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there are always a great number of cially if they had any extraordinary fapeople to be touched. As soon as he miliarity with him; but he took nothwas a little recovered, he began to in- ing from them, only commanded them quire who they were who held him by to their posts or country-seats : but force from going to the window; and this lasted not long, for he died a while having an account of their names, aster. He did many odd things, which he banished them the court, took away made some believe his senses were a their employments from some of them, little impaired; but they knew not his and never saw them again. From humours. As to his jealousy, all some, as Monsieur de Segre, Gilbert de princes are prone to it, especially those Grassy Lord of Champeroux, he took who are wise, have many enemies, and away nothing, but banished them from have oppressed many people, as our his presence. Many wondered at his master had done. Besides, he found fancy; condemned his proceedings, he was not beloved by the nobility of and affirmed they had done what in the kingdom, nor many of the comtheir opinion they thought for the best, mons; for he had taxed them more and that they were in the right; but than any of his predecessors, though the imagination of princes are different, he now had some thoughts of easing and all those who undertake to give an them, as I said before ; but he should account of them have not judgment have begun sooner.” enough to distinguish them. He was The simplicity and soundness of jealous of nothing so much as the loss some of these remarks seem curious in of his regal authority, which was then our times ; but after all, De Comines very great ; and he would not suffer was an honest courtier. The followbis commands to he disobeyed in the ing illustrate the Novel most trivial point. On the other hand, 66 Among men renowned for devotion he remembered that his father, King and sanctity of life, he sent into CalaCharles, in the last fit of which he bria for one friar Robert, whom, for died, took a fancy that his courtiers the holiness and purity of conversation, had a mind to poison him, to make the king called the Holy Man,' and way for his son ; and it made so deep in honour to him our present king erectan impression upon him, that he refus- ed a monastery at Plessis-du-Parc, in ed to eat, and by the advice of his phy- compensation for the chapel near Plessicians, and all the chief of his favour. sis at the end of the bridge. This herites, it was concluded he should be mit, at the age of twelve years, was put forced ; and so after a great delibera- into a hole in a rock, where he lived tion they forced victuals down his three and forty years and upwards, throat, upon which violence he died. till the king sent for him by the stew. King Louis having always condemned ard of his household, in the company that way of proceeding, took it very of the Prince of Tarento, the King of heinously that they should use any Naples' son. But this hermit would violence with him, and yet he pretend- not stir without leave from his holi. ed to be more angry than he was; for ness, and from his king, which was the great matter that moved him was great discretion in a man so inexperian apprehension that they would gov- enced in the affairs of the world as he ern him in everything else, and pre- was. He built two churches in the tend he was unfit for the administration place where he lived; he never eat of public affairs, by reason of the imbe- flesh, fish, eggs, milk, or any thing cility of his senses. -...

