Imágenes de páginas

the point of asking papa, brought Miss Bangle to a very time which was to have made Master Horner so blest. awkward pass. She had expected to return home be The light from Mr Kingsbury's windows shone upon the fore matters had proceeded so far, but being obliged to path, and the whole result of this conference, so longed remain some time longer, she was equally afraid to go for, was a burst of tears from the perplexed and mortion and to leave off, a denouement being almost certain fied Ellen, who sprang from Mr Horner's attempts to to ensue in either case. Things stood thus when it was detain her, rushed into the house without vouchsafing time to prepare for the grand exhibition which was to him a word of adieu, and left him standing, no bad perclose the winter's term.

sonification of Orpheus, after the last hopeless flitting of This is an affair of too much magnitude to be fully his Eurydice. described in the small space yet remaining in which to “ Wont you 'light, master ?" said Mr Kingsbury. bring out our veracious history. It must be “ slubber'd “ Yes-no-thank you-good evening," stammered o'er in haste,”-its important preliminaries left to the poor Master Horner, so stupified that even Aunt Sally cold imagination of the reader,-its fine spirit perhaps called him “a dummy." evaporating for want of being embodied in words. We The horse took the sleigh against the fence going can only say that our master, whose school-life was to home, and threw out the master, who scarcely recollectclose with the term, laboured as man never before la ed the accident; while to Ellen the issue of this unfortuboured in such a cause, resolute to trail a cloud of glory nate drive was a sleepless night, and so high a fever in after him when he left us. Not a candlestick nor a cur. the morning, that our village doctor was called to Mr tain that was attainable, either by coaxing or bribery, Kingsbury's before breakfast. was left in the village; even the only piano, that frail Poor Master Horner's distress may hardly be imatreasure, was wiled away and placed in one corner of the gined. Disappointed, bewildered, cut to the quick, yet rickety stage. The most splendid of all the pieces in the as much in love as ever, he could only in bitter silence “ Columbian Orator," the American Speaker," the turn over in his thoughts the issue of his cherished but we must not enumerate-in a word, the most astound- dream; now persuading himself that Ellen's denial was ing specimens of eloquence within ken of either teacher | the effect of a sudden bashfulness, now inveighing against or scholars, had been selected for the occasion; and the fickleness of the sex, as all men do when they are several young ladies and gentlemen, whose academical angry with any one woman in particular. But his excourse had been happily concluded at an earlier period, hibition must go on in spite of wretchedness; and he either at our own institution or at some other, had con went about mechanically, talking of curtains and candles sented to lend themselves to the parts, and their choicest and music, and attitudes, and pauses, and emphasis, decorations for the properties, of the dramatic portion of looking like a somnambulist whose “ eyes are open but the entertainment.

their sense is shut," and often surprising those concernAmong these last was pretty Ellen Kingsbury, who ed by the utter unfitness of his answers. had agreed to personate the Queen of Scots, in the gar It was almost evening when Mr Kingsbury, having den scene from Schiller's tragedy of “Mary Stuart;" and discovered, through the intervention of the doctor and this circumstance accidentally afforded Master Horner Aunt Sally, the cause of Ellen's distress, made his ap. the opportunity he had so long desired, of seeing his pearance before the unhappy eyes of Master Horner, fascinating correspondent without the presence of peer angry, solemn, and determined; taking the schoolmaster ing eyes. A dress-rehearsal occupied the afternoon be. apart, and requiring an explanation of the treatment of fore the day of days, and the pathetic expostulation of his daughter. In vain did the perplexed lover ask for the lovely Mary

time to clear himself, declare his respect for Miss Ellen, Mine all doth hang--my life--my destiny

and his willingness to give every explanation which she Upon my words- upon the force of tears

might require; the father was not to be put off; and, aided by the long veil, and the emotion which sympathy though excessively reluctant, Mr Horner had no resource brought into Ellen's countenance, proved too much for but to show the letters which alone could account for the enforced prudence of Master Horner. When the his strange discourse to Ellen. He unlocked his desk, rehearsal was over, and the heroes and heroines were to slowly and unwillingly, while the old man's impatience return home, it was found that by a stroke of witty in was such that he could scarcely forbear thrusting in his vention not new in the country, the harness of Mr Kings own hand to snatch at the papers which were to explain bury's horses had been cut in several places, his whip this vexatious mystery. What could equal the utter hidden, his buffalo-skins spread on the ground, and the confusion of Master Horner and the contemptuous anger sleigh turned bottom upwards on them. This afforded of the father, when no letters were to be found! Mr an excuse for the master's borrowing a horse and sleigh Kingsbury was too passionate to listen to reason, or to of somebody, and claiming the privilege of taking Miss reflect for one moment upon the irreproachable good Ellen home, while her father returned with only Aunt name of the schoolmaster. He went away in inexorable Sally and a great bag of bran from the mill--- companions wrath; threatening every practical visitation of public about equally interesting.

