-5
White lily.,...........5....... 2-5 These gentlemen have, however,
Carrot (umbels of) ...... 8-8......7-5 given the most convincing proofs of
Single tuberose ........9.......3 their undiminished ardour in the service, as well as their fitness for the un
GIBSON, THE SCULPTOR. dertaking, in their having performed Our countryman, Mr. John Gibtheir journey over deserts fifteen or son, who now ranks among the distinsixteen days in length, into the very guished sculptors at Rome, is sought centre of the continent of Africa, almost after by the great patrons of Art, both without complaining of a single hard- English and foreign, and has full emship, though they have all at different ployment for bis admirable talent. times suffered severely from the rigours This young man, who is recommenof the climate.
ded no less by his modest and unassuWe think, therefore, the most san- ming manners than by his genius and guine expectations may be formed of enthusiasm for his Art, was originally
enabled to study in Italy by the friend- wards of four tons. This frame is open be-
cular windows made of very thick glass, men of taste at Liverpool, and of Mr.
such as is sometimes seen used on-board of Watson Taylor--to them he owed bis ships. These windows are so cemented or introduction to Canova, and he perfec puttied in, that not a bubble of water can tod his stule under the eve of that great penetrate ; and when the sea is clear, and ted his style under the eye of that great
particularly when the sun is shining, the master.
workmen are enabled to carry on their Mr. Gibson thus expresses himself
operations without the aid of candles. In in a recent letter to a friend in Lon- the inside of the bell are seats for the workdon:
men with pegs to hang their tools on, and "I continue to feel delighted in Rome,
attached to it is a strong double air-pump, more so than I can express by words, and
which is a great improvement on the oldam on the best terms of friendship with
fashioned plan of sinking barrels filled with sculptors from all parts of Europe, who are
air. From this pump issues a thick leathern here, all contending for glory. What an
tube, which is closely fitted into the bell,
and the length of which can easily be proadvantage to see the productions of so
portioned to the depth of water. The bell many men of genius, and to have their re
is suspended from a very long crane, the marks upon what I do myself!--for I al.
shaft of which is sunk to the very keel of ways sulicit their advice. Only poetical
a vessel fitted up for the purpose, and subjects are admired in Rome, and it is the fashion to purchase such. It is a taste for
which is, in fact, a necessary part of the these that has raised the Art to its present
diving apparatus. On the deck of this veshigh pitch at Rome, and to this may be at.
sel is placed an air-pump, worked by four tributed the dignity and beauty of Canova
men, with an additional hand to watch the and Thorwalsen. I thauk God for every
signals. When about to commence operamorniog that opens my eyes in Roine.
tions, the sloop is moved to the outside of "I am giving the last finish to the group
the breakwater, the air-pump put in mo.
tion, and the crane worked. From its of Mars and Cupid, for the Duke of Devon
weight and shape, the machine must dip shire. My group of Psyche carried off by Zephyrs, for Sir Geo. Beaumont, is in a
perpendicularly; while the volume of air forward state. I am making a statue of
within enables the workmen to breathe, and Cupid in marble for Sir Watkin Williams
keeps out the water. Two or three men Wynne, and a sleeping Shepherd for Lord
work with perfect case and safety 20, 25, George Cavendish. Lately I received an
and sometimes 30, feet below water. With order from a German Nobleman, Count
picks, hammers, jumpers, gunpowder, the Scbönbrunn, to execute a Nymph for him,
most rugged surface is made even; and in marble.
not only a bed prepared for the huge mass“I consider myself particularly fortun
es of stone which are afterwards let down, ate in having this opportunity to execute
but the blocks themselves strongly bound Poetical subjects in marble--they are what
together with iron and cement. I delight and glory in. I would much rather leave behind me a few fine works than a
SAVAGE MANNERS. splendid fortune.”
