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which may prove prejudicial to health. ‘tables; the latter readily produces this
Hence it loses all the advantages which effect. The difference of the extrane-
I have in the preceding pages ascribed ous matters, which change the quali-
to water; and it would in this case be ties of water, naturally makes a differ-
much better to drink beer or any other ent impression on the feeling; and in
such beverage that is saturated with this there is nothing that ought to as-
nutritive particles rather than impure topish a person of reflection.
water. We must leave the stomachs The water of standing pools and
of camels to answer for the preference wells is in general extremely impure,
given by them to muddy water; for and is accounted the worst of all. Riv-
we are assured by Shaw, that these er water differs according to the varie-
animals stir it up with their feet and ty of the soil over which it runs, and
render it turbid before they drink. The the changes of the weather; but though
human economy requires, on the con- commonly drunk, it is never pure. Of
trary, a pore beverage.

all impure river-waters, those which The signs of good water are, that it abound in earthy particles alone are easily becomes hot and cold ; that in the least injurious, because those parsummer it is cool, and in winter slight. ticles are not dissolved by the water. lv lukewarm ; that a drop dried on a In Auvergne, near the villages of St. clean cloth leaves not the faintest stain Allire and Clermont, there is a stream behind; and that it has neither taste of a petrifying quality, which connor smell. It is also a sign of good structs of itself large bridges of stone, water, that when it is boiled it becomes and yet it is the only water drunk by hot, and afterwards grows cold, soon. the inhabitants of those places, and er than other water. But this sign is that without the slightest inconvenfar more fallible than the evidence of ience. If we consider that a stony the quality of water obtained by feels concretion is deposited in all our keting. Singular as this may sound, it is tles, we shall readily conceive, that a very possible to distinguish the proper water which carries stone along with ties of water by means of this sense. it cannot be very pernicious to health, A soft or a bard water is synonymous since it is constantly drunk by men and with a water the parts of which adhere animals. This stone in our kettles is slightly or closely together. The really a calcareous earth, which may be slighter their adhesion, the less they dissolved by boiling in them vinegar, resist the feeling, and the less sensible or water mixed with a small quantity they are to the hand, because they may of nitric acid; and as the water depo. be so much the more easily separated. sits it, and does not hold it in solution, A gentleman of my acquaintance has it can of course do us very little injury. for many years used two different sorts I cannot, therefore, imagine how the of water, which are equally pure and celebrated Dr. Mead could believe that limpid, the one for drinking and the water which leaves such a deposit in other for washing his hands and face. culinary vessels may occasion stone in If his servant ever happens to bring the kidneys or bladder, merely because the wrong water for washing, be in- Pliny has said so; though he was well as stantly discovers the mistake by the acquainted with the great difference feeling. Our cooks and wasberwomen between animal calculi and mere cala would be able to furnish many other in- careous earth. stances of the faculty of discriminating Next to well and river-water, both the properties of water by the touch, which are always impure, rain-water which would show that his faculties de- follows in the scale of preference. It pends inore on the excitement occa-' is very impure, and a real vehicle sioped in the sensible parts than on any for all the pernicious matters that are other cause. Hard water, for instance, continually floating in the atmosphere. makes the skin rouglı; soft, on the con: Snow-water is much purer. Snow is trary, renders it smooth. The former formed. of yapours which have been cannot sufficiently sofien flesh or vege- frozen before they could colleet into · 51 ATHENEUM IOL, 14. -. . i to ovde

drops. It is in the lower region of habitual beverage. I mean not to prothe air that these drops in falling ab- hibit their boiling or distilliog it if they sorb most of their impurities. The va- suspect it to be impure. Boyle drank pours floating in the upper atmosphere nothing but such distilled water, and freeze before they reach the mire of the most delicate people of good taste in lower. This water is seldom to be Italy still do the same. It must not, had. That which I would most strong- however, be drunk warm, but cold. ly recommend for drinking, is a spring- The ancients, it is true, drank hot wawater, which descends from lofty hills, ter. Various passages in Plautus and through lints and pure sand, and rolls other ancient writers clearly prove gently along over a similar bed or that so early as their times it was cusrocks. Such water leaves behind all tomary to drink the water of warte its course impurities in the sand; it is springs; and there are frequent ina purified rain and snow-water, a fluid stances of common water warmed. crystal, a real cordial, and the best bey- Thus, in Dio, we find Drusus, the son erage for persons in good health. of Tiberius, commanding warm water