and private justice upon the head of the offender, Here, then, was the golden opportunity so long wished) whom he accused of having attempted to trick his for! Here was the power of ascertaining at once what daughter into an entanglement which should result in is never quite certain until we have heard it from warm, his favour, living lips, whose testimony is strengthened by glances A doleful exhibition was this last one of our thricein which the whole soul speaks or-seems to speak. approved and most worthy teacher! Stern necessity The time was short, for the sleighing was but too fine; and the power of habit enabled him to go through with and Father Kingsbury, having tied up his harness, and most of his part, but where was the proud fire which collected his scattered equipment, was driving so close had lighted up his eye on similar occasions before! He behind that there was no possibility of lingering for a sat as one of the three judges before whom the unformoment. Yet many moments were lost before Mr tunate Robert Emmet was dragged in his shirt-sleeves, Horner, very much in earnest, and all unhacknied in by two fierce-looking officials; but the chief-judge looked matters of this sort, could find a word in which to far more like a criminal than did the proper representaclothe his new-found feelings. The horse seemed to fly tive. He ought to have personated Othello, but was -the distance was half past-and at length, in absolute obliged to excuse himself from raving for “the handkerdespair of anything better, he blurted out at once what chief! the handkerchief!” on the rather anomalous ple:: he had determined to avoid-a direct reference to the of a bad cold. “Mary Stuart” being “i' the bond," correspondence.

was anxiously expected by the impatient crowd, and it A game at cross-purposes ensued; exclamations and was with distress amounting to agony that the master explanations and denials and apologies, filled up the I was obliged to announce, in person, the necessity of

omitting that part of the representation, on account of | malice with which they have themselves inspired their the illness of one of the young ladies.

familiars, Joe Englehart, having been a convenient Scarcely had the words been uttered, and the speaker tool thus far, thought it quite time to torment Miss hidden his burning face behind the curtain, when Mr Bangle a little; so, having stolen the letters at her bidKingsbury started up from his place amid the throug, ding, he hid them on his own account, and no persuato give a public recital of his grievance-no uncommon sions of hers could induce him to reveal this important resort in the new country. He dashed at once at the secret, which he chose to reserve as a rod, in case she point; and before some friends who saw the utter im refused him some intercession with his father, or some propriety of his proceeding could persuade him to defer other accommodation, rendered necessary by his mishis vengeance, he had laid before the assembly--some chievous habits. three hundred people, perhaps--his own statement of He had concealed the precious parcel in the undoored the case. He was got out at last, half coaxed, half loft above the school-room, a place accessible only by hustled; and the gentle public only half understanding means of a small trap-door, without staircase or ladder; what had been set forth thus unexpectedly, made quite and here he meant to have kept them while it suited his a pretty row of it. Some clamoured loudly for the con- / purposes, but for the untimely intrusion of the weaver's clusion of the exercises; others gave utterance in no beam. particularly choice terms to a variety of opinions as to Miss Bangle had sat through all, as we have said, schoolmaster's proceedings, varying the note occasionally thinking the letters safe, yet vowing vengeance against by shouting, “the letters! the letters! why don't you her confederate for not allowing her to secure them by bring out the letters?”