that was fat, since he undertook that After this, “ The king returned to austerity of life ; and true I never saw Tours, and kept himself so close, that any man living so holy, nor out of very few were admitted to see him ; whose mouth the Holy Ghost did more for he was grown jealous of all his manifestly speak ; for he was illiterate, courtiers, and afraid they would either and no scholar, and only had his Italdepose, or deprive him of some part of jan tongue, with which he made himhis regal authority. He reinoved from self so much admired. This hermit about him all his old favourites, espe- passed through Naples, where he was respected, and visited (with as much his clothes were now richer and more pomp and ceremony, as if he had been magnificent than they had ever been the Pope's legate) both by the King of before; his gowns were all of crimson Naples and his children, with whom he satin, lined with rich marten's furs, of conversed as if he bad been all the wbich he gave to several, without bedays of his life a courtier. From ing demanded; for no person durst ask thence he went to Rome, where he a favour, or scarce speak to him of any was visited by the cardinals, bad audi. thing. He inflicted very severe punence three times of the Pope, and was ishments for fear of losing his authori. every time alone with him three or ty, as he told me himself. He removfour hours; sitting always in a rich ed officers, disbanded soldiers, rechair placed on purpose for him, trenched pensions, and sometimes took (which was great honour for a person in them away quite; so that, as he told his private capacity,) and answering so me not many days before his death, he discreetly to every thing that was ask- passed away his time in making and ed him, that every body was extremely ruining men, which he did in order to astonished at it, and his holiness grant- be talked of more than any of bis preed bim leave to erect a new order, decessors, and that his subjects might called the Hermits of St. Francis. take notice he was not yet dead; for From Rome he came to our king, who few were admitted into his presence, paid him the same adoration as be (as I said before,) and when they heard would have done to the Pope himself, of his vagaries, nobody could easily befalling down upon his knees before lieve he was sick. He had agents in him, and begging him to prolong his all foreign courts. In England, their life: He replied as a prudent man business was to carry on the treaty of ought. I have heard him often in dis- marriage, and pay King Edward and course with the king that now is, in the his ministers of state their pensions vepresence of all the nobility of the king- ry punctually. In Spain, their instrucdom; and that not above two months tions were to amuse that court with ago, and it seemed to me, whatever he fair words, and to distribute presents said or remonstrated, was done by in- as they found it necessary for the adspiration ; or else it was impossible for vancement of his affairs. In remoter him to have spoken of some things countries, where he had no mind his he discoursed of. He is still living, indisposition should be known, he and may grow either better or worse, caused fine horses or mules to be and therefore I will say nothing. bought at any rate whatever ; but tbis There were some of the courtiers that was not in France. He bad a mighty made a jest of the king's sending for curiosity for dogs, and sent into foreign this hermit, and called him the Holy countries for them; into Spain for ope Man, by way of banter; but they knew sort; into Bretagne for another; to not the thoughts of that wise king, and Valencia for a third ; and bought them had not seen what it was that induced dearer than the people asked. He sent hini to do it.

into Sicily to buy a mule of a private “Our king was at Plessis, with little officer in that country, and paid bim company but his archers, and the jeal- double the value. At Naples, he ousies mentioned before, against which caused all the horses and strange he had carefully provided; for he left creatures to be bought up that could be no person, of whom he had any suspi- found, and a sort of lions in Barbary cion, either in town or country; but no bigger than a fox, which he called he sent bis archers not only to warn, Adits. He sent into Sweden and but to conduct them away. No busic Denmark for two sorts of beasts those ness was communicated to him but countries afforded; one of them called what was of great importance, and an elk, of the shape of a stag, and the highly concerned him. To look upon bigness of a buffalo, with short and bim, one would have thought him rath- thick horns; the other, called Rener a dead than a living man. He was giers of the shape and colour of a fallow grown so lean, it was scarce credible: deer, but their heads much larger; for

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each of which he gave the merchants things, dedicated only to devotion,
four thousand five hundred Dutch flo- were employed for the lengthening of.
rins. Yet, when all these rarities were his life, as well as things temporal and
brought to bim, he never valued them, secular.* But all endeavours to pro-
and many times would not so much as long his life proved ineffectual ; his
see the persons who brought them to time was come, and he must follow his
court. In short, he behaved himself predecessors. -...
after so strange and tyrannical a man- “He was still attended by his phy-
ner, that he was more formidable, sician, Doctor James Coctier, to whom
both to his neighbours and subjects, in five months' time he had given fifty-
than he had ever been before ; and in- four thousand crowns, in ready money,
deed that was his design, and the mo- besides the bishopric of Amiens for his
tive which induced bim to act so unac- nephew, and other great offices and es-
countably. ---

tates to him and his friends; yet this • “ His subjects trembled at his nod. doctor used him so scurvily, one would and whatever he commanded was exe- not have given such unbecoming lancuted without the least difficulty or guage to one's servants, as he gave the hesitation. Whatever was thought king, who stood in such awe of him, he conducible to his health, was sent to durst not forbid him his presence. It him from all corners of the world. is true he complained of his impudence Pope Sixtus, who died last, being in- afterwards, but he durst not change formed that the king in his devotion him, as he had done all the rest of his desired the corporal, or vest, wbich the servants; because he had told him af. apostle St. Peter used when he sung ter a very audacious manner one day, mass, he sent it immediately, and seve I know some time or other you will reral relics besides.

