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Jenny blustred and said, “ He is my father's benefaetor."

“ Will you not be." replied the lady," the benefactress of my poor brother? Look kindly on him. If you only knew how he loves you!"

The baronet took Jenny's hand and kissed it, and said, as Jenny struggled to withdraw it, “ Miss, will you be unkind to me? I am unhappy without this hand.” Jenny, much disturbed, let her hand remain in his. The baronet then led my daughter to me, and begged me for my blessing.

“Jenny,” said I,“ it depends upon thee. Do we dream? Canst thou love him? Do thou decide."

She then turned to the baronet, who stood before her,

deeply agitated, and cast upon him a full penetrating look, and then took his hand in both hers, pressed it to her breast, looked up to heaven, and softly whispered, “God has decided."

I blessed my son and my daughter. They embraced. There was a solemn silence. All eyes were wet.

Suddenly Polly sprung up, laughing through her tears, and flung herself upon my neck, while she cried, “ There! we have it! The New Year's present! Bishop's mitres upon bishop's mitres!”

Little Alfred awoke.

It is in vain-1 cannot describe this day. My bap py heart is full, and I am continually interrupted.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

THE ORPHAN BOY.

Cauld blew the blast frae the bleak nor’wast,

An' the snaw drifted o'er the lea;
My plaid was tint, an' nıy shoon were rent,-

There was nane to pity me.
My father slept where the tempest swept

O'er the ocean's stormy tide;
An' my mother dear, in the kirkyard drear,

Lay low by my sister's side.
When hapless, helpless, hameless I

Wander'd an outcast orphan boy.

But the dream was past;-) sat no more,

By my father's or mither's side;
For my lot had been cast, in the cauld, cauld blast,

To wander the world wide.
When e'er I did mind how sweet, how kind

And tender they were to me,
My bosom throed with unnumbered woes,

And the saut tears dimm d my e'e.
For I wander'd alane to sob and sigh

A helpless, outcast, orphan boy.
The tempest arose at the e'ening's close;

(Alas for the houseless poor.)
And the orphan boy, he lost his way,

And died on the trackless moor.
There was no one sighed when the orplan died;

None wept o'er the orphan's bier;
No marble stone as we pass'd his tomb,

Told " the orphan boy lies here."
But distant far in the bright blue sky,
A hame was found for the orphan boy.

J. CHALMERS.

Nae meat had I, nor siller to buy

Nae claes to keep me warm;
Nor ae kind heart to tak’ my part,

Or to shield me frae the storm.
Ah! no, there was nane,—the days were gane,

When I sat in my father's ha',-
Wi' plenty to cheer, an’ naething to fear,

Frae the cauldest blast that could blaw.
My mither's care,—my father's joy,

I dreamt nae the woes of an orphan boy.

TO ELIZA.

Hours have wings and years are flying,

Dear Eliza, we must part,
Yet, when distant far, I'm sighing,

Thou shalt live within my heart.
Yes, thine image, fair and blameless,

Never from my soul shall be;
Though to all thou must be nameless,

I will dream and think of thee.
Far from friends and home I found thee,

Weeping in a lonely bower;
Pity to my heart hath bound thee,

With a time-resisting powər.
Yes, I've lov'd thee, deep and dearly,

Spite of reason's boasted sway,
And must love thee still sincerely,

Now when thou art far away.

When my heart o'ercome by sorrow,

Swells and throbs beneath its care,
Rays of peace and hope I'll borrow,

From thy spotless image there.
Then to heaven, with love's emotion,

I will bend my trembling knee,
And, with all a saint's devotion,

Offer up a sigh for thee.
Though my fondest hopes may perish,

Yielding all to fell despair,
While my bosom love can cherish,

Thou shalt be an angel there.
Yes, by every beauteous blossom,

Spring unfoldeth, pure as thee,
Thou shalt live within my bosom,

Wilt thou, dearest, think on me.-J. M.

SPIRIT LOXGINGS. My spring-bud of hope is seared and curled,

Behind strange mountains fringed with palm, I long like the dove to mount the wind;

Bringing night's sable brown. Unloosed and free to roam the world,

And to wake in the sunny morning breeze Leaving all care behind.