a satisfactory conflagration; and it was not until she At length, by means of much rapping on the desk by | heard her own naine whispered through the crowd, that the president of the evening, who was fortunately a | she was awakened to her true situation. The sagacity

popular" character, order was partially restored; and of the low creatures whom she had despised showed the favourite scene from Miss More's dialogue of David them at once that the letters must be hers, since her and Goliath was announced as the closing piece. The character had been pretty shrewdly guessed at, and the sight of little David in a white tunic edged with red handwriting wore a more practised air than is usual tape, with a calico scrip and a very primitive-looking among females in the country. This was first taken for sling; and a huge Goliath decorated with a militia belt granted, and then spoken of as an acknowledged fact. and sword, and a spear like a weaver's beam indeed, The assembly moved like the heavings of a troubled enchained every body's attention. Even the peccant sea. Every body felt that this was every body's busischoolmaster and his pretended letters were forgotten, ness. “ Put her out!" was heard from more than one while the sapient Goliath, every time that he raised the rough voice near the door, and this was responded to by spear, in the energy of his declamation, to thump upon loud and angry murmurs from within. the stage, picked away fragments of the low ceiling, Mr Englehart, not waiting to inquire into the merits which fell conspicuously on his great shock of black hair. of the case in this scene of confusion, hastened to get his At last, with the crowning threat, up went the spear for family out as quietly and as quickly as possible, but an astounding thump, and down came a large piece of groans and hisses followed his niece, as she hung halfthe ceiling, and with it—a shower of letters.

fainting on his arm, quailing completely beneath the inThe confusion that ensued beggars all description. A stinctive indignation of the rustic public. As she passed general scramble took place, and in another moment out, a yell resounded among the rude boys about the twenty pairs of eyes, at least, were feasting on the choice door, and she was lifted into a sleigh, insensible from phrases lavished upon Mr Horner. Miss Bangle had terror. She disappeared from that evening, and no one sat through the whole previous scene, trembling for her- / knew the time of her final departure for “the east." self, although she had, as she supposed, guarded cun- Mr Kingsbury, who is a just man when he is not in a nirgly against exposure. She had needed no prophet to passion, made all the reparation in his power for his tell her what must be the result of a tête-a-tête between harsh and ill considered attack upon the master; and Mr Horner and Ellen; and the moment she saw them we believe that functionary did not show any traits of drive off together, she induced her imp to seize the op- 'implacability of character. At least, he was seen, not portunity of abstracting the whole parcel of letters from many days after, sitting peaceably at tea with Mr Mr Horner's desk; which he did by means of a sort of Kingsbury, Aunt Sally, and Miss Ellen; and he has since skill which comes by nature to such goblins; picking the gone home to build a house upon his farm. And people lock by the aid of a crooked nail, as neatly as if he had do say, that after a few months more, Ellen will not been born within the shadow of the tombs.

need Miss Bangle's intervention, if she should see fit to But magicians sometimes suffer severely from the correspond with the umquhile schoolmaster,

HAHNEMANN THE FOUNDER OF HOMEOPATHY. SAMUEL HAHNEMANN, the founder of the medical sect | this seminary, he, with the concurrence of his master, called Homeopathists, was born at Meissen, in Upper made choice of the medical profession, and for this purSaxony, in April 1755. Like many other great men, pose he bent his steps to the university of Leipsic. With he had an obscure origin, his father being a painter on but twenty ducats in his pocket, the only fortune his porcelain. As a boy, young Hahnemann was remarka father could afford him, he left his home in the full relible for his grave, studious, and benevolent disposition; ance that, by constant intellectual labour, he would be but his parents not having the means of obtaining for able to overcome the difficulties of his position. He him a professional education, he would in all probability | accordingly added to his means during the course of his have been apprenticed to his father's, or some other medical studies, by translating French and English trade, had not another destiny awaited him. When works into German, and though the labour of this about twelve years of age, he attracted the attention of drudgery was so great as to oblige him to forego rest Dr Muller, the director of the provincial school, by during each alternate night, he found himself able to whom a free admission was procured for him to all the į sustain it. At the end of two years, he removed to advantages of that establishment. There his progress Vienna, to enlarge the sphere of his studies in the hoswas rapid, and in a short time he became one of the as- pitals of that city. sistant teachers. Having completed his education at ! At Vienna, by his industry and talents, he succeeded

in gaining the favourable opinion of Dr Quarin, physi- | that his supposition had really embraced a universal cian to the Emperor of Austria. The governor of Her therapeutic law. manstadt having afterwards offered him the situation of

He had now got his hobby, and with this theory in medical attendant to his household, he was in that post able to economise a sufficient sum to return to Ger

his head, and only this, he, as a matter of course, found many; and at the university of Erlangen, on the 10th of

all facts to coincide with and confirm it. It is strange, August 1779, he took his degree of M.D.

however, that these experiments on the above alleged After this he settled at Dresden, and in 1785 he

effects of medicines should only have succeeded with married Henriette Kuchler, the daughter of a chemist.

himself and his friends, and that others failed to verify At Dresden he acquired many friends, and during the illness of one of them, Dr Wagner, he officiated in his

them down even to this day. behalf, as chief physician of the hospitals.

