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whose name was unknown in this four or five other families, and thirty country until it was lately brought be- or forty men settlers. They had sevefore the public by Lord Byron. His ral times repulsed the attacks of the history is still a novelty. Accident Indians with bloodshed; and at length, made me acquainted with some inci. while making salt from some brine dents respecting him by means of an springs at no great distance from his American friend. Memoirs of this home, he was surprised with twentyextraordinary individual, or rather part seven of his settlers, by upwards of a of his singular career, have been pub- hundred, who were on their march to lished on the other side of the Atlantic, renew their attacks on bis infant colo. but I believe have never yet reached ny. He capitulated with them on cocEngland. Boon originally belonged dition that their lives should be spared, to the state of North Carolina, where and they were immediately marched he cultivated a farm. In company away to an Indian town on the Miami with five other individuals, he left that river, a long distance off, and finally province in 1769, and journeyed to a conducted to the British governor, river that falls into the Ohio, with a Hamilton, at Detroit, the Indians scruview of settling upon it. The spot pulously abiding by the terms on which he chose was situated in the which Boon had surrendered to them. state of Kentucky, in which he thus. These sons of nature, however, got so became the first settler. He began by attached to their prisoner on their erecting a house, surrounded by a march, that they would not resign him stockade or close palisado, formed of to the British governor, nor even part the square trunks of trees, placed close with him for a hundred pounds genetogether and sunk deep in the earth, a rously offered for him by the British precaution absolutely necessary to be officers, in order that he might return taken in a frontier settlement continu- home to his family; but leaving his ally exposed to the attacks of the na- fellow-settlers behind, they took him tive Indians. This fort as the Ameri- away with them again, adopted him cans call such defences, was situated into the family of one of their chiefs, about seventy-five miles from the pre- and allowed him to hunt or spend bis sent town of Frankfort, and the party time in the way most agreeable to bis gave it the name of Fort Boonsbor- inclination. One day he went with ough; and thus was formed the primi- them to make salt, when he met with tive settlement of the state of Ken- four hundred and fifty warriors painted tucky, which now has a population of and armed, and ready to set out 564,317. He entered his lands and against Fort Boonsborough. He imsecured them, as he imagined, so as to mediately determined, at a great risk of give him a safe title, and was complete- his life, to make his escape, trembling ly established in them in the year as he was for the fate of his family and 1775. He seems, however, to have settlement. In four days he reached experienced various attacks from hos- Boonsborough, a distance of one buntile tribes of Indians. At this place, dred and sixty miles, making only one with no common resolution, and with a meal by the way. Not a minute was fortitude that argued him to be of the to be lost, and he began to strengthen order of superior men, far removed his log defences and fortify bimself as from military succour, in a wild and strongly as possible. The Indians, savage forest, and with a constant fear finding he had escaped, delayed their of attack from a ferocious enemy, he attack; and having received a reinisteadily and undauntedly proceeded to forcement of men, in which were a few mature his plans. When his little fort troops, he determined to brave all danwas completed, he removed his estab- gers and defend himself to the last. At lishment to it from North Carolina, length a ferocious Indian army made its conducting thither his wife and daugh: appearance. Boon encouraged his litters, the first white females that had tle garrison to maintain an obstinate ever trod on the shores of the Ken- defence, death being preferable to captucky river. He was soon joined by tivity, though his hope of resisting with

Biography of Eccentric Characters.-Col. Daniel Boon.