The second condition which I attach to be given to the people, who asked to water-drinking is, that such persons for water to quencb their thirst at a fire only choose it for their constant bever which had broken out. Seneca says age, to whom warming, strengthening (De Ira, ii. 15,) that a man ought not and nutritive liquids are hurtful; and to fly into a passion with his servant, that if they have not been in the habit if he should not bring his water for of drinking it from their youth, they drinking so quickly as he could wish; use some caution in accustoming theni- or if it should not be hot enough, but selves to it. Many suffer themselves only lukewarm; and Arrian says the to be led away by the panegyrists of same thing, but more circumstantially. water, without considering that even The drinking of hot water must of good changes in the system of life, coarse have been a common practice when a person is not accustomed to with the Greeks and Romans; but it them, and when they are abruptly and should be observed, that even in their unseasonably adopted, may be produc- times it was held to be an effeminate tive of great mischief. Hence arises indulgence of voluptuaries. Stratonithe silly complaints that water-drinking cus calls the Rhodians “ pampered vois dangerous, pernicious, nay fatal, and luptuaries who drink warm liquors." the inapplicable cases quoted from ex- Claudius, when he attempted to imperience. Those who have been in the prove the morals of the people and to habit of drinking water from their check luxury at Rome, probibited the youth, cannot choose a more whole public sale of hot water. When on the some beverage, if the water be but pure. death of the sister of the Emperor GaiMany nations, and many thousand us, he had enjoined inourning in the more species of animals, have lived city of Rome on account of this, to well upon it. But for an old infirm him, exceedingly painful loss, he put to person, a living skeleton, with a weak death a man who had sold hot water, stomach that can scarcely bear solid for this very reason, because he had food, to exchange nourishing beer or thereby given occasion for voluptuousstrengthening wine, with the water of ness, and profaned the mourning. So his brook, would be the height of absur- dangerous an indulgence was the drinkdity. Let such adhere to their accus. ing of hot water considered, that the tomed drink. Water is an excellent trade of water-sellers was interdicted beverage, but beer too is good; it is by the Censors. Some writers public. also water, more nutritious than the ly satirized this species of voluptuouspure element, and therefore more suita- ness. Ammianus complains that in ble for the persons to whom I am al- bis time servants were not punished luding.

for great vices and misdemeanours, but The third condition which I require that three hundred stripes were given of my water-drivkers is that they them, if they brought the warm bever

le cold and not hot water for their age either not promptly enough or not

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hot enough : and from that passage of the seast there should be an abundant Martial's in which he says, that at en supply of hot water, it appears that this tertainments the host was accustomed beverage was an essential requisite at to pay particular attention that during the tables of the luxurious.

(New Mon. Dec.)

THE LOST PLEIAD.*
And is there glory from the Heavens departed ?
-Oh, void unmark'd !-thy sisters of the sky

Still hold their place on high,
Though from its rank thine orb so long hath started,

Thou ! that no more art seen of mortal eye !
Hath the Night lost a gem, the regal Night ?
-She wears her crown of old magnificence,

Though thou art exiled thence !
No desert seems to part those urps of light,

Midst the far depths of purple gloom intense.
They rise in joy, the starry myriads burning!
The Shepherd greets them on his mountains fice,

And from the silvery sea
To them the Sailor's wakeful eye is turning ;

-Unchanged they rise, they have not mourn’d for thee !
Couldst thou be shaken from thy radiant place,
Even as a dew-drop from the myrtle-spray,

Swept by the wind away?
Wert thou not peopled by some glorious race,

And was there power to smite them with decay ?
Why, who shall talk of Thrones, of Sceptres riven ?
-It is too sad to think on what we are,

When from its height afar,
A world sinks thus ! and yon majestic Heaven

Shines not the less for that one vanish'd star !

ON LIEUTENANT HOOD.

THE Briton lies low on a wreath of snow,

From his Island home afar,
And the bright ice sheets and the wild storm sleets

Round the rest of the gallant tar.
He had spread his sail to the Arctic gale,

On a course that no mortal knew;
With a spirit brave he had plough'd the wave,

While the freezing tempest blew.
Where the flinty North sends its terrors forth,

And life is in man alone-
Where the insect that plays in the short summer rays

Is in winter a thing of stone. I
There long had be been, and with wonder seen

In a circle the sun career,
And flash througb the night in his radiance bright

In the June of the Polar year.
And a wintry night by the snow-beams' light

He had worn for dull weeks away,
And the north lights had shed on his bardy head

Their gleam, in day's mockery.