Thus arose the theory of Homeopathy, so named from At this time Hahnemann had already published some the Greek óuoios, like, and rados, a disease, the doctrine remarkable works, and among them his well-known that medicines capable of producing a certain disease Treatise on Poisoning by Arsenic. He had also contri

when taken into the system, should be administered as buted largely to the medical periodicals, and had thus attained a position of considerable eminence.

means of cure when the particular disease occurs from But notwithstanding his success, and the future pros

other natural causes. Thus, it is affirmed that Peruvian pects that awaited him, he seems at this period to have

bark produces ague, therefore it becomes the cure for

ague. Sulphur produces eruptions on the skin, therelost all confidence in medicine, so much so as to lead him to forego practice altogether, and betake himself to

fore sulphur is a cure for such eruptions. the study of chemistry, supporting himself, in the mean

Like every great achievement, however, this was not

the work of a day. It was not until 1796, six years time, by the translation of foreign works.

after the homeopathic law occurred to him, that he conHahnemann does not appear to have been of that sidered his experiments sufficiently matured to be subclass of medical practitioners who take to the art like mitted to the public; and even then, a small part only of any other craft or business, and pursue its even tenor his system was explained, in one of the medical periodiand routine, bleeding, purging, and scarifying, secundum

cals of the day. In 1805, his first work was published

in two volumes, containing the result of experiments artem, and without pausing to theorise or think abont

made upon himself, his family, and some of his friends, matters at all nor does he seem to have been of those, with twenty-seven different medicines. The following the fewer number, who, to a thorough knowledge of the year he published his treatise, Medicine founded on theory and literature of the profession, add a common Experience, forming the basis of his Oryanon of the sense view of things, and endeavour to make practice as

Healing Art, which appeared in 1810, and which has

already passed through five editions in German, and little empirical as they can, not over sanguine in the

been translated into several other languages. In 1811, infallibility of the art, yet never giving way to despair. the first edition of a part of the Materia Medica Pura In Hahnemann's brain, the theorising and the doubting issued from the press, which was completed in 1821. propensity must have predominated. Perhaps, like Next to broaching a theory is that of its promulgaothers of a similar cast, expecting at first too much from

tion, and the formation of a sect to support it. This medicine, he was too early and too soon disappointed, becomes no difficulty. At every university of school and thus he forsook it all at once. Perhaps, too, this

there is always found a set of raw youths, who are ready same brain of his was not of the most powerful kind

to swallow any doctrine, and more especially any thing he had never gone deep enough, even in his theories

new and different from established views--there is a he had only skimmed the surface, till at last his fancy

thirst for novelty, a predisposition for error, an unacwas caught with the bubbles of science, which from their

countable attraction of folly for fallacy. nature for ever float on the surface of things.

Our philosopher having established himself in Leipsic, We are told, that after thus relinquishing the practice delivered, in 1812, a course of lectures on his system, of his profession, his attention was recalled to medicine and succeeded in awakening a degree of zeal in the by the circumstance of his children being attacked by minds of several of his pupils, sufficient to induce them dangerous illness, and he again earnestly sought for to follow up his discovery. From the results of experisome clue by which certainty might be gained. At ments to which they devoted themselves, much of the length, in the year 1790, whilst translating the Material information which fills the pages of the Materia Medica Medica of Cullen, being struck with the contradictory was obtained. statements which it contained regarding the action of

