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olution, and no wars of succession; more liberty amongst us than any since, by the grace of Bud, we have a where else. As the excess of populaking who never dies, and whose bonzes tion might embarrass our paternal govexercise their power in the most pater- ernment, we are at liberty to expose nal way imaginable, provided we pour our children on the banks of the river. exactly four-Ôfths of our revenues into Our women have strong passions; and the treasure of the ministerial convent; as the sedentary life to which the laws provided we enroll all our male child- and the care of our honour confine them ren, at the age of sixteen, in the stand. would not suit them very well we are at ing army, which the reigning bonzes full liberty to bind up the feet of our keep up on the frontiers of Mogul and daughters in their infancy, so as to renChina; provided we receive with the der them useless when they arrive at an profoundest respect, and swear to die age in which they might abuse them. in defence of the Pouch, when, the Our great king Fo-Hi has defined libgrand Lama vouchsafes to decorate us erty to be order joined with politeness, with it; provided we work three days and this in truth is the great distinction in each week for the advantage of the of the Chinese. What stranger is not immortal, that is to say, for five hun- struck with admiration when he travdred priests with long beards, who erses the streets and markets of Canton represent him; provided we eat the and Pekin, in the midst of an immense flesh of no ruminating animal, and that crowd, arranged in two files, each we visit, three times a day, the grand marching steadily along in contrary pagoda; provided we do all these directions, without any noise or confuthings, we are free as air, and certain sion to disturb their course. If, by after death of passing into the body of chance, any hair-brained fellow dea cow, or at least into that of a she-goat.” range this beautiful procession, the po
“What liberty !' cried an inhabi- lice-mandarin, accompanied by two tant of the north of Europe, · Tell me executioners, is always at hand to adof that which we enjoy on the banks minister justice. Brought before this of the Spree. Putting on our uniform ambulatory judge, who squats himself the moment we get rid of our swad. down in the street on a cushion which dling-clothes, we beat all the world in is carried behind him, the delinquent our military evolutions. Recently our is stripped to his waist, and receives on youth, somewhat too strongly tinctured the shoulders so many half-scores of with the prejudices of the schools, fool- blows of the chambone as the magisishly supposed that there could be some trate raises fingers during the operaother industry besides that of handling tion. The patient dresses himself a musket,-some other liberty than again, bows to the chambone-bearer, that of killing or being killed, in order kisses the mandarin's hand, and withto transform an electorate into a king. draws. All this passes, on both sides, dom; and that, aster all, mankind with a politeness and tranquillity which could bave some other destination on cannot be too much admired.' earth than that of marching in step, Silence! vile slave!' exclaimed and charging in quick time; but happi- a Mahratta, as he brandished his assaly this beardless insurrection had no gay; is it for you, a people conquerlasting effect, and we remain, as before, ed by some hordes of Tartars, who the freest, that is, the best disciplined can defend yourselves only by building pation in Europe.
· massy walls, and who are ruled by a 6.If by liberty you mean passive bastinado, is it for you to raise your obedience,' interrupted a Chinese, we voices when liberty is the theme? ought, it strikes me, to proclaim our. They alone are free who choose their selves the freest people on earth. own leaders, who make their neighConfucius has said that there is no bours tremble, who know no laws but freedom where there are no laws. those of nature, strength, and courage. Now, as we have more laws than all Freemen are the most daring pirates, other nations together, and mandarins and the best knights in the world ; and without number to put them into exe- such are the Mahrattas. True, our cution, it is clear that there must be Peishwa has the right of life and death
over the whole nation : but that most of a creditor, to whom he may prove, excellent prince never uses it, and has when he gets out, that he owes oply always been content to hire out a part three-I shall, perhaps, be asked a of his subjects at the price of a rupee per thousand questions of this nature : inhead, to our friends the English, who pre- stead of answering them, I shall say, tend to be still more free than we are.' that we Englishmen are free to knock