And his task was o'er, and he sought the shore

The shore of his native Isle :
And his bold heart burn'd, as he homeward turn'd

At the thought of its green field's smile.
And he counted with joy that his brave employ

Had won him his country's praise :
And he fondly dream'd, as the prospect gleam'dy-

On an hour of toil-purchased ease.
And cheerful he past over antres vast,

While the deep snow hid the ground,
At night 'twas his bed, and pillow'd his head

Mid the horrors reigning round.
But the famine came, and he dragg'd his frame,

Hunger-stung and wearily,
Over morass and stone of that frozen zone,

To his cold log hut to die.
They have laid him there in their hearts' despair,

Where the stunted pine-trees grow,
Where alone the sky with blue canopy

Covers the bold heart low-
Where no breath is heard-where no wing of bird

Cleaves the desolate atmosphere;
Where the softest sound is a thunder-bound

In the hush of the sear-struck air.
Oh there he is laid but no time shall shade

The worth of his honest name :-
Though the life of the brave may set dark in the grave'

There's a dawn for their glorious fame! J.

* * Like the lost pleiad seen no more below.”

Lord Byron. + See Captain Franklin's Narrative of his Journey to the Polar Sea. Ath. vol. xiii. p. 296.336.

Insects, such as spiders and others, are frozen hard during the Polar winters, and may be thrown about like stones without injury. On being brought to a fire, they recover animation, and move their limbs as actively as in the summer-season,

Original Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c.

MADAME D’HOUDETOT. (ROUSSEAU’S wearied attentions he received in the HELOISA.)

most ungracious manner, while he was, Mr. Editor,--An interesting arti- on the contrary, delighted with those cle on the abovenamed Lady having of her husband, who, on his part, with appeared in the third number of “The a generosity truly French, offered Liberal," perhaps the following addin every possible mark of kindness to his tional particulars may not prove unac- afflicted guest. ceptable to your numerous readers :- At Madame d'Houdetot's parties

Madame la Comtesse d'Hloudetot, the letters of La Nouvelle Heloise who, though plain in person, and more were frequently made the subject of than thirty years old when first seen by conversation; and I recollect very Jean Jacques Rousseau, excited by the well, on an English lady observing how charms of her conversation, and the dangerously seductive was the language fascination of her manner, the admira- of those epistles- What would you tion of that eccentric being, retained to have thought," replied Madame d'Houa very advanced period of life her pecu- detot with a smile of self-approbation, liar talent of pleasing and delighting all “if you had known, as I did, that who approached her.

these letters, tho' nominally addressed After the signature of the prelimina- to Julie were meant for yourself ?" ries of peace in 1801, I spent sorne I t was the rare good fortune of this months in France, and had frequent lady, who was more than pinety years opportunities of seeing this lady, and of age at the time of her death, to conpartaking of her hospitality, both at tinue till the last moment surrounded Paris and at her villa in the valley of by friends and relations : of the forMontmorency. At both those places, mer I have already spoken, perhaps though then nearly eighty years old, the following account of her immediate she collected around her a circle form- relations may not be uninteresting. ed of persons most eminent for litera. Madame d'Houdetot's only son, ry reputation ; among whom it will be who survives her, was already a field sufficient to name Abbe Morelet, officer when the French Revolution Mons. and Madame Pastoret, Mons. burst forth. Though a member of the and Madame Suard, the Marquis de ancient Aristocracy he did not emiBonay, and Madane la Comtesse de grate, but, remaining in the service, was Flahột, author of Charles et Marie, a general under Napoleon, and had a and other popular novels. Madame command at Martinique when that isld'Houdetot was herself not the least and was captured by the British forces. distinguished of her society; and her Ile was conveyed to England, and rebon mots, her epigrams, and her repar. sided several years at Litchfield on his tees, were the delight of her guests; parole. While he was so detained, it while her habitual sweetness of tem- is creditable to the present Marquis of per, amenity and cheerful spirits,gave a Lansdown to state, that his Lordship, constant charm to her evening coteries. who had known his mother et Paris,