He very soon began to discover that medicines as Peruvian bark upon the human system, it occurred to him to test the action of this medicine upon himself. they are usually administered, or it may be as he adThe first dose produced symptoms similar to those of ministered them, were productive of bad consequences the peculiar kind of intermittent fever which the same instead of good, and at last arrived at the second result medicine is known to cure; and his attention having

of his theorising, that what does harm when adminis been strongly arrested by this fact, he repeated the ex

tered in sensible quantities, will do no harm when given periment, and also induced some friends to resort to a similar trial, in order to ascertain that it was not acci

in insensible. Thus, that a grain of some active medidental. The results in each case were confirmatory of cine may produce injurious effects on the system, while the first, and the question seems to have been irresistibly the millionth or decillionth part of a grain does the reforced upon him, “ Can it be possible that this pro

verse. In short, all medicines came to be prescribed by perty which I now observe in Peruvian bark, of pro

him in infinitesimal doses. ducing symptoms analogous to those of the disease for which it is a remedy, is a property peculiar to medicines This process, according to the most recent of his disof all kinds ?" From that moment he commenced a ciples, is thus described:- With all mineral substances series of experiments on other substances-mercury, the process commences with trituration, by which they telladonna, digitalis, coculus, &c.,—which, in propor are reduced to a fine powder. One grain of this powder tion as he extended th.'m, led him to the conviction is put into a small porcelain mortar, with 33 grains of sugar of milk; and after being mixed with a bone spa- | taining an order from the Saxon government for the tula, the mixture is pounded for a few minutes (six is the enforcement of an obsolete or dormant law, which pronumber used by Hahnemann, and, for the sake of uni hibits a physician from preparing or dispensing mediformity, that number is generally adopted); after which cines himself; and as it was upon the purity of his it is detached from the bottom and sides of the mortar, medicines, and the care with which they were prepared, and again pounded for six minutes more; 33 grains of that the successful application of his discovery in great the sugar of milk are then added, and the process is re. measure depended, Hahnemann thus saw himself compeated as in the first instance; after which another pelled to relinquish practice, or to endanger the real quantity of 33 grains of sugar of milk is added, and the progress of his system, by entering into a compromise same course pursued; thus making the attenuation 1.100. with his opponents. In this manner the attenuation is carried to the one Under these circumstances, he did not hesitate pubmillionth part of a grain; and when a greater attenua licly to announce his intention to relinquish practice; tion is required, the powders are dissolved in a mixture but the attempt to stifle his doctrines tended rapidly to of alcohol and water. Vegetable juices or extracts are their diffusion. The disinterestedness of his conduct reduced to the state of a concentrated alcoholic tincture, procured from him from the Duke of Anhalt Cöthen the of which one drop is mixed with 99 of alcohol, and then offer of an asylum, of which he availed himself, and in shaken; one drop of the dilution thus effected is next 1821 he was appointed one of the duke's councillors. In mixed with 99 drops of alcohol, and again shaken; and 1828, whilst in Anhalt Cöthen, he published, in four the same process is repeated, until the required degree volumes, a work on Chronic Diseases. of dilution is obtained. In general, the dilution is carried In 1827 his first wife died. On the 18th of January to the decillionth part of a grain.

1835, in his seventy-ninth year, he married Mademoiselle Now, it is alleged by Hahnemann, and the allegation Melanie d'Hervilly, a French lady who had visited is supported by the testimony of every other physician Cöthen in order to consult him. On this occasion he by whom the homeopathic principle has been recogniz determined to settle in Paris, where his medical doced, that medicines attenuated in this way, when admi trines had long attracted advocacy and discussion. nistered in harmony with existing symptoms, are not In Paris he continued to practise homeopathy until only found effectual to the cure of disease, but that they his death, which took place on the 2d of July 1843, in are more safe and effectual in this form than in any the eighty-ninth year of his age. To the last moment other. It is also alleged, that although the lower dilu he preserved his moral energy and activity, and he had tions manifest themselves by a more speedy action on the satisfaction, many years before the close of his lathe system than the higher ones, their effects are much bours, to receive evidence of their results from almost less permanent and searching, and hence that many all quarters of the world. cases of deep-seated disease are observed to yield to Hahnemann's apotheosis is now consummated, and he medicines administered in high dilutions, such as the

has become the god of the new idolatry. New converts decillionth part of a grain, towards the reinoval of which, the low dilutions, such as the hundredth or

are rising up every day, and volume on volume illustrathousandth part of a grain, would be found compara

tive of their faith and practice. The one from which we tively powerless.

have derived the facts of the above memoir is a Defence We do not doubt it.

of Homeopathy, drawn up by M. B. Sampson, at the “My wound is great, because it is so small."-Sophonisba.

request of the committee of the English Homeopathic “ Then 'twould be greater, were it none at all."--Critic.