6. Since this class of beings, cried out the brains of a ministerial candithe European islander, with a smile of date, to box in the street with a peer of disdain, has had the insolence to the realm, to sell our wives at market, name the English people, when speak- and to break the windows of the King's ing of our stipendiaries on the Persian coach when he goes down to Parlia. Gulf, I will take the trouble to show ment.' that not only is there no liberty except « After this discourse from the rein the United Kingdom, but that there presentative of the majesty of the Britcannot be any elsewhere, because such ish people, I thought myself called upis our sovereign will and pleasure. No on to say a few words. I hope," said one will deny, I suspect, that modern 1, raising my voice, that this gentlefreedom had its birıb in our island, and man will not be offended when I asthat the title of majesty of the people, sert, that if liberty be in fact the fruit given by lord Chatham, is the result of of the highest civilization, of the oldest our sovereignty, proclaimed by the recollections, and of the proudest glovoice of Victory, from one end of the ry that any nation ever vet attained, world to the other. If indeed we have then France ought to be accounted its Jest to our chief the name of King, classic soil. It was the spirit of liberwhich was so offensive to the Romans, ty which presided there a thousand we have managed to restrain his pow. years ago, over the confederation of the er by those laws of which he is the Gaulish Republics, and which consefirst subject. We live under the em- crated the stone of the oath, around pire of a representative government, which their deputies assembled. It whose strength consists in the wise was liberty which presided over the balance of the three powers which con- meetings of the Champs de Mai, and stitute it ; and we enjoy with too just which raised on bigb the great shield a pride the freedom we have conquer- on which the bravest was borne, coned, to suffer any other nation to partici- sensu populi. For some centuries the pate in the blessing. Perhaps there feudal system had exiled it from the will be objected to me facts which belie soil of France, but philosophy and vicevery day the rights of which we are so tory brought back freedom to their proud. I shall be asked, what the lib. country. She reigns there under the erty of that country is, where two or sway of a constitutional chart, where three families have made themselves the duties of the prince are marked out, masters of the government, wbich con- and where his rights and those of the centers all the prejudices and all the people are guaranteed. With us all abuses of aristocarcy ? - where the soy- all men are perfectly equal in the eye ereignty of the people are confined to of the law ; taxes are equally divided, the saturnalia of the hustings,- where ministers are responsible, the judiciary the citizen, who is taking his walk on power is independent, the judges are the banks of the Thames, may be press- unremovable, and every citizen who ed by a parcel of drunken sailors, and loves his country, and who contributes at the orders of a subaltern agent of the to its prosperity by his industry and Admiralty, put on board a vessel, his talent, and who confers honour on it which transports him to the other end by his virtue, lives happy, free, and is of the world, to the tune of Rule under the protection of the laws. At Britannia!' I shall be asked what lib. these words, a loud laugh burst from erty is in a country, where the law of all corners of my cell-all my guests habeas corpus does not prevent a man vanished, and their voices repeated, as from being thrown into prison for a they died away in the air, He is in debt of five shillings, at the first request Sainte-Pélagie.!"
HEAD OF MEMNON. TT is well known, that there were two pose upon his readers, declares that he
statues of Memnon: a smaller one, stood beside the statue, and heard the commonly called the young Memnon, sounds which proceeded from it :whose bust, by the skill and persever- “ Standing," he says, “ with Elius ance of Belzoni, has been safely depos- Gallus, and a party of friends, examinited in the British Museum ; and a ing the colossus, we heard a certain larger and more celebrated one, from sound, without being able to determine which, when touched by the rays of whether it proceeded from the statue itthe morning sun, harmonious sounds self, or its base; or whether it had been were reported to have issued. Cam- occasioned by any of the assistants, for I byses, suspecting that the music pro- would rather believe any thing than imceeded from magic, ordered this statue agine that stones,arranged in any particto be broken up, from the head to the ular manner, could elicit similar noises.' middle of the body; and its prodigious P ausanias, in his Egyptian travels, fragments now lie buried amid the saw the ruins of the statue, after it had ruins of the Memnonium.-Strabo, been demolished by Cambyses, when who states himself to have been a wit- the pedestal of the colossus remained ness of the miracle, attributes it either standing ; the rest of the body, prosto the quality of the stone, or to some trated upon the ground, still continued deception of the priests ; while Pau. at sun-rise, to emit its unaccountable sanias suspects that some musical in- melody. Pliny and Tacitus, without strument was concealed within, whose having been eye-witnesses, report the strings, relaxed by the moisture of the same fact; and Lucian informs us, that night resumed their tension from the Demetrius went to Egypt for the sole heat of the sun, and broke with a sono. purpose of seeing the Pyramids, and rous sound. Ancient writers vary so the statue of Memnon, froin which a much, not only as to the cause of this voice always issued at sun-rise. What mysterious music, but even as to the the same author adds, in bis Dialogue existence of the fact itself, that we of the False Prophet, appears to be should hardly know what to believe, only raillery : “When (he writes) I were it not for the authority of Strabo, went in my youth to Egypt, I was anx. a grave geographer, and an eye-witness ious to witness the miracle attributed to who, without any apparent wish to im- Memnon's statue, and I heard this