With the birds of the crimson wing; I long, in the ocean's breezy gale,

While the pearly-toothed natives round the palm trees To cool my fevered brow;

Dance, wildly carolling. To hear the wave's dash, and the seabird's wail,

Some seek repose at life's evening close; As thro' the blue deep with the swelling sail,

I long like the dove to mount the wind, Lightly cuts the swift prow.

And foretaste the bliss of that last long flight, I long, in the crimsoned evening's calm,

When, beyond the realms of death and night, To see the sun go down,

We leave the world behind.

Scicntce. GEOGRAFHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF PLANTS.

Every country, and frequently different parts of the same country, possesses a vegetation peculiar to itself, and the limits assigned to each region depend upon various causes, arising both from the peculiarity of organization of the plant itself, and from the external circumstances of soil, moisture, temperature, elevation, &c. In considering the influence of temperature, which is the chief cause of variety in the distribution of plants, it is necessary to attend to the following points:-1. The mean temperature of the year. 2. The extreme temperature, both as regards heat and cold. 3. The distribution of temperature among the different months of the year, the last of which is most important, especially in reference to the heat and duration of the summer months, for many plants protected from the action of the atmosphere by a covering of snow, are enabled brave the most vigorous winters, and pass through all the phases of flowering and fructification, provided the summer be hot enough and of sufficient duration. Mountains, placed between the tropics, the summits of which ascend above the snow line, represent the vegetalle zones of the whole earth, rising one above the other in the same order as is observed in the direction from the equator to the poles.

The relative proportions of the most important families of plants in the different zones, have been determined by Barou Humboldt in the following order:

1. The group of Glumaceæ, which unites in itself the plants of the three families of the juncexe, cyperacea, and gramineæ, increases from the equator towards the poles, forming, under the tropics, one-eleventh, in the temperate zone one eighth, and in the frigid zone onefourth, of the entire phanerogamæ. The increase towards the poles is owing to the rushes and sedges, which are rare in proportion to the other phanerogama in the temperate zone and within the tropics.

The junceæ alone almost disappear within the tropics, forming only one four-hundredth of the whole phanerogainic plants, while in the temperate zone they form oneninetieth, and in the frigid zone one twenty-fifth. The cyperaceæ alone under the tropics, in the new world, one-fiftieth; in the old world one twenty-second part, in the temperate zone one-twentieth, and in the frigid zone one-ninth.

The numerous family of the gramineæ is pretty equally distributed over the whole earth; it increases in a small degree towards the poles; between the tropics the grasses form one-fourteenth, in the temperate zone one-twelfth, and in the frigid zone one-tenth of all the phanerogamæ. Besides, these families increase in the number of species from the equator towards the poles.

The ericeæ under the tropics, iu America, form onehundred and thirtieth, in the temperate zone of the old world, one-hundredth, of the new world one thirty-sixth, in the frigid zone one twenty-fifth; so also the families the flowers of which form a catkin, or the amentaceæ, which, in the torrid zone, for only one eight-hundredth, are in the temperate zone in Europe one forty-fifth, in America one twenty-fifth, and in the frigid zone onetwentieth of the entire phanerogame.

2. Four other families, namely, the leguminose, the rubiaceæ, euphorbiacere, and malvacex, have the maximum of their species in the torrid zone.

The leguminosæ form, under the tropics, one-tenth, in the temperate zone one-eighteenth, and in the frigid one. thirty-fifth of all phanerogame. The rubiaceæ, under the tropics of the old world, one-fourteenth, in the new world one twenty-fifth, in the temperate zone one-sixtieth, in the frigid zone one-eightieth.

The euphorbiaceæ, in the torrid zone, one thirty-second, in the temperate one-eightieth, and in the frigid zone one five-hundredth.

The malvaceæ, in the torrid zone, one thirty-fifth, in

the temperate one two-hundredth, and in the frigid zone the plants of this family entirely disappear. In the great family of rubiaceæ, one of its seven groups, that of the coffee, forms one-third of all the rubiaceæ of tropical America, whilst the group of the stellata principally belong to the temperate zone.