417

success was but faint. The cruel and he might reasonably expect to enjoy savage enemy also, they might well the fruit of his exertions, and obtain calculate, would become doubly enrag- some return for the fatigues and hazed by a protracted resistance; but like ards of his preceding life; too old to brave men, determined to let fate do begin another settlement, and that its worst and think nothing of final con- which he had begun so many years besequences, they let the Indian chief fore in the heart of the wilderness, know their resolution. Upon this the looking smiling around him, the prop latter demanded a parley with nine of of his old age, the pride of his hoary the garrison ; articles were proposed years, his family's hope when he should for an arrangement without bloodshed; be laid low- he suddenly finds that he but on signing them they were told it is possessed of nothing, that his eyes was the Indian custom to shake hands must be closed without a home, and with each other by way of sealing that he must be an outcast in his grey their engagement. On complying, hairs. His heart is torn, his feelings each Indian grappled his man in order are lacerated by the chicanery of the to make him prisoner, but, by a mira. law, which discovers that there is a cle, eight out of the nine succeeded in defect in his title to the land of which extricating theinselves, Boon being he was the first settler, even in a state among the number, and they got safe where no white man had put in the into their garrison. A furious attack spade before him. Perhaps his thrivwas now made upon the fort, which ing farm was envied by some new adlasted nine days and nights, during venturer. The discovery was fatal to which only two men were killed and his happiness. While he fondly befour wounded by the besiegers, who in lieved that his title was indisputable, return suffered severely, and the logs of his land was taken from him, his goods the fort were stuck full of the bullets were sold, and he was deprived of his which they fired. At length hostili- all. The province had been rapidly ties ceasing, Boon's wife, who on his settling by his countrymen, and infirst captivity supposing him killed, creasing civilization was accompanied had set off with her family on horse by those vices which are its never-failback through the woods a long and ing attendants. Knavery, in every dangerous distance in North Carolina, form, marched with it; interest, at any was fetched back by her husband a sacrifice of honour and justice, became second time to his new residence, the reigning principle. The law, where he hoped for the future to purs which in all countries inflicts nearly as sue his peaceful occupations unmolest- much evil as it prevents, was made an ed. His sufferings and perils had instrument to dispossess him of his been great, but his courage and con- property, and he saw himself a wanstancy had surmounted them all, and derer and an outcast. His past labour, he had just reason to calculate at last even to blood, had been in vain. Cut upon a period of repose.

to the soul, with a wounded spirit, he Boon, however, was not to end his still showed himself an extraordinary days amid the advantages of social life. and eccentric man. He left for ever His horoscope had been cast, and dis- the state in which he had been the first covered no common portion of malign to introduce a civilized populationinfluence. His courage and constan- where he had so boldly maintained cy, under the severest trials ; his long himself against external attacks, and and unremitting labours, in perfecting shown himself such an industrious and his infant settlement, almost entitled exemplary citizen ; where he found no him to a civic crown ; but how different white man when he sat himself down was his reward! After his exemplary amid the ancient woods, and left belabours, after spending the best part of hind him half a million. He forsook an honest life in rearing and providing it for ever; no intreaty could keep him for a numerous family, and having ar- within its bounds. Man, from whom rived at that period of existence when he deserved every thing, bad persecu

33 ATHENEUM VOL. 14.

ted and robbed him of all. He bade not starve. It does not appear that he his friends and his family adieu for talked much of the ingratitude of manever; he felt the tie which linked him kind towards him. He perhaps to social life was broken. He took thought regret and complaint alike unwith him his rifle and a few necessaries, a vailing, and that his resolution of exand crossing the Ohio, pursued his iling himself in the back woods and track till he was two or three bundred the territories of the Indians was the miles in advance of any white settle- best way of demonstrating the highment. As the territory north of the spirited contempt and indignation he Ohio was taken possession of, and felt towards his countrymen, by whom peopling fast from the United States, he had been so unjustly treated. Boon he crossed the Mississippi, and plung. seems to have possessed a great mind; ed into the unknown and immense congregated men had treated him with country on the banks of the Missouri, injustice and with cruelty, considering where the monstrous Mammoth is even bis claims upon them; he sought not now supposed to be in existence. On to retaliate his injuries on individuals the shores of this mighty river he reared -- he felt not the passion of revenge, his rude log hut, to which he attached nor the wish to injure those who had no idea of permanency, but held him. injured him irreparably, and he deterself constantly ready to retire yet farth- mined to withdraw from their power. er from civilized man, should he ap. He felt that he could not be happy proach too near his desert solitude, amid the heartless vices of society;