Association. A medallion bust of the father of the sect On this view of the matter, the whole human race

graces the title page, with the motto. Similia similibus must be continually under a course of homeopathic

curantur, which we suppose is the rendering into the learnmedicine, for in these minute proportions are many of the most powerful medicines diffused through the air,

ed tongue of the familiar adage,-

“Fowls of a feather flock together," and water, and food, which we continually take into our

The following is a concise view of the leading doc. bodies. Sulphur, phosphorus, iron, and many other

trines on which Hahnemann founds his system:minerals, are thus insensibly deposited in all we eat and

All chronic diseases are either proximately or remotely drink—the odour of many medicinal plants floats in the

caused by one or more of the three "immaterial miasms, air of our gardens and fields, and tea, coffee, pepper, itch, syphilis, and psychosis, particularly the first.

The curative efforts of Nature are limited to the substiand numerous other common articles of diet, contain

tution for the original disease of itch, measles, or smallsubstances calculated to act upon the system with a pox, but in her attempts at cure nature very rarely sucpower sufficient to deter a homeopathist from tasting


The totality of the external symptoms constitute all that them. It is perhaps to obviate this that many of

the physician needs to know or can know of disease; these things are forbidden by the practitioners of the the internal changes, being “only guessed at," ought to be art, and hence we see homeopathic grocers springing

neglected, “as so many idle dreams and vain imaginings."

Any given disease may be artificially produced, by the up, as well as homoeopathic chemists. But to live

exhibition of a single dose of a single medicine to a person strictly homeopathically, we would require pure dis in perfect health.

Diseases are infinite, no two derangements of the econotilled water, doubly refined bread, purified beef, and air

my being identical; hence the classification of diseases is perfectly divested of adventitious ingredients. If all this

an absurdity. could be got, then perhaps would return the golden age,

There is no such thing as a merely local disease, hence

the treatment of all diseases must be exclusively constituand man might live for ever, free from disease, and

tional. freed also from doctors' bills !

“A disease," whether moral or physical, “is cured by Now also came opposition and persecution, which

such medicinal agents as have the power of developing a

similar disorder in a state of health;" or, as Hahnemann ever dogs the path of the great discoverer.

expresses it, “ Similia similibus curantur." Hahnemann had not been long resident in Leipsic,

The effects of medicines, as ascertained by experimentbefore his doctrines and practice excited the active hos

ing on the healthy, and especially on the physician's own

body, are alone worthy of any confidence in practice. tility of the physicians and apothecaries of that town,

All plants, animals, and minerals, are possessed of mediwho forth with united with those of Dresden to prevent

cinal qualities. him from practising in their neighbourhood. After

No two medicines produce the same effects, or have the many efforts, they at length, in 1820, succeeded in ob- , same curative influence.

More than one simple medicine must never be exhibited at a time.

Two doses of any one medicine, appropriate to the case, must not be given in succession.

Medicines, when administered for the purpose of curing a disease, must be given in doses many thousand, or, more frequently, many million times more minute than has hitherto been thought necessary.

The inherent virtues of medicines are enormously developed by the process of rubbing and shaking, so that it is

absolutely necessary to prescribe in the pharmacopoeia the number of rubs and shakes to which each medicine is to be subjected.

The dose in which a medicine appropriate to the case is administered is of no importance whatever: one practitioner may give many million times as much as another without the slightest difference in the effects produced, and to reduce the dose of a medicine too low is an absolute impossi



By J. H. MERLE D'AUBIGNE, D.D. Vol. iv. The extensive sale of the former volumes of this interest. | origin than the Word of God, we entreat you onceing work in England, amounting from 150,000 to 200,000

twice--thrice, as loudly, as seriously, as firmly, and as

earnestly, as our ancient alliances and our Christian cocopies, while in France the circulation did not exceed 4000,

burghery permit and command us to do—to set forth has induced the author to prefer this country as the field without delay with all your forces. Haste! haste! haste! for the first circulation of the remainder of his work. Act as promptly as possible—the danger is yours as Accordingly this volume has been written in English, and well as ours." Thus spake Zurich; but it was already edited by Mr White of Trinity College, Cambridge, who,