The following pathetic instance of female
devotion to a beloved object is found in the THE GREEK CAUSE.
just-published Voyage to New Zealand, by The Greek Committee in London having Capt. CRUISE :--A soldier, in a drunken seot Mr. Blaquiere to examine and report quarrel, mortally wounded a seaman naon the state of that country, he lately re
med Aldridge. A native girl, the daughter turned, and a report has been published of a chief, had lived for some months with which does honour to his head, his heart,
the former, and it appearing prudent to reand his principles. The modern Greeks move her from the ship, she complied with appear to be worthy of thrir renowned an
the order with much reluctance. From the cestors, and, although maintaining an une.
time the unfortunate man had been put in qual contest, have nearly, if not entirely,
confinement till the present moment, she delivered their country. If the unprinci.
had scarcely left his side,or ceased to weep; pled Jews of Londou should not negociate
and having been told that he must inevitaa loan to the Po..., its resources in men
bly be hanged, she purchased some flax and money seem exhausted ; and, if Russia from the natives alongside, and, making a does not interfere, the firm establishment of
rope of it, declared that if such should be a Greek Republic seems inevitable.
his fate, she would put a similar termination to her existence. Though turned away from
the ship, she remained alongside in a canoe IMPROVED DIVING-BELL.
from sunrise to sunset, and no remonstranA new diving-bell, or improved instru. ces or presents could induce her to go away. ment, is now in use in making a new pier When the vessel went to the Bay of Islands, at Port Patrick. It is a square cast metal she followed overland, and again took up frame, about eight feet high, twenty-two her station near that part of the vessel feet in circuinference, and weighing up- where her protector was imprisoned, and
remained there during the most desperate which his acute and calculating mind enaweather, resuming her daily lamentation for bled him to take the best advantage. His his anticipated fate until we finally sailed. Success and his knowledge of the funding
system gave currency to his first publica
tions, and when he subsequently entered the CASE OF INSANITY OCCASIONED BY
legislature, his opinions on these subjects INTEMPERANCE.
were listened to by all parties, and particuThe circumstance of life presents nothing larly by those whose thinking powers lead more miserable in prospect or painful in re- them to attach great mystery to questions ality, than the surviving of the body after of political economy. Mr Ricardo was, the departure of the intellect.
doubtless, a sensible, plausible, honest, and In this particular it is especially provi.
experienced man; but unfortunately he dential that blindness to the future is given
was a mere calculator, and one of those to inan; for how could an individual live
economists whose reasonings would be ad. and enjoy lile under the dreadful anticipa. mirable if applied to timber and stones, but tion tbat he sirould ere long crawl upon the which are mischievous when applied to sensurface of the earth-the semblance rather sitive beings, and to a state of society altothan the substance of a living being,--a gether artiocial. His favourite maxim was borthen, if not to himseit, at least to those to suffer every thing to find its own level, near to and about him.
in a country where monopoly of every hiad Some degree of apprehension in refer- are upheld by law, and where he himself ence to this result may, however, occasion was protected in the enjoyment of a million ally prove salutary in causing is to shun sterling, while hundreds of industrious men those courses which naturally, if not neces. were destitute of a weck's capital, within a sarily, leail to it. .
mile of his palace. Such being his primary Ascene has but a few hours since passed axioni, and such his narrow application of before the observation of the present writer it, his theories were mischievous; yet, as calculated to give thought to the thought they tended to support the strong against less, and to prove of more preventive eslica- the weak, they were highly popular among CV than precept upon precept from the the aristocracy of both Houses. He was moralist, or denunciation after denunciation
ration in consequence listened to with attention,
in consequence liste from the preacher--a scene to do justice to and his voice and manner being inobtruwhich would defy the picturesque force of sive, while he treated of abstractions beyond even Irving's phraseology and inauner--a the comprehension of the bulk of his audi. scene which it were desirable should be tory, so his conclusions often had more witnessed by all the disciples of that delu. weight than they deserved. Nevertheless, sive creed, “a short life and a merry ope," he was a man of liberal principies, and for those suicidal attempts at abridging generally voted on the side of liberty and existence which the sensualist avowedly reformn ; zealously aided Mr. Hume in remakes often fail of their full effect, and in. gard to many of those economical questions stead of couducting their yictim at once to which that gentleman has agitated. In a the silence and repose of the grave, either word, he was a patriotic and useful man, open upon him a sad and fearless purgato- without being a philanthropist ; and we ry of powerless regret, or entomb his soul confess, that we regard benevolence is a in the dust of his body a long, long tiine statesman to be as cardinal a virtue, as before the latter goes to its native dust of charity in a Christan ; insomuch that, the earth. Oh! if any thing could stay the without a predominance of this quality, all hand of nad intemperance, it would be the others are equivocal and dangerous. He wassing of hours or days with the semi-vi- ' bas left a large family, and some of his tal haif-conscious thing which intempcrapce brothers enjoy much credit in the money. has made.