With the exception of a son.who res that the desert and the forest, the Insided with his father, according to

dian, the ratilesnake, and the Juagar,

dian, the some accounts, but without any one, were preserable associates; that they according to others, his dog and gun bore no feigned aspect of kindness were his only companions. He plants while they were secretly plotting his ed the seeds of a few esculent vegeta- destruction ; that they rarely inflicted bles round bis fragile dwelling, but his evil without just provocation; and that principal food he obtained by hunting, the uncontrolled child of Nature was a He has been seen seated on a log at the preferable companion to the executors entrance of his but by an exploring of laws, which to him at least, bowe traveller, or far more frequently by the ever beneficial they might in some castraggling Indian. His rifle generally ses be to others, were most cruel and Jay across his knees and his dog at his unjust. side, and he rarely went farther from Thus he passed through life till be home than the haunts of the deer and was between eighty and ninety years the wild turkey, which constituted his of age, contented in his wild solitude, principal support. In his solitude he and in his security from injustice and would sometimes speak of his past ac- rapacity. About a twelvemonth ago, tions, and of his indefatigable labours. it is reported, he was found dead on with a glow of delight on his counte. his knees, with his rifle cocked and nance that indicated how dear they resting on the trunk of a fallen tret, were to his heart, and would then be as if he had just been going to take come at once silent and dejected. He aim, most probably at a deer, when would survey his limbs, look at his death suddenly terminated his earthly shrivelled hands, complain of the dim. recollections of the ingratitude of his ness of his sight, and lifting the rifle to fellow-creatures, at a period when his his shoulder take aim at a distant ob- faculties, though he had attained such ject, and say that it trembled before an age, were not greatly impaired. his vision, that his eyes were losing Boonsborough is now a thriving town, their power, rubbing them with his and its name will ever remain as a les hands, and lamenting that his youth timony of its founder's sufferings, and and manbood were gone, but hoping the conduct of his fellow-citizens to. that his legs would serve him to' the wards him, in the midst of the trees! last of life, to carry him to spots fre. nation of ancient or modern times. quented by the game, that he might

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SITTING FOR ONE'S PICTURE.

(New Mon.) T HERE is a pleasure in sitting for formist head as one could hope to see

one's picture, which many persons in these degenerate times. are not aware of. People are coy on The fact is, that the having one's this subject at first, coquet with it, and picture painted is like the creation of pretend not to like it, as is the case with another self; and that is an idea, of other venial indulgences, but they soon the repetition or reduplication of which get over their scruples, and become re. no man is ever tired, to the thousandth signed to their fate. There is a con- reflection. It has been said that lovscious vanity in it ; and vanity is the ers are never tired of each other's comaurum potabile in all our pleasures, pany, because they are always talking the true elixir of human life. The site of themselves. This seems to be the ter at first affects an air of indifference, bond of connexion (a delicate one it throws himself into a slovenly or awk is !) between the painter and the sitter ward position, like a clown when he they are always thinking and talking goes a courting for the first time, but of the same, the picture, in which their gradually recovers himself, attempts an self-love finds an equal counter-part. attitude, and calls up his best looks, the There is always something to be done moment he receives intimation that or to be altered, that touches that sensi. there is something about him that will tive chord--this feature was not exactly do for a picture. The beggar in the hit off, something is wanting to the nose street is proud to have his picture pain- or to the eye-brows, it may perhaps be ted, and would almost sit for nothing: as well to leave out this mark or that the finest lady in the land is as fond of blemish, if it were possible to recall an sitting to a favourite artist as of seating expression that was remarked a short herself before her looking-glass ; and time before, it would be an indescribathe more so, as the glass, in this case is ble advantage to the picture-a squint sensible of her charms, and does all it or a pimple on the face handsomely can to fix or heighten them. Kings avoided may be a link of attachment lay aside their crowns to sit for their ever after. He is no mean friend who portraits, and poets their laurels to sit conceals from ourselves, or only gently for their busts! I am sure, my father indicates, our obvious defects to the has as little love for the art as most world. The sitter, by his repeated, persons; yet when he had sat to me minute, fidgetty inquiries about himself a few times (now some twenty yers may be supposed to take an indirect ago), he grew evidently uneasy when and laudable method of arriving at selfit was a fine day, that is, when the sun knowledge ; and the artist, in self-deshone into the room, so that we could fence, is obliged to cultivate a scrupunot paint ; and when it became cloudy, lous tenderness towards the feeling of began to bustle about, and ask me if I his sitter, lest he should appear in the was not getting ready. Poor old room! character of a spy upon him. I do not Does the sun still shine into thee, or conceive there is a stronger call upon does Hope fling its colours round thy secret gratitude than the having made walls, gaudier than the rainbow ? No, a favourable likeness of any one ; nor never while thy oak-pannels endure, a surer ground of jealousy and dislike will they inclose such fine movements than the having failed in the attempt.. of the brain as passed through mine, A satire or a lampoon in writing is bad when the fresh hues of nature gleamed enough ; but here we look doubly foolfrom the canvass, and my heart silently ish, for we are ourselves parties to the breathed the names of Rembrandt and plot, and have been at considerable Correggio ! Between my father's love pains to give evidence against ourof sitting and mine of painting, we hit selves. I have never had a plaster upon a tolerable likeness at last ; and cast taken of myself: in truth, I rather Megilp (that bane of the English school) shrink from the experiment; for 1 has destroyed as fine an old Noncon- know I should be very much mortife