3. The three families of Compositæ, Cruciferæ, Labiatæ, and Umbelliferæ, have the maximum of their species in the temperate zone, and decrease as well towards the equator as towards the poles. The Compositæ form, under the tropics of the Old World, oneeighteenth, in the New World one-twelfth, in the temperate zone of Europe one-eighth, in America one-sixth, and in the frigid zone one-eighteenth of all Phanerogamæ.

The Cruciferæ are almost unknown in the torrid zone, if we consider the mountain regions between 7,670 and 10,870 feet in height, where these plants scarcely form one eight-hundredth of all Phanerogame. In the tem. perate zone their quotient in Europe is one-eighteenth; in America, on the contrary, only one-sixtieth; in the frigid zone one twenty-fourth.

The Labiatæ form, under the tropics, one-fortieth, in the temperate zone, in Europe, one-twenty-fifth; in America, as within the tropics, in the frigid zone oneseventieth. The scarcity of this family, as well as the Cruciferæ, in the temperate zone of the New World, is a remarkable circumstance. The Umbellifere are seldom found within the tropics at a height under 7,673 feet. Above this elevation they forin (with the exception of a very few in the plains) only one-five-hundredth of all Phanerogame. They form, in the temperate zone, one-fortieth, and are more numerous in Europe than in North America; in the frigid zone they form onesixtieth:

4. Among the Acotyledones, the family of Ferns claims our attention. Contrary to the general law affecting the Cryptogame, this family decreases towards the poles; which is accounted for by the circumstance, that it requires a moist soil, and the shelter of warm woods. Under the tropics, it forms one-twentieth, and in the ten

rate zone, one-seventieth of all Phanerogamæ. In Arctic America the Filices are entirely wanting.

Proceeding from the vegetation of the equatorial zone, we follow the series of vegetable regions in ascending lines, one after the other, and may compare them with the different zones as follows:-1. The region of Palms and Bananas, Equatorial zone. 2. Tree Ferns and Figs,

Tropical zone. 3. Myrtles and Laurels,

Sub-tropical zone. 4. Evergreen trees,

Warm temperate zone. 5. European trees,

Cold temperate zone. 6. Pines,

Sub-arctic zone. 7. Rhododendrons,

Arctic zone. 8. Alpine plants,

Polar zone. For interesting diagrams and tables of the distribution of plants we refer to Part I. of Johnston's Physical Atlas.

MAMMOTH.—Though mammoths occur in certain quantities on the flanks of the Ural, thus leading us to believe, that when alive they inhabited the tract where their skeletons are entombed, it must be recollected, that as by other proofs we have already endeavoured to show the comparatively recent elevation of the Ural crest, this region cannot be looked upon as having been rendered highly mountainous until the very period when great numbers of these animals were destroyed-a destruction which we believe to have been mainly accomplished when the present watersheds between Europe and Asia were determined. Let us suppose, then, that the mammoths and their associates ranged over these hills, when they formed the elevated edge of an eastern continent. Further, let it be assumed (and this, indeed, is quite in accordance with the physical features of this region,) that the greater number of the broad depressions which are now

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filled with auriferous and mammoth detritus were then May is frequently, upon the avernge, warmer than July, occupied by lakes, in the grounds around which these

that the month of July is sometimes, upon the average,

cooler than the month of August-that the month of extinct quadrupeds had long lived, and into whose

August is sometimes, upon the average, slightly colder shores or bottoms their bones had been washed for ages, than September-that the month of September is someand we shall then have before us the conditions which

times, upon the average more cold than October—that the will best explain the Uralian phenomenon. No one can month of October may be 3 degrees Centigrade colder than observe what the Russian miner has accomplished, by November-that month may be, upon the average, 5-5-10 damming up the existing rivers, and thus forming arti

colder than the warmest month of December and that the

month of December may be, upon an average, 7 degrees ficial lakes in every sinuous tract in which ores are

colder than the month of January.-Galignani. worked, without being naturally led to the idea which we suggest, that larger and deeper lakes were formerly in existence,-lakes, in fact, which in still more primæval