market.-Mon. Mag. Oct. BOOK-BINDING MACHINE.
BIRTHS. A Mr. Backhouse, of Wells, has lately At Ball Green, Halifas, the wife of w. invented a machine for bcating books, by Whitbread, of twins, for the 3d time : she which as inany may be beaten in one day as has also had a triple birth, making at four would take two men a week in the ordinary births, nine children. way. This method is perforined with the Near Chippenham, the lady of W. Awdry, greatest ease.
esq., of two fine boys ; the 4th birth of twins DAVID RICARDO, THE JEW. in that small parish within 3 months. Died, at Gatcombe Park, Gloucestershire, David Ricardo, esq. M.P. for Portarlington,
LITERARY NEWS. a gentleman who, at the Stock Exchange, in The Foresters, by the author of Lights the House of Commons, and as a public and Shadows, and of Margaret Lindsay, is writer on political economy, had acquired among the announcements of forthcomings, considerable celebrity and influence. He The author of the " Peerage and Barwas born of Jewish parents, but had become onetage Charts," " the Secretary's Assisa proselyte to the Christian religion. Ilis tant,"' &c. is preparing a Dictionary of Eng accumulaiion of wealth and his distinction lish Quotations, in three parts Part the in life, arose from his connection with the First, containing Quotations from Shaks. fans of the late wars against France, of peare, will appear in a few days.
BOSTON, FEBRUARY 1, 1824.
COTEMPORARY BIOGRAPHY.-BERNARD BARTON, THE QUAKER POET.
(Time's Telescope, for 1821.) . I LIKE the parish beadle, only in a . respondents and well-wishers, and we
* more pleasant form, though it does consider it as no small honour to have remind us that our years are passing had such an avant-courier for our anrapidly away, and that the life of man nuai volume in the preliminary Ode is a span, Time's Telescope calls upon with which he has kindly favoured us us regularly about Christmas ; and is for the last and present year. It does really so meritorious that we cannot not always happen, unfortunately, that refuse it the meed of a willing gift, an intimate acquaintance with the auunfeigned praise. From among the thor is calculated to increase our admioriginal productions we select, as a ration of his writings ; in the present specimen, a brief but interesting bio- case, however, we can safely assert that graphical sketch of a Bard, to whom the pleasure we have derived from the the periodical press of the Season is perusal of Mr. Barton's poetry has been largely and deeply indebted for some of enhanced by what we have heard of his its most comely ornaments ; and who amiable private character, and of many has raised a still more lasting reputation circumstances of his life which are unby his separate works, all of which known to the mass of his readers. unite the best feelings of our nature with Anxious that our friends may particisentiments of the purest morality and pate, with us, in this pleasure, we shall virtue. The 31st of January is noted lay before them some particulars of our by the Telescope, looking back upon Quaker poet, which cannot fail to gratthe year 1784, as the birth-day of Ber- ify a rational curiosity, and must, we nard Barton ; and, allowing for a few think, excite a strong interest in favour reductions and alterations, made agree- of the moral bard of Woodbridge. Of ably to our own taste, the following is the authenticity of the materials our the substance of its account of that pop- readers may be perfectly satisfied, as ular writer :
they are furnished by one who is well “ We have great pleasure in present- acquainted with Mr. Barton. ing to our readers • some account of “Bernard BARTON was born in the the QUAKER POET, whose elegant and vicinity of London ; his father was in interesting productions have afforded so trade in the metropolis, whither he had • much gratification to every reader of come from his native place, Carlisle.