sound, not like others who distinguish covery; and I must confess, that I felt only a vain noise ; but Memnon him. a slight inclination to quicken my steps self uttered an oracle, which I could to the door. Shame, however, witbrelate, if I thought it worth while."— held me;-and as I made a point of Most of the moderns affect to discredit proving to myself, that I was superior this relation altogether, but I cannot to such childish impressions, I resumed enroll myself among them; for if prop- my seat, and examined my sketch, erties, even more marvellous, can be with an affectation of nonchalance. proved to exist in the head of the young On again looking up to the Bust, it apMemnon, it would be pushing scepti- peared to me that an air of living anicism too far, to deny that there was any mation had spread over its Nubian leathing supernatural in the larger and tures, which had obviously arranged more celebrate statue. Unless I have themselves into a smile. Belzoni says been grossly deceived by imagination, that it seemed to smile on him, whea I have good grounds for maintaining, he first discovered it amid the ruins ; that the Head, now in the British Mu- and I was endeavouring to persuade seurn, is endued with qualities quite as myself, that I had been deceived by the inexplicable as any that have been at- recollection of this assertion, when I tributed to its more enormous name. saw its broad granite eyelids slosly sake. I had taken my seat before it descend over its eyes, and again delibyesterday afternoon, for the purpose erately list themselves up, as if the Giof drawing a sketch, occasionally lost ant were striving to awaken himself in reveries upon the vicissitudes of fate from his long sleep!-I rubbed my own this mighty nionument had experience eyes, and, again fixing them, with a ed, until I became unconscious of the sort of desperate incredulity, upon the lapse of time, and, just as the shades of figure before me, I clearly bebeld its evening began to gather round the lips moving in silence, as if making room, I discovered that every visitor faint efforts to speak,-and, after serehad retired, and that I was left quite ral ineffectual endeavours, a low whisalone with the gigantic Head! There pering voice, of melancholy tone, but was something awful, if not alarming, sweet withal, distinctly uttered the fol. in the first surprise excited by this dis- lowing
In Egypt's centre, when the world was young,
My statue soar'd aloft,-a mau-shaped tower,
And built by Apis' and Osiris' power.
When the sun's infant eye more brightly blazed,
I mark'd the labours of unwearied time;
Stupendous temples, obelisks sublime.
Hewn from the rooted rock, some mightier mound,
Sonie new colossus more enormous springs,
I thought them, like myself, eternal things.
Then did I mark in sacerdotal state,
Psammis the king, whose alabaster tomb, (Such the inscrutable decrees of fate,)
Now floats athwart the sea to share my doom.
O Thebes, I cried, thou wonder of the world !
Still shalt thou soar, its everlasting boast ;
And fierce Cambyses led th' invading host.
A thousand banner'd sups at once appear ;
And faint barbaric music met mine ear.
Onward they march, and foremost I descried
A cuirass'd Grecian band, in phalanx dense, Around them throng'd in oriental pride,
Commingled tribes—a wild inagnificence.
Dogs, cats, and monkeys in their van they show,
Which Egypt's children worship and obey ;
And fall- a pious, unresisting prey.
Palaces, temples, cities are o'ertbrown;
And shuddering Egypt heaved a general groap. The firm Memnonium mock'd their feeble power,
Flames round its granite columns hiss'd in vain, The head of Isis frowning o'er each tower,
Look'd down with indestructible disdain. Mine was a deeper and more quick disgrace :
Beneath my shade a wondering army flock'd, With force combined, they wrench'd me from my base,
And earth beneath the dread concussion rock'd.
Nile from his banks receded with affright,
The startled Spbiox, long trembled at the sound; While from each pyramid's astounded beight,
The loosen'd stones slid rattling to the ground. I watch'd, as in the dust supine I lay,
The fall of Thebes,- as I had mark'd its fame, Till crumbling down, as ages roll'd away,
Its site a lonely wilderness becaipe.
The throngs that choak'd its bundred gates of yore;
Its fleets, its armies, were no longer seen ;
All-all were gone-as if they ne'er had been.
Aod time-worn fragment thunder'd to its base ; Whose sullen echoes, o'er the desert cast,
Died in the distant solitudes of space.
Or haply in the palaces of kings,
Some stray jackal sate howling on the throne : Or, on the temple's holiest altar, springs
Some gaunt hyæna, laughing all alone. Nature o'erwhelms the relics left by time ;
By slow degrees entombing all the land; She buries every monument sublime,
Beneath a mighty winding-sheet of sand. Vain is each monarch's unremitting pains,
Who in the rock his place of burial delves ; Behold! their proudest palaces and fanes,
Are subterraneous sepulchres themselves.
Twenty-three centuries unmoved I lay,
And saw the tide of sand around me rise ; Quickly it threaten'd to engulf its prey,
And close in everlasting night mine eyes. Snatch'd in this crisis from my yawning grave,
Belzoni rollid me to the banks of Nile, And slowly heaving o'er the western wave,
This massy fragment reach'd the imperial isle. In London, now with face erect I gaze
On England's pallid sons, whose eyes up-cast,