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if it did not turn out well, and should places of the work, before much pranever forgive the unfortunate artist who gress is made, where the sitter grows had lent his assistance to prove that I peevish and abstracted, and the painter looked like a blockhead!"

more anxious and particular than be The late Mr. Opie used to remark was the day before. Now is the time that the most sensible people made the to fling in a few adroit compliments, or best sitters; and I incline to his opinion, to introduce general topics of convers. especially as I myself am an excellent tion. The artist ought to be a well-insitter. Indeed, it seems to me a piece formed and agreeable manable to Elof mere impertinence not to sit as still patiate on his art, and abounding in as one can in these circumstances. I lively and characteristic anecdotes. Ye put the best face I can upon the matter, he ought not to talk too much, or to as well out of respect to the artist as to grow too animated ; or the picture is myself. I appear on my trial in the apt to stand still, and the sitter to be court of physiognomy, and am as anx- aware of it. Accordingly, the best ious to make good a certain idea I have talkers in the profession have not al. of myself, as if I were playing a part ways been the most successful portraiton a stage. I have no notion, how painters. For this purpose it is desira. people go to sleep, who are sitting for ble to bring a friend, who may relieve their pictures. It is an evident sign of guard, or fill up the pauses of conve. want of thought and of internal resour- sation, occasioned by the necessary atces. There are some individuals, all tention of the painter to his business, whose ideas are in their hands and feet and by the involuntary reveries of the

- make them sit still, and you put a sitter on what his own likeness will stop to the machine altogether. The bring forth; or a book, a newspaper, volatile spirit of quicksilver in them or a portfolio of prints may serve to turns to a caput mortuum. Children amuse the time. When the sitter's are particularly sensible of this con- face begins to flag, the artist may then straint, from their thoughtlessness and properly start a fresh topic of discourse, liveliness. It is the next thing with and while his attention is fixed on the them to wearing the fool's cap at school: graces called out by the varying interyet they are proud of having their pic- est of the subject, and the model antici tures taken, ask when they are to sit a- pates, pleased and smiling, their being gain,and are mightily pleased when they transferred every moment to the can are done. Charles the First's children vass, nothing is wanted to improve and seem to have been good sitters, and the carry to its height the amicable under. great dog sits like a Lord Chancellor. standing and mutual satisfaction & good

The second time a person sits, and will subsisting between those two perthe view of the features is determined, sons,so happily occupied with each other. the head seems fastened in an imagina Sir Joshua must have had a fine time ry vice, and he can hardly tell what to of it with his sitters. Lords, ladies, make of his situation. He is certainly generals, and authors, opera-singers, overstepping the bounds of duty, and is musicians, the learned and the polite, tied down to certain lines and limits besieged his doors, and found an unchalked out upon the canvass, to him failing welcome. What a rustling of “invisibly or dimly seen” on the throne silks! What a fluttering of flounces where he is exalted. The painter has and brocades! What a cloud of poknow a difficult task to manage to der and perfumes! What a flow of throw in his gentle admonitions “A periwigs! What an exchange of civillittle more this way, sir,” or “ You ities and of titles! What a recognition bend rather too forward, madam,'' — of old friendships and an introduction and ought to have a delicate white of new acquaintance and sitters! It hand, that he may venture to adjust a must, I think, be allowed that this is straggling lock of hair, or by giving a the only mode in which genius can slight turn to the head, co-operate in form a legitimate union with wealth the practical attainment of a position. and fashion. There is a secret and These are the ticklish and tiresome sufficient tie in interest and vanity.

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