pure taste and right feelings. It is a The subject of this memoir had the source of gratification to us to be able misfortune to lose his mother one month to reckon Mr. Barton among our cor- after his birth. His father died before
12 ATHENEUM VOL. 14.
Mr. Barton was seven years old ; but by subscription, a volume of Poems his second marriage, which took place by an Amateur. Encouraged by the a few months before his death, provided very flattering manner in which these an excellent parent for his children : to impressions of his poems were received her, and to his two sisters, several years by his friends, he at last ventured to older than himself, our author owed in- publish, in a small volume, · Poems by finite obligations. His education at Bernard Barton,' which was very faone of the Quaker seminaries was, of vourably noticed by the Literary Jourcourse, plain and circumscribed, being nals, and being afterwards made still pretty much confined to useful, indeed more known by an article in the Edinnecessary branches of knowledge. But burgh Review, has now reached a third his father had been a man of greater edition. Little more than a year ago natural and more cultivated intellect he published • Napoleon, and other than many; he had read much, and Poems, of which there have been nuon the abolition of Slavery, in which he merous flattering notices in the critical was one of Clarkson's early associates, journals. he had, on several occasions, proved " Such has been the literary career that he could write well, though, we of Bernard Barton. If it have not left believe, he was never avowedly an au- behind it the brilliant track of other pothor. He had left no despicable col- etical comets, it has been less erratic in lection of books, so that in his school its course ; and his Parnassian vespers vacations ample means were afforded may be said to possess all the mild and to his son of indulging his taste for soothing beauties of the Evening Star. reading.....
If his Muse have not always reached * In the year 1806, Mr. Barton took the sun-ward path of the soaring eagle, up his residence in the pleasant town of it is no extravagant praise to say that Woodbridge, in Suffolk, and commenc- she has often emulated the sublimity of ed business as a merchant : but an his aërial flight. But the great charm unlooked-for domestic affliction of the thrown around the effusions of the Sufseverest kind was about to visit him, folk bard is tható lucid veil of morality and his worldly prospects were to re- and religion which covers but not ceive an irrecoverable shock,--the loss conceals' that' silver net-work' through of his amiable wife, before they had which shine his poetic apples of been married a twelvemonth, and soon gold. after the birth of her child. This ex- “ We must conclude our notice of the " cellent woman, to whom our poet was bard of Woodbridge : it has occupied for so short a time united, gave rise to more space than we usually allot to arsome of his best pieces.--. This mourn- ticles of this nature, but the interest and ful event, combined with discouraging novelty of the theme must plead our prospects of a mercantile nature, indu- excuse. Should this brief account exced our author to retire from commer- cite the curiosity of our readers to becial pursuits on his own behalf ; and in come better acquainted with the poet, 1810 he obtained a situation as a clerk we refer them to the whole-length porin the Woodbridge Bank, which he still trait painted by himself, and contained holds.
in every page of his · Poems.'” “ Soon after Mr. Barton had entered To this tribute we cordially unite our upon his present situation, he began concurrence. Mr. Barton, as an amia' to commit the sin of rhyme,' and a ble person and a sweet writer, deserves new provincial paper being established all the encouragement he has received, about this time, it became the vehicle of and all the praises which have been his eflusions : by degrees he became bestowed upon him. And, if this be bold enough to send a short piece now true as referring to disinterested sources, and then to a London paper, and at he certainly merited no less from a publast, in 1812, ventured on an anony- lication to which he has contributed the mous volume entitled "Metrical Effu- annexed introductory Poem, entitled sions. In 1818, Mr. Barton printed, Flowers.'