Foreign Gleanings. times fed the great rivers that washed the Permian detritus to the sea then existing upon the west. Granting The discoverer of the new planet, Astrea, Mr Hencke, these premises, all the relations of the Uralian mammoth lives in the small town of Drieson, in the district of Frankalluvia may, it appears to us, be rationally explained; fort on the Oder. He is now an old man, and has a refor in some of the most violent movements of elevation

tired-pension from the Prussian post-office, with which he which gave rise to the present central watershed, we

was connected. He has occupied himself with astronomy

for many years, and employs his leisure in drawing maps may readily conceive how, their barriers being broken

of the stars. He has thus become so well acquainted with down, these lacustrine waters were poured off, and how the aspect of the heavens, as to be able to discover this their shingly bottoms and shores, already containing small planet, which had hitherto escaped the most powerbones of mammoths, were desiccated and raised up into

ful instruments. the irregular mounds which now constitute the auriferous Count Nesselrode, the favourite minister of the Emperor alluvia. The very nature of the auriferous shingle, with of Russia, was born in an English ship, in the harbour of its subangular fragments, so completely resembles the Lisbon, is descended from a German family, and serves the detritus of lakes, and is so unlike the gravel formed on

Russian czar. In allusion to this, the pope, in the recent the shore of seas, that independent of the entire absence

negociations, said to him in jest, that they would have to

deal cautiously with him, as representing a quadruple of any marine remains whatever of tertiary or recent age, all alliance. along the immediate eastern flank of the Ural mountains, we have no hesitation in believing, that the gold detritus

Last year a very beautiful mosaic pavement was diseo

vered at Cologne. An engraving of it in colours, with a was accummulated during a terrestrial and lacustrine con

description, by Dr Lersch, has been published by the dition of the surface. One fact only which we have men- Society of the Friends of Antiquity on the Rhine, in comtioned seemis, at first sight, to militate against this view, memoration of Winckelmann's birth day, 9th December viz., the deeply eroded surfaces of some of the palæozoic

1845. In a hexagon, in the midst, is a bust of Diogenes rocks. But however these appearances may have been

the cynic, marked in Greek letters. Round this were six produced, it is manifest they could not have resulted

circles, each containing a portrait, but only four, Socrates,

Sophocles, Chilan, and Cleobulus, are preserved. It has from the denuding action of the same water, in which

excited some speculation among the antiquaries how these the shingly and slightly rounded angular detritus was

great men came to be placed like satellites round the dog, formed. Such abraded surfaces may, to a great extent, Diogenes. It has been said that its Roman proprietor was have been produced, at periods long anterior to that of a lover of moderate feasts, seasoned by intellectual, witty which we are now treating, and when the edges of the conversation, and praced Diogenes, whose eceentric simpk. palæozoic strata, first emerging from beneath the sea,

city is well known to all the world, in the centre, as the left their irregular and waterworn surfaces to be filled

model of a table-companion,--temperate, easily pleased, with terrestrial and lacustrine deposits of after days. In

and furnished with ever-ready humour. The other char

acters agree well with this view; the Lacedemonian some cases, however, the denuding and abrading power Chilan, the wisest of the seven wise men, was famous for of waters, produced both by the bursting of lakes and his many sayings adapted for sentiments at feasts; so also the change in the direction of the currents, must have Cleobulus of Lundas, celebrated for proverbs and riddles; been very considerable, for such alone would account for

they who know the symposia of Xenophon and Plato will several of the appearances we have spoken of, and the

ask no reason why Socrates is there; and motives enough transport of large blocks and enormous pepites of gold

to introduce Sophocles are not wanting. Even the sum

ber is not accidental, but recalls the feast of the seven into broad lateral depressions.-Murchison.