move me from court, as you have done « The holy vial at Rheims, which the rest; but be sure (and be confirmwas dever stirred before, was brought ed it with an oath,) you shall not live to his chamber at Plessis, and stood up. eight days after it.' With which exon his cupboard's head when he died. pression he was so terrified, that ever for he designed to be anointed with it after he did nothing but flatter and preagain, as he was at his coronation. sent him, which must needs be a great Some were of opinion, be designed to mortification to a prince, who had been anoint himself all over, but that was obeyed all along by so many brave not likely, for the vial was but small, men much above the doctor's quality. and no great store of oil in it. I saw “The king had ordered several cruel it myself at the time I speak of, and al- prisons to be made, some of iron, and so when he died, for he was interred in some of wood, but covered with iron the church of Notre Dame de Clery. plates both withio and without, with The Great Turk that now is, sent an terrible cages about eight foot wide and embassy to him, which came as far as seven high ; the first contriver of them Biez, in Provence; but the king would was the Bishop of Verdun, who was not hear him, nor permit he should pro- the first that hanseled them, being imceed any farther, though he brought mediately put in one of them, where him a large roll of relics which had he continued fourteen years. Many been left at Constantinople, in the bitter curses he has had since, for his bands of the Turk : all which, and a invention, and some from me, having considerable sum of money besides, he laiu in one of them eight months tooffered to deliver into the king's bands. gether, in the minority of our present if he would secure a brother of the king. He also ordered heavy and ler. Turk's who was then in France, in the rible fetters to be made in Germany, custody of the knights of Rhodes, and and particularly a certain ring for the is now at Rome, in the hands of the feet, which was extreme hard to be pope. From all which one may be opened, and like an iron collar, with a able to judge of the great esteem and thick weighty chain, and a great globe character he bore in the world for wis. Some say he drank children's blood dom and grandeur, when religious for the recovery of his health

of iron at the end of it, most unreason- ed, and lived till Saturday, the 30th of ably heavy; which engines were called August, and then died about six or sev. the King's Nets. However, I have en in the evening of the same day. seen many eminent and deserving per- “ As soon as he was dead his body sons in these prisons, with these nets was embalmed, and buried in the about their legs, who have afterwards church of Notre Dame de Clery, at been advanced to places of trust and Montils, having, in his life-time, orderhonour, and received great rewards ed it should be so, and positively comfrom the king....

manded the dauphin not to bury bim “ After so many fears, sorrows, and in the church of St. Dennis, where suspicions, God, by a kind of miracle, three kings of France (his illustrious restored him both in body and mind, predecessors) were interred. He neras is His divine method in such kind er gave any reason for it, but some of wonders. He took him out of the people were of opinion it was for the world in perfect ease, understanding, sake of the church, which he had libeand memory; having called for all the rally endowed, and out of a singular sacraments himself, discoursing with- veneration for the blessed Virgin, who out the least twinge, or expression of was worshipped there after a more solpain, to the very last moment of his emn manner than in any other place in life. He gave directions for his own the kingdom. The king bad during burial, appointed who should attend his whole reign, by the evil advice of his corpse to the grave, and declared Mr. Oliver, bis barber, M. John de that he desired to die on a Saturday of Doyac, and several other wicked counall days in the week; and that he hop- sellors that were about his person, ed Our Lady would procure him that committed great injustice in his kingfavour, in whom he had always placed dom, and so miserably oppressed and great part of his trust, and served ber harassed his people, that the very redevoutly. And so it happened; for Aection of his tyrannical usage of them he died on Saturday, the 30th of Aug- stung him to the heart, and almost ust, 1483, about eight at night, in the drove him to despair; so that when be castle of Plessis, where his fit took him lay upon his death-bed he sincerely reon the Monday before. His soul, 1 pented of all his sins, and gave prohope, is with God, and enjoys an digious sums of money to the clergy to everlasting rest in the kingdom of Para. pray for his soul, and rewarded them dise.”

for their prayers with what he had by So ended this powerful prince, for violence and extortion gotten of his the age in which he lived, and which subjects. It must be owned that his he greatly troubled. His exit is also was a very busy reign, and full of mathus summed up in the Scandalous ny great and important actions, yet he Chronicle added to these volumes : managed bis affairs so well, that he

“ On Monday, the 25th of August, forced all his enemies to submit to his the king sell very ill at Montils, near mercy, and was equally dreaded both Tours, and in two hours time lost his abroad and at home. He lay for a speech and his senses, and the news of long time before his death under very his death came to Paris on Wednesday, sharp and severe illnesses, which forcthe 27th of the same month; upon ed his physicians to make use of violent which the mayor and aldermen ordered and painful applications, which though the city gates to be shut up, and a they were not so successful as to recovstrong guard to be placed at each of er bis health and save his life, yet, them that none might go out or in doubtless, they were very beneficial to without being examined, which made his soul, and, perhaps, the chief means the common people cry out that the of saving it from eternal damnation, king was dead; but it was a false and fixing it in paradise, through His alarm, for his majesty was only in a tender mercy who liveth and reigneth fit, out of which he presently recover. world without end. Amen."