At break of day the banner was raised before the unfortunately, has omitted an index, or even table of

town-house; instead of flaunting proudly in the wind, it contents, wbich, we hope will be remedied in the next

hung drooping down the staff-a sad omen that filled impression. The first two Books of this volume contain many minds with fear. Lavater took up his station un. the most important epochs of the Reformation,—the pro der this standard; but a long period elapsed before a test of Spire, and the confession of Augsburg,—the last

few hundred soldiers could be got together. In the

square and in all the city disorder and confusion pretwo describe the establishment of the Reformation in

| vailed. The troops, fatigued by a hasty march or by Switzerland after many struggles and disastrous battles, i long waiting, were faint and discouraged. The descriptions evince the same graphic pen which At ten o'clock, only 700 men were under arms. The characterised the former portions of the work, and as an

selfish, the lukewarm, the friends of Rome and of the

foreign pensioners, had remained at home. A few old example we give the account of the

men who had more courage than strength-several memBATTLE OF CAPPEL.

bers of the two councils who were devoted to the holy It was a fearful night. The thick darkness -a vio! cause of God's Word-many ministers of the Church lent storm--the alarm-bell ringing from every steeple who desired to live and die with the Reform--the boldthe people running to arms—the noise of swords and est of the towns-people and a certain number of peaguns—the sound of trumpets and of drums, combined sants, especially those from the neighbourhood of the with the roaring of the tempest, the distrust, discontent, city-such were the defenders who, wanting that moral and even treason, which spread affliction in every quar | force so necessary for victory, incompletely armed, and ter--the sobs of women and of children—the cries which without uniform, crowded in disorder around the banaccompanied many a heart-rending adieu-an earth- | ner of Zurich. quake which occurred about nine o'clock at night, as if The army should have numbered at least 4000 men; nature herself had shuddered at the blood that was they waited still; the usual oath had not been adminiabout to be spilt, and which violently shook the moun stered; and yet courier after courier arrived, breathless tains and the valleys; all increased the terrors of this and in disorder, announcing the terrible danger that fatal night,-a night to be followed by a still more fatal threatened Zurich. All this disorderly crowd is agitatday.

ed—they no longer wait for the commands of their While these events were transpiring, the Zurichers chiefs, and many without taking the oath rush through encamped on the heights of Cappel to the number of the gates. About 200 men thus set out in confusion. about one thousand men, fixed their eyes on Zug and All those who remained prepared to depart. upon the lake, attentively watching every movement. Then was Zwingle seen to issue from a house before On a sudden, a little before night, they perceived a few which a caparisoned horse was stamping impatiently: it barks filled with soldiers coming from the side of Arth, was his own. His look was firm, but dimmed by sorrow. and rowing across the lake towards Zug. Their nam- He parted from his wife, his children, and his numerous ber increases--one boat follows another-soon they dis- friends, without deceiving himself, and with a bruised tinctly hear the bellowing of the bull (the horn) of Uri, heart. He observed the thick waterspout, which, driven and they discern the banner. The barks draw near | by a terrible wind, advanced whirling towards him. Zug; they are meored to the shore, which is lined with | Alas! he had himself called up this hurricane by quitan immense crowd. The warriors of Uri and the arque- ting the atmosphere of the gospel of peace, and throwing busiers of the Adige spring up and leap on shore, where himself into the midst of political passions. He was conthey are received with acclainations, and take up their vinced that he would be the first victim. Fifteen days quarters for the night: behold the enemies assembled! before the attack of the Waldstettes, he had said from The council are informed with all speed.

the pulpit: “ I know what is the meaning of all this: The agitation was still greater at Zurich than at Cap it is all about me. All this comes to pass in order pel; the confusion was increased by uncertainty. The that I may die.” The council, according to an ancient enemy attacking them on different sides at once, they custom, had called upon him to accompany the army as knew not where to carry assistance. Two hours after its chaplain. Zwingle did not hesitate. He prepared midnight five hundred men with four guns quitted the himself without surprise and without anger, with the city for Bremgarten, and three or four hundred men calmness of a Christian who places himself confidently with five guns for Wadenshwyl. They turned to the in the hands of his God. If the cause of Reform was right and to the left, while the enemy was in front. doomed to perish, he was ready to perish with it. Sur

Alarmed at its own weakness, the council resolved to rounded by his weeping wife and friends—by his childapply without delay to the cities of the Christian co ren who clung to his garments to detain him, he quitted burghery. “As this revolt," wrote they,“ has no other i that house where he had tasted so much happiness. At

« AnteriorContinuar »