wise men described by Plutarch, and the sensible rule of M. ARAGO ON THE WINTER OF 1845-6.--The Annuaire of the ancients,-Let the number of guests not be less than the Bureau des Longitudes for 1846, contains an article by

that of the graces, and not more than that of the muses. M. Arago, which demonstrates that the mildness of the pre- According to the newspapers of the north of Germany, sent winter is not so extraordinary as seems to be generally there are at present in Silesia forty-five communities of believed. We have thought it might be interesting to our German Catholics, or followers of Ronge, with 40,000 adreaders to give the following passages from it :--The mete- herents. The Roman Catholic population of Silesia is orological state of any given place is much less variable about 1,300,000 souls; the Protestant 1,500,000 souls. than will be believed by those who judge only by their personal sensations, by vague recollections, or by the con

The sultan is, it seems, taking lessons in French from dition of the crops. Thus the mean annual temperatures

the secretary to his cabinet. On one occasion he met with of Paris oscillate within very circumscribed limits. The

the word "canal,” and on having it explained, expressed mean temperature of Paris, from 1806 to 1826 inclusively,

his surprise that there should be no canals in his domiwas 10 degrees 8-10 above Zero of the Centigrade scale

nions. In consequence, engineers have been sent out in (about 62 of Fahrenheit). The highest of the 21 annual

various directions, to see where such things can be made media did not exceed the general medium by more than

with most profit. 1-3-10 Centrigade, and the lowest of these annual media The citizens of Berlin, have, for the last four winters, was little more than the same degree below the general had popular lectures added to other fashionable amuselowest medium. It was not the same with regard to the ments. This year the course was opened by a lecture on months, the difference between the general and partial Descartes, and his method of discovering truth in science, media in January and December going as far as four or by Professor Jacobi, the well-known mathematician, Desfive degrees Centigrade. If the extreme temperature of cartes deserves to be better known than he is, even to the each month be compared with the mean or normal tempe- Germans, for, by making thought the basis of all philosophy, rature of all the others, it will be found that the month of he overturned the old scholastic systems, and, with his cogito January is sometimes as mild as the medium of the month ergo sum, produced a revolution in the world of abstract of March--that the month of February sometimes resem- thought which has not yet run its course. Prof. Jacobi bles the medium of the second fortnight of April, or that succeeded in making an instructive and amusing lecture for of the first fortnight of January--that the month of April, his audience, out of the life of Descartes, and his method never reaches the temperature of May-that the month of of beginning science with the most simple principles.

« On

When noticing that France, many years after the death of The Three Grand Exhibitions of Man's Enmity to God. the philosopher, caused his ashes to be transported from By David Thom, Bold Street Chapel, Liverpool. Stockholm to Paris, Jacobi concluded with the caustic observation, that such ashes were often more convenient

This is an octavo of 500 pages, propounding a new than the living person.

view of the system of human salvation. The threefold Lamenonais, the author of “The Words of a Believer,” enmity or opposition of man to God is exhibited in the has lately published a new translation of the Gospels, with persons,-1. Of one man, Adam. 2. Of one nation, a commentary. This is only a continuation of his attack on the Catholic religion, of which he was at one time re

Israel. 3. Of mankind in general, of whatever age, garded as the almost inspired defender. More recently he

condition, or religion they may be. had joined the school of Volney and Voltaire; we hope he

The punishments of these ermities are progressive. is not using the gospel as a weapon to overturn all religion.

1. Death, or loss of natural life. 2. Exclusion from the TRICKS OF ITALIAN GARDENERS.—They take the pith out heavenly kingdom, or the second death. 3. Complete of the trunk and branches of orange trees, and dexterously and everlasting destruction of the earthly nature of man introduce into the hollow a rose tree, or other plant, which -- by which is understood everlasting punishment-but it is wished shall appear to have been grafted on the orange. Care is taken not to injure the roots of either; and, if put

then follows a renewal of the spiritual nature of Adam cautiously into the ground, both will produce leaves and

in Christ, and universal salvation. We have thus very tiowers. This the French call graffe des charlatans.