M. St. Lambert, the object of her made every possible exertion to proearly attachment, and for whom she cure the liberation of the general : he resisted the eloquence and assiduity of failed in the attempt : and, after a long Rousseau, was, when I had the hon- captivity, Count d'Houdetot did not our of knowing Madame d'Houdetot, return to Paris till nearly the concluan inmate in the family, which then sion of the last war. His son was, presented a scene very singular indeed during the imperial government, Preto the eye of an Englishman. M. St. fect of Brussels; and his daughter marLambert had fallen into a state of men- ried the Baron de Barante, one of the tal imbecility, bordering on idiotcy, most eloquent speakers in the present and with the capriciousness often re. French House of Peers. marked in persons labouring under Besides M. D’Epinay, Madame such calamities, had taken an antipa. d'Houdetot had another brother, who thy to Madame d’lloudetot, whose un- held the office of Introducteur des Am

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bassadeurs in the reign of Louis XVI., priests, the beaux, the clowns, the servand his widow is that Madame de la ing-men, and all the inexhaustible proBriche whose Sunday soirees are men- geny of Shakspeare's drawing, repretioned by Lady Morgan, and other sented upon the Stage " in their habits travellers, as affording the best speci- as they lived." men of literary and fashionable socie. We are all aware of the vast services ty in the French Capitol. . done to the drama in this respect by

The only child of Mons. and Mad- the late Mr. Kemble; and we know ame de la Briche,-and therefore the how attentive they are to propriety of grand-niece of Madame d'Houdetot,- dress and decoration with regard to the is now the wife of Count Molé, the de- most classical performances in the leadscendant of the celebrated President of ing Parisian theatres. But still many that name, Grand Judge under Napole- anachronisms of the grossest kind, and on, some time Minister of Marine un- anomalies of the strangest absurdity, der Locis XVIII., and one of the most remain to be reformed; and if the task distinguished members of the French is fairly, liberally, and diligently underPeerage.

taken, it will undoubtedly be producPerhaps I ought to apologize for hav- tive of an effect, the extraordinary ating troubled you with so long an ac. tractions of which can hardly be sufficount of this lady's family, but as the ciently anticipated. For, besides the celebrity of Rousseau gave her inipor- great merit of verisimilitude and truth, tance, so her own many amiable quali- impressing interesting historical lessons, ties will excite a wish in those who be- and explaining many passages which come acquainted with her history to bear reference to the dresses of the know something of the society in which characters; the various costumes of she closed the evening of her lengthen these distant times are in themselves ed life. I remain, Sir, &c.

exquisitely adapted for dramatic show A Traveller. and picturesque grouping. Every one

acknowledges the advantage of having DRAMATIC COSTUME.

Brutus played in a Roman Farb instead 1 There has been shown to us the pros- of an old Colonel's uniform, and Macpectus of a Work on Dramatic Cos- beth in tartan and mail instead of a tume, designed from good authorities, wig and laced waistcoat; but we have and (it is proposed) to be acted upon yet to appreciate the, if possible, greatby the Managers of Covent Garden er, and at any rate more refined amet

Theatre, which we cannot but esteem lioration of the drama, which would be as a promise of the most essential im- effected by giving us the genuine cosprovement to our national Stage. tume of the Tudors (for instance) in Viewing it in this light, we shall beg their warlike days, unmingled with that leave to offer a few more remarks up of the sixteenth or seventeenth century on the subject than we are in the prac

--a British king with perhaps Spanish tice of bestowing upon bare announce officers, and all those queer medleys ments. The publication is by Mr. J. which the wardrobes of our theatres R. Planché, and the tragedy of King now so invariably exhibit. John is the first selected for this species Should Mr. C. Kemble, as it is statof graphic illustration. The drawings ed in this Prospectus, commence the whence the plates are to be executed, reformation, of which it is farther stated represent the various characters in their he highly approves, and if Mr. Planche real and appropriate costume, as ascer- employs due research and skill upon his tained by references to ancient and part, we are convinced that an epoch contemporary writers, to monuments, will be made in the history of the Stage, to old portraits, and to other data of an which will equally redound to the profit unquestionable authenticity. The same and honour of those by whom it is inbeing adopted by the theatre (as we troduced. learn is intended, the audience will in- We have only to add, that the Drawdeed be enabled to see the kings and ings are on a small scale, about four queens, the knights and ladies, the inches in length, but they display both

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