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DEAR ED.-Do you want any rattle-brained work to make a variety. People say you are too serious—or rather (for there is a great difference in the meaning of the phrases), they say you are not sufficiently merry. Do you think your readers would like an old Joe Miller done up now and then for them in the following style ? If so,—they are of course soon done, and you might command one for every number. Of serious Poetry you will always get enough and good too, for every body writes now as well as the elect did fifty years ago ; but there is a class of readers, not sew in number, I believe, who care little for real Poetry, but relish a joke in rhyme, Certain it is, that comic versification is little attempted; so if you will set me down as your JESTER, I shall have an easy task, and an office without a crowd of competitors.— Yours very truly.

MRS. ROSE GROB.

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None would have known that Siegmund Grob

When there were neither grains, nor chaff to Lived Foreman to a Sugar-baker,

browse,
But that he died, and left the job

Under the very casement stood to low,
Of Tombstone-making to an Undertaker ;

That was a pleasant window altogether,
Who, being a Mason also, was a Poet,

It raked the road a mile or more,
So he engraved a skull upon the stone,

And when there was no dust or foggy weather, .
(The Sexton of Whitechapel chureb will show it), The Monument you might explore,
Then carved the following couplet from his own And see, without a glass, the people
Slop, reader, stop, and give a sob

Walking round and round its steeple.
For Siegmund Grob.

Across the road, hall down a street,
Grob's Widow had been christened Rose,

You caught a field, with hoofs well beaten,
But why no human being knows,

For cattle there were put to eat,
Unless when young she might disclose.

Till they were wanted to be eaten.
Like other blooming Misses,

Then as for shops, want what you will,
Roses, which quickly fled in scorn,

You hadn't twenty steps to go,
But left upon her chin the thorn,

There was a Butcher's in the row,
To guard her lips from kisses,

A Tallow Chandler's nearer still;
She relish'd tea and butter'd toast,

And as to stages by the door,
Better than being snubb'd and school'd;

Besides the Patent Coach, or Dandy,
Likirg no less to rule the roast,

There were the Mile-End, Stratford, Bow,
Than feast upon the roast sbe ruled-

A dozen in an hour or more,
And though profuse of tongue withal,

One dust was never gone before
Of casb was economical.

Another came :—twas monstrous handy!

Behind, a strip of garden teem'd
Now as she was a truly loving wife,

· With cabbages and kitchen shrubs,
As well as provident in all her dealinge,

'Twas a good crop when she redeem'd She made her German spouse insure his life,

Half from the worms, and slugs, and grubs.
Just as a little hedge against her feelings-

Beyond these was a brick-kiln, small
So that when Siegmund died, in her distress,

But always smoking ; she must needs
She call'd upon the Phoenix for redress.

Confess she liked the smell, and all
Two thousand pounds besides her savings,

Agreed 'twas good for invalids.
Was quite enough all care to drown,

In town she always had a teasing
No wonder then she soon felt cravings

Tightness on her chest and weezing ;
To quit the melancholy city,

Here she was quite a different creature -
And take a cottage out of town,

Well, let the worldly waste their health
And live genteel and pretty.

Toiling in dirt and smoke for wealth,

Give her the country air, and nature !
Accordingly in Mile End-Road,
She quickly chose a snug retreat,

Her cottage front was stuccoed white ;
'Twas quite a pastoral abode,

Before it two fine Poplars grew,
Its situation truly sweet!

Which nearly reach'd the roof, or quite,
Although it stood in Prospect Row,

And in one corner, painted blue,
'Twas luckily the corner house,

Stood a large water tub with wooden spout-
With a side-window and a bow :

(She never put a rag of washing out):
Next to it was the Milk-inan's yard, whose cows Upon the house-top, on a plaster shell,

49 ATHENEUM VOL. 14.

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