briefly, but nearly in the author's own words, exhibited INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS.- Feb. 17.—Sir John a summary of this work. It is one of those speculative Rennie, President, in the chair. The paper read was productions that are so rife in the present day, when water for locomotive engines, and its chemical analysis," every teacher almost thinks it necessary to form his own by William West, Assoc. Inst. C. E. The author, after individual opinions into a system of belief! There is no cominenting somewhat severely on the want of precaution manifested in the choice of the watering stations on rail

want of ingenious speculation in these pages; but the ways, where he contended that previous analysis of the

question naturally arises on reading them, to what good quality of the water would have avoided not only consider- practical end does the whole tend? And the next able expenditure in subsequently procuring fit kinds of question is, are they consistent with the plain, obvious, water, but would have prevented great destruction of the common sense views of Scripture, which are within the boilers, and inconveniency from the tendency to prime, grasp of every intellect, and which present themselves which was induced by certain substances, being either in solution or held in suspension, proceeded to treat at large

to the mind of every humble and teachable enquirer. upon the nature of such substances of the tendency of

The Year Book of Facts, for 1846. certain compounds to deposit, and the mode of conducting A very useful digest of the most interesting facts the analysis of water. He also noticed slightly the various which have transpired during the current year in mepatents for preventing adhesion in boilers, and in the ap- chanical and useful arts, chemistry, natural history, pendix gave the analysis of many kinds of water which had been submitted to him professionally for his opinion.

geology, astronomy, and meteorology, with an obituary

of persons eminent in science and art. Literature. The History of France, 2 vols.

A brief but comprehensive history, compiled on Scrip. University and Educational Intelligence. ture principles, and as such, peculiarly acceptable to the EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY.-Professor Balfour has petisapporters of the Religious Tract Society, by whom it is tioned the town council to grant more accommodation for issued. Independently, however, of its religious bear

the herbarium. The council have received Mr Smyth's ing, it is a model of popular narrative.

commission as professor of practical astronomy, and have Glimpses of the Dark Ages.

ordered him to be installed. Professor Munro has formally Wild Flowers of the Year.

tendered his resignation. He is to lecture during the re

mainder of the session; and the Senatus have allowed him Life of Julius Cæsar.

L.250 per annum of retiring allowance from the Reid The first three numbers of a serial called the Monthly Fund; and have recommended that the L.50 per annum Volume of the Tract Society-and welcome, in so far

secured to him, ad vitam aut culpam, should be continued. that in this age of reprints, they are original. The pro- EDUCATION REFORM.-Professor Blackie of Aberdeen has jectors further promised that their “ Volumes” should published a spirited pamphlet on this subject, especially as be “ Scriptural, popular, portable, and economical;” and

concerns Aberdeen. "He complains, that from the defec

tive education of the students who enter the Aberdeen we can honestly say that, so far as the above preliminary issues are concerned, they have faithfully complied with

Colleges, he and his brethren have to descend to the labour

of mere schoolmasters, drilling them in Mair's Introduction, these conditions. We are, however, bound to add in

&c. He suggests intermediate establishments between the critical faithfulness, that the value of the volume on Wild parochial schools and the universities, and recommends a Flowers would have been greatly enhanced by some complete revision in the constitution of the executive dewoodcuts,

partment in collegiate bodies. In our opinion, the best The Christian Treasury, Vol. i.

reform would be to remodel the whole Scottish Colleges Heavy as are the requirements exacted of literary

after the plan of the New Irish Colleges. drudges, we presume no one would, in usual routine, ex

COLLEGIATE INSTITUTION IN AYRSHIRE.-We understand pect us to speak in other than general terms of a large

that a project is in contemplation for the immediate estavolume of upwards of six hundred pages, double columns;

blishment of a Collegiate Institution, in connection with but in the case of this work, we have been favoured with

the Scottish Episcopal Church, in the neighbourhood of

Kilmarnock, or some other central point in Ayrshire. The a copy weekly, and have punctually made it part and object of this establishment is, in the first instance, the parcel of our Sunday reading. We can therefore speak training of young men, of the middle and humbler classes of its claims to public support in strong terms, without of life, for the office of clergymen in Scotland, and in the fear of being subjected to the imputation of puffing. The

British colonies; and, in the second place, the providing amount of matter given in each number for a penny is

sound religious instruction, together with a first-rate clastruly astonishing, but the quality of the matter affords

sical and mathematical education for laymen, on the model more room for surprise. It is from the pens of our

of Eton, the Charterhouse, and other grammar schools in

England. It is intended to place this school under the ablest scholars and divines; and is remarkable for va- charge of two clergymen of high attainments, from the riety, ability, and that often absent quality in all previous Universities of Oxford or Cambridge; and it is expected publications of the kind-brevity. The editorial depart- that the annual charge for board and education will not ment is conducted with talent and consummate tact;

exceed L.15 or L.20. The institution will be chiefly supand we shall indeed despair of the working-classes, if the

ported by the produce of a farm, which may be obtained Treasury does not with them supersede the Penny He

on very favourable terms; and, as this will be cultivated

in part by the students, care shall be taken that they acralds, Gazettes, Journals, and other periodical fry, which quire a thorough knowledge of agriculture and agricultural ephemeralise, if they do not vitiate, the popular mind. chemistry.- A yr Observer.

Proceedings of Societies.

out to the rising artist—though we fear in this latter SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND, 23d Feb.—Papers

respect much yet remains to be done. were read on the following subjects:

In our present notice we must still be general, and I. Inquiries respecting some of the Early Historical would rather wish to point out some of the best pictures Writers of Scotland. No. 1. FRIAR ADAM ABEL, Author than dwell particularly on the excellency of any one or of the Rota l'emporum. No. 2. John Law, Canon of St Andrews, one of the Abbreviators of the Scotichronicon. By

two. For this purpose, we shall in the first place select David LAING, Esq., Treasurer 8. A. Scot.

the Great Room, over which to make our transient remarks. II. Notice of Pilgrimages by Kings James the Fourth

1. The Friends, by the late T. Duncan. A dog and and Fifth, to the Shrine of St Duthac, Tain, Ross-shire. child, a good specimen of this lamented artist's style. By the same.

4. Portrait of Dr Pagan. C. Smith. An excellent III. Memorandum by Dr HIBBERT WARE, Hon. M.S.A. likeness and very spirited portrait, in this artist's full, Scot., respecting a notice contained in the Archæologica bold, and faithful manner. Scotica, Vol. iv. of the Library of King James the Fourth, at Holyrood House.

5. The Minstrel of the Scottish Border. Sir W. Allan. Nine new members were ballotted for and admitted.

A full length of Sir W. Scott, on his native bills. A The museum of this Society has been tastefully rear- free, open, and rather youthful likeness of the poet, both ranged, and now presents a very interesting selection of figure, face, and attitude, somewhat refined upon, as antiquities, among which may be enumerated, Egyptian compared to the breadth of form, slouching gait, and mummies and images, some of which are from the collection of the late Mr Salt; Hindoo and Chinese Gods, domes

somewhat thoughtful inexpressive features of the origi

nal. tic utensils, manuscripts, &c.; Greek and Herculanean vases; large brick, with inscription, from Babylon; a large

12. The Jew's Harp. Sir D. Wilkie. A small cabinet collection of Roman antiquities, bronzes, &c. found in Bri

picture, the print by Burnet (we think) an excellent retain; ancient Scandinavian flint-arrows, axes, and hammer presentation of it. head, presented by the Crown Prince of Denmark; large 13. The Lago Velino. J. Giles. A rich Italian scene manuscript missal, with inusic, from St Jago; an interest- with good effect, but the colouring too decided. ing collection of Scottish Antiquities, among which are the 17. Flower Girl. S. Blackburn. A soft and well-tonoriginal maiden or guillotine, Knox's pulpit, thumbikins; the Confession of Faith, with original signatures, 1581; the

ed picture. cavalry helmet worn by Sir W. Scott; cast of the skull of

22. The Auld Good-Wife. W. Nicol. A characteris. King Robert Bruce. There is also an extensive collection

tic sketch. of coins, and numerous models and drawings of antiquities. 24. Robinson Crusoe. A. Frazer. A large soft-toned NEW PUBLICATION BY THE ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY So

picture in this artist's best style. The subject has the CIETY.--This Society, which was established some time

merit of being in every one's earliest associations. There since, for the publication, republication, and translation of is no action, all is still life. Crusoe, a careword atChurch Histories, have it in contemplation to publish, in a tenuated solitary--perhaps more subdued than the rovuniform series, and at a small price, the whole history of ing restless nature of the original would warrant. His the Christian Church-more especially that portion of it with which the Church of England is connected. The

table is well laid out, and well furnished, and his attendnames of Alcuin, Antony a Wood, Barlow, Bede, Burnett,

ants in excellent order. The still life and the details Calamy, Collier, Dugdale, Dupin, Field, Fuller, Gildas,

of the picture, are in good style. Godwin, Inett, Heylin, Sprat, Strype, Walker, Wharton, 25. A Cottage Girl. C. Lees. A pleasing sketch. Wilkins, and Winstanley, will be sufficient to show the 28. Portrait, B. Gavin. We notice this as being the field of labour before the society.

production of a young artist. It has not a little of a ABERDEEN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY.-A course of lec

Rembrandt air, with much softness, and bids fair for tures on different departments of science are being deli- future excellence. vered by professors of the colleges, and others, the pro- 34. Circassians on the Watch. Sir W. Allan. A bold ceeds to be given to the monitorial schools. This is a and effective sketch. proper arrangement in every respect, and we trust the lectures will meet with due encouragement.

35. Passing Shower. E. Glover. A good showery

effect and river view. Fine Arts.

40. Holy Loch, Argyleshire. E. T. Crawford. A

good landscape. EXHIBITION OF THE ROYAL SCOTTISH 54. Hunt the slipper. D. Maclise. A picture in ACADEMY.

which every figure is admirable, both as regards expresIn a former notice we glanced at some of the princi- sion, colour, and detail; every corner is full of interest, pal pictures of the present exhibition, but what strikes and every face sparkles with the vivid glow of life. The us chiefly is the superior character of the average of the tone of the picture is rich and vividly coloured, yet, as pictures taking them as a whole. To any one who re- a whole, it wants concentration of grouping, and the collects our exhibitions a dozen of years ago, where lights are too much dispersed. amid a few pictures of great excellence there were 55. Lord Ivory. C. Smith. Another of Smith's placed an ocean of miserable daubs, and that often pain- breathing and living forms. ed the eye to look at, the present change must be very 57. Sir N. Douglas. J. W. Gordon. A good manly gratifying. It shows that the standard of taste as well portrait. as the artistic skill of our rising artists has been greatly 58. Highland Landscape. H. Macculloch. A large improved. Formerly we had often the pain of witness- picture in this artist's best style. The lake, castle ruins, ing mummies, and distorted features, instead of the ac. and whole middle ground of this picture are excellent. curate forms, and almost breathing flesh and blood 62. Old Avenue of Arrocbar. Miss Stoddart. This countenances of the present day. Then our skies were lady has several very good landscapes in the rooms,coloured indigo instead of azure, our suns set as if amid they are faithful to nature, and, if we would desiderate a coppersmith's polished plates, our trees were spind- anything, it would be a little more of the hue of faney ling broomsticks, and all rules of perspective were set thrown over them, and the shades less dark. at defiance. Now there are very few pictures indeed 63. A Schule Skailin'. G. Harvey. We alluded to that are below mediocrity, and a great number of efforts this picture last week; a second and a third inspection of young and rising artists that really approach the ma- bring out new points. The jovial group at the door; tured touches of genius and established excellence. their smiles as fresh and buoyant as the sunny glimpse This shows that the schoolmaster has been abroad—that of the open sky, contrasts finely with the somewhat sadincreased facilities have been afforded and duly employ- der aspect of the detained culprits within. The little ed for instruction in the principles of the art, for im- girl waiting anxiously the result of her younger brother's provement of the taste by the study of the best models, detention, tells a tale of pure sympathy and affection. and that moreover, great encouragement has been held The sturdy composure of the other culprit